Sigtuna Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. Its seat is located in the town of Märsta 37 km north of the Swedish capital, Stockholm; the municipality is a part of Metropolitan Stockholm. The municipality consists of several former local government units and was formed in 1971, it got its name from the small, but old, City of Sigtuna, but the seat was placed in the larger modern town of Märsta. The three towns of the municipality are Märsta and Rosersberg, of which Märsta is the municipal seat and Sigtuna with its old and important history is a popular tourist destination. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 20 291, or 43.04% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 9 426, or 26.35% of the population. On 31 December 2017 there were 47 146 residents in Sigtuna, of which 15 268 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden.
In the municipality lies the largest workplace in Sweden, the Arlanda Airport, with 13,000 employees in 200 companies. As a result, Siguna is travelled through by 18,300,000 visitors yearly, has the fourth most hotel stays, following to the commercial and regional centres Stockholm and Malmö. Swedavia, the Swedish airport management company, has its head office on the airport property. Scandinavian Airlines had its head office on the airport property; the municipality is twinned with: Sønderborg Municipality in Denmark Rakvere in Estonia Raisio in Finland Porsgrunn in Norway Official website
Lidingö Municipality is a municipality east of Stockholm in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. Its seat is located on the island of Lidingö; the municipality is a part of Metropolitan Stockholm. It is chiefly located on the island Lidingö, but incorporates a few smaller islands in the surroundings, most notably the Fjäderholmarna islands within the Stockholm archipelago. Being an island municipality it has not been amalgamated with any other entities; the small island of Tranholmen has, been transferred to Danderyd Municipality. The rural municipality was made a market town in 1910, a city in 1926 and a unitary municipality in 1971; the municipality always refers to itself. This was a decision taken by the municipal assembly in 1992; the island Lidingö is connected to the city of Stockholm by the two bridges of Lidingöbron. One is for one for the Lidingöbanan suburban tramway and pedestrians; the bridges lead directly to a station on the Stockholm Metro. Lidingö is for statistical purposes divided into three localities: Lidingö, Brevik and Sticklinge udde.
Because of the strait Lilla Värtan separating the island Lidingö from central Stockholm, Lidingö statistically is not counted as a part of Stockholm. Lidingö traces its history from when remains have been found. According to legend, Lidingö was a place where the Vikings would gather before setting sails to eastern areas, however no proof have been found to confirm that theory; when the city arms was to be chosen in 1928 a Viking ship became the motif, in the colors of the Swedish flag. Lidingö was first mentioned in writing in 1328, called Lydhingö when the entire island and the farms were owned by Bo Johnsson Grip. On a map from 1661 the island is called Lijdingeöö; the island itself hosts few industries, a well-known one being AGA AB, which started production on the island in 1912. Much of the populated land area is built with one-family houses. There are quite a number of conference mansions in the northern parts of the island, providing a part of the industry of Lidingö; the island's politics has traditionally been dominated by the centre-right Moderate Party.
They run the municipality in coalition with the Christian Democrats and with the Lidingö Party. Chairman of the municipal executive board is Anna Rheyneuclaudes Kihlman from the Moderate Party. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 10 065, or 21.33% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 6 422, or 15.59% of the population. On 31 December 2017 there were 47 185 residents in Lidingö, of which 8 265 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden. Lidingö is one of the wealthiest municipalities in Sweden, with the fourth highest median income per capita; the share of educated persons, according to Statistics Sweden's definition: persons with post-secondary education, three years or longer, is 46.0% – the fourth highest in the country.
In 1942, Lidingö created a committee to provide support for the people in Lohja in the southern part of Finland who suffered badly during World War II. An orphanage was opened in Lidingö and money was collected and sent to Lohja; the orphanage was closed in 1943 as most of the children had returned to Finland. The money, left over was used to provide food for the children in Lohja. Lidingö and Lohja still maintain a close relationship. Another sister city is California; the initiative came from Alameda in 1959 and was part of U. S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower's people-to-people-movement; the purpose was to develop better understanding between people from different countries after World War II. Both Alameda and Lidingö are islands with a bridge connecting them to a big city; as the Baltic states were liberated from the Soviet Union in 1990-1991, Lidingö looked for a new sister city in the area. Saldus in Latvia was selected. During the years, a number of environmental and other projects have been accomplished.
Lidingöloppet, cross-country running, 30 km. Round Lidingö Race, sailing race round Lidingö counter clockwise, 13,5 M Millesgården is an art museum and sculpture garden, located on the island of Lidingö, created by Carl and his wife Olga Milles. List of islands of Sweden Lidingö Municipality - Official site
Sorunda is a locality situated in Nynäshamn Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden with 1,307 inhabitants in 2010. It is the hometown of Ulla Akselson. Sorunda church is an unusually large, medieval church, its history goes back to the 12th century with major additions made in the 16th centuries. The church contains burial chapels for local aristocratic families and several interior details dating from the Middle Ages, notably an unusually fine wooden sculpture by Hermen Rode. Media related to Sorunda at Wikimedia Commons
Sailing at the 1912 Summer Olympics
Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad. With the exception of 1904 and the canceled 1916 Summer Olympics, sailing has always been included on the Olympic schedule; the Sailing program of 1912 consisted of a total of four sailing classes. For each class two races were scheduled from 19 July 1912 to 22 July 1912 off the coast of Nynäshamn at the Baltic Sea; when Sweden was assigned to host the 1912 Olympic Games two cities wanted to be the venue for the sailing program. Gothenburg and Stockholm. Gothenburg claimed that it was a much shorter passage for the oversees entries than it was to Stockholm. Stockholm however got the sailing program because of all Olympic events should be in the same vicinity; as specific location Nynäshamn, about 60 kilometres from Stockholm was chosen. The Royal Swedish Yacht Club was requested to organize the sailing event. Discussions took place whether the races would take place at the same time period of the other Olympic events.
The decision was taken to hold them just after the other Olympic events. Several other races were organized in conjunction of the Olympic races. A inner and an outer course was created of the coast of Nynäshamn: A maximum of 2 boats per country per class was allowed. Source: Source: Although one of the oldest organized sporting activities, sailing in the early first part of the 20th century was not uniformly organized; this had a lot to do with national traditions as well as with the fact that there were no standardized boat types with uniform building instructions and measurements. A lot of development was done in the area of boat design and boat building; the shape of a boat its length, its weight and its sail area, are major parameters that determine the boat's speed. Several initiatives were started to create a formula that made it possible to have boats race each other without having to calculate the final result, but the different countries could not agree on an international system. At the Olympics of 1900 it was clear that sailing was not ready for international competition, something had to be done.
In 1906 international meetings were organize to solve the problem. In Paris, October 1907 the first International Rule was ratified. Delegates from this meeting went on to form the International Yacht Racing Union, the precursor to the present International Sailing Federation; the agreed formula gives a result in meters. During the meeting in 1907 the IOC made the decision to open the 1908 Summer Olympics for the following Metre classes: Source: The official report used a points system to rank participating nations in the sport: This Olympic sailing event was gender independent, but turned out to be a Men only event. 6 Metre owner Dan Broström became Swedish Naval Minister from 1914 to 1917. The 12 Metre Heatherbell was the first 12-Metre built in the UK under the new First International Rule, she was designed by Thomas Glen-Coats, built by Alexander Robertson and Sons Ltd, Sandbank Scotland, in 1907. The Swedish 8 Metre K. S. S. S. is referred to as the lottery boat. Obvious this boat was built from lottery funds.
During the sailing regattas at the 1912 Summer Olympics among others the following persons were competing in the various classes: Norway, Johan Anker, Multiple Olympic competitor and designer of many Metre yachts as well as the 1948 Olympic Dragon, in the 12 Metre Sweden, Dan Broström, Swedish Naval Minister from 1914 to 1917 "Digital Library Collection". Digital Library Collection at la84.org. La84foundation. Retrieved 6 February 2015. "Stockholm 1912". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee
Televerket, was a Swedish State authority acting as a state-owned corporation, responsible for telecommunications in Sweden between 1853-1993. It was named Kongl. Elektriska Telegraf-Werket, founded in 1853, its name changed to Kongl. Telegrafverket in 1871, Kungl. Telegrafverket in 1903, the prefix Kungl. was dropped in 1946 and the name was further modernised to Televerket in 1953. Televerket continued on with its telecommunications monopoly until corporatisation in 1992-1993 when it was renamed Telia, now part of Telia Company. Kongliga Elektriska Telegraf-Werket was founded in 1853 when the first electric telegraph line was established between Stockholm and Uppsala, was the government agency for telegraph services. From 1871 the company was known as Kongl. Telegrafverket; the first telephone network in Sweden opened in 1880, as a result of an initiative by former Telegrafverket employees. As telecommunication technology changed, Telegrafverket expanded to include telephone services, but entered the early telephone industry in Sweden as a latecomer.
Through securing a national monopoly on long distance telephone lines, it was able with time to control and take over the local networks of growing private telephone companies. Its network, branded Rikstelefon, was supplied with telephones produced by Swedish telephone manufacturers Ericsson. While the telecommunications industry in Sweden has always been ostensibly open, Telegrafverket monopolised the market with its purchase of the telephone company Stockholms Allmänna in 1918; when Telegrafverket was renamed Televerket in 1953, the parent company and its subsidiaries had a de facto national monopoly because no other companies had the financial or technical resources to compete. From 1980 onwards this monopoly was eroded with increasing government liberalisation of the industry. From 1980 the Riksdag, opened the market to allow competitor's telephones to be connected to the network. In 1988 Televerket's subsidiary company Teli, responsible for the design and manufacture of telephones, ceased production.
In accordance with the deregulation decision of the Riksdag and its Telecommunications Act of 1 July 1993, Televerket was corporatised as Telia AB, thus making Sweden the first European country to deregulate its telecom market. Telegrafverket and Televerket telephones remain collectible, there is now a market for reconditioned phones that can connect to modern networks. Telia has since merged with the Finnish Sonera, is now known as Telia Company. Carl Akrell, 1853-1862 Pehr Brändström, 1862-1874 Daniel Nordlander, 1874-1890 Erik Storckenfeldt, 1890-1902 Mauritz Sahlin, 1902-1904 Arvid Lindman, 1904-1907 Herman Rydin, 1907-1927 Adolf Hamilton, 1928-1938 Helge Ericson, 1939-1942 Håkan Sterky, 1942-1965 Bertil Bjurel, 1966-1977 Tony Hagström, 1977-1993 History of the Internet in Sweden Telia TeliaSonera The Swedish Televerket's logotype
Sweden the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At 450,295 square kilometres, Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre; the highest concentration is in the southern half of the country. Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats and Swedes and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia; the climate is in general mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence, that in spite of this still retains warm continental summers.
Today, the sovereign state of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway. The capital city is Stockholm, the most populous city in the country. Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister. Sweden is a unitary state divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities. An independent Swedish state emerged during the early 12th century. After the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century killed about a third of the Scandinavian population, the Hanseatic League threatened Scandinavia's culture and languages; this led to the forming of the Scandinavian Kalmar Union in 1397, which Sweden left in 1523. When Sweden became involved in the Thirty Years War on the Reformist side, an expansion of its territories began and the Swedish Empire was formed; this became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, ending with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809.
The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union. Since Sweden has been at peace, maintaining an official policy of neutrality in foreign affairs; the union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905. Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars and the Cold War, albeit Sweden has since 2009 moved towards cooperation with NATO. After the end of the Cold War, Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995, but declined NATO membership, as well as Eurozone membership following a referendum, it is a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens, it has the world's eleventh-highest per capita income and ranks in numerous metrics of national performance, including quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic competitiveness, equality and human development.
The name Sweden was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power. Before Sweden's imperial expansion, Early Modern English used Swedeland. Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swēoþēod, which meant "people of the Swedes"; this word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas. The Swedish name Sverige means "realm of the Swedes", excluding the Geats in Götaland. Variations of the name Sweden are used in most languages, with the exception of Danish and Norwegian using Sverige, Faroese Svøríki, Icelandic Svíþjóð, the more notable exception of some Finnic languages where Ruotsi and Rootsi are used, names considered as referring to the people from the coastal areas of Roslagen, who were known as the Rus', through them etymologically related to the English name for Russia; the etymology of Swedes, thus Sweden, is not agreed upon but may derive from Proto-Germanic Swihoniz meaning "one's own", referring to one's own Germanic tribe. Sweden's prehistory begins in the Allerød oscillation, a warm period around 12,000 BC, with Late Palaeolithic reindeer-hunting camps of the Bromme culture at the edge of the ice in what is now the country's southernmost province, Scania.
This period was characterised by small bands of hunter-gatherer-fishers using flint technology. Sweden is first described in a written source in Germania by Tacitus in 98 AD. In Germania 44 and 45 he mentions the Swedes as a powerful tribe with ships that had a prow at each end. Which kings ruled these Suiones is unknown, but Norse mythology presents a long line of legendary and semi-legendary kings going back to the last centuries BC; as for literacy in Sweden itself, the runic script was in use among the south Scandinavian elite by at least the 2nd century AD, but all that has come down to the present from the Roman Period is curt inscriptions on artefacts of male names, demonstrating th