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Nouméa is the capital and largest city of the French special collectivity of New Caledonia. It is situated on a peninsula in the south of New Caledonia's main island, Grande Terre, is home to the majority of the island's European, Polynesian and Vietnamese populations, as well as many Melanesians, Ni-Vanuatu and Kanaks who work in one of the South Pacific's most industrialised cities; the city lies on a protected deepwater harbour. At the September 2019 census, there were 182,341 inhabitants in the metropolitan area of Greater Nouméa, 94,285 of whom lived in the city of Nouméa proper. 67.2% of the population of New Caledonia live in Greater Nouméa, which covers the communes of Nouméa, Le Mont-Dore, Dumbéa and Païta. The first European to establish a settlement in the vicinity was British trader James Paddon in 1851. Anxious to assert control of the island, the French established a settlement nearby three years in 1854, moving from Balade in the north of the island; this settlement was called Port-de-France and was renamed Nouméa in 1866.

The area served first as a penal colony as a centre for the exportation of the nickel and gold, mined nearby. From 1904 to 1940 Nouméa was linked to Dumbéa and Païta by the Nouméa-Païta railway, the only railway line that existed in New Caledonia. During World War II, Nouméa served as the headquarters of the United States military in the South Pacific; the five-sided U. S. military headquarters complex was adopted after the war as the base for a new regional intergovernmental development organisation: the South Pacific Commission known as the Secretariat of the Pacific Community, still as the Pacific Community. The city maintains much of New Caledonia's unique mix of old Melanesian culture. Today the US wartime military influence lingers, both with the warmth that many New Caledonian people feel towards the United States after experiencing the relative friendliness of American soldiers and with the names of several of the quarters in Nouméa. Districts such as "Receiving" and "Robinson", or "Motor Pool", strike the anglophone ear strangely, until the historical context becomes clear.

The city is situated on an irregular, hilly peninsula near the southeast end of New Caledonia, in the south-west Pacific Ocean. Neighbourhoods of Nouméa include: Rivière-Salée 6e km, 7e km, Tina Ducos peninsula: Ducos, Ducos industriel, Kaméré, Logicoop, Tindu 4e Km, Aérodrome, Haut Magenta, Magenta, Ouémo, Portes de fer Faubourg Blanchot and Vallée des Colons Doniambo, Montagne coupée, Vallée du tir Artillerie Nord, Centre Ville, Quartier Latin, Vallée du Génie Anse Vata, Artillerie Sud, Baie des Citrons, Motor Pool, N'géa, Receiving and Val Plaisance The Greater Nouméa urban area had a total population of 182,341 inhabitants at the September 2019 census, 94,285 of whom lived in the commune of Nouméa proper; the Greater Nouméa urban area is made up of four communes: Nouméa Dumbéa, to the north-west of Nouméa Le Mont-Dore, to the north-east of Nouméa Païta, a suburb to the west of Dumbéa and the site of La Tontouta International Airport Average population growth of the Greater Nouméa urban area: 1956-1963: +2,310 people per year 1963-1969: +1,791 people per year 1969-1976: +3,349 people per year 1976-1983: +1,543 people per year 1983-1989: +2,091 people per year 1989-1996: +3,020 people per year 1996-2009: +3,382 people per year 2009-2014: +3,106 people per year 2014-2019: +566 people per year The places of birth of the 179,509 residents in the Greater Nouméa urban area at the 2014 census were the following: 66.7% were born in New Caledonia 21.2% in Metropolitan France and its overseas departments 6.3% in foreign countries 5.8% in Wallis and Futuna and French Polynesia The self-reported ethnic communities of the 179,509 residents in the Greater Nouméa urban area at the 2014 census were as follows: 34.5% Europeans 23.4% Kanaks 11.5% Wallisians and Futunians 10.0% mixed ethnicity 20.5% other communities At the 2009 census, 98.7% of the population in the Greater Nouméa urban area whose age was 15 years old and older reported that they could speak French.

97.1% reported that they could read and write it. Only 1.3% of the population whose age was 15 years old and older had no knowledge of French. At the same census, 20.8% of the population in the Greater Nouméa urban area whose age was 15 years old and older reported that they could speak at least one of the Kanak languages. 4.3 % reported. 74.9% of the population whose age was 15 years old and older had no knowledge of any Kanak language. Nouméa features a tropical dry climate with hot summers and warm winters. Temperatures are warmer in the months of January and March with average highs hovering around 30 degrees Celsius and cooler during the months of July and August where average high temperatures are around 23 degrees Celsius; the capital's dry season months are October. The rest of the year is noticeably wetter. Nouméa on average receives roug

Joginder Singh (soldier)

Subedar Joginder Singh Sahnan, PVC, was an Indian Army soldier who posthumously received India's highest military gallantry award, the Param Vir Chakra. Singh joined the British Indian Army in 1936, served in the 1st battalion of the Sikh Regiment. During the 1962 Sino-Indian War, he was commanding a platoon at the Bum La Pass in the North-East Frontier Agency. Though outnumbered, he led his troops against a Chinese assault and defended his post until he was wounded and captured. Singh died from his injuries while in Chinese custody. Joginder Singh was born on 28 September 1921 in Mahalakalan, Moga district, British India, he spent his childhood in the same village. His father Sher Singh Sahnan belonged to an agricultural Saini Sikh family which had relocated to Mahalakalan from the village Munak Kalan in Hoshiarpur district, his mother was Bibi Krishan Kaur Bhela. Joginder Singh married Bibi Gurdyal Kaur Banga, from a Saini family in the village Kothay Rara Singh, near Kotkapura, he went to middle school in Daroli village.

He decided to join the army, considering that it would give him an "identity and purpose". On joining the British Indian Army, Singh was posted to the 1st battalion of the Sikh Regiment on 28 September 1936. After joining the army, he identified his interest in education, soon passed the Army Education Examination, he was subsequently appointed as the Unit Education Instructor. He served in the Second World War on the Burma front, in Srinagar during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947–1948. There had long been disagreement between India and China over disputed borders in the Himalaya region. To counter the increasing Chinese intrusions into disputed territory Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru asked for strategies for dealing with them. However, the proposal put forward by the Indian Army was rejected. Instead, he approved a plan proposed by a bureaucrat called the "Forward Policy"; this called for the establishment of a number of small posts facing the Chinese. Due the severe rise in public criticism against Chinese intrusions, Nehru implemented the "Forward Policy" against the advice of the army.

The army's concern was. Additionally, maintaining numerous small posts would be untenable if the Chinese superior forces attacked; this was ruled out by Nehru. But the Chinese did. On 9 September 1962 Defence Minister of India Krishna Menon made a decision to evict the Chinese troops south of Thala Ridge; this decision was endorsed by Nehru, in London to attend the Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference. Subsequently, the 7th Infantry Brigade, which included 1 Sikh, was ordered to move to Namka Chu, considered as militarily unsound and an advantageous ground for the Chinese; this move was criticized by the Indian media, who publicized it with "sensational headlines", arguing India's military offensive capability. The Chinese, aware of these developments, attacked the unprepared Indian post at Namka Chu. Though the Indian troops resisted the attack, they took heavy casualties due to inadequate ammunition and weak communication lines. Soon after the attack, the Chinese advanced to Tawang. Midway they encountered an Indian post at the Bum La Pass, held by a platoon of 20 men from 1 Sikh.

The post was under the command of Singh, now a subedar. The Chinese attacked the post in three waves, each comprising 200 men. Though the initial two attacks were repelled by that time, the platoon was depleted to half of its original strength. Singh was wounded, but refused evacuation. Soon the ammunition was exhausted, the survivors were only left with their bayonets; the Sikh soldiers charged towards the Chinese, shouting the war cry Waheguru Ji Ka Khalsa, Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh. The Chinese lines were scattered at this sight and many were bayoneted. Due to heavy numbers and superior weapons, the Chinese were able to withstand the last charge by Singh and his remaining soldiers. Before Singh was overpowered and captured by the Chinese, he single-handedly killed several Chinese soldiers with his bayonet, he succumbed to his injuries and died in Chinese captivity. Though being outnumbered, Singh led his men, kept their morale up, in the face of enemy. For his action of gallantry on 23 October 1962, he was awarded the Param Vir Chakra.

The citation reads: Subedar Joginder Singh was the commander of a platoon of the Sikh Regiment holding a defensive position at a ridge near Tongpen La in NEFA. At 0530 hours on 23 October 1962, the Chinese opened a heavy attack on the Bum la axis with the intention of breaking through to Towang; the leading battalion of the enemy attacked the ridge in each about 200 strong. Subedar Joginder Singh and his men mowed down the first wave, the enemy was temporarily halted by the heavy losses it suffered. With in a few minutes, a second wave was dealt with similarly, but the platoon had, by lost half its men. Subedar Joginder Singh was refused to be evacuated. Under his inspiring leadership the platoon would not withdraw. Meanwhile the position was attacked for the third time. Subedar Joginder Singh himself shot down a number of the enemy; the Chinese however continued to advance despite heavy losses. When the situation became untenable Subedar Joginder Singh and the few men that were left in the position fixed bayonets and charged the advancing Chinese, bayoneting a number of them before he and his comrades were overpowered.

Throughout this action, Subedar joginder Singh displayed devot

Former British Merchant Warehouse

The Former British Merchant Warehouse is a historical warehouse in Tamsui District, New Taipei, Taiwan. The area used to be a warehouse to store tea-related products by the British tea merchants, it was later bought by Shell Oil Company and expanded into four large warehouse and oil tanks. After the bombing by United States in 1944, the warehouse burned for three days and was half destroyed, it was retired as a backup storage since and donated by Shell. To preserve the historical meaning of the building, the warehouse was repaired. After restoration and remodeling of the area, the Tamsui Cultural Park was established; the area is accessible within walking distance south of Tamsui Station of Taipei Metro. List of tourist attractions in Taiwan

Ivan Pavlov (aviator)

Ivan Fomich Pavlov was a ground attack pilot of the Soviet Air Forces during the Second World War. He served as both a flight and squadron commander in 6th Guards Assault Aviation Regiment during the conflict, for which he was twice named a Hero of the Soviet Union. Pavlov was born into a Russian peasant family in the village of Boris-Romanovka in what is now Kostanay District in Kazakhstan. From 1931 to 1932 he lived in Terensai Stantsy, now in the Adamovsky District of Orenburg Oblast, moving in 1932 to the city of Magnitogorsk in Chelyabinsk Oblast, he completed a basic education and in 1940 finished 3 years of training in the Magnitogorsk Industrial Technical Academy and Magnitogorsk Aeroclub. He joined the Red Army in December 1940, in 1942 graduated from the Chkalov Military Pilots' School in Orenburg. Pavlov fought in the Second World War as a ground-attack pilot on the Baltic Fronts. For his courage and heroism in the completion of over 127 sorties by October 1943 he was awarded the gold star of the Hero of the Soviet Union award and the Order of Lenin in February 1944.

When the news of the award reached his home area a collection was organized and funds were raised for the completion of four ground-attack aircraft, one of, presented to Pavlov himself. The aircraft bore the inscription: "To our compatriot Hero of the Soviet Union I. Pavlov - from the workers of Kostanay" Pavlov had completed another 77 sorties by October 1944, was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for a second time. Altogether during the war he completed 237 sorties in the Ilyushin Il-2, in the course of which his crew downed one Me-109, he participated in the Rzhev-Sychev, Veliko-luki and Smolensk Operations, the liberation of Belarus and the Baltic States as well as the liquidation of the Zemland group of enemy forces. He suffered a concussion during those operations. In 1949 Pavlov graduated from the Frunze Military Academy and took command of the 947-th Air Assault Regiment in the Prikarpatskii Military District, he was killed in an plane crash on 12 October 1950. He was buried in Kostanay where a bronze bust was erected in his memory, a street in the town was named in his honour.

His name is eternally included in the active service list and is thus inscribed in gold in the Central Armed Forces Museum in Moscow. Two educational institutions in Moscow and a school in his home village of Boris-Romanovna are named after Pavlov and host exhibitions devoted to his memory. Twice Hero of the Soviet Union Two Order of Lenin Two Order of the Red Banner Order of Alexander Nevsky Order of the Patriotic War 1st class Simonov, Andrey. Боевые лётчики — дважды и трижды Герои Советского Союза. Moscow: Russian Knights Foundation and Vadim Zadorozhny Museum of Technology. ISBN 9785990960510. OCLC 1005741956

Brian Davies (rugby league)

Brian Davies was a Queensland state and Australian national representative rugby league footballer who played in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s. He played in 27 Tests between 1958 as captain on 3 occasions, he was a noted goal-kicker. His club career was played in both the Sydney domestic competitions, he is considered one of the nation's finest footballers of the 20th century. Davies was born in Brisbane and did not begin playing rugby league until he was eighteen, he was recruited purely on the basis of his size by Brisbane Brothers identity Bert Fraser to trial with Brothers in 1948. He became a regular first grader in 1950, he won a Brisbane premiership with Brothers in 1956 and captained the side to a second premiership in 1958. In 1959 he moved to Sydney and signed on as captain with Canterbury-Bankstown where he played four seasons, he returned to Queensland in 1963 as captain-coach of the St. George district side in 1963 and his final playing year in 1964 as captain-coach was back with the Brisbane Brothers club where his career had started.

Davies made his state representative debut for Queensland in the same year he debuted in club first grade and in that year 1950 played for Queensland against a touring Great Britain side. He played in all three Tests of that series at home, he was selected on the 1952 Kangaroo tour and played in all six Tests and eighteen minor tour matches. In 1953 he made a three Test tour against New Zealand, he made further Test appearances in the 1954 Ashes series, the 1954 World Cup, in Australia's 1955 series loss to France and in 1956 Tests against New Zealand. He made a second Kangaroo Tour in 1956 appearing in three Tests and nine tour matches and played in the 1957 World Cup, he is listed on the Australian Players Register as Kangaroo No.282. His first appearance as captain of the Kangaroos was in the 1958 jubilee year of rugby league in the Ashes series against the visiting British Lions. Davies was captain-coach of Australia in all three matches of the series, lost 2 Tests to one; the Second Test in Brisbane is remembered for the heroic performance of Lion's captain Alan Prescott who played 76 minutes of the match with a broken-arm, refusing to come off with his side down to twelve men having lost five-eighth Dave Bolton with a broken collar-bone.

Against all odds the British side won 25-18. In 1980 in the inaugural Rugby League State of Origin series along with fellow Queensland legend Duncan Hall, Davies was invited to be manager of the Queensland Maroons. In February 2008, Davies was named in the list of Australia's 100 Greatest Players, commissioned by the NRL and ARL to celebrate the code's centenary year in Australia. In June 2008, he was chosen in the Queensland Rugby League's Team of the Century at second-row. In 2009 Davies was inducted into the Queensland Sport Hall of Fame. Whiticker, Alan Captaining the Kangaroos, New Holland, Sydney Andrews, Malcolm The ABC of Rugby League Austn Broadcasting Corpn, Sydney Queensland Team of the Century named - article at

Wyoming Highway 95

Wyoming Highway 95 is an overall east-west Wyoming State Road located in central Converse County and serves the towns of Glenrock, Rolling Hills, areas northeast of those communities. Wyoming Highway 95 begins its western end at exit 165 of Interstate 25 and the northern end of Converse County Route 19. WYO 95 travels from there northeasterly concurrent with I-25 BUS toward the town center of Glenrock as Deer Creek Road. WYO 95 passes the Glenrock Golf Course as it turns north and assumes the name S. 4th Street as it enters the town center. WYO 95 intersects US 20/US 26/U. S. Route 87 in Wyoming at 2.13-mile. I-25 Business heads south, following 87 south. Wyoming 95 ends. WYO 95 resumes less than a mile west, just west of the Glenrock city limits. WYO 95 turns northeast and curves around the northern side of Glenrock, crossing the North Platte River, continuing northeast as Monkey Mountain Road; the town of Rolling Hills is reached north-northeast of Glenrock. WYO 95 continues on its east-northeast track, named Glenrock-Ross Road east of Rolling Hills.

WYO 95 turns north and back east again near Carey before reaching its eastern terminus at Wyoming Highway 93 east of Carey. The entire route is in Converse County. Official 2003 State Highway Map of Wyoming Wyoming State Routes 000-099 WYO 95 - WYO 93 to US 20/US 26/US 87 WYO 95 - I-25 Bus/US 20/US 26/US 87 to I-25/I-25 Bus Town of Glenrock website Town of Rolling Hills website