Norwegian royal family

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The Norwegian Royal Family is the family of the Norwegian monarch. In Norway there is a distinction between the Royal House (kongehuset) and the Royal Family (kongelige familie). The Royal House includes only the monarch and their spouse, the heir apparent and their spouse, and the heir apparent's eldest child. The Royal Family includes all of the sovereign's children and their spouses, grandchildren, and sibllings.[1]


Members of the Royal House at 2007 Constitution Day celebrations

Members of the Royal Family (with names of the members of the Royal House in bold letters) are:

Family tree of members[edit]

King Olav V
Princess Märtha, Crown Princess of Norway
Erling Lorentzen
Princess Ragnhild, Mrs. Lorentzen
Johan Martin Ferner
Princess Astrid, Mrs. Ferner
The King*
The Queen*
Ari Behn
Princess Märtha Louise
The Crown Prince*
The Crown Princess*
Maud Angelica Behn
Leah Isadora Behn
Emma Tallulah Behn
Princess Ingrid Alexandra*
Prince Sverre Magnus

* Member of the Royal House

Royal coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms of Norway is one of the oldest in Europe and serves both as the coat of arms of the nation and of the Royal House. This is in keeping with its origin as the coat of arms of the kings of Norway during the Middle Ages.[2]

Håkon the Old (1217–1263) used a shield with a lion. The earliest preserved reference to the colour of the arms is the King's Saga written down in 1220.[2]

In 1280 King Eirik Magnusson added the crown and silver axe to the lion.[2] The axe is the martyr axe of St. Olav, the weapon used to kill him in the battle of Stiklestad in 1030.

The specific rendering of the Norwegian arms has changed through the years, following changing heraldic fashions. In the late Middle Ages, the axe handle gradually grew longer and came to resemble a halberd. The handle was usually curved in order to fit the shape of shield preferred at the time, and also to match the shape of coins. The halberd was officially discarded and the shorter axe reintroduced by royal decree in 1844, when an authorized rendering was instituted for the first time. In 1905 the official design for royal and government arms was again changed, this time reverting to the medieval pattern, with a triangular shield and a more upright lion.[2]

The coat of arms of the royal house as well as the Royal Standard uses the lion design from 1905. The earliest preserved depiction of the Royal Standard is on the seal of Duchess Ingebjørg from 1318.[3] The rendering used as the official coat of arms of Norway is slightly different and was last approved by the king 20 May 1992.[4]

When used as the royal coat of arms the shield features the insignias of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav around it and is framed by a royal ermine robe, surmounted by the crown of Norway.

The royal coat of arms is not used frequently. Instead, the king's monogram is extensively used, for instance in military insignia and on coins.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Royal Family". Norwegian Royal Court. Archived from the original on 2014-10-25. 
  2. ^ a b c d A web page featuring the history of the coat of arms of Norway Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 21 November 2006
  3. ^ An article from the Norwegian National Archives depicting the seal of Duchess Ingebjørg Archived 2006-02-14 at the Wayback Machine. (in Norwegian) Retrieved 5 November 2007
  4. ^ Web page on rules for the use of the coat of arms (Norwegian) Archived 2013-11-18 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 21 November 2006

External links[edit]