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Oak Island

Oak Island is a 57-hectare owned island in Lunenburg County on the south shore of Nova Scotia, Canada. The tree-covered island is one of about 360 small islands in Mahone Bay and rises to a maximum of 11 metres above sea level; the island is connected to the mainland by a causeway and gate. The nearest community is the rural community of Western Shore which faces the island, while the nearest village is Chester; the island is best known for various theories about possible buried treasure or historical artifacts, the associated exploration. The majority of Nova Scotia is a Humid continental climate with hot and humid summers, cold or frigid winters. While there is no weather station on the island, or along Mahone Bay, there is one towards the west in the town of Bridgewater; the average annual temperature given in Bridgewater is 7.1 °C, while the precipitation runs at 1,536.7 millimetres. The ocean has an effect on Oak Island in terms of visibility, as the southern coasts of Nova Scotia can be hidden in fog for as many as 90 days a year.

These coasts are vulnerable to powerful storms which include nor'easters and hurricanes. Oak Island is made up of a temperate broadleaf and mixed forest, known regionally as the New England/Acadian forests. Wildlife in the Mahone Bay area includes great blue herons, black guillemots, Leach's storm petrels, razorbills. In addition, non-specific eagles and puffins are mentioned. On a particular note is the Roseate tern, considered an endangered species in the area, protected by the Canadian government. Efforts to restore their habitat such as curbing the population of other bird species have been undertaken; the geology of Oak Island was first mapped in 1924, which found a composite of four drumlins forming the Island. These drumlins are "elongated hills" which consist of multiple layers of till resting on bedrock, are from different phases of glacial advance that span the past 75,000 years; the layers on top of the bedrock are made up of "Lawrencetown" and slate till. The former of these two is considered a type of clay till, made up of 50% sand, 30% silt, 20% clay.

In the main area, searched for treasure along with the till lie bits of anhydrite, which become more competent deeper down. Researchers Les MacPhie, John Wonnacott concluded that the deep deposits at the east end of the Island make up the drumlin formations. There are two types of bedrock. Oak Island and the area, now Mahone Bay was once a lagoon 8,000 years BP, before the sea level rose with the melting glaciers; the first major indigenous people in Nova Scotia were the Mi'kmaq, who formed an Indian nation in present-day Canada several thousand years ago. The area that encompasses Oak Island was once known as the "Segepenegatig" region. While it is unknown when Oak Island was first discovered, the tribe had a presence in the overall area which included the entire island of Newfoundland; the earliest confirmed European residents date back to the 1750s in the form of French fishermen, who had by this time built a few houses on the future site of the nearby village of Chester, Nova Scotia. Following the Expulsion of the Acadians during the Seven Years' War, the British government of Nova Scotia enacted a series of measures to encourage settlement of the area by the European-descended New Englanders.

Land was made available to settlers in 1759 through the Shorham grant, Chester was founded that same year. The first major group of settlers arrived in the Chester area from Massachusetts in 1761, Oak Island was surveyed and divided into 32 four-acre lots in the following year. A large part of the island was owned at the time by the Monro, Lynch and Young families, granted the land in 1759. In the early days of British settlement, the Island was known locally as "Smith's Island," after an early settler of the area named Edward Smith. Cartographer Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres renamed the Island "Gloucester Isle" in 1778. Shortly thereafter, the locally used name "Oak Island" was adopted for the Island. Early residents included Edward Smith in the 1760s and Anthony Vaughn Sr. in the early 1770s. In 1784, the government made additional land grants, this time to former soldiers, which included parts of Oak Island, it wasn't until July 6, 1818 that the original lot owners' names were mapped for the Nova Scotia Crown Lands office.

Oak Island has been intermittently owned by treasure hunters since early settler stories started appearing in the late 1700s. The hunt for treasure got so extensive that in 1965 a causeway was built from the western end of the island to Crandall's Point on the mainland, two hundred metres away in order to bring heavy machinery onto the island. Oak Island has had several different recent owners which include a treasure hunter named Dan Blankenship, who partnered with "Oak Island Tours Inc." run by David Tobias. Oak Island Tours dissolved, in February 2019, it was announced that a new partnership had been formed with a company called the "Michigan Group"; this group consists of brothers Rick and Marty Lagina, Craig Tester, Alan Kostrzewa, purchasing lots from Tobias. It is unclear, involved to what degree as Blankenship only revealed Kostrzewa's name to the press saying he was "on board". Blankenship owned 78% of the island with the Michigan Group, until his death on March 17, 2019 at the age of 95.

Oak Island is privately owned by seasonal residents, who make up

Vigo County, Indiana

Vigo County is a county located along the western border of the U. S. state of Indiana. According to the 2010 census, the population was 107,848; the county seat is Terre Haute. Vigo County is included in the Terre Haute, Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county contains four incorporated settlements with a total population of nearly 63,000, as well as several unincorporated communities. It is divided into twelve townships; the county is one of the best bellwether regions for voting in U. S. presidential elections. Only one county in the United States has voted for the winning candidate longer. Sullivan County was formed in 1817, the area that became Vigo County was part of it until 1818, when the county was created by an act of the Indiana General Assembly which took effect on February 1, its borders changed several times. The final change came in 1873; the county is named in honor of Colonel Francis Vigo, of Italian heritage but a citizen of Spain due to residence in St. Louis, he is credited with great assistance to George Rogers Clark both in financing Clark's exploration and American Revolutionary War efforts, in service as an agent obtaining military information for Clark against British campaigns on the frontier.

To the north of Vigo County, the Wabash River defines the boundary between Vermillion and Parke counties. Vigo County is thus the southernmost county in Indiana on the right bank of the Wabash. Clay County lies to the east. Across the state line are Edgar County to the northwest and Clark County to the southwest. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 410.45 square miles, of which 403.31 square miles is land and 7.14 square miles is water. In 1819, the year after the county was formed, it was divided into four townships: Honey Creek, Wabash and Independence. Prairie Creek Township was formed that year. In the following years more townships were formed and township borders were altered several times. Otter Creek and Sugar Creek townships were created in 1820, Independence Township became known as Paris Township. Raccoon and Wabash townships became part of Parke County when it was split from Vigo County in 1821. Nevins and Riley were formed in 1822. In 1824, Paris Township was renamed again to Fayette Township.

Pierson Township was created in 1829 Lost Creek in 1831 Linton in 1841 and Prairieton in 1857, for a total of twelve townships. There are four incorporated settlements within Vigo County; the largest, Terre Haute, has a population of 60,000 and covers all of Harrison Township and extends into several surrounding townships. West Terre Haute, as its name indicates, lies to the west, along U. S. Route 40; the town of Seelyville lies to the east of Terre Haute along U. S. Route 40, with a population of about 1,200; the smallest town, Riley, is southeast of Terre Haute and has a population of only 160. Interstate 70 passes through the southern part of Terre Haute from east to west on its way from Indianapolis to Saint Louis, Missouri. S. Route 40 parallels Interstate 70 and passes through the middle of the city. Both highways intersect U. S. Route 41. S. Route 150 enters from Paris, Illinois to the northwest and joins U. S Route 41 in downtown Terre Haute, both continue south toward Vincennes. State Road 42 State Road 46 State Road 63 State Road 159 State Road 246 State Road 340 State Road 641* Several CSX Transportation railroad lines meet in Terre Haute.

There is an Indiana Rail Road line which runs southeast from Terre Haute toward Bedford. The following public-use airports are located in the county: Terre Haute International Airport in Terre Haute Sky King Airport in North Terre Haute The public schools in the county are part of the Vigo County School Corporation. During the 2009–10 school year, the schools served a total of 16,014 students. Vigo County is served by the Vigo County Public Library. Colleges in Vigo County include Indiana State Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology. For a fuller list, see the List of schools in metropolitan Terre Haute. In recent years, average temperatures in Terre Haute have ranged from a low of 18 °F in January to a high of 87 °F in July, although a record low of −24 °F was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 104 °F was recorded in September 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.13 inches in January to 4.46 inches in May. The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, by the Indiana Code.

The county council is the fiscal body of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts; the council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, special spending; the coun

Nagawa, Nagano

Nagawa is a town located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the town had an estimated population of 6,088 in 2650 households, a population density of 32.6 persons per km². The total area of the town is 183.86 square kilometres. Nagawa is located in the center of Nagano Prefecture. Nagano Prefecture Matsumoto Ueda Suwa Chino Shimosuwa Tateshina Per Japanese census data, the population of Nagawa has declined over the last 60 years; the town has a climate characterized by characterized by warm and humid summers, cold snowy winters. The average annual temperature in Nagawa is 8.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1388 mm with September as the wettest month; the temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 21.9 °C, lowest in January, at around -3.6 °C. The area of present-day Nagawa was part of ancient Shinano Province; the area was part of the holdings of Ueda Domain during the Edo period, had two stations on the Nakasendō highway connecting Edo with Kyoto: Nagakubo-shuku and Wada-shuku.

The modern town of Nagakubo-shinmachi was established on April 1, 1889 by the establishment of the municipalities system and was renamed Nagato on September 1, 1956. The town of Nagawa was formed by the merger of Nagato with the village of Wada (also from Chiisagata District on October 1, 2005 when the town. Nagawa has two public elementary schools and one public middle school operated by the town government, one middle school operated jointly between Nagawa and neighboring Ueda city; the town does not have a high school. The town does not have any passenger railway service. National Route 142 National Route 152 National Route 254 Hoshikuso Pass obsidian mine site, a National Historic Site Media related to Nagawa, Nagano at Wikimedia Commons Official Website