"From Toni with Love... The Video Collection is a greatest videos VHS/DVD compilation by American recording artist Toni Braxton, released by La Face Records on November 20, 2001; the collection contained all of Braxton's music videos from 1992 to 2001, including 2 alternate version videos, 4 remixes, 2 Spanish videos. It includes behind-the-scenes clips and two different video biographies of the singer. "From Toni with Love... The Video Collection" is the second greatest videos VHS/DVD compilation released by Toni Braxton, following her 1994 compilation, "The Hit Video Collection"; the compilation contains Braxton's videos since her beginning in 1992, until the videos from "The Heat", in 2000. In addition to her 14 official videos, which includes commentary from Braxton for each of the videos, the collection features 2 alternate version videos, 4 remixes ("How Many Ways", "You're Makin' Me High", "Un-Break My Heart" and "Spanish Guitar", 2 Spanish videos and the unreleased video of "Maybe", it includes behind-the-scenes clips, live performances and two different video biographies of the singer.
Rotten Tomatoes wrote that "'From Toni with Love' is so chock full of music videos, rare interviews, unreleased remixes that it does seem like the singer is sending a love letter to her fans." "From Toni With Love... The Video Collection" was certified gold in Brazil, for selling over 15,000 copies. From Toni with Love... The Video Collection at AllMovie From Toni with Love... The Video Collection on IMDb
Beatrice of Bavaria. Beatrice was the daughter of the Louis IV of Bavaria, King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor, Margaret of Holland. In 1356 she was married to Eric of Sweden, who became co-monarch after a rebellion against his father, Magnus IV. Beatrice was thus queen jointly with Blanche of Namur, for three years. Beatrice and Eric both died in 1359, they were rumored to have been poisoned by Queen Blanche. Now it is believed that her husband died of the plague, that Beatrice, who gave birth to a stillborn son died of plague; some historians believe she and her son were buried at the Black Friars' Monastery of Stockholm. Åke Ohlmarks: Alla Sveriges drottningar
Chambord Liqueur is a 16.5% abv raspberry liqueur modelled after a liqueur produced in the Loire Valley of France during the late 17th century. The Chambord product brand has been owned and produced by the Brown-Forman Corporation since 2006. Chambord is made from red and black raspberries, Madagascar vanilla, Moroccan citrus peel and cognac; the Chambord brand was founded in 1982. The drink was inspired by raspberry liqueur made in the Loire Valley in the late 1600s, said to have been introduced to Louis XIV during one of his visits to the château de Chambord, it was common during that time for liqueurs and cognac to be consumed with elegant meals. In 2006, the Chambord product brand was acquired by the Brown-Forman Corporation. Chambord is produced in the Loire Valley from red and black raspberries, Madagascar vanilla, Moroccan citrus peel and cognac. Whole raspberries and blackberries are steeped in French spirits for a period of several weeks to produce a fruit infusion. After the infusion is extracted, a second set of spirits is added to the fruit and allowed to rest for a few weeks.
After this second infusion is drawn off, the remaining fruit is pressed to obtain the natural sugars and juice. The fruit-infused spirits and juices from the final pressing are combined, the berry infusion is married with a proprietary blend of cognac, natural vanilla extract, black raspberries, citrus peel and herbs and spices; the liqueur is 16.5% alcohol by volume. Chambord comes in a spherical bottle; until mid-2010, the bottle came with a metallic gold plastic lettered'belt' around the middle, a crown atop its lid. The bottle was modeled after a globus cruciger. In the U. S. market, the manufacturer began using a different bottle design in summer 2010, with modifications to the belt and other elements. In addition to redesigning the bottle for the traditional Chambord liqueur, the manufacturer has begun using the Chambord brand name on a flavoured vodka. Common drinks made from Chambord include the Raspberry Margarita, French Manhattan, Rolling Green Butler Miller, Kir Impérial, Chambord Daiquiri, Chambord Royal Spritzer, Little Purple Men, The Purple Hooter Shooter, Sour Grapes, Black Opal, Peanut Butter and Jelly, Grape Crush, the "Blood of Christ", Grateful Dead, the French Martini.
The French Martini started the "cocktails as a Martini" craze. Since 2007, Chambord has earned silver and bronze medals from the San Francisco World Spirits Competition. Other spirit ratings organizations have rated Chambord highly as well. Based on Chambord's reviews from various professional raters, Proof66 has categorized Chambord as a "First Tier" liqueur. Official website
The First Legislative Council of Hong Kong was the first meeting of the legislative branch of the HKSAR government after the handover of Hong Kong, replacing the Provisional Legislative Council existing between 1997 and 1998. The membership of the LegCo is based on the 1998 election; the term of the session was from 1 July 1998 to 30 June 2000, only two years unlike the latter legislative session of four years. The legislature was held during the first term of the Tung Chee-hwa's administration; the pro-democracy camp who did not participate in the Provisional Legislative Council held 20 seats with Democratic Party being the largest party. Notable newcomers to the Legislative Council included Cyd Ho, Bernard Chan, Lui Ming-wah, Wong Yung-kan. 12 December 1999: The Legislative Council passed the controversial Provision of Municipal Services Bill to repeal the two provisional municipal councils, the Urban Council and Regional Council. 12 December 1999: Provision of Municipal Services Bill The following table is a list of LegCo members elected on 24 May 1998 in the order of precedence.
Members who did not serve throughout the term are italicised. New members elected. Key to changes since legislative election: a = change in party allegiance b = by-election c = other change 29 October 1998, a by-election was held for Regional Council constituency after some votes were found problematic. Tang Siu-tong won again in the by-election. 5 November 1998, Fung Chi-kin replaced Chim Pui-chung in the Financial Services by-election after Chim was found conspiring to forge documents in 1998, whereupon he was impeached and disqualified as a legislator by Legco. Ma Fung-kwok and Ng Ching-fai co-founded the New Century Forum on 23 June 1999. Ambrose Cheung representing the Provisional Urban Council resigned from the Legislative Council as protest to the government's decision on abolishing the two municipal councils, Urban Council and Regional Council with effect from 1 January 2000. Lau Chin-shek was expelled from the Democratic Party in May 2000 because of having dual membership of both Democratic Party and The Frontier.
1998 Hong Kong legislative election
Ernst Kurth, was a Swiss music theorist of Austrian origin. Kurth studied musicology with Guido Adler in Vienna, earned his Ph. D. with a thesis about Christoph Willibald Gluck's operatic style. In a short publishing career of about 15 years, Kurth wrote four enormously influential works: Grundlagen des Linearen Kontrapunkts, Romantische Harmonik und ihre Krise in Wagners "Tristan", Musikpsychologie. Since the 1940s, Kurth was eclipsed by other theorists. However, his concept of "developmental motif" has remained influential. A developmental motif is one which changes or grows, becoming a structural carrier of formal developments. An example is the triadic motif heard at the beginning of the first movement of Beethovens' third symphony which only becomes a closed theme at the culminating closing of the movement. Only a small selection of excerpts from Kurth's writings was translated into English by Lee A. Rothfarb. Der Stil der opera seria von Gluck bis zum Orfeo, Kritische Bemerkungen zum V. Kapitel der'Ars cantus mensurabilis' des Franko von Köln, KJb, xxi, 39–47 Die Voraussetzungen der theoretischen Harmonik und der tonalen Darstellungssysteme Grundlagen des linearen Kontrapunkts: Einführung in Stil und Technik von Bachs melodischer Polyphonie Zur Motivbildung Bachs, BJb 1917, 80–136 Romantische Harmonik und ihre Krise in Wagners'Tristan' Bruckner Die Schulmusik und ihre Reform, SMz, lxx, 297–304 Musikpsychologie Ernst Kurth: Selected Writings, ed. and trans.
Rothfarb E. Bücken: "Kurth als Musiktheoretiker", Melos, iv, 358–64 H. Eimert: Bekenntnis und Methode', ZMw, ix, 99–127 J. Handschin: "De différentes conceptions de Bach", Schweizerisches Jb für Musikwissenschaft, iv, 7–35 D. Menstell Hsu: "Ernst Kurth and his Concept of Music as Motion", JMT, x, 2–17 C. Dahlhaus: Untersuchungen über die Entstehung der harmonischen Tonalität W. Seidel: Über Rhythmustheorien der Neuzeit B. Billeter: "Der Briefwechsel Albert Schweitzer-Ernst Kurth", Festschrift Hans Conradin, ed. V. Kalisch, 233–46 J. Willimann, ed.: Schweizer Jb für Musikwissenschaft, new ser. vi–vii L. A. Rothfarb: Ernst Kurth as Theorist and Analyst Ernst Kurth: Selected Writings, ed. and trans. L. A. Rothfarb L. Schader: Ernst Kurths'Grundlagen des linearen Kontrapunkts' und die Rezeption der Schrift in den zwanziger Jahren Grundlagen des Linearen Kontrapunkts in DJVU Ernst Kurth, Selected Writings by Lee A. Rothfarb