Nosferatu: A Symphony of Horror, or Nosferatu, is a 1922 silent German Expressionist horror film directed by F. W. Murnau and starring Max Schreck as Count Orlok, a vampire with an interest in both a new residence and the wife of his estate agent; the film is an unauthorized adaptation of Bram Stoker's 1897 novel Dracula. Various names and other details were changed from the novel, including the word vampire being replaced with nosferatu, Count Dracula being renamed Count Orlok. Stoker's heirs sued over the adaptation, a court ruling ordered all copies of the film to be destroyed. However, a few prints of Nosferatu survived, the film came to be regarded as an influential masterpiece of cinema; the film was released in the United States on 3 June 1929, seven years after its original premiere in Germany. In 1838, Thomas Hutter lives in the fictional German town of Wisborg, his employer, estate agent Herr Knock, sends Hutter to Transylvania to visit a new client named Count Orlok who plans to buy a house in Wisborg.

Hutter entrusts his wife Ellen to his good friend Harding and Harding's sister Annie before embarking on his journey. Nearing his destination in the Carpathian Mountains, Hutter stops at an inn for dinner; the locals become frightened by the mere mention of Orlok's name and discourage him from traveling to his castle at night, warning of a werewolf on the prowl. The next morning, Hutter takes a coach to a high mountain pass, but the coachman declines to take him any further than the bridge as nightfall is approaching. Another coach appears after Hutter crosses the bridge and its coachman gestures for him to climb aboard. Hutter is welcomed at a castle by Count Orlok; when Hutter is eating dinner and accidentally cuts his thumb, Orlok tries to suck the blood out, but his repulsed guest pulls his hand away. Hutter wakes up to a deserted castle the morning after and notices fresh punctures on his neck which, in a letter he sends by courier on horseback to be delivered to his wife, he attributes to mosquitoes.

That night, Orlok signs the documents to purchase the house across from Hutter's own home in Wisborg and notices a photo of Hutter's wife, remarking that she has a "lovely neck." Reading a book about vampires that he took from the local inn, Hutter starts to suspect that Orlok is a vampire. He cowers with no way to bar the door; the door opens by itself and Orlok enters, Hutter hides under the bed covers and falls unconscious. Meanwhile, his wife awakens from her sleep, in a trance walks towards her balcony and onto the railing. Alarmed, Harding shouts Ellen's name and she faints while he asks for a doctor. After the doctor arrives, she shouts Hutter's name able to see Orlok in his castle threatening her unconscious husband; the next day, Hutter explores the castle. In its crypt, he finds the coffin. Hutter dashes back to his room. Hours from the window, he sees Orlok piling up coffins on a coach and climbing into the last one before the coach departs. Hutter escapes the castle through the window, but is knocked unconscious by the fall and awakens in a hospital.

After recovering, Hutter hurries home. Meanwhile, the coffins are shipped down river on a raft, they are transferred to a schooner, but not before one is opened by the crew, revealing a multitude of rats. Sailors on the ship fall ill, soon all but the captain and first mate are dead; the first mate goes below to destroy the coffins, but Orlok awakens and the horrified sailor jumps into the sea. When the ship arrives in Wisborg, Orlok leaves unobserved, carrying one of his coffins, moves into the house he purchased; the next morning, when the ship is inspected, the captain is found dead. The doctors conclude; the town is stricken with panic, people are warned to stay indoors. There are many deaths in the town. Ellen reads the book Hutter found, which claims that a vampire can be defeated if a pure-hearted woman distracts the vampire with her beauty, she faints. Hutter revives her, she sends him to fetch Professor Bulwer, a physician. After he leaves, Orlok drinks her blood as the sun begins to rise.

Knock, committed after having murdered the warden of a psychiatric ward, senses the threat to Orlok, but cannot escape his cell to warn him. A rooster crows, the sunlight causes Orlok to vanish in a puff of smoke. Ellen lives just long enough to be embraced by her grief-stricken husband. Count Orlok's ruined castle in the Carpathian Mountains is shown. Max Schreck as Count Orlok Gustav von Wangenheim as Thomas Hutter Greta Schröder as Ellen Hutter Alexander Granach as Knock Georg H. Schnell as Shipowner Harding Ruth Landshoff as Annie John Gottowt as Professor Bulwer Gustav Botz as Professor Sievers Max Nemetz as The Captain of The Empusa Wolfgang Heinz as First Mate of The Empusa Hardy von Francois as mental hospital doctor Albert Venohr as sailor two Guido Herzfeld as innkeeper Karl Etlinger as student with Bulwer Fanny Schreck as hospital nurse Nosferatu has been noted for its themes regarding fear of the Other, as well as for possible anti-Semitic undertones, both of which may have been derived from the Bram Stoker novel Dracula, upon which the film was based.

The physical appearance of Count Orlok, with his hooked nose, long claw-like fingernails, large bald head, has been compared to stereotypical caricatures of Jewish people from the time in which Nosferatu was produced. His features have been compared to those of a rat or a mouse, the former of which Jews were equated with. Orlok's interest in acquiring property in the Germa

Ebbw Vale

Ebbw Vale is a town at the head of the valley formed by the Ebbw Fawr tributary of the Ebbw River in Wales. It is the administrative centre of Blaenau Gwent county borough; the Ebbw Vale and Brynmawr conurbation has a population of 33,000. It has direct access to the dualled A465 Heads of the Valleys trunk road and borders the Brecon Beacons National Park. There is evidence of early human activity in the area. Y Domen Fawr is a Bronze Age burial cairn above the town and at Cefn Manmoel there is a demarcation dyke believed to be of neolithic or medieval origins. In modern times the area was a quiet uplands spot in rural Monmouthshire. With only about 120 inhabitants at the end of the 18th century, Ebbw Vale and the whole area was transformed by the Industrial Revolution. Ebbw Vale Iron Works, which became the Ebbw Vale Steelworks, opened in 1778, followed by the opening of a number of coal mines around 1790. Rails for the Stockton and Darlington Railway were manufactured at Ebbw Vale in 1829. Steel from Ebbw Vale was used to construct the Sydney Harbour Bridge.

At its height, the steelworks in Ebbw Vale was the largest in Europe, although it attracted little attention from German bombers during World War II. By the 1960s, around 14,500 people were employed at the steelworks; the end of the century witnessed a massive collapse of the UK steel industry. A strike in 1980 was followed by closures and redundancies which resulted in the dismantling of many of the old plants. In 2002 only 450 were employed in the old industries, by July of that year the final works closed. Today there are no mines left in the area. Ebbw Vale is still recognised for its innovation and contribution to the development of Britain as an industrial nation. Ebbw Vale is recovering from a period of one of the highest unemployment rates in the United Kingdom as a result of the decline of the mining and steel industries. There are several industrial estates with some significant manufacturing facilities. Yuasa/Ybel is a good example. In 2003 work began on redeveloping the steelworks site.

By 2015 the site was changed with a new hospital, college campus and leisure centre. Ebbw Vale first hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1958; the Welsh language was dominant in the area until the last quarter of the 19th century and remnants of the language persisted into the 1970s. The National Eisteddfod returned to Ebbw Vale in 2010. Aneurin Bevan, the "father" of the National Health Service, represented Ebbw Vale as a Labour Party Member of Parliament in Parliament from the 1929 general election; when he died in 1960, he was succeeded as MP by Michael Foot. The seat joined with the neighbouring Abertillery constituency to form Blaenau Gwent. In 2010, the former community of Ebbw Vale was abolished and replaced by Ebbw Vale North and Ebbw Vale South; the Ebbw Vale conurbation today runs in an unbroken housing street plan 3 miles or so from Beaufort in the North to Cwm in the South. There are significant areas of modern housing to the south of the town. In 1992 the Ebbw Vale Garden Festival was the last National Garden Festival.

It was sited on the south side of the demolished steel works. The festival ran for five months between October 1992 attracting over 2 million visitors; the development cost around £18 million. Since the site has been redeveloped with new housing, some light industry and the Festival Park Branded Outlet, a retail outlet comprising forty shops; the Ebbw Vale Steelworks site known as "The Works" has been re-developed under a £350 million regeneration project by Blaenau Gwent Council and Welsh Government using EU redevelopment funding. It provides scope for wetlands, a Learning campus and more. Wales' first all individual bed hospital Ysbyty Aneurin Bevan opened in 2010 and is named after the NHS' founder: Aneurin Bevan. A small development of four prototype houses have been developed on the site as a precursor to the wider residential development parcels being developed. Following a competition run by the council several plots were developed in time to be demonstrated at the 2010 Eisteddfod, held on the steelworks site.

In 2010 Blaenau Gwent council and United Welsh Housing Association, built two eco-friendly prototype buildings. The Larch house and the Lime House are both energy efficient houses meeting both Passivhaus and Code for Sustainable Homes Level 6 and Level 5 respectively; the buildings were open for demonstration at the 2010 Eisteddfod. Ty Unnos is a 2-bed property designed by Cardiff University's Design Research Unit, it meets Code for Sustainable Homes Level 5 and utilising construction techniques that allow Welsh softwood to be used in the fabric of the building. The Environmental Resource Centre is an educational facility run by Gwent Wildlife Trust. Designed by Cardiff University's Design Research Unit and Located on the Hotmill Plateau it was the first building to be completed as part of the redevelopment of the former steelworks site in Ebbw Vale; the centre is located on an ecologically rich site next to the Pumphouse cooling ponds, which have become a haven for wildlife since the closure of the steelworks.

It was opened by Iolo Williams and Jane Davidson AM on 21 May 2010. The General Offices is a Grade II* listed building, undergoing renovation. Built between 1913 and 1915 it formed part of the steelworks site. A brand-new modern extension opened on 24 October 2010 and houses the Gwent Archives; the main building is opened with an entrance hall


The RegioSprinter is a German diesel railcar built by Siemens-Duewag for rapid regional railway services. The RegioSprinter was designated as a Regional Combustion-engined Railbus by Duewag AG. Developed as prototypes for fast regional railway services on the plains, the RegioSprinter still has the fastest acceleration of any multiple unit or railbus in Germany. Due to several technical and conceptual defects, only few were built. Based on their experience with the Regiosprinter Siemens developed its successor, the Desiro, marketed as the Regiosprinter 2. In 1999, all the Vogtlandbahn vehicles were converted to meet tramway regulations, in order to be able to transfer to a tram line in the centre of Zwickau; the vehicles are designed with three sections. In the two, single-axled end modules are the drive units like those on trams. In the middle is a twin-axled, unmotored module. Two thirds of the vehicle has a low floor; the seats are arranged in a 2+3 configuration, there is no toilet due to the short journey distances envisaged.

Late the Vogtlandbahn had to fit all its vehicles with toilets, because otherwise cross-border services to the Czech Republic would not have been possible. In 1995 the Dürener Kreisbahn bought a total of 17 RegioSprinter for the Rurtalbahn, which were deployed to the two sections of line radiating from Düren, replacing the Uerdingen railbuses. Today, RegioSprinter are used on the following lines: Southern Rurtalbahn: Düren – Heimbach Northern Rurtalbahn: Düren – JülichLinnich Börde railway: Düren – ZülpichEuskirchen Under contract to DB Regio NRW there is a railbus in service on the RB 39 route between Mönchengladbach Hbf and Dalheim; because the vehicle fleet of the Rur Valley railway has a large reserve, in past years RegioSprinters from this company have helped out on other private railways, for example on the Dortmund-Märkischen Eisenbahn, the Nord-Ostsee-Bahn and the VIAS. From 1996 the Vogtlandbahn bought a total of 18 vehicles for use on the lines from Zwickau to Adorf/Vogtl. and Reichenbach im Vogtl. to Klingenthal.

Because the completion of these routes was delayed after their refurbishment, the new vehicles worked the line from Zwickau to Bad Brambach. At present the railbuses are in services on the following Vogtlandbahn lines: VB 1 Zwickau ZentrumZwickau Hbf – Falkenstein/Vogtl. – Zwotental – Klingenthal – Kraslice VB 2 Zwickau Hbf – Reichenbach ob Bf – HerlasgrünPlauen ob Bf – Adorf/Vogtl. VB 5 Hof – Schönberg/Vogtl. – Mehltheuer – Plauen ob Bf – Herlasgrün – Falkenstein/Vogtl. – Zwotental – Adorf Until the timetable change in December 2006 the Vogtlandbahn's RegioSprinters were on duty on the VB 7 line between Schönberg/Vogtland and Schleiz West. Services on this route were withdrawn on 9 December 2006 by the local public transport company of the free state of Thuringia. Moreover, in 2006 two of the railbuses were hired to the Prignitz railway, which used them on their lines in the western Ruhrgebiet due to a shortage of stock. In 1999 the Nærumbanen in the Copenhagen area bought four RegioSprinter railbuses and deployed them on the line between Nærum and Jægersborg.

Since 2002 operations have been run by Lokalbanen A/S, which took over several smaller railway companies in the Copenhagen area. The railbuses were owned at the time by the Hovedstadens Lokalbaner, which hired them to the LB. Since 2016, 15 units were purchased and operated by a Czech private operator GW Train Regio, who operated the route Karlovy VaryMariánské Lázně since 2006 with Regiosprinter units rented from Vogtlandbahn. Purchased units were refurbished by Czech company CZ Loko, with new seats Borcad REGIO+, a new accessible toilet, air conditioning, WiFi, power outlets for passengers. Since September 2016 are operated on route Karlovy Vary – Mariánské Lázně and since December 2017 11 units are operated on Šumava local lines České Budějovice – Černý Kříž, ČíčeniceNové Údolí and StrakoniceVolary, it seems to be the biggest fleet of Regiosprinters at the moment. One unit was damaged beyond repair after the frontal crash with another train on May 3rd 2018. While the 628 unit was returned to the service, the Regiosprinter was left to be used for spare parts and another unit was from bought from Rurtalbahn, sent for the same upgrade as previous units to refill the fleet.

In 1996 Calgary Transit experimented with a new commuter rail service from Anderson station to a temporary station at 162 Ave. The RegioSprinters operated on a CP rail line adjacent to the LRT rails today. Service ended in 2001 with the opening of the line extension which served from Anderson station to Somerset-Bridlewood station. Somerset-Bridlewood station is 500m south of the original 162 Ave Station. Regioshuttle Photo gallery at Photo gallery on the European Railway Server Reisebericht: Cross-border railway experiences in the Vogtland CZ: Konec vlaků bez toalety. GW Train ukázal novou soupravu pro lokálky CZ: NĚMECKÁ VOZIDLA NA ČESKÝCH KOLEJÍCH – ŘADA 654 CZ: GW Train has lost two trains in the crash between Křemže and Boršov