Edgar Rice Burroughs
Edgar Rice Burroughs was an American fiction writer best known for his celebrated and prolific output in the adventure and science-fiction genres. Among the most notable of his creations are the jungle hero Tarzan, the heroic Mars adventurer John Carter and the fictional landmass within Earth known as Pellucidar. Burroughs' California ranch is now the center of the Tarzana neighborhood in Los Angeles. Burroughs was born on September 1, 1875, in Chicago, the fourth son of Major George Tyler Burroughs, a businessman and Civil War veteran, his wife, Mary Evaline Burroughs, his middle name is from Mary Coleman Rice Burroughs. He was of entirely English ancestry, with a family line, in North America since the Colonial era. Through his Rice grandmother, Burroughs was descended from settler Edmund Rice, one of the English Puritans who moved to Massachusetts Bay Colony in the early 17th Century, he once remarked, "I can trace my ancestry back to Deacon Edmund Rice." The Burroughs side of the family was of English origin and emigrated to Massachusetts around the same time.
Many of his ancestors fought in the American Revolution. Some of his ancestors settled in Virginia during the colonial period, Burroughs emphasized his connection with that side of his family, seeing it as romantic and warlike, and, in fact, could have counted among his close cousins no less than seven signers of the U. S. Declaration of Independence, including his third cousin, four times removed, 2nd President of the United States John Adams. Burroughs was educated at a number of local schools, he attended Phillips Academy, in Andover and the Michigan Military Academy. Graduating in 1895, failing the entrance exam for the United States Military Academy at West Point, he became an enlisted soldier with the 7th U. S. Cavalry in Fort Grant, Arizona Territory. After being diagnosed with a heart problem and thus ineligible to serve, he was discharged in 1897. After his discharge Burroughs worked a number of different jobs. During the Chicago influenza epidemic of 1891, he spent half a year at his brother's ranch on the Raft River in Idaho, as a cowboy, drifted somewhat afterward worked at his father's Chicago battery factory in 1899, marrying his childhood sweetheart, Emma Hulbert, in January 1900.
In 1903, Burroughs joined his brothers, Yale graduates George and Harry, who were, by prominent Pocatello area ranchers in southern Idaho, partners in the Sweetser-Burroughs Mining Company, where he took on managing their ill-fated Snake River gold dredge, a classic bucket-line dredge. The Burroughs brothers were the sixth cousins, once removed, of famed miner Kate Rice, a brilliant and statuesque Maths professor who, in 1914, became the first female prospector in the Canadian North. Journalist and publisher C. Allen Thorndike Rice was his third cousin; when the new mine proved unsuccessful, the brothers secured for Burroughs a position with the Oregon Short Line Railroad in Salt Lake City. Burroughs resigned from the railroad in October 1904. By 1911, after seven years of low wages as a pencil-sharpener wholesaler. By this time, Emma and he had two children and Hulbert. During this period, he began reading pulp-fiction magazines. In 1929, he recalled thinking that...if people were paid for writing rot such as I read in some of those magazines, that I could write stories just as rotten.
As a matter of fact, although I had never written a story, I knew that I could write stories just as entertaining and a whole lot more so than any I chanced to read in those magazines. In 1913, Burroughs and Emma had their third and last child, John Coleman Burroughs known for his illustrations of his father's books. In the 1920s, Burroughs became a pilot, purchased a Security Airster S-1, encouraged his family to learn to fly. Daughter Joan married Tarzan film actor, James Pierce, starring with her husband, as the voice of Jane, during 1932-34 for the Tarzan radio series; the pair were wed for more than forty years, until her death, in 1972. Burroughs divorced Emma in 1934 and, in 1935, married the former actress Florence Gilbert Dearholt, the former wife of his friend, Ashton Dearholt, with whom he had co-founded Burroughs-Tarzan Enterprises while filming The New Adventures of Tarzan. Burroughs adopted the Dearholts' two children, he and Florence divorced in 1942. Burroughs was in his late 60s and was in Honolulu at the time of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
Despite his age, he applied for and received permission to become a war correspondent, becoming one of the oldest U. S. war correspondents during World War II. This period of his life is mentioned in William Brinkley's bestselling novel Don't Go Near the Water. After the war ended, Burroughs moved back to Encino, where after many health problems, he died of a heart attack on March 19, 1950, having written 80 novels, he is buried at Tarzana, California, US. When he died, he was believed to have been the writer who had made the most from films, earning over $2 million in royalties from 27 Tarzan pictures; the Science Fiction Hall of Fame inducted Burroughs in 2003. Aiming his work at the pulps, Burroughs had his first story, Under the Moons of Mars, serialized by Frank Munsey in the February to July 1912 issues of The All-Story – under the name "Norman Bean" to protect his reputation. Under the Moons of Mars inaugurated the Barsoom series and earned Burroughs US$400, it was first published as a book by A.
WPNA is a time-brokered radio station licensed to Oak Park, United States, the station serves the Chicago area. The station is owned by Alliance Communications; the majority of the station's programming is Polish language news and sports. They feature polka music on the weekends, such as the long running Eddie Blazonczyk Polka Show hosted by Tish Blazonczyk, the IPA Polka Show sponsored by the International Polka Association. WPNA is the home of the Hagerty Family Irish Program, the longest running Irish program in the United States; this program has been on the station every Saturday morning since 1951. The station began broadcasting October 7, 1950; the station's call sign was WEBS, but before going on the air the call sign was changed to WOPA to reflect the location of its studios. The studios and antenna were in the former Oak Park Arms Hotel, now a retirement community. Pervis Spann began his radio career on WOPA in 1959. In 1984, the station's call sign was changed to WBMX. In 1987, the station was sold to the Polish National Alliance for $2 million, its call sign was changed to WPNA.
WPNA was the home of the long-running Chet Gulinski Show, which featured polka music and was quite popular in Chicago's Eastern European communities. WPNA Official Website Hagerty Family Irish Program Website International Polka Association Website Query the FCC's AM station database for WPNA Radio-Locator Information on WPNA Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WPNA
Oak Park, Illinois
Oak Park is a village adjacent to the West Side of Chicago, Illinois. It is the 29th largest municipality in Illinois as measured by population in the 2010 U. S. census. As of the 2010 United States Census the village had a population of 51,878. Oak Park was settled beginning in the 1830s, with rapid growth in the 19th century and early 20th century, it incorporated in 1902. Development was spurred by railroads and street cars connecting the village to jobs in Chicago. Architect Frank Lloyd Wright and his wife settled here in 1889. Population peaked at 66,015 in 1940. Smaller families led to falling population in the same number of apartments. In the 1960s, Oak Park faced the challenge of racial integration, devising many strategies to integrate rather than resegregate the village. Oak Park includes three historic districts for the historic homes: Ridgeland, Frank Lloyd Wright and Seward Gunderson, reflecting the focus on historic preservation. In 1835, Joseph Kettlestrings, an immigrant from England, purchased 172 acres of land just west of Chicago for a farm and their home.
Once their children were born, they moved to Chicago for the schools in 1843, moved back again in 1855 to build a more substantial home a bit east on their quarter section of land. More farmers and settlers had entered the area, their land was called by several names locally, including Oak Ridge. When the first post office was set up, it could not use the name Oak Ridge as another post office was using that name in Illinois, so the post office chose Oak Park, that name became the name for the settlement as it grew, for the town when it incorporated in 1902. By 1850, the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad was constructed as far as Elgin and passed through the settlement area. In the 1850s the land on which Oak Park sits was part of the town of Cicero; the population of the area boomed during the 1870s, with Chicago residents resettling in Cicero following the Great Chicago Fire of 1871 and the expansion of railroads and street cars to the area. "In 1872, when Oak Park received its own railroad depot on the Chicago and Northwestern Railway, its rapid emergence as a residential suburb of Chicago began.
In 1877, the railroad was running thirty-nine trains daily between Oak Chicago. As Chicago grew from a regional center to a national metropolis Oak Park expanded – from 500 residents in 1872 to 1,812 in 1890, to 9,353 in 1900, to 20,911 in 1910, to 39,585 in 1920. Oak Park thus emerged as a leading Chicago suburb."A review of Oak Park's history by Wiss, Elstner Associates in 2006 further explains the importance of railroads and street cars in the development of Oak Park: The Village of Oak Park was formally established in 1902, disengaging from Cicero following a referendum. According to the local historical society, "The period 1892–1950 saw the construction of all of the housing stock in Oak Park, most of the village's current buildings." The village population grew and "by 1930, the village had a population of 64,000 larger than the current population", while cherishing a reputation as the "World's Largest Village." Chicago grew in the 19th century, recording 4,470 residing in the 1840 Census in the place so a fur trading post, reaching 1,099,850 in 1890, 1,698,575 in 1900, passing Philadelphia to the number two spot in the US, in that year, the fifth largest in the world.
Chicago was well located on the shores of Lake Michigan for transport. After World War II, "Oak Park was affected by larger developmental trends in the Chicago Metropolitan area; the construction of the Eisenhower Expressway cut through the southern portion of the Village in the mid 1950s. Starting in the 1960s and 1970s, Oak Park has made a conscious effort to accommodate changing demographics and social pressures while maintaining the suburban character that has long made the Village a desirable residential location. Beginning in the 1960s, Oak Park faced the issue of racial integration with effective programs to maintain the character and stability of the Village, while encouraging integration on racial basis; this was the greatest challenge to Oak Park, which some judge it has met with success, see #Demographics. Population fell from the peak level from smaller average household size, including a rise in one-person households. Oak Park has a history of alcohol prohibition; when the village was incorporated, no alcohol was allowed to be sold within its village limits.
This law was relaxed in 1973, when restaurants and hotels were allowed to serve alcohol with meals, was further loosened in 2002, when select grocery stores received governmental permission to sell packaged liquor. Now alcohol, such as beer and wine, is accessible. In 1889, Frank Lloyd Wright and his wife settled in Oak Park, he built many homes and the Unity Temple, his own church, in the village, before he left in 1911 to settle in Wisconsin. Oak Park attracts architecture buffs and others to view the many Frank Lloyd Wright designed homes found in the village, alongside homes reflecting other architectural styles; the largest collection of Wright-designed residential properties in the world is in Oak Park. A distinct focus on historic preservation of important architectural styles began in the 1970s and continues, with many buildings marked as significant, so far, three historic districts defin
George W. Smith House (Oak Park, Illinois)
The George W. Smith House is a home in the Chicago suburb of Oak Park, United States designed by American architect Frank Lloyd Wright in 1895, it occupied by a Marshall Field and Company salesman. The design elements were employed a decade when Wright designed the Unity Temple in Oak Park; the house is listed as a contributing property to the Ridgeland-Oak Park Historic District which joined the National Register of Historic Places in December 1983. The George W. Smith House was designed in 1895 by architect Frank Lloyd Wright as one of a series of low-cost homes for engineer and inventor Charles E. Roberts. However, like several others for Roberts, the Smith house was not built at the time of its design; the home's eventual owner and namesake, George W. Smith, was a salesman for the Chicago firm Marshall Field & Company; the home is cast in Shingle style, a variation on Queen Anne, predates the full maturation of Wright's early Prairie style architecture. The Smith House's most striking feature is the angled break in the roofline.
The home's detailing would be more appropriate on a stucco clad house than shingle clad home such as the George Smith House. However, no early photographs exist to determine if the home's exterior was altered; the "wall and pier trim" defines a folded plane by continuing around corners. Wright employed this same effect ten years when he designed the Unity Temple, of which George W. Smith was a member; the Smith House is similar to the Harry Goodrich House through its high pitched and double sloped roof. The Goodrich House, an 1896 Wright design, may have been one of the unbuilt homes Wright designed for Roberts; the shingles stand in contrast to the style Frank Lloyd Wright was using by the time the house was built in 1898. By that period he began to employ horizontal boards with batten siding, which emphasized the linear, horizontal effects of his work; the design for the G. W. Smith House stylistic, is an example of Wright's early period; the home features elements from Shingle style and demonstrates early experimentation by Wright which led to his unique Prairie style.
The shingled cladding is a give away of Shingle style and it is meant, in general, to unify the irregular outline of the house. The house lacks corner boards, allowing the shingled cladding to wrap continuously around the building as well as hip roof dormers, both elements are typical to Shingle style. Wright's early experimentation with elements that became hallmark to Prairie style can be seen in the Smith House; the broad, flat chimney that dominates the front elevation as well as minimal horizontal banding are both evident elements found in the home and within the Prairie School of architecture. The house is an early example of Frank Lloyd Wright's work, it is included as a contributing property within the Ridgeland-Oak Park Historic District, listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places on December 8, 1983; the house is one of two Frank Lloyd Wright designed buildings within the Ridgeland Historic District. The Smith House is the only example of residential architecture by Wright found within the boundaries of the Ridgeland Historic District.
The historic district, lacks examples of Wright's full-fledged Prairie style that are found in abundance in the nearby Frank Lloyd Wright-Prairie School of Architecture Historic District. Heinz, Thomas A; the Vision of Frank Lloyd Wright, Chartwell Books, Inc. Edison, New Jersey: 2006. McAlester, Virginia & Lee. A Field Guide to American Houses, Alfred A. Knopf, New York: 1984
Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio
The Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio is a historic house designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright. It has been restored by the Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust to its appearance in 1909, the last year Frank Lloyd Wright lived there with his family. Frank Lloyd Wright purchased the property and built the home in 1889 with a $5,000 loan from his employer Louis Sullivan, he was 22 at the time, married to Catherine Tobin. The Wrights raised six children in the home; the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972 and declared a National Historic Landmark four years later. The original 1889 structure was quite small; the home was extensively remodeled in 1895, when among other changes the kitchen was enlarged and converted to a dining room, the upstairs nursery was expanded and converted for use as Catherine's dayroom, the Children's Playroom and a new kitchen were added to the back of the house. A second major addition was made in 1898, when the Connecting Corridor were built.
In the Studio, Frank Lloyd Wright and associated architects like Walter Burley Griffin and sculptor Richard Bock advanced the Prairie School of Architecture and designed many notable structures, including the Robie House, Unity Temple, the Laura Gale home, the Larkin building. After 1909, the Studio was converted into a residence for the younger children. On, the Home and Studio became an apartment building. In the 1960s it fell into disrepair as the owners began to neglect the property due to financial problems; the longtime roofing company entrusted by Frank Lloyd Wright, Oak Park-based Tuscher Roofing, took control of the property. In 1974, the structure was handed over to the National Trust for Historic Preservation and the 13-year restoration began; the Home and Studio was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1976, has received the American Institute of Architects' National Honor Award. It is owned by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, has been restored and operated as a museum by The Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust.
Every May, the Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust hosts a housewalk of the home and studio and various private homes. Frank Lloyd Wright's Home and Studio is located in one of three historic districts of Oak Park, Illinois, it is found in the Frank Lloyd Wright-Prairie School of Architecture Historic District, which includes 27 Wright-designed structures as well as other historical and architecturally significant buildings. Most of the sculptures on the exterior of the Home and studio were designed by Wright's friend and collaborator, Richard Bock; these include the two boulder figures flanking the entrance of the studio, which features a man crouching and breaking free from the ground beneath him. Bock designed the stork capitals on the exterior loggia of the studio; the capitals signifies the tree of life, the book of knowledge, an architectural scroll, two storks full of wisdom and fertility. Wright's home included many sculptures on the interior which added to and contrasted with the anti-Victorian decor.
These objects include a frieze from the Pergamon Altar and several sizes of Winged Victory of Samothrace as well as a bust of Beethoven. Frank Lloyd Wright Building Conservancy Frank Lloyd Wright-Prairie School of Architecture Historic District List of Frank Lloyd Wright works, chronological list of houses, commercial buildings and other works by Frank Lloyd Wright List of Frank Lloyd Wright works by location, covering 4 countries and 36 of the United States Media related to Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio at Wikimedia Commons The Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust ShopWright.org Historic American Buildings Survey No. IL-1099, "Frank Lloyd Wright Home & Studio, 428 Forest Avenue & 951 Chicago Avenue, Oak Park, Cook County, IL", 7 photos, 17 data pages, 1 photo caption page High-resolution 360° Panoramas and Images of Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio | Art Atlas
Ernest Miller Hemingway was an American journalist, short-story writer, noted sportsman. His economical and understated style—which he termed the iceberg theory—had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his adventurous lifestyle and his public image brought him admiration from generations. Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s, he won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954, he published seven novels, six short-story collections, two non-fiction works. Three of his novels, four short-story collections, three non-fiction works were published posthumously. Many of his works are considered classics of American literature. Hemingway was raised in Illinois. After high school, he reported for a few months for The Kansas City Star before leaving for the Italian Front to enlist as an ambulance driver in World War I. In 1918, he was wounded and returned home, his wartime experiences formed the basis for his novel A Farewell to Arms. In 1921, he married Hadley Richardson.
The couple moved to Paris, where he worked as a foreign correspondent and fell under the influence of the modernist writers and artists of the 1920s "Lost Generation" expatriate community. His debut novel, The Sun Also Rises, was published in 1926. After his 1927 divorce from Richardson, Hemingway married Pauline Pfeiffer, he based For Whom the Bell Tolls on his experience there. Martha Gellhorn became his third wife in 1940, he was present at the liberation of Paris. Shortly after the publication of The Old Man and the Sea, Hemingway went on safari to Africa, where he was killed in two successive plane crashes that left him in pain or ill-health for much of the rest of his life. Hemingway maintained permanent residences in Key West and Cuba. In 1959, he bought a house in Ketchum, where, in mid-1961, he ended his own life. Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago, his father, Clarence Edmonds Hemingway, was a physician, his mother, Grace Hall Hemingway, was a musician.
Both were well-educated and well-respected in Oak Park, a conservative community about which resident Frank Lloyd Wright said, "So many churches for so many good people to go to." For a short period after their marriage and Grace Hemingway lived with Grace's father, Ernest Hall, their first son's namesake. Ernest Hemingway would say that he disliked his name, which he "associated with the naive foolish hero of Oscar Wilde's play The Importance of Being Earnest"; the family moved into a seven-bedroom home in a respectable neighborhood with a music studio for Grace and a medical office for Clarence. Hemingway's mother performed in concerts around the village; as an adult, Hemingway professed to hate his mother, although biographer Michael S. Reynolds points out that Hemingway mirrored her energy and enthusiasm, her insistence that he learn to play the cello became a "source of conflict", but he admitted the music lessons were useful to his writing, as is evident in the "contrapuntal structure" of For Whom the Bell Tolls.
The family spent summers at Windemere near Petoskey, Michigan. Hemingway's father taught him to hunt and camp in the woods and lakes of Northern Michigan as a young boy; these early experiences in nature instilled a passion for outdoor adventure and living in remote or isolated areas. From 1913 until 1917, Hemingway attended River Forest High School, he took part in a number of sports such as boxing and field, water polo, football. He excelled in English classes, with his sister Marcelline, performed in the school orchestra for two years. During his junior year he had a journalism class, structured "as though the classroom were a newspaper office," with better writers submitting pieces to the school newspaper, The Trapeze. Hemingway and Marcelline both submitted pieces, he edited the Trapeze and the Tabula, imitating the language of sportswriters, taking the pen name Ring Lardner, Jr.—a nod to Ring Lardner of the Chicago Tribune whose byline was "Line O'Type."Like Mark Twain, Stephen Crane, Theodore Dreiser, Sinclair Lewis, Hemingway was a journalist before becoming a novelist.
After leaving high school he went to work for The Kansas City Star as a cub reporter. Although he stayed there for only six months, he relied on the Star's style guide as a foundation for his writing: "Use short sentences. Use short first paragraphs. Use vigorous English. Be positive, not negative." Early in 1918, after applying to serve with, being turned down by, the US Army and Marines because of poor eyesight, Hemingway responded to a Red Cross recruitment effort in Kansas City and signed on to become an ambulance driver in Italy. He left New York in May and arrived in Paris as the city was under bombardment from German artillery. By June, he was at the Italian Front, it was around this time that he first met John Dos Passos, with whom he had a rocky relationship for decades. On his first day in Milan, he was sent to the scene of a munitions factory explosion, where rescuers retrieved the shredded remains of female workers, he described the incident in his non-fiction book Death in the Afternoon: "I remember that after we searched quite for the complete dead we collected fragments."
A few days he was stationed a
Fenwick High School (Oak Park, Illinois)
Fenwick High School is a selective private college preparatory school located in Oak Park, a town in Cook County, Illinois, bordered by Chicago on the north and south, River Forest and Forest Park on the West. Fenwick was founded in 1929 as part of the Province of St. Albert the Great, it is the only school directly operated and staffed by the Catholic Order of Dominican friars in the United States. It is named in honor of Cincinnati Bishop Edward D. Fenwick. Fenwick enrolls 1,200 students and is ranked as one of the leading preparatory schools within the greater metropolitan Chicago area. Admittance is selective and based on testing administered at the school; some of Fenwick's alumni include: a state governor, a NASA astronaut, Rhodes scholars, Pulitzer Prize winners, an Olympic gold medalist, a Heisman Trophy winner, professional athletes, as well as CEOs of many national and international corporations. The school colors are black and white and the mascot is the Friar. Fenwick's president is Father Richard Peddicord, OP.
In 2009, the school's principal, Dr. James Quaid, Ed. D. left his 21-year tenure with Fenwick to become Associate Superintendent of Schools for the Archdiocese of Chicago. Fenwick High School was founded as an all-boys college preparatory high school in 1929 by the Catholic Order of Dominican Fathers and Brothers of the Province of St. Joseph. Since its founding, Fenwick has maintained a strict dress code which includes slacks, dress shirts and ties for the boys and plaid skirts and knee-high socks for the girls. During assemblies, blazers must be worn. Fenwick was intended to be a prep school for matriculation to the University of Notre Dame in the Midwest and Georgetown University on the East Coast, similar to Phillips Academy Andover's matriculation to Yale, Portsmouth Abbey School's matriculation to Fordham University and Boston College and Phillips Exeter Academy's matriculation to Harvard. Today, Fenwick's students matriculate to many top international universities. In 1939, the St. Joseph Province was divided and Fenwick High School became part of the new Province of St. Albert the Great, with headquarters in Chicago.
Following several years of declining enrollment due to area gentrification, Fenwick followed many all-boys schools in the archdiocese in admitting girls, becoming coeducational in 1992. Today, Fenwick is known as a secondary school. Students have access to many athletic facilities, including a baseball field, two football fields, a softball diamond, a pool, a soccer field on the campus of Fenwick's Dominican Priory in the nearby suburb of River Forest. Fenwick has a strong academic tradition, as noted by the number of National Merit Scholars and Illinois State Scholars, high SAT and ACT scores, large numbers of students matriculating to top universities, such as those in the Ivy League and Big Ten categories. Since its founding, Fenwick has maintained a 100% college matriculation rate. Fenwick has a accomplished faculty, four of which have earned the Golden Apple Award. In 1983 Fenwick was selected by the U. S. Department of Education as a Blue Ribbon School. On January 18, 1999, U. S. News & World Report classified Fenwick as an "Outstanding American High School", making Fenwick tied for the #1 ranked preparatory school in the Chicago area.
For 2009, Fenwick's 290 student class had 211 of them receive 718 academic scholarships to top universities around the country with the monetary value of these awards in excess of $16,000,000. The 2009 graduating class boasted 187 Presidential Scholars and 30 National Merit Finalists, with 22 additional receiving commendation for being named to the top 5% in the nation. Fenwick's 2010–2011 class achieved $40,000,000 in merit based scholarships. Around the time Fenwick started admitting girls, there was a proposal to move classes to the school's priory in River Forest, or construct a brand new school in collaboration with nearby Trinity High School, its all-girls counterpart run by the Dominican Sisters; the idea passed, but was dropped when Fenwick insisted on maintaining complete control over the standards of the new school. Instead, Fenwick has commenced several expansion campaigns at their present location in Oak Park based around their original Neo-gothic designed school created by the New York architect Wilfred E. Anthony, who redesigned the Basilica of the Sacred Heart, Indiana for the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana.
The latest expansions include: a new field house with a 1,100-seat gymnasium and a 450-seat natatorium. Fenwick is the only high school in the United States operated by the Dominican Order. Fenwick's school mottoes are the same as those of the Dominican Order: Laudare, Praedicare. Fenwick uses the Blackfriar as a mascot over a generic friar mascot since the Blackfriar is associated with the Dominican Order; the first sentence of the school's philosophy statement, defines the school as a "college preparatory high school". Students are required to study four years of theology, mathematics, a foreign language in order to graduate; as a part of the third year theology course, students are required to plan and conduct a "Christian Service Project"