Norwood is a suburb of Adelaide, about 4 km east of the Adelaide city centre. The suburb is in the City of Norwood Payneham & St Peters, the oldest South Australian local government municipality, with a city population over 34,000. Norwood is named after London, it was first laid out in 1847. In 1970, residents organised protests and a green ban in order to stop the destruction of the Norwood Velodrome for high-rise flats; the suburb consists of four segments, being divided into north and south by the major thoroughfare of The Parade and east and west by Osmond Terrace. It is bounded on the south by Kensington Road, on the north by Magill Road, on the east by Portrush Road and on the west by Fullarton Road, it is a leafy suburb many of whose streets are lined with plane trees and older houses, though in recent years, due to a State Government initiative of "urban-infill", there have been more higher density developments. It is now a sought-after suburb to live in. Osmond Terrace is a street with a wide median strip featuring a prominent war memorial commemorating ANZAC soldiers who fought in the first and second World Wars.
The most visible landmarks in Norwood are the Norwood Town Hall and the Clayton-Wesley Uniting Church on the north east corner of Portrush Road and The Parade. Located in Beulah Park, the church, built over 150 years ago, is visible all the way up The Parade. Norwood attracted many European migrants post-World War II, it still has a high concentration of people of Italian background. This is reflected in the restaurants and fashion boutiques of The Parade. Norwood's heritage and bohemian character can be ascertained from the political voting patterns. Several Adelaide Metro bus routes serve the suburb. Many route numbers and timetables were changed on 16 January 2011; these routes now run adjacent to Norwood 300: cross city route traversing Portrush Road. B10, H30, H31: Magill Road H20, H21, H22, H23, H24, N22: The Parade 141,142: Kensington Road Norwood Oval on The Parade is home to the Norwood Redlegs, a South Australian National Football League team; the home of Adelaide Bite. The queen of Adelaide’s eastern suburbs: hip and smitten with cafe life.
The parade contains the business centre of the suburb, which includes some professional services but it is better known for its restaurants, fashion boutiques and hairdressers. Saint Bartholomew's in Norwood and St Matthew's in nearby Kensington are two churches with a close association with each other, with three church ministers involved in both congregations, they are both evangelical and conservative Anglican churches, with a large number of young adult members. Saint Ignatius Catholic Parish Church, built in the 1860s by the Society of Jesus and finished by 1872, is a significant feature in the suburb; the accompanying presbytery housed Mary MacKillop, founder of the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart, where she took refuge after her excommunication by Bishop Shiel. Many famous South Australians have resided in Norwood, including: women's rights campaigner Catherine Helen Spence former Premier Don Dunstan politician Reginald Blundell public servant and Australian Army officer Stanley Price Weir Australia's first beatified saint Mary MacKillop writers C.
J. Dennis and May Gibbs film director Mario Andreacchio chef and artist Poh Ling Yeow former Police Officer and Police Commissioner Alexander Tolmer List of Adelaide suburbs Antonio Giannoni Woodroofe Electoral district of Norwood
Jay L. "Biffy" Lee was an American football player and coach. He served as the head football coach at Penn College—now known as William Penn University—in Oskaloosa, Iowa in 1915 and again from 1917 to 1920 and at the University of Buffalo—now known as University at Buffalo—from 1929 to 1930, compiling a career college football record of 17–20–4. In 1910, Lee attended Albion College, where he played baseball. In 1911, he was the quarterback at the University of Notre Dame, he was the college roommate of Knute Rockne. In 1916, Lee was an assistant football coach at Notre Dame, he served as the head football coach at the University of Buffalo from 1929 to 1930, compiling a record of 8–7. He was on the faculty of the University of Buffalo, lecturing in the School of Marketing. In 1931, he unexpectedly resigned as the head coach of the Buffalo football program to attend to business duties. Lee work as an executive for the Phoenix Mutual Life Insurance Company for 27 years until his retirement in 1952.
He died on April 10, 1970 in Traverse City, Michigan
Ahmad Dhani Prasetyo, better known as Ahmad Dhani or Dhani S. Manaf, is an Indonesian rock musician, composer, music arranger, record producer, entertainment manager, talent show judge, television personality, businessman and politician, he was the frontman of Dewa 19 and Ahmad Band, a member of the inter-continental band The Rock. He is the owner and chairman of Republik Cinta Management, an artist management company of MNC Media Group. Dhani has worked as a promoter and songwriter for other artists, including Maia Ahmad, Agnes Monica, Alexa Key and Mulan Jameela, he has won numerous awards including the Indonesian Music Awards for best musical arrangement. He is one of the most influential musicians in Southeast Asia. In recent years, he has generated controversy after his son killed seven people while driving illegally, after becoming involved in politics. In January 2019, he was sentenced to 18 months in jail for hate speech. In June 2019, he was sentenced to an additional year in jail for insulting political rivals.
He was released in December 2019. Ahmad Dhani was born in Surabaya, Indonesia, as the first of three children of Eddy Abdul Manaf bin Rusta Sastra Atmadja, a Sundanese diplomat origin from Garut, West Java, Joyce Theresia Pamela Kohler, an Indonesian German descent, his grandfather, Jan Pieter Friederich Kohler, was a German born in the then-Dutch-occupied country in 1883. On his statement, his mother and his grandfather are German origins. Dhani said that if he and his family have Jewish blood and adherence to Judaism, he or his grandfather must be circumcised on the eighth day of their lives and his maternal family didn't eaten Pork, his mother, Joyce Pamela Kohler or his grandfather, Jan Pieter Friedrich Kohler are real German origins. They are German Catholics. Dhani's stepbrother, Dadang S. Manaf, is a well-known Indonesian musician and was a strong influence on Dhani's musical interest from his childhood. Dhani's father bought him a keyboard when he was young and enrolled him for music lessons, hoping Dhani would excel in classical music.
Dhani was influenced by the British rock band Queen. Dhani formed his first musical group, Dewa, in 1986 with Andra Junaidi, Erwin Prasetya, Henry Juniarso. Dhani served as the group's keyboardist, he skipped school to jam with his friends at Juniarso's house in the Airlangga University complex. While in Dewa, Dhani became interested in jazz, Dewa changed its name to Down Beat. Down Beat won the Youth Jazz Festival in East Java, it won the inaugural Festival 90, a high school band competition, part of the Djarum Super Fiesta Musical. The band, resumed playing rock, renaming itself "Dewa 19", with a new vocalist, Ari Lasso; the lack of modern recording studios in Surabaya prompted Dhani to move to Jakarta in 1989 in search of a record deal for Dewa 19. After being rejected by several labels, Dewa 19 was signed to Team Records by Jan Djuhana, their first album, Dewa 19, was a huge success with a number of hits such as Kangen and Kita Tidak Sedang Bercinta Lagi. It was the best-selling Indonesian rock album of 1993 and won Best Newcomer at the Indonesian Music Awards.
Dhani helped to produce the band's 11 albums, which included Dewa 19, Format Masa Depan, Terbaik Terbaik, Pandawa Lima, The Best of Dewa 19, Bintang Lima, Cintailah Cinta, Atas Nama Cinta I & II, Laskar Cinta, Republik Cinta, Kerajaan Cinta. Dewa 19 went through several personnel changes but remained one of the largest forces in the Indonesian music scene, with Dhani as its driving force, until breaking up in 2011. Dhani's popular solo album Laskar Cinta was praised because it "challenged militant ideology". After Dewa disbanded, Dhani joined forces with the Australian heavy metal band, Hospital The Musical to form a band named The Rock; the band's first album, Master Mister Ahmad Dhani I, sold more than 150,000 copies in Indonesia. It contained seven covers of Dhani's earlier songs; the hits from the album were "Kamu Kamulah Surgaku" and "Munajat Cinta". Dhani next appeared in a band named an acronym for The Rock Indonesia Ahmad Dhani. Unlike The Rock, TRIAD has five to six members unofficially appearing onstage and sometimes four members, with Dhani performing as lead singer and rhythm guitarist.
Triad's self-titled album sold 500,000 copies. It contained four new tracks, "Selir Hati", "Benar Salah IDolaku", "Mama", "Sedang Mikirin Kamu", seven cover tracks, including Queen's Mustapha. In 2010, Dhani sang with Ari Lasso at concerts in Jakarta and Bali, leading to rumors of a Dewa 19 reunion. In Bali, Dhani announced he would form a band with Judika, the winner of Indonesian Idol 2007. A few months Dhani declared the new band would be named Mahadewa, which would substitute for Dewa 19, which he said still existed but in a vacuum, he dismissed rumors. "I will focus on Mahadewa, my new band, Dewa 19 still exists," he said. In January 2012, Mahadewa announced that its debut album would soon be released, containing five new songs and five covers of Dewa 19 songs; the album's first single, "Cinta Itu Buta", was released in mid-2012. The complete album's release was stalled because Dhani was preoccupied with his role as a judge on Indonesian Idol and X Factor Indonesia. However, he still found time for some reunion shows with former members of Dewa 19 in several big cities in Indonesia.
Mahadewa's long-awaited debut album, Past to Present, was released in 2013. Dhani married Maia Estianty in 1996, after a long relationship when Maia was still in high school in Surabaya, they have three children named after prominent Sufi leaders whom Dhani admires
Stephen Wizner is the William O. Douglas Clinical Professor of Law at Yale Law School, he has a Special Appointment as the Sackler Professor of Law at Tel Aviv University. Wizner teaches several clinical courses, including Advanced Advocacy for Children and Youth, Advanced Immigration Legal Services, the Community Lawyering Clinic, he teaches non-clinical courses, including Ethics in the Practice of Law and Trial Practice. Wizner received his A. B. from Dartmouth College in 1959, his J. D. from the University of Chicago in 1963. Upon graduating from law school he worked from 1963 to 1966 as a trial attorney with the Criminal Division of the U. S. Department of Justice, he worked from 1966 to 1967 as Staff Attorney with the Center on Social Welfare Policy and Law at Columbia University, one of the earliest poverty law centers. There he litigated the groundbreaking case Goldberg v. Kelly, which established due process rights for welfare recipients; the theory of the case was developed by Robert Cover, a student at Columbia and went on to become Wizner's colleague as a professor at Yale Law School.
He worked from 1967 to 1970 as Managing Attorney with MFY Legal Services, Inc. New York He started teaching at Yale Law School in 1970. Wizner was the first clinical professor at Yale Law School to have an endowed chair; the Dean at the time, Guido Calabresi, wanted to signal the school's commitment to clinical education. Wizner's professional awards include: Richard S. Jacobson Trial Advocacy Teaching Award by the Roscoe Pound Trial Lawyers Foundation. Connecticut Bar Association's Charles J. Parker Legal Services Award Connecticut Law Tribune's Award for Distinguished Service to the State Bar Wizner's son, Ben Wizner, is an attorney with the American Civil Liberties Union, chief legal consultant of Edward Snowden. Law As Politics: A Response To Adam Babich, 11 Clinical L. Rev. 473 Teaching And Doing: The Role Of Law School Clinics In Enhancing Access To Justice, 73 Fordham L. Rev. 997 Walking The Clinical Tightrope: Between Teaching And Doing, 4 U. Md. L. J. Race, Gender & Class 259 Religious Values, Legal Ethics, And Poverty Law: A Response To Thomas Shaffer, 31 Fordham Urb.
L. J. 37 Law As Social 11 Wash.. U. J. L. & Pol'y 63 Law School Clinic: Legal Education In The Interests Of Justice, 70 Fordham L. Rev. 1929 Beyond Skills Training, 7 Clinical L. Rev. 327 Can Law Schools Teach Students To Do Good? Legal Education And The Future Of Legal Services For The Poor, 3 N. Y. City L. Rev. 259 Is Learning To "Think Like A Lawyer" Enough?, 17 Yale L. & Pol'y Rev. 583 Rationing Justice, 1997 Ann. Surv. Am. L. 1019 Repairing The World Through Law: A Reflection On Robert Cover's Social Activism, 8 Cardozo Stud. L. & Literature 1 On Youth Crime And The Juvenile Court, 36 B. C. L. Rev. 1025 Homelessness: Advocacy And Social Policy, 45 U. Miami L. Rev. 387 What Is A Law School?, 38 Emory L. J. 701 Tributes To Robert M. Cover, 96 Yale L. J. 1699 Yale Law School Faculty Page National Board of Trial Advocacy, Bio Heather MacDonald, This is the Legal Mainstream?, FrontPage Magazine, Jan. 17, 2006 Laura Kalman, Yale Law School and the Sixties Peter M. Cicchino Social Justice Foundation, Keynote Speaker Stephen Wizner
James Lumsden was a Scottish soldier who served in the Swedish army of Gustavus Adolphus during the Thirty Years' War, subsequently commanded Scottish Covenanter armies. Having commanded a regiment of Scottish soldiers in Swedish service, fought at the Battle of Lutzen as part of John Hepburn's Green Brigade. Lumsden was made governor of Osnabrük in May 1634 which he held with his regiment until relieved by Field Marshal Alexander Leslie in 1636 against considerable odds. Lumsden returned to Scotland, he commanded troops during the Bishop's Wars, in 1644 he was Sergeant Major General of Foot in General Alexander Leslie's Covenanter Army which entered England to support the English Parliament during the First English Civil War. He played a major part in the Battle of Marston Moor, though many of his own regiment were routed, he did much to regroup the remainder and rally the reserve battalions which helped secure victory for the allied forces of the parliaments. Lumsden left an account of the battle, published anonymouslyLumsden was subsequently Lieutenant General of Horse in the Covenanter Army which, now fighting for King Charles II, was defeated at the Battle of Dunbar in 1650.
He was captured, released in 1652. "Lumsden, James". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. Steve Murdoch and Alexia Grosjean, Alexander Leslie and the Scottish Generals of the Thirty Years' War, 1618-1648
N-Glycolylneuraminic acid is a sialic acid molecule found in most non-human mammals. Humans cannot synthesize Neu5Gc because the human gene CMAH is irreversibly mutated, though it is found in apes, it is absent in human tissues because of inactivation of gene encoding CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid hydroxylase. The gene CMAH encodes for CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid hydroxylase, the enzyme responsible for CMP-Neu5Gc from CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid; this loss of CMAH is estimated to have occurred 2-3 million years ago, just before the emergence of the genus Homo. Neu5Gc is related to the known N-acetylneuraminic acid. Neu5Ac differs by a single oxygen atom, added by the CMAH enzyme in the cytosol of a cell. In many mammals, both of these molecules are transferred into the Golgi so that they may be added to many glycoconjugates. However, in humans, Neu5Gc is not present. With the loss of Neu5Gc gene and gain of excess Neu5Ac, it should have affected the interactions of pathogens and humans. Humans should have been less susceptible to Neu5Gc-binding pathogens and more susceptible to Neu5Ac-binding pathogens.
It is suggested that human ancestors lacking Neu5Gc production survived a then-prevailing malaria epidemic. However, with the rise of Plasmodium falciparum, the parasite that causes malaria today, humans were once again endangered as this new strain of the malaria had a binding preference to the Neu5Ac-rich erythrocytes in humans; the latest research shows that humans who lack Neu5Ac on their red blood cells are less to get malaria from the parasites that cause it. Neu5Gc is found in most mammals, with exceptions like humans, the platypus, western dog breeds and New World monkeys. Trace amounts can be found in humans though the gene to encode for production of Neu5Gc was eliminated long ago; these trace amounts come from consumption of animals in human diet. The sources are red meats such as lamb and beef, it can be found in dairy products, but to a lesser extent. Some 1.1% of the identified Neu5Ac is Neu5Gc in commercial whey protein. Neu5Gc is found in only trace amounts in fish; this confirms that Neu5Gc is found in foods of mammalian origin.
Lanolin in shampoo contains Neu5Gc. In 2017, scientists succeeded in indirectly identifying the presence of Neu5GC from multiple ancient animal fossils dated to over a millions years ago, the oldest of, dated to around 4 Mya. Though Neu5Gc is not known to be produced by any mechanism in the human body, our bodies do interact with trillions of microorganisms that are capable of complex biological reactions. Neu5Gc is reported to be found in concentration in human cancers, as well as in fecal samples, suggesting that humans ingest Neu5Gc as part of their diets. Uptake is thought to be by macropinocytosis, the sialic acid can be transferred to the cytosol by a sialin transporter, it is possible that the immune system recognizes the molecule as foreign, that the binding of anti-Neu5Gc antibodies may cause chronic inflammation. This assumption has yet to be concretely proven, however. Further studies have shown that humans have Neu5Gc-specific antibodies at high levels. Feeding Neu5Gc knockout mice Neu5Gc-rich diets along with anti-Neu5Gc antibodies causes systemic inflammation in the mice, they are five times as to develop hepatocarcinomas..
However, a study released in September 2018 found no evidence that exposure to higher levels of anti-Neu5gc antibodies increased colon cancer risk. A baseline excretion of Neu5Gc exists, it is incorporated into all body parts, some of which—mucins, saliva and blood, are excreted. Neu5Gc is absorbed in the intestinal tract, some of, converted to acylmannosamines by intestinal cells and bacteria, reconverted back to Neu5Gc in the body. According to an absorption study, about 3–6% of the ingested dose of Neu5Gc was excreted within 4–6 hours, with the peak excretion rate at 2–3 h and a return to baseline levels within 24 h. In mucins, an increase was seen from day 1 to 4, with increased found in hair after ingestion; this table and this table shows levels of Neu5Gc in common foods. Sialic acids are negatively charged and hydrophilic, so they don’t cross the hydrophobic regions of cellular membranes, it is because of this. More exogenous Neu5Gc molecules enter cells through clathrin-independent endocytic pathways with help from pinocytosis.
After the Neu5Gc has entered the cell via pinocytosis, the molecule is released by lysosomal sialidase. The molecule is transferred into the cytosol by the lysosomal sialic acid transporter. From here, Neu5Gc are available for addition to glycoconjugates; because Neu5Gc appears to be enhanced in occurring tumors and fetal tumors, it is suggested that this uptake mechanism is enhanced by growth factors. Neuraminic acid Sialic acid N-Acetylneuraminic acid Samraj, Annie N.. "A red meat-derived glycan promotes inflammation and cancer progression". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 112: 542–547. Doi:10.1073/pnas.1417508112. PMC 4299224. PMID 25548184. Lay summary – UC San Diego Health System