Obstetrics and gynaecology or obstetrics and gynecology is the medical specialty that encompasses the two subspecialties of obstetrics and gynaecology. It's abbreviated as OB-GYN or OB/GYN in US English, as obs and gynae or O&G in British English. Postgraduate training programs for both fields are combined, preparing the practicing obstetrician-gynecologist to be adept both at the care of female reproductive organs' health and at the management of pregnancy, although many doctors go on to develop subspecialty interests in one field or the other. After completing medical school, one must complete a four-year residency program to be eligible to sit for boards. For the ERAS match in 2017, there were 238 participating programs accepting applicants; this adds up to 11–14 years of education and practical experience. The first 7–9 years are general medical training. Experienced OB-GYN professionals can seek certifications in sub-specialty areas, including maternal and fetal medicine. See Fellowship. OB-GYN candidates must first obtain a MBBS or equivalent certification.
This portion takes five years. Following this, they are eligible for provisional registration with the General Medical Council, they must complete a two years of foundation training. After the first year of training is complete, trainees are eligible for full registration with the General Medical Council. After the foundation training is complete applicants take the Part 1 MRCOG examination administered by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. There are an additional five years of training after this, two more exams which adds up to seven years total minimum in training, although some trainees may take longer. Examples of subspecialty training available to physicians in the US are: Maternal-fetal medicine: an obstetrical subspecialty, sometimes referred to as perinatology, that focuses on the medical and surgical management of high-risk pregnancies and surgery on the fetus with the goal of reducing morbidity and mortality. Reproductive endocrinology and infertility: a subspecialty that focuses on the biological causes and interventional treatment of infertility Gynecological oncology: a gynaecologic subspecialty focusing on the medical and surgical treatment of women with cancers of the reproductive organs Female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery: a gynaecologic subspecialty focusing on the diagnosis and surgical treatment of women with urinary incontinence and prolapse of the pelvic organs.
Sometimes referred to by laypersons as "female urology" Advanced laparoscopic surgery Family planning: a gynaecologic subspecialty offering training in contraception and pregnancy termination Pediatric and adolescent gynaecology Menopausal and geriatric gynaecologyOf these, only the first four are recognized sub-specialties by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology. The other subspecialties are recognized as informal concentrations of practice. To be recognized as a board-certified subspecialist by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology or the American Osteopathic Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, a practitioner must have completed an ACGME or AOA-accredited residency and obtained a Certificate of Added Qualifications which requires an additional standardized examination. Additionally, physicians of other specialties may become trained in Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics, a short certification that equips them to better manage emergent OB/GYN situations.
There are many procedures. Some procedures may include: Colposcopy: If the results of a Pap smear test come back as abnormal, this more thorough examination of the cervix and vaginal tissues may be needed. Loop electrical excision procedure: a procedure to remove abnormal vaginal tissue within the cervix. A local anesthetic and a solution to enhance the points of removal visually is administered during the process. There is a chance of experiencing watery, pinkish discharge, brownish discharge, mild cramping. Endometrial biopsy: a procedure that collects a tissue sample from the endometrium lining of the uterus; the sample is checked under a microscope for abnormals cells or indicators of cancer. IUD insertion: an intrauterine device, T-shaped and is placed in the uterus through the cervix, it is a reversible contraceptive. Nexplanon: is about a 4 cm implant; this implant can last up to three years. This type of birth control has a 99% success rate for pregnancy prevention. Dilation and curettage: an out-patient procedure to open the cervix to collect samples of endometrial tissue with a curette.
A D&C can be done to remove a fetus, not passed after a miscarriage or to induce an abortion. Tubal ligation: a surgery to close the fallopian tubes for the prevention of pregnancy, it is known as "tying the tubes". Ovarian cystectomy: the removal of a cyst that either has a solid appearance, larger than three inches in diameter, has the possibility to become cancerous, or causes a constant pain. Cysts can be removed without removing an ovary. Women who do not take birth control produce small cysts every other month but they can disappear on their own; the national demand for women's health care is forecast to grow by 6% by 2020. Most ob-gyn related services will be for women of reproductive age (18–44 y
DB Regio Oberfranken is a business area with the German national railway company, Deutsche Bahn, with its headquarters in Hof. It is responsible for the majority of regional and local railway services in the Bavarian province of Upper Franconia; because there are no electrified railways from Hof, the city can only be reached by diesel-engined rail vehicles. After heavy investment by Deutsche Bahn around the turn of the century, trains have changed in just a few years from diesel-hauled coaches to modern diesel multiple units. Today in Hof there are 27 conventional VT 628 units stationed there; the VT 612 are employed on Regional-Express routes. One exception is the through connexion of RE trains from Würzburg/Lichtenfels via Hof as Regionalbahn trains to Bad Steben; this enables passengers to travel the whole route without changing. DB Regio Oberfranken owns the locomotive depot at Hof, Betriebswerk Hof, a 68,000 m², modern workshop, which specialises in tilting train technology. Here the Class 612 and 628 are inspected and repaired.
The workshop was modernised in 2001 for about 4 million euros. This transport region covers most of the routes in Upper Franconia; the following are some of the routes for which DB Regio Oberfranken supplies railway vehicles: RE Hof / Bayreuth–Lichtenfels–Würzburg RE Hof / Bayreuth–Lichtenfels–Saalfeld RE Hof / Bayreuth–Nürnberg Hbf RE Hof–Marktredwitz–Weiden –Regensburg RE Hof–Marktredwitz–Nürnberg RE Marktredwitz–Eger/Cheb RB Marktredwitz– Kirchenlaibach–Bayreuth Hbf RB Hof–Bad Steben RB Hof–Selb RB Bayreuth–Weiden RB Coburg-Bad RodachThe RE services are operated with VT 612 units. On the Hof / Bayreuth–Marktredwitz–Nuremberg line they alternated with VT 610 trains from Nuremberg depot until the timetable change in December 2007; the RB services are - with the aforementioned exception – worked by VT 628 units. List of German railway companies List of scheduled railway routes in Germany List of railway stations in Bavaria de:DB Regio Oberfranken
Vintage NRPS is an album by the country rock group the New Riders of the Purple Sage. It was recorded live on February 21 and February 23, 1971 at the Capitol Theater in Port Chester, New York, released in 1986. At the time of the Capitol Theatre shows, the New Riders of the Purple Sage were performing as the opening act for the Grateful Dead. Jerry Garcia was a member of both bands. Garcia would play pedal steel guitar with the New Riders play electric guitar and sing with the Dead. A Grateful Dead concert from the same set of shows as Vintage NRPS was released as the album Three from the Vault. All the songs were written by John Dawson, except "Honky Tonk Women" by Mick Jagger and Keith Richards. "I Don't Know You" – 3:41 "Cecilia" – 4:13 "Whatcha Gonna Do" – 3:02 "Dirty Business" – 11:20 "Fair Chance to Know" – 4:10 "Garden of Eden" – 6:31 "Portland Woman" – 5:08 "Honky Tonk Women" – 5:29 Jerry Garcia – pedal steel guitar John Dawson – guitar, vocals David Nelson – guitar, vocals Dave Torbert – bass, vocals Spencer Dryden – drums Engineer – David Luke Producer – David Nelson Cover painting – David Nelson Back photo – Herb Greene Graphics Assistance – Tim Harris, Dewey Reid – Fine Line Design Color Separations – Summerfield Graphics
Steven Hoggett is a British choreographer and movement director. He has won an Olivier Award as well as an Obie Award, has been nominated four times for a Drama Desk Award and three times for a Tony Award. Hoggett was brought up near England; as a youth, he participated in the Huddersfield Choral Society Youth Choir and held jobs at Boots UK and a restaurant. He studied at Swansea University. Hoggett gained early experience at a workshop based in Swansea, he founded a physical theatre company in Wales called Frantic Assembly, with his friend and fellow student Scott Graham. The company's first production was a 1994 revival of John Osborne's classic Look Back in Anger, in which Hoggett directed and performed; the company staged numerous productions in their early years at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival. Their unique blend of theatre and movement began to attract attention, soon Frantic Assembly were producing large scale touring work and collaborating with some of the UK's biggest theatre companies.
Hoggett would go on to direct and choreograph several shows for the company, including "Beautiful Burnout", an adaptation of Shakespeare's "Othello", "pool, no water", "Stockholm", "Little Dogs". He first worked with childhood friend John Tiffany while Tiffany was Associate Director at the Traverse Theatre, Edinburgh on a production of Gregory Burke's "The Straits" in 2003; the pair went on to collaborate on what would be their biggest success to date, Gregory Burke's Black Watch, first produced by the National Theatre of Scotland at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe in 2006 The piece was an instant success, would garner Hoggett the Laurence Olivier Award for Best Theatre Choreographer at the 2009 Laurence Olivier Awards, along with a slew of other awards. The show undertook several successful international tours, including a stint at the St. Ann's Warehouse in Brooklyn, which would lead to Hoggett working on many new productions in the USA; these included American Idiot and the Starcatcher and Once, the musical adaptation of the hit independent film, directed by John Tiffany.
Once earned more Tony nominations than any other production for the 2011-12 season. Hoggett received a 2012 Obie Award special citation, his other recent productions include choreography for the National Theatre production of The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night Time, which garnered the pair an Olivier nomination. With Tiffany, an adaptation of the Swedish vampire novel Let The Right One In for the National Theatre of Scotland, Tony Nominated Fight Choreography for Rocky The Musical and Sting's new musical The Last Ship. Hoggett provided choreography for a computer animated sequence in the DreamWorks feature film How To Train Your Dragon 2. On June 26, 2015 it was announced that he would be working on the Harry Potter stage play The Cursed Child with long time collaborator John Tiffany, he went on to be nominated for the 2017 Laurence Olivier Award for best choreography for his work on the production. The production transferred to Broadway in April 2018. Steven married Kyle Callicott in March 2016.
Steven Hoggett at the Internet Broadway Database Hoggett at BroadwayWorld.com
"Mothers Talk" is a 1984 song by the British band Tears for Fears. Written by Roland Orzabal and Ian Stanley and sung by Orzabal, it was the band's seventh single release (the first to be taken from their second album Songs from the Big Chair and fifth UK Top 40 chart hit; the song was released six months in advance of the album and showcased the band's edgier sound, as compared to their debut LP The Hurting. It was a moderate success internationally; this was a taster for Songs from the Big Chair, the second album, on which we unashamedly tried to become more commercial. I was against it, they wanted to come out all guns blazing. It was from this point, that things started to explode. "Mothers Talk" was written in 1983 and was first publicly performed during the band's late 1983 tour. In early 1984, the band went into the studio to record the song as their next single, though the recording sessions with their new producer Jeremy Green did not work out as planned and the recording was scrapped.
The band's previous producer, Chris Hughes, was brought back into the fold and the song was re-recorded and released as a single in August 1984. Hughes stayed on with the band to record their second album, Songs from the Big Chair. Along with its B-side, "Empire Building", "Mothers Talk" was one of the first Tears for Fears songs to demonstrate a creative use of sampling; the strings at the beginning of the song were culled from a Barry Manilow record, while the drum sample around which "Empire Building" is built was lifted from the Simple Minds song "Today I Died Again". This was the second Tears for Fears single for which Phonogram Records would use the picture disc and coloured vinyl gimmicks as a promotional tool, as well as the first one to feature multiple 12" releases offering different remixes of the track. Limited quantities of the 7" single came with a free Tears For Fears window sticker of the band's new logo; the song stems from two ideas. One is something, they say. The other idea is inspired by the anti-nuclear cartoon book.
While America saw "Everybody Wants to Rule the World" as the first single release from the Songs from the Big Chair LP, "Mothers Talk" was released there as the fourth and final single from the album in April 1986, peaking at no. 27 on the Billboard Hot 100. Although labeled as a "remix", this version of the song is a complete re-recording, done by the band after their Big Chair tour wrapped up, it was mixed by the award-winning producer Bob Clearmountain, who would go on to mix the band's next album with them. In addition to a different picture sleeve, the single featured the band's cover of Robert Wyatt's "Sea Song" as the B-side; this version was released in Canada and Japan at the same time. Three separate promotional clips were filmed for the song in total; the original version, directed by photographer Laurie Lewis, was a performance clip set in a blue toned room and interspersed with shots of a young girl being studied by scientists. The band disliked this version and disowned it, although it had aired on various British television shows by this point.
A replacement video was filmed on a shoestring budget, featuring the duo in a rural location and interspersed with news and sports footage from a TV set. Both clips were released to UK and European markets in mid-1984; the third and final video, again directed by Nigel Dick, was made for the "US Remix" of the song in early 1986 and portrayed a family preparing a bomb shelter for nuclear fallout, in keeping with the theme of Raymond Briggs' graphic novel When the Wind Blows. An extended mix of the song, featuring an extra verse at the beginning, was exclusive to this video until it was issued as a bonus track on the 2015 deluxe reissue of Songs from the Big Chair. 7": Mercury / IDEA7 / 818 838-7 / 7PP-155"Mothers Talk" "Empire Building" 7": Mercury / 884 638-7 / SOV 2366 / 7PP-200"Mothers Talk" "Sea Song" 12": Mercury / IDEA712 / 818 838-1"Mothers Talk" "Empire Building" 12": Mercury / IDEAR712 / 880 248-1 / 880 258-1"Mothers Talk" "Empire Building" 12": Vertigo / TFF1"Mothers Talk" "The Way You Are" "Mothers Talk" "The Marauders" "Mothers Talk" CS: Vertigo / TFF 4 1 "Mothers Talk" "The Marauders" "Mothers Talk" "Mothers Talk" "The Way You Are" 12": Mercury / 884 638-1"Mothers Talk" "Mothers Talk" "Mothers Talk" 12": Vertigo / SOVX 2366"Mothers Talk" "Mothers Talk" "Sea Song" Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Ansley is an unincorporated community in Hancock County, United States. It is located 11 mi west of Bay St. Louis. Ansley was established as a flag stop on the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, constructed between New Orleans and Mobile, Alabama during 1869 and 1870; the community derived its name from M. M. Ansley, a railroad maintenance official for the L&NRR. During the early years after its establishment, Ansley was a postal village; because of its proximity to the Gulf of Mexico and 7-foot elevation, Ansley was reported to be destroyed by the tidal surge from Hurricane Katrina in 2005. About 1 mi southwest of the Ansley community is Ansley Preserve, a coastal chenier birding trail managed by the Mississippi Department of Marine Resources