Dillingham known as Curyung and Kanakanak, is a city in Dillingham Census Area, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 2,329, down from 2,466 in 2000. Dillingham is on Nushagak Bay at the mouth of the Nushagak River, an inlet of Bristol Bay, an arm of the Bering Sea in the North Pacific, in southwestern Alaska, it is located at 59°02′48″N 158°30′31″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 36.3 square miles. 33.6 square miles of it is land, 2.8 square miles of it is water. This may change as the City of Dillingham will petition the State of Alaska to increase the size of its boundaries to include most of Nushagak Bay and Wood River, to gain revenue from the Nushagak District and Wood River Special Harvest Area commercial salmon fisheries. Dillingham is located in the 37th district of the Alaska House of Representatives, is represented by Bryce Edgmon, a Democrat, from Dillingham. Dillingham is not connected to the statewide road system, the only way to reach the city is by airplane or boat.
The Dillingham Airport located near the center of the city limits has a 6,400-foot runway and is served by several flights daily through Alaska Airlines and PenAir. A 20-mile paved road connects Dillingham with the Wood-Tikchik State Park. Many residents live along the Aleknagik Lake Road and roads connecting the city's central business district with Wood River and Kanakanak. Dillingham is the regional hub of the rich Bristol Bay salmon fishing district. Bristol Bay supports the world's largest runs of wild sockeye salmon and returns of other species of Pacific salmon; the Nushagak district produces an average of 6.4 million salmon annually and as many as 12.4 million salmon in 2006. Harvests are regulated by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game to ensure adequate spawning escapement to ensure long term sustainability and provide for subsistence harvests by residents of upriver villages. Commercial fishing remains an important part of the Dillingham economy, but prices paid for salmon vary due to international competition from fish farming operations in Chile, Norway and elsewhere.
Prices paid Bristol Bay fishermen for sockeye salmon peaked at $2.11 per pound in 1988 but fell to just $0.42 per pound in 2001. Prices have since rebounded due to techniques to improve fish quality and enhanced marketing efforts, were up to $1.50 per pound in 2013. Dillingham is an important gateway to eco-tourism opportunities. Many of these are focused on the adjacent Wood-Tikchik State Park, the largest state park in the United States, known for its great fishing opportunities. Dillingham is the headquarters for nearby Togiak National Wildlife Refuge, home to walruses, terrestrial mammals, migratory birds, fish, as well as one of the largest wild herring fisheries in the world. Togiak National Wildlife Refuge was established to conserve fish and wildlife populations and habitats in their natural diversity, including salmon, to fulfill international treaty obligations, to provide for continued subsistence use, to ensure necessary water quality and quantity. In 2010, the City of Dillingham voted to re-authorize its position opposing the proposed Pebble Mine, a large gold-copper-molybdenum prospect located at the headwaters of Bristol Bay.
The resolution explains. Dillingham first appeared on the 1910 U. S. Census as the unincorporated village of Kanakanak. In 1920, it returned in 1930 and every successive census as Dillingham, it formally incorporated in 1963. See: Historic Locales & Confusion Over Place Names Around Dillingham As of the census of 2000, there were 2,466 people, 884 households, 599 families residing in the city; the population density was 73.4 per square mile. There were 1,000 housing units at an average density of 29.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 52.55% Native American, 35.60% White, 1.18% Asian, 0.65% Black or African American, 0.61% from other races, 9.41% from two or more races. 3.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 884 households out of which 41.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.2% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.37. In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 34.6% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, 5.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $51,458, the median income for a family was $57,417. Males had a median income of $47,266 versus $34,934 for females; the per capita income for the city was $21,537. About 10.1% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of t
The Igushik River is a stream, 50 miles long, in the southwestern part of the U. S. state of Alaska. The river flows south from Amanka Lake into the Nushagak Bay arm of Bristol Bay. Except for a small segment in the village of Manokotak, the entire river is part of the Togiak National Wildlife Refuge. List of rivers of Alaska
Bristol Bay is the eastern-most arm of the Bering Sea, at 57° to 59° North 157° to 162° West in Southwest Alaska. Bristol Bay is 400 km long and 290 km, wide at its mouth. A number of rivers flow into the bay, including the Cinder, Igushik, Meshik, Naknek and Ugashik. Upper reaches of Bristol Bay experience some of the highest tides in the world. One such reach, the Nushagak Bay near Dillingham and another near Naknek in Kvichak Bay have tidal extremes in excess of 10 m, ranking them — and the area — as eighth highest in the world. Coupled with the extreme number of shoals and shallows, makes navigation troublesome during the area's strong winds; as the shallowest part of the Bering Sea, Bristol Bay is one of the most dangerous regions for large vessels. In ancient times, much of Bristol Bay was dry and arable, along with much of the Bering Sea Land Bridge. More its proximity to mineral and seafood riches provided an incentive for human habitation along its shoreline. Early Russian and English exploration provided most of the non-native influences of the area.
During his voyage through the area in 1778, the famed British navigator and explorer, Captain James Cook named the area "in honor of the Admiral Earl of Bristol" in England. After establishing some temporary settlements in the late 1790s, The Russian American Company sent exploratory parties to document the coast and nearby inland areas of Bristol Bay. One of these charted the area between the Nushagak Rivers; the original Eskimo village at Naknek went through various names as recorded by the Russians after they arrived in the area in 1819. In 1819, an Aleut by the name of Andrei Ustiugov drew the first intensive charts of Bristol Bay. Additionally, ships of the Russian Navy conducted extensive surveys of the Bering Sea coastline into the mid-19th century, naming many of the geographical features used today: Capes Constantine, Chichagof and Greig, Mounts Veniaminof and Pavlof, Becharof Lake, etc. In 1883 the first salmon cannery was open in Bristol Bay” (Source information from the cannery article to give context on the expansion of the salmon industry in Alaska and the history of growth.
The influence of the Katmai Volcano Explosion in 1912 and the influenza epidemic in 1919 nearly decimated the Naknek people and area. According to oral history, there were only about three original families left at that time. On July 7, Alaskans witnessed conflict as Japanese fishing vessels entered the waters of Bristol Bay. Bristol Bay faced an international fishery crisis where Japanese fishermen entered Alaskan waters with 10,000-ton fishing trawlers to harvest salmon. At that time, the Fisheries Bureau prohibited the use of motorized vessels, fish traps, purse seines in Alaska; this was to ensure a 50% escapement of the spawning salmon to guarantee the sustainability of the resource. The Japanese fleet was composed of diesel-powered steel Japanese vessels; the Japanese had a technological advantage over the American fisherman and proved to dominate the bay that summer. In 1938, the United States agreed with Japan that the Japanese would refrain from fishing in Alaskan waters; this agreement, honored until Japan, the United States entered WWII following the incident at Pearl Harbor.
In the 1950s, Japan was strengthening its fishing presence in the Pacific to the US, Japan passed the North Pacific Fisheries Treaty. This treaty managed the resources of the region jointly to preserve the future generations of fish; this agreement is the model for international fisheries regulations today. Bristol Bay is home to the world's most abundant sockeye salmon fishery as well as strong runs of chum salmon, silver salmon, king salmon, each occurring seasonally. Kings are the first to run up the river followed by reds and chums. Silvers and Pinks are the last to run up the river. On an international scale, sockeye salmon are a rare creature. Like other wild salmon species, sockeye harvests fluctuate but comprise 4 to 7 percent of global salmon production and 13 to 20 percent of native salmon harvests. Between 2011 and 2014, sockeye accounted for 5 percent of the world’s salmon harvest by volume and 15 percent of the world’s wild salmon harvest. Bristol Bay is home to the world's largest salmon run.
All five Eastern Pacific species spawn in the bay's freshwater tributaries. Commercial fisheries include the world's largest sockeye salmon fishery; the Kvijack drains from Lake Iliamna, downstream of the deposit. Along with herring and other fisheries, salmon account for nearly 75% of local jobs. During the first 50 years of commercial salmon fishing in Bristol Bay, the fishing boats were restricted to sail power; when this restriction lifted in 1951, it took only seven short years to outfit all the boats with diesel or gas engines. In the late 1920s another law was passed restricting the length of the boats to 32 feet; this law holds true today. Bristol Bay is a remote part of Alaska; the canneries preserve the freshness of the salmon which are gutted and processed on site. These companies have established a presence in Bristol Bay. Canneries include North Pacific Seafoods,Togiak Seafoods, Bristol Bay Setnet, Friedman Family Fisheries, Peter Pan Seafoods, Ekuk Fisheries, Big Creek Shore plant, Coffee Point Seafood, Icicle Seafoods, Wild Premium Salmon, Seafood Enterprises of Alaska, Alaska General Seafoods, Alaska Salmon Wild, Da Kine Enterprise, Extreme Salmon, Great Ruby Fish, My Girl, Naknek Family Fisheries, North Pacific Seafoods, Ocean Beauty, Si
Alaska is a U. S. state in the northwest extremity of North America, just across the Bering Strait from Asia. The Canadian province of British Columbia and territory of Yukon border the state to the east and southeast, its most extreme western part is Attu Island, it has a maritime border with Russia to the west across the Bering Strait. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas—southern parts of the Arctic Ocean; the Pacific Ocean lies to southwest. It is the largest U. S. state by the seventh largest subnational division in the world. In addition, it is the most sparsely populated of the 50 United States. Half of Alaska's residents live within the Anchorage metropolitan area. Alaska's economy is dominated by the fishing, natural gas, oil industries, resources which it has in abundance. Military bases and tourism are a significant part of the economy; the United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire on March 30, 1867, for 7.2 million U. S. dollars at two cents per acre. The area went through several administrative changes before becoming organized as a territory on May 11, 1912.
It was admitted as the 49th state of the U. S. on January 3, 1959. The name "Alaska" was introduced in the Russian colonial period when it was used to refer to the Alaska Peninsula, it was derived from an Aleut-language idiom. It means object to which the action of the sea is directed. Alaska is the northernmost and westernmost state in the United States and has the most easterly longitude in the United States because the Aleutian Islands extend into the Eastern Hemisphere. Alaska is the only non-contiguous U. S. state on continental North America. It is technically part of the continental U. S. but is sometimes not included in colloquial use. S. called "the Lower 48". The capital city, Juneau, is situated on the mainland of the North American continent but is not connected by road to the rest of the North American highway system; the state is bordered by Yukon and British Columbia in Canada, to the east, the Gulf of Alaska and the Pacific Ocean to the south and southwest, the Bering Sea, Bering Strait, Chukchi Sea to the west and the Arctic Ocean to the north.
Alaska's territorial waters touch Russia's territorial waters in the Bering Strait, as the Russian Big Diomede Island and Alaskan Little Diomede Island are only 3 miles apart. Alaska has a longer coastline than all the other U. S. states combined. Alaska is the largest state in the United States by total area at 663,268 square miles, over twice the size of Texas, the next largest state. Alaska is larger than all but 18 sovereign countries. Counting territorial waters, Alaska is larger than the combined area of the next three largest states: Texas and Montana, it is larger than the combined area of the 22 smallest U. S. states. There are no defined borders demarcating the various regions of Alaska, but there are six accepted regions: The most populous region of Alaska, containing Anchorage, the Matanuska-Susitna Valley and the Kenai Peninsula. Rural unpopulated areas south of the Alaska Range and west of the Wrangell Mountains fall within the definition of South Central, as do the Prince William Sound area and the communities of Cordova and Valdez.
Referred to as the Panhandle or Inside Passage, this is the region of Alaska closest to the rest of the United States. As such, this was where most of the initial non-indigenous settlement occurred in the years following the Alaska Purchase; the region is dominated by the Alexander Archipelago as well as the Tongass National Forest, the largest national forest in the United States. It contains the state capital Juneau, the former capital Sitka, Ketchikan, at one time Alaska's largest city; the Alaska Marine Highway provides a vital surface transportation link throughout the area, as only three communities enjoy direct connections to the contiguous North American road system. Designated in 1963; the Interior is the largest region of Alaska. Fairbanks is the only large city in the region. Denali National Park and Preserve is located here. Denali is the highest mountain in North America. Southwest Alaska is a sparsely inhabited region stretching some 500 miles inland from the Bering Sea. Most of the population lives along the coast.
Kodiak Island is located in Southwest. The massive Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta, one of the largest river deltas in the world, is here. Portions of the Alaska Peninsula are considered part of Southwest, with the remaining portions included with the Aleutian Islands; the North Slope is tundra peppered with small villages. The area is known for its massive reserves of crude oil, contains both the National Petroleum Reserve–Alaska and the Prudhoe Bay Oil Field; the city of Utqiagvik known as Barrow, is the northernmost city in the United States and is located here. The Northwest Arctic area, anchored by Kotzebue and containing the Kobuk River valley, is regarded as being part of this region. However, the respective Inupiat of the No
The Alaska Peninsula is a peninsula extending about 800 km to the southwest from the mainland of Alaska and ending in the Aleutian Islands. The peninsula separates the Pacific Ocean from an arm of the Bering Sea. In literature the term ‘Alaska Peninsula’ was used to denote the entire northwestern protrusion of the North American continent, or all of what is now the state of Alaska, exclusive of its panhandle and islands; the Lake and Peninsula borough, the Alaskan equivalent of a county, is named after the peninsula. The Aleutian Range is a active volcanic mountain range which runs along the entire length of the Peninsula. Within it lie Wildlife Refuges, including the Katmai National Park and Preserve, the Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve and the Becharof National Wildlife Refuge, the Alaska Peninsula National Wildlife Refuge, the Izembek National Wildlife Refuge; the southern side of the Alaska Peninsula is rugged and mountainous, created by the uplifting tectonic activity of the North Pacific Plate subsiding under a western section of the North American Plate.
The northern and southern shores are quite different. The northern Bristol Bay coastal side is turbid and muddy, experiences tidal extremes, is shallow. All of the Peninsula is organized as a part of four adjacent boroughs; the Lake and Peninsula Borough includes most of the peninsula's territory. Average annual precipitation ranges from 24 to 65 in. Coastal areas are subject to intense storms and rain. Winter temperatures average between −11°C and 1°C, in summer between 6°C and 15°. Frosts can occur any day of the year at higher elevations; the climate can be compared to that of the Aleutian Islands and Tierra del Fuego. The Alaska Peninsula is home to some of the largest populations of native and undisturbed wildlife in the United States. Besides the famous McNeil River and Katmai Alaskan brown bear populations, large herds of caribou, moose and waterfowl inhabit the area; the bears of the peninsula and Bristol Bay are so numerous because they feed on the world's largest sockeye salmon runs, which occur here in large part because the many large lakes of the peninsula are an important element in their lifecycle.
These salmon, after returning from their short life at sea, swim into the lakes and their contributing streams to spawn. Their offspring, or fry, overwinter in the deep and food-abundant depths of these lakes until their migration to the sea in one or two years. Exceptionally large seabird colonies exist along the coast; the rugged southern half of the peninsula, the Kodiak Archipelago which lie off the south coast of the peninsula and are home to more bears, constitute the Alaska Peninsula montane taiga ecoregion and contain a number of protected areas such as Katmai National Park. Besides the communities on the coast, the Alaska Peninsula is home to several well-known villages: Cold Bay, King Cove, Chignik, Chignik Lake, Chignik Lagoon, Port Moller; each is inhabited by Alaska Natives and each is dependent on the fishing industry for sustenance. The village of Sand Point should be included here, despite its location on Popof Island, an island of the Sumagin Islands, just off the southern coast of the Peninsula.
Ugashik Area website Lake & Peninsula Borough Lake and Peninsula School District Alaska Peninsula Trek Trawl survey of shrimp and forage fish in Alaska's Westward region, 2006 / by David R. Jackson. Hosted by Alaska State Publications Program
Dillingham Census Area, Alaska
Dillingham Census Area is a census area located in the state of Alaska, United States. At the 2010 census, the population was 4,847, it therefore has no borough seat. Its largest community by far is the city of Dillingham, on a small arm of Bristol Bay on the Bering Sea. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the census area has a total area of 20,915 square miles, of which 18,569 square miles is land and 2,346 square miles is water. Bethel Census Area, Alaska - west/north Lake and Peninsula Borough, Alaska - east Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Hagemeister Island Togiak National Wildlife Refuge Togiak Wilderness As of the census of 2000, there were 4,922 people, 1,529 households, 1,105 families residing in the census area; the population density was 0 people per square mile. There were 2,332 housing units at an average density of 0/sq mi; the racial makeup of the census area was 21.64% White, 0.37% Black or African American, 70.13% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, 6.68% from two or more races.
2.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.6 % reported speaking Eskimo at home. There were 1,529 households out of which 45.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.10% were married couples living together, 15.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.70% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.20 and the average family size was 3.84. In the census area the population was spread out with 38.10% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 19.50% from 45 to 64, 5.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.80 males. The per capita income is estimated at 23,500 U. S. dollars per year. Aleknagik Clark's Point Dillingham Ekwok Manokotak New Stuyahok Togiak Koliganek Portage Creek Twin Hills List of mountain peaks of North America List of mountain peaks of the United States List of mountain peaks of Alaska List of airports in the Dillingham Census Area Census Area map: Alaska Department of Labor
The Nushagak River is a river in southwest Alaska, United States. It begins in the Alaska Range and flows southwest 450 km to Nushagak Bay, an inlet of Bristol Bay, east of Dillingham, Alaska; the Mulchatna River is a major tributary. Other navigable tributaries include the King Salmon River. Jet-boats are used to access these tributaries and the upper Nushagak; the Iowithla River and the Kokwok River are smaller tributaries. The villages of Portage Creek, Ekwok and New Stuyahok are on the river; the town of Dillingham is on Nushagak Bay. The Nushagak River is downstream of the proposed Pebble Mine, whose tailings storage lake would sit at the headwaters of the Koktuli River, one of the Nushagak's tributaries. Villages on the Nushagak are among the major opponents of the proposal. Five species of Pacific salmon spawn in its tributaries. Commercial and sport fishing are important in the area. Most notable is the annual run of king salmon. Rainbow trout, northern pike, burbot and Arctic char are present in the Nushagak.
It is estimated that over 50% of the world's production of wild salmon is harvested in the Nushagak River and the Bristol Bay area. List of Alaska rivers Nushagak, Alaska Photos from the Nushagak River Pebble Mine Photos and Information Ekwok Alaska Airport & US Post Office on the Nushagak River