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Notre Dame Fighting Irish football

The Notre Dame Fighting Irish football team is the intercollegiate football team representing the University of Notre Dame in Notre Dame, Indiana. The team is coached by Brian Kelly and plays its home games at the campus's Notre Dame Stadium, which has a capacity of 77,622. Notre Dame is one of six schools that competes as an Independent at the National Collegiate Athletic Association Football Bowl Subdivision level; the school claims 11 national championships, but the NCAA recognizes the school with 13. Moreover, Notre Dame has 21 national championships recognized by all major selectors. Notre Dame and Ohio State share the record of seven Heisman Trophy winners. Notre Dame has produced 101 consensus All-Americans, 34 unanimous All-Americans, 52 members of the College Football Hall of Fame, 13 members of the Pro Football Hall of Fame, all NCAA records. Notre Dame has had 495 players selected in the NFL Draft, second only to USC. All Notre Dame home games have been televised by NBC since 1991, Notre Dame is the only school to have such a contract.

It was the only independent program to be part of the Bowl Championship Series coalition and its guaranteed payout, it has one of the largest, most widespread fan bases in college football. These factors help make Notre Dame one of the most financially valuable football programs in the country, which allows the school to remain an independent. Football did not have an auspicious beginning at the University of Notre Dame. In their inaugural game on November 23, 1887, the Irish lost to Michigan by a score of 8–0, their first win came in the final game of the 1888 season when the Irish defeated Harvard Prep School of Chicago by a score of 20–0. At the end of the 1888 season they had a record of 1–3 with all three losses being at the hands of Michigan by a combined score of 43–9. Between 1887 and 1899 Notre Dame compiled a record of 31 wins, 15 losses, four ties against a diverse variety of opponents ranging from local high school teams to other universities. In 1894, James L. Morrison was hired as Notre Dame's first head football coach.

Notre Dame took a significant step toward respectability and stability when they hired Morrison. He wrote an acquaintance after his first day on the job: “I arrived here this morning and found about as green a set of football players that donned a uniform… They want to smoke, when I told them that they would have to run and get up some wind, they thought I was rubbing it in on them. "One big, strong cuss remarked. Well, maybe you think I didn’t give him hell! I bet you a hundred no one makes a remark like that again.” Morrison had been hired for $40 plus expenses for two weeks. In 1908, the win over Franklin saw end Fay Wood catch the first touchdown pass in Notre Dame history. Notre Dame continued its success near the turn of the century and achieved their first victory over Michigan in 1909 by the score of 11–3 after which Michigan refused to play Notre Dame again for 33 years. By the end of the 1912 season they had amassed a record of 108 wins, 31 losses, 13 ties. Jesse Harper became head coach in 1913 and remained so until he retired in 1917.

During his tenure the Irish began playing only intercollegiate games and posted a record of 34 wins, five losses, one tie. This period would mark the beginning of the rivalry with Army and the continuation of the rivalry with Michigan State. In 1913, Notre Dame burst into the national consciousness and helped to transform the collegiate game in a single contest. In an effort to gain respect for a regionally successful but small-time Midwestern football program, Harper scheduled games in his first season with national powerhouses Texas, Penn State, Army. On November 1, 1913, the Notre Dame squad stunned the Black Knights of the Hudson 35–13 in a game played at West Point. Led by quarterback Gus Dorais and end Knute Rockne—who was soon to be legendary coach—the Notre Dame team attacked the Cadets with an offense that featured both the expected powerful running game but long and accurate downfield forward passes from Dorais to Rockne; this game has been miscredited as the invention of the forward pass.

Prior to this contest, receivers would come to a full-stop and wait on the ball to come to them, but in this contest, Dorais threw to Rockne in stride, changing the forward pass from a seldom-used play into the dominant ball-moving strategy that it is today. Irish assistant Knute Rockne became head coach in 1918. Under Rockne, the Irish would post a record of 105 wins, 12 losses, five ties; the 105 wins account for 12.3% of all wins in Notre Dame football history. During his 13 years, the Irish won three national championships, had five undefeated seasons, won the Rose Bowl in 1925, produced players such as George Gipp and the "Four Horsemen". Knute Rockne has the highest winning percentage in NCAA Division I/FBS football history. Rockne's offenses employed the Notre Dame Box and his defenses ran a 7–2–2 scheme. Rockne posted a 3 -- 1 -- 2 record, he made his coaching debut on September 28, 1918, against Case Tech in Cleveland and earned a 26–6 victory. Leonard Bahan, George Gipp, Curly Lambeau were in the backfield.

With Gipp, Rockne had an ideal handler of the forward pass. The 1919 team had Rockne handle Gus Dorais handle the backfield; the team won the national championship. Gipp died at age 25 on December 14, 1920, just two weeks after Walter Camp elected him as Notre Dame's first All-A

Emerald Fennell

Emerald Lilly Fennell is an English actress, author and director. She is best known as the show-runner for the second season of the critically acclaimed BBC America thriller series Killing Eve which earned her two Primetime Emmy Award nominations, she is known for her performances in film and television which include, The Crown, Call the Midwife, Anna Karenina, Albert Nobbs, Vita and Virginia. In 2020, her directorial debut, Promising Young Woman starring Carey Mulligan debuted at the Sundance Film Festival. Born in London, Fennell went to Marlborough College, she studied English at Oxford University, where she acted in university plays. There she was spotted by Lindy King of United Agents, her sister, Coco Fennell, is a fashion designer. Her parents are author Louise. Fennell appeared in the Channel 4 sitcom Chickens with Joe Thomas and Jonny Sweet, she joined the cast of the BBC One series Call the Midwife as Patsy Mount, after dyeing her blonde hair red. She is known for her film roles in Albert Nobbs and Anna Karenina, The Danish Girl and Vita and Virginia.

On 23 October 2018, it was revealed that Fennell would play Camilla Shand in third season of the acclaimed Netflix series The Crown with Olivia Colman replacing Claire Foy as Queen Elizabeth II. Fennell took over for Phoebe Waller-Bridge as the head writer for season two of the critically acclaimed BBC series Killing Eve, she wrote 6 episodes for the season. Waller-Bridge praised Fennell's handling of the show's second season stating that "it is fantastic and it feels so brilliant because Emerald's voice is so unique, her roar is evident in it and that's what gives it its energy."In 2020, Fennell's directorial debut Promising Young Woman starring Carey Mulligan, premiered at the Sundance Film Festival to rave reviews. The film received a 100% from critics on Rotten Tomatoes with the critics consensus reading, "A boldly provocative, timely thriller, Promising Young Woman is an auspicious feature debut for writer-director Emerald Fennell -- and a career highlight for Carey Mulligan". In 2008, Fennell was commissioned to write a film script.

Called Chukka, it's a romantic comedy about a group of teenagers who fight the closure of their school by taking on the rich kids at polo. Her first novel was published by Bloomsbury Children's Books in January 2013: Shiverton Hall, a children's fantasy. In December 2012, it was released as an ebook by Bloomsbury USA; the Creeper, a sequel, was published mid-2014. ISFDB catalogues them as the Shiverton Hall series, it was shortlisted for the Waterstones Children's Book Prize in 2014. She released Monsters in September 2015, her first adult horror book. In July 2018, it was announced that Fennell was hired by her close friend Phoebe Waller-Bridge as head writer for the second season of the BBC America series Killing Eve, replacing Waller-Bridge, who remains as a producer. Fennell become one of the show's executive producers. Speaking to The New York Times, Fennell said "Phoebe and I had worked together in the past, we’ve been friends for nearly 10 years. We met on a film -- Albert Nobbs --. I started in the early days as a writer in the Season 2 writer's room.

Because it's such an unusual show, they did a loose writers' room for a week just to see, wonderfully and luckily for me they promoted me to head writer." The second season began broadcast in April 2019. At the 71st Primetime Emmy Awards, Fennell was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Drama Series for the season 2 episode "Nice and Neat". In January 2019, it was announced Fennell would write and direct Promising Young Woman starring Carey Mulligan. Production began in March 2019, she produced the film, together with Margot Robbie and four other producers. In January 2020, Andrew Lloyd Webber announced he would collaborate with Fennell on a new musical, planned to open in London in September 2020. Shiverton Hall The Creeper Rollercoasters Shiverton Hall Monsters Emerald Fennell on IMDb Emerald Fennell at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database Emerald Fennell at Library of Congress Authorities, with 1 catalogue records

Sandown Park railway station, Melbourne

Sandown Park railway station is a railway station on the Gippsland line in Melbourne, Australia. It is located on the boundary of the south-eastern suburbs of Springvale and Noble Park, opening in 1889 as Oakleigh Racecourse, it was renamed to Sandown Park in 1892. The station was built to service Sandown Racecourse. In addition to the two main lines, there was a signal box and booking office, two sidings each over 600 metres long on the eastern side of the tracks, for the stabling of special race trains; the station had no platform on the up track, instead having an island platform on the down track, the other face serving one of the sidings on the eastern side. The station was only used for racecourse traffic and closed in May 1955. In June 1965 it reopened for general passenger traffic as an island platform; the station once had a second exit and subway at the up end of the platform but that has since been closed and filled in. Nearby towards Noble Park, the Corrigan Road's level crossing removal in 2018 was part of the Victorian Government's Level Crossing Removal Project.

Sandown Park has one island platform with two faces. It is serviced by Metro Trains' Pakenham and Cranbourne line services. Platform 1: Pakenham line: all stations and limited express services to Flinders Street Cranbourne line: all stations and limited express services to Flinders StreetPlatform 2: Pakenham line: all stations and limited express services to Pakenham Cranbourne line: all stations services to CranbourneIt is planned to connect the Pakenham and Cranbourne lines to the Sunbury line through the new Metro Tunnel in late 2025. Melway map at

Internet addiction disorder

Internet addiction disorder known as problematic internet use or pathological internet use is defined as problematic, compulsive use of the internet, that results in significant impairment in an individual's function in various life domains over a prolonged period of time. This and other relationships between digital media use and mental health have been under considerable research and discussion amongst experts in several disciplines, have generated controversy from the medical and technological communities; such disorders can be diagnosed when an individual engages in online activities at the cost of fulfilling daily responsibilities or pursuing other interests, without regard for the negative consequences. Excessive Internet use has not been recognised as a disorder by the World Health Organization or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Controversy around the diagnosis includes whether the disorder is a separate clinical entity, or a manifestation of underlying psychiatric disorders.

Research has approached the question from a variety of viewpoints, with no universally standardised or agreed definitions, leading to difficulties in developing evidence based recommendations. As adolescents and emerging adults access the Internet more than any other age groups and undertake a higher risk of overuse of the Internet, the problem of Internet addiction disorder is most relevant to young people. A longitudinal study of Chinese high school students suggests that individuals with moderate to severe risk of Internet addiction are 2.5 times more to develop depressive symptoms than their IAD-free counterparts. The best-documented evidence of Internet addiction so far is time-disruption, which subsequently results in interference with regular social life, including academic, professional performance and daily routines; some studies reveal that IAD can lead to disruption of social relationships in Europe and Taiwan. It is, however noted by others that IAD is beneficial for peer relations in Taiwan.

Dr. Keith W. Beard states that "an individual is addicted when an individual’s psychological state, which includes both mental and emotional states, as well as their scholastic and social interactions, is impaired by the overuse of "; as a result of its complex nature, some scholars do not provide a definition of Internet addiction disorder and throughout time, different terms are used to describe the same phenomenon of excessive Internet use. Internet addiction disorder is used interchangeably with problematic Internet use, pathological Internet use, Internet addictive disorder. In some cases, this behavior is referred to as Internet overuse, problematic computer use, compulsive Internet use, Internet abuse, harmful use of the Internet, Internet dependency. Physical symptoms include a weakened immune system due to lack of sleep, loss of exercise, increased the risk for carpel tunnel syndrome and eye and back strain. Symptoms of withdrawal might include agitation, depression and anxiety when the person is away from technology.

These psychological symptoms might turn into physical symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, tense shoulders and shortness of breath. According to David Hodgins, a professor of psychology at the University of Calgary, online gambling is considered to be as serious as pathological gambling, it is known as an "isolated disorder" which means that those who have a gambling problem prefer to separate themselves from interruptions and distractions. Because gambling is available online, it increases the opportunity for problem gamblers to indulge in gambling without social influences swaying their decisions; this is why this disorder has become more a problem at this date in time and is why it is so difficult to overcome. The opportunity to gamble online is always available in this century opposed to only having the opportunity in a public forum at casinos for example. Online gambling has become quite popular with today's adolescents. Today's youth has a greater knowledge of modern software and search engines along with a greater need for extra money.

So not only is it easier for them to find opportunities to gamble over any subject, but the incentive to be granted this money is desired. Video game addiction is a known issue around the world. Incidence and severity grew in the 2000s, with the advent of broadband technology, games allowing for the creation of avatars,'second life' games, MMORPGs. World of Warcraft has the largest MMORPG community online and there have been a number of studies about the addictive qualities of the game. Addicts of the game range from children to mature adults. A well-known example is Ryan van Cleave, a university professor whose life declined as he became involved in online gaming. Andrew Doan, MD, PhD, a physician with a research background in neuroscience, battled his own addictions with video games, investing over 20,000 hours of playing games over a period of nine years. Online gaming addiction may be considered in terms of B. F. Skinner's theory of operant conditioning, which claims that the frequency of a given behavior is directly linked to rewarding and punishment of that behavior.

If a behavior is rewarded, it is more to be repeated. If it is punished, it becomes suppressed. Orzack, a clinical psychologist at McLean Hospital in Massachusetts claims that 40 percent of World of Warcraft players are addicted. Orzack says that the best way to optimize the desired behavior in the subject is to provide rewards for correct behavior, adjust the number o


Yummie is a Swedish bubblegum dance group from Haninge outside Stockholm, whose music sounds sweet and sugary, with thumping dance beats and rather silly and funny lyrics. It has been suggested that the group sounds like a composition of dance groups Aqua and Ace of Base, with some songs being more bubblegum poppy than dance. Yummie's roots are in a group known as Unit C, formed in 1995 and consisted of Petra Garnås, Göran Florén, Thomas Walther. Following a performance at a local television station, at which Unit C met Teddy Gustavsson, Gustavsson soon joined the group as well. A demo music video for the song Hello was created in 1997, after a series of live performances and songs recorded in the studio, the label Stockhouse picked up Unit C; the group's sound was changing, Unit C was known as Bubblegum from 1998 to 1999. In 1999, Bubblegum's name was changed to Yummie. In 1999, the group's best known song, was released as a single. In 2000, the group's debut album Sweet'n Sour was released in several countries, including Japan, Estonia and the group's native Sweden.

After releasing the song Get Out of my Face to radio stations and performing at Estonia's Laulupidu, the group disbanded in 2001. An album called Bar B Q was in the works prior to the split, but was never released due to fears of the group not getting enough sales, having the album illegally downloaded instead. Sweet'n'Sour Poppa Joe Ay Ay Ay Bubblegum Easy Come - Easy Go It's So Yummie On the Radio 7 Seas Bump Make My Day Story Goes On Hello Romeo and Juliet Bubblegum Bubblegum Bubblegum Bubblegum Poppa Joe Get Out of my Face The members of Yummie have announced that they are returning for their ten-year anniversary under the name Yummie in 2009. According to the members, both new and unreleased songs will be released, as well as new mixes of existing songs. Yummie biography and discography at Bubblegum Dancer Yummie's official MySpace page

Tansy (film)

Tansy is a 1921 British silent drama film directed by Cecil Hepworth and starring Alma Taylor, Gerald Ames and James Carew. The film was based on a popular rural novel of the time by Tickner Edwardes, was filmed on location on the Sussex Downs. Tansy is a rare survival among Hepworth's feature-length films of the late 1910s and early 1920s, most of which are believed to have been irretrievably lost following Hepworth's bankruptcy in 1924, when his film stock was seized and melted down by administrators to release its saleable silver nitrate content. A full print of the film is held in the British Film Institute's National Archive. Hepworth once remarked: "It was always in the back of my mind from the beginning that I was to make English pictures with all the English countryside for background and with English idiom throughout." Critical assessment of Tansy tends to confirm the ability to capture beautiful English rural landscapes on film as Hepworth's greatest skill, albeit sometimes to the detriment of dramatic narrative when the scenery seems to command more of his attention than the actors or the plot.

George Firle is a shepherd, helped in his work by daughter Tansy who has learned shepherding skills from her father. One evening Tansy slips out of the house after her father has gone to the pub to meet up with farm labourer Clem. George finds Tansy absent and goes to look for her, he finds her in Clem's caravan, trying to fight off unwanted advances, rescues her. The owner of the farm hears about the incident and assumes that it shows Tansy's immorality and that she must have been leading Clem on to end up in such a compromising situation, he orders George and Tansy to leave the farm. George and Tansy set out on foot for the nearest town. On the journey, George collapses. Local farmer's son Joad Wilverley comes across the stricken pair while driving by and offers his help. Arriving at the Wilverley farm, they discover; the Wilverleys offer shelter to the distraught Tansy, she overhears Joad talking with his younger brother Will about their need for a shepherd. Tansy offers her services to the brothers' amusement, but she proves her worth by expertly rounding up a flock of sheep and is given the job.

Tansy's skills give the farm one of its best lambing seasons. Meanwhile both brothers have begin to realise that they are rivals. Joad, as the elder brother, believes; the fraternal rivalry intensifies and Joad attempts to win over Tansy by buying her expensive gifts. Will offers to marry Tansy and she accepts the proposal. Will goes to break the news to Joad, who responds by provoking a fight during which he badly beats his brother. At the same time Clem appears back on the scene and again tries to force himself on Tansy, she manages to break flees in panic to the Wilverley house. However Joad has been stricken with remorse for his treatment of Will and orders Tansy to leave, saying she has been the cause of all the trouble between the two. After Tansy has departed, a Wilverley servant tells Joad that Tansy has always loved Will and he must tell Will to go after her. Joad realises the truth that Tansy should be free to marry, he sends Will off in pursuit. Clem has once again caught up with Tansy and is trying to accost her when Will catches up with them and deals appropriately with him.

Will and Tansy embrace. Alma Taylor as Tansy Firle Rolf Leslie as George Firle Gerald Ames as Clem Fordough James Carew as Joad Wilverley Hugh Clifton as Will Wilverley Teddy Royce as Mark Wilverley George Dewhurst as George Baston Tansy on IMDb