Nottinghamshire is a county in the East Midlands region of England, bordering South Yorkshire to the north-west, Lincolnshire to the east, Leicestershire to the south, Derbyshire to the west. The traditional county town is Nottingham, though the county council is based at County Hall in West Bridgford in the borough of Rushcliffe, at a site facing Nottingham over the River Trent; the districts of Nottinghamshire are Ashfield, Broxtowe, Mansfield and Sherwood, Rushcliffe. The City of Nottingham was administratively part of Nottinghamshire between 1974 and 1998, but is now a unitary authority, remaining part of Nottinghamshire for ceremonial purposes. In 2017, the county was estimated to have a population of 785,800. Over half of the population of the county live in the Greater Nottingham conurbation; the conurbation has a population of about 650,000, though less than half live within the city boundaries. Nottinghamshire lies on the Roman Fosse Way, there are Roman settlements in the county; the county was settled by Angles around the 5th century, became part of the Kingdom, Earldom, of Mercia.
However, there is evidence of Saxon settlement at the Broxtowe Estate, near Nottingham, Tuxford, east of Sherwood Forest. The name first occurs in 1016, but until 1568, the county was administratively united with Derbyshire, under a single Sheriff. In Norman times, the county developed woollen industries. During the industrial revolution, the county held much needed minerals such as coal and iron ore, had constructed some of the first experimental waggonways in the world. In the 18th and 19th centuries, mechanised deeper collieries opened, mining became an important economic sector, though these declined after the 1984–85 miners' strike; until 1610, Nottinghamshire was divided into eight Wapentakes. Sometime between 1610 and 1719, they were reduced to six – Newark, Thurgarton, Rushcliffe and Bingham, some of these names still being used for the modern districts. Oswaldbeck was absorbed in Bassetlaw, of which it forms the North Clay division, Lythe in Thurgarton. Nottinghamshire is famous for its involvement with the legend of Robin Hood.
This is the reason for the numbers of tourists who visit places like Sherwood Forest, City of Nottingham, the surrounding villages in Sherwood Forest. To reinforce the Robin Hood connection, the University of Nottingham in 2010 has begun the Nottingham Caves Survey, with the goal "to increase the tourist potential of these sites"; the project "will use a 3D laser scanner to produce a three dimensional record of more than 450 sandstone caves around Nottingham". Nottinghamshire was mapped first by Christopher Saxton in 1576; the map was the earliest printed map at a sufficiently useful scale to provide basic information on village layout, the existence of landscape features such as roads, tollbars and mills. Nottinghamshire, like Derbyshire, South Yorkshire, sits on extensive coal measures, up to 900 metres thick, occurring in the north of the county. There is an oilfield near Eakring; these are overlaid by sandstones and limestones in the west, clay in the east. The north of the county is part of the Humberhead Levels lacustrine plain.
The centre and south west of the county, around Sherwood Forest, features undulating hills with ancient oak woodland. Principal rivers are the Trent, Idle and Soar; the Trent, fed by the Soar and Idle, composed of many streams from Sherwood Forest, run through wide and flat valleys, merging at Misterton. A point just north of Newtonwood Lane, on the boundary with Derbyshire is the highest point in Nottinghamshire; the lowest is Peat Carr, east of Blaxton, at sea level. Nottinghamshire is sheltered by the Pennines to the west, so receives low rainfall at 641 to 740 millimetres annually; the average temperature of the county is 8.8–10.1 degrees Celsius. The county receives between 1470 hours of sunshine per year. Nottinghamshire contains one green belt area, first drawn up from the 1950s. Encircling the Nottingham conurbation, it stretches for several miles into the surrounding districts, extends into Derbyshire. Nottinghamshire is represented by eleven members of parliament; the three seats within the City of Nottingham are represented by Labour Party MPs, with the other eight Nottinghamshire seats represented by Conservative MPs.
Following the 2017 County Council elections, the County Council is controlled by a coalition of Conservatives and Mansfield Independent Forum, having taken control from the Labour administration. The seats held are 31 Conservatives, 23 Labour, 11 Independents, 1 Liberal Democrat. In the previous 2013 election, the County Council was Labour controlled, a gain from the Conservatives. Local government is devolved to seven local district councils. Ashfield, Bassetlaw and Mansfield are Labour controlled.
Graham Anthony Newdick is a former cricketer who played first-class cricket for Wellington in New Zealand between 1970 and 1981. An opening batsman, Graham Newdick's most successful season was his first, in 1970-71, he scored 404 runs in the Plunket Shield at an average of 50.50, forming a productive opening partnership for Wellington with Bruce Murray, hitting his highest score, 143 against Auckland. He was a consistent run-scorer for Wellington for the rest of his career, he represented Hutt Valley in the Hawke Cup from 1968 to 1984. He worked in the construction industry, running his own companies and playing a leading part in the construction apprenticeship body, BCITO, he was the cricket coach at Wellington College, St Patrick's College, Silverstream, in Upper Hutt. Graham Newdick at ESPNcricinfo Graham Newdick at CricketArchive
The Cedar Falls Historical Society is located in Cedar Falls, IA. It strives to preserve the history of Cedar Falls, Black Hawk County and Iowa through its collection and five museums, it is involved with community outreach, garden tours, guided tours, research. The Historical Society was founded June 27, 1962 by a group of residents interested in preserving and recording Cedar Falls' history. During its first year, the society met in a community room of the Cedar Falls Trust and Savings Bank. October 18, 1964, the Historical Society held its first exhibition in the basement of the Cedar Falls Trust and Savings Bank, it was an exhibition of over a hundred old photos related to Cedar Falls. The Victorian Home was the historical society's first building, it was purchased in 1965 for a price of $23,500. The purchase price and funds for renovation were raised through a combination of fundraising and donations; the Historical Society began renovations soon after. Renovations included basic remodeling, removal of an upstairs kitchen and the installation of restrooms and a custodian's apartment.
The historic house museum opened May 30, 1968. There were 109 visitors on opening day; the house has continued to be the Historical Society's seat of operation. The Carriage House Museum was added to the building for additional office and exhibition space. In 1977, the Cedar Falls Historical Society together with the city of Cedar Falls was successful in having the Ice House listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Through the work of a successful fund drive for restoration, the Ice House had its grand opening 1979 as the Ice House Museum; because of the society's local focus, the collection ranges from the mid-1800s, when Cedar Falls was founded, to the present. The collection includes period furnishings, decorative arts, costumes and textiles, stereoscopes and cards, ice harvesting and agricultural equipment, regional archives, it includes historic models of Cedar Falls buildings by Gene Lehman and the William J. Lenoir model railroad collection. Much of the collection was acquired through donation or bequests.
The William J. Lenoir collection was acquired through successful petitions by community members and the historical society, it is now housed in the lower level of the Carriage House Museum. Little Red Schoolhouse Museum Ice House Museum Victorian Home and Carriage House Museum Behrens-Rapp Service Station and Visitor Information Directory of Historical Organizations in the United States and Canada. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, 2002. Walker, Patricia C, Thomas Graham. Directory of Historic House Museums in the United States. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, c2000, 2000. Cedar Falls Historical Society website