Notre Dame College

Notre Dame College known as Notre Dame College of Ohio or NDC, is a Catholic liberal arts college in South Euclid, Ohio. Established in 1922 as a women's college, it has been coeducational since January 2001. Notre Dame College offers 30 majors and individually designed majors and confers undergraduate and graduate degrees through five academic divisions; the college had a total enrollment of 2,100 students in fall 2016. The 48-acre main academic and residential campus is located 10 miles east of Cleveland in South Euclid. Fielding athletic teams known as the Notre Dame Falcons, the college is a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association at the Division II level. Notre Dame is a member of the Mountain East Conference, a Division II conference that began playing in the 2013–14 school year. Prior to joining the NCAA, the college competed in the NAIA as a member of the American Mideast Conference; the official school and athletic colors are royal gold. While the majority of Notre Dame's students are from Ohio, the student body represents 38 states and 19 countries.

The college offers a number of extracurricular activities to its students, including athletics, honor societies and student organizations. Notre Dame College was founded in the summer of 1922 on Ansel Road as a women's college under the guidance of Mother M. Cecilia Romen; that year, Mother Mary Evarista Harks became NDC's first president. In its early years the college had a faculty population of 9 and a full-time student enrollment of 13 women and 11 novices. On June 15, 1925, NDC conferred its first graduating class in the form of two-year teaching certificates. In the following year, 14 students received their bachelor's degrees and state certificates to teach in Ohio high schools. In June 1923, the Sisters leased 39 acres along Green Road in South Euclid to build a new campus and purchased 15 acres in 1924. Construction of the campus began in the fall of 1926 and opened on Sept. 17, 1928. The college bought the 39 leased acres in 1933; the college was located in a single building and expanded over time, Harks Hall was built in 1955 to house resident students with two other residence halls built in the 1960s.

NDC constructed the Clara Fritzsche Library in 1971 and the Keller Center in 1987. Traditionally, this institution of higher education was a residential campus, but in 1978, Notre Dame College began to offer a program known as Weekend College, or WECO. Local residents whose schedules prevented them from taking classes during the normal work week enrolled in weekend college classes to earn a degree. In 2003, WECO celebrated its 25th anniversary. On December 8, 1983, based on its architectural importance, Notre Dame College's historic Administration Building, built in 1927 in the Tudor Revival and other styles, was added to the National Register of Historic Places as Notre Dame College of Ohio; the building, designed by architect Thomas D. McLaughlin and built by contractor John T. Gill housed the entire college. In the fall of 1991, Notre Dame's Master of Education program started; the college saw its first M. Ed. Graduates in 1994. Although men had been allowed to enroll in certain programs, such as NDC's Law Enforcement Education A.

A. degree program in 1969 and WECO and master's programs, in 2001 the college became coeducational with its first full-time male enrollment. The college graduated its first co-ed class on May 7, 2005. Since the college became coeducational it has seen enrollment double from nearly 1,000 in 2001 to over 2,000 in 2010. In 2008, NDC began construction on two additional residence halls and South halls; the structures opened in 2009 at a cost of $15 million. Notre Dame College offers associate degrees, bachelor's degrees, master's degrees and is divided into five Academic Divisions: Arts & Humanities Business Administration Education Nursing Science & MathematicsThe college has three special programs and two interdisciplinary programs. NDC offers 30 majors in its bachelor's degree programs, it offers an Associate in Arts degree in Pastoral Ministry. And a master's degree in National Intelligence Studies. NDC's athletic teams are known as the Falcons, the colors are gold; the school sponsors 22 intercollegiate teams.

The college is a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association at the Division II level. In August 2012, Notre Dame became a charter member of the Mountain East Conference, a new Division II league that began play in the 2013–14 school year; the MEC, made up of schools leaving the West Virginia Intercollegiate Athletic Conference includes another Ohio school, Urbana University. It will sponsor eight each for men and women. Notre Dame College competed in National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics as a member of the American Mideast Conference; the college began the transition process during the 2009-10 academic year as a NCAA candidacy institution and was granted provisional status for the 2011-12 academic year. In July 2012, the college received notice it was accepted as a full member starting in the 2012-13 academic year. During its time in the NAIA, the college was known for its men's wrestling program; the team won back-to-back NAIA National Championships in 2010 and 2011. In 2014, the school's second year of NCAA eligibility, Notre Dame College won the Division II national wrestling championship lead by four-time national champion and undefeated wrestler Joey Davis.


Infanta Antónia of Portugal

Infanta Antónia of Portugal was a Portuguese infanta of the House of Braganza, daughter of Queen Maria II of Portugal and her King consort Ferdinand II of Portugal. Through her father, she held the titles of Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duchess of Saxony. Antónia was born in 1845 at the Palace of Belém, she was the sixth child of twelve, the third girl, she married Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen on 12 September 1861. They had three sons. 17 February 1845 – 12 September 1861: Her Royal Highness Infanta Antónia of Portugal, Princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duchess in Saxony 12 September 1861 – 3 September 1869: Her Royal Highness The Hereditary Princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen 3 September 1869 – 2 June 1885: Her Royal Highness The Hereditary Princess of Hohenzollern 2 June 1885 – 8 June 1905: Her Royal Highness The Princess of Hohenzollern 8 June 1905 – 27 December 1913: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Princess of Hohenzollern Dame of the Order of Louise Dame of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa Infanta Antónia of Portugal,

Turracher Höhe Pass

Turracher Höhe called Turracherhöhe, refers to a village, a pass across the Alps, a countryside in the Gurktal Alps in Austria. The village and the Turracher Lake at the pass, which both share the same name, are separated by the border of the two federal states of Styria and Carinthia; because of its distance to early settlement areas and its high location, the region was not settled until late. In the 17th century, mining was started below the Turracherhöhe; the opening up of the top of the pass by a paved road did not occur until later. During the 20th century, the region was developed for tourism. Efforts are being made to maintain the diversity of flora and fauna of the Turracherhöhe by means of landscape conservation areas and careful and nature-oriented extension of the tourist facilities; the Turracherhöhe is situated in the western part of the Gurktal Alps. The area extends from the peaks of the Rinsennock in the west to the Lattersteighöhe in the east. Somewhat farther away are the peaks of Eisenhut, Großer Königstuhl, Gruft.

The highest point of the approx. Two km long pass; the lake is connected to the village. The Turracher Höhe, as a "classic" pass summit, is part of a drainage divide between the Mura valley and the Upper Gurk River, whose source is beneath the Lattersteighöhe at approx. 2,000 m above sea level. The Turracher Road, which goes from Salzburg along the western shore of Turracher Lake, connects the Styrian Upper Mura valley in the north with the Upper Gurk valley in Carinthia, it continues further to Feldkirchen and the basin of Klagenfurt in the south; the road on the pass has a length of 16 km. A total of three municipalities share the region of Turracher Höhe: Styrian Predlitz-Turrach in the north and the Carinthian municipalities of Reichenau and Albeck in the south. There are no direct roads onto the pass summit from Albeck. For a long time, there were only single farmsteads and accommodations for lumberjacks who chopped wood for the mines and smelting works in Turrach, as well as for the seasonal miners and stonemasons, on the Turracher Höhe.

A compact settlement did not develop. Today, the village on the pass summit has around 100 inhabitants, there are more than 400 secondary residences. Like the Turracher Lake, it belongs to the Styrian municipality of Predlitz-Turrach and to the Carinthian municipality of Reichenau; the border of the federal states runs through the middle of the village and the lake. The northern part, which belongs to Styria, has the postal code 8864, the southern part on Carinthian territory has the postal code 9565. Thus, there are formally two villages on Turracher Höhe, where the Styrian part belongs to the district of Turrach in the municipality of Predlitz-Turrach, the village of Turracherhöhe on the Carinthian side is a district of the municipality of Reichenau, but no town signs were installed within the village. Those who are not aware of the division of the village due to administrative politics can only suspect that the border between the two states runs here because of the two state flags along the former federal road.

In the wide saddle of the pass summit, where the road runs horizontally for two kilometres, there are two luxury hotels, a resort belonging to the German trade union IG Bau and over 30 small and medium-sized hotels and guest houses. There are many vacation houses in the southern and western stone pine forest, as well as the eastern side of the lake. However, these houses are predominantly concealed by trees or are situated in hollows, so they stand out from the natural surroundings; the facilities include some shops for athletic items and souvenirs. But there is no grocery gasoline station in Turracher Höhe, for example. For a long time, there was no church or chapel. An ecumenical place of worship was not built at the suggestion of the inhabitants, it is available for all Christian creeds. There is plenty of sunshine during the entire year. Due to the high altitude, there is less cloudiness and fog than in the Drau valley, for example. Thus, the average prevailing temperatures are favorable: the average temperature in January is between -5.9 and -8.2 °C, in July it is between 10.6 and 11.0 °C, the yearly median is 1.9 to 2.2 °C.

By comparison, with a height of 447 m above sea level, is 1300 m lower than Turracher Höhe. Its average temperature in January is -5.8 °C, its average temperature in July is 18.3 °C, its yearly median is 7.7 °C. The precipitation of 1,218 mm is rather low for the mountains. Snowfall starts in October at the latest, a dense blanket of snow forms, which remains until April or sometimes until May. On average, there is snow for 158 days on Turracher Höhe; the name Turrach is derived from the old term, "Durrach", used for a forest, whe