Occidental Petroleum Corporation is an American company engaged in hydrocarbon exploration in the United States, the Middle East, Colombia as well as petrochemical manufacturing in the United States and Chile. It is headquartered in Houston; the company is ranked 722nd on the Forbes Global 2000 and 220th on the Fortune 500. In 2018, the company was the 9th largest petroleum producer in Texas. 1920: Occidental Petroleum was founded in California. 1957: Armand Hammer was elected president and chief executive officer of the company after he acquired a controlling stake in the firm for tax reasons. 1961: The company discovered the Lathrop Gas Field in Lathrop, California. 1960s: The company expanded internationally with operations in Peru, Bolivia and the United Kingdom. 1965: Occidental won exploration rights in Libya. and operated there until all activities were suspended in 1986 after the United States imposed economic sanctions on Libya. 1968: The company entered the chemical business with the acquisition of Hooker Chemical Company, 26 years after the contamination at Love Canal.
1971: Occidental received permission to develop an oil refinery in Canvey Island in Essex, England. The company stopped in 1975 as a result of the 1970s energy crisis; the site remained derelict. Only some concrete foundations and the river jetty remain extant. 1972: The company was one of the first companies to research developing oil shale. 1981: The company acquired IBP, Inc. one of largest producers of beef and pork products in the United States. 1983: The company and Ecopetrol, the Colombian state-owned oil company, discovered the giant Caño Limón oilfield. 1986: The company suspends operation in Libya due to economic sanctions imposed on that country by the United States. April 1988: Occidental acquired Cain Chemical for $2 billion. July 6, 1988: An explosion and subsequent inferno on the company's Piper Alpha platform in the Scottish North Sea, resulted in 167 fatalities in what remains the world's most deadly offshore disaster. September 1988: The company formed a joint venture with Church & Dwight, which makes Arm & Hammer products, for a potassium carbonate plant at Muscle Shoals, Alabama.
1990: Armand Hammer died and Ray R. Irani became chairman and chief executive officer of the company. 1991: The company sold its stake in IBP, Inc. 1993: Occidental sold its remaining coal operations. February 1996: The company announced layoffs of 450 people in its chemical division. July 1996: The company sold its interest in 3 oilfields in the Congo to the Congolese government for $215 million. 1997: Occidental paid $3.65 billion to acquire the Elk Hills Oil Field. 2005: The company and its partner, won 8 out of 15 exploration spots on the EPSA-4 auction, making both companies among the first to enter the Libyan market since the United States lifted its embargo on Libya. October 2005: The company acquired Vintage Petroleum for $3.8 billion. 2006: The government of Ecuador seized the company's interest in block 15 of the Amazon Rainforest, forcing the company to take a $306 million after-tax charge. In 2016, Ecuador agreed to pay $980 million in restitution to the company, down from the original award of $1.77 billion.
The agreement was based on a 2012 arbitration award from the International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes. 2007: Occidental's compensation policies came under scrutiny after it was announced that Irani received $460 million in compensation in 2006. 2008: The company acquired a 10% stake in Plains All American Pipeline. The company acquired assets from Plains Exploration & Production for $1.3 billion. February 2009: The company closed its Louisville OxyVinyl polyvinyl chloride production plant. October 2009: The company acquired Citigroup's controversial Phibro energy-trading business, for its net asset value of $250 million; the unit was managed by Andrew J. Hall, who received compensation of $100 million per year in 2007 and 2008. After the acquisition, the division reported its first losses since the 1990s. In 2016, Phibro was sold. December 2010: Occidental acquired shale oil properties in the Williston Basin in North Dakota for $1.4 billion. These assets, as well as other assets acquired by Oxy in the Williston Basin, were sold in 2015 for $600 million.
December 2010: The company sold its proven and probable reserves of 393 million barrels of oil equivalent in Argentina to Sinopec, a subsidiary of China Petrochemical Corporation. It acquired properties in South Texas and North Dakota for $3.2 billion. January 2011: Occidental partnered with Abu Dhabi's state oil company in developing the Shah Field, one of the largest natural gas fields in the Middle East, through a joint venture known as Al Hosn Gas. Al Hosn Gas became operational in 2015. May 2011: Ray R. Irani retires as CEO after CalSTRS and Relational Investors, two major shareholders, objected to the company's compensation policies for top executives. President Stephen I. Chazen was named CEO to replace Irani and in 2013, shareholders ousted Irani as chairman. Despite his outlandish compensation, during Irani's tenure, the company grew from a collection of unrelated businesses to one that focuses on oil and gas and the market capitalization of the company went from $5.5 billion to $80 billion.
2013: Oxychem sold its investment in Unipar Carbocloro for R$550 million. September 2014: Occidental moved its headquarters to Houston, Texas. November 2014: The company sold its 50% interest in BridgeTex Pipeline Company, owner of a 300,000 barrel-per-day crude oil pipeline system that extends from Colorado City, Texas to Texas City, for $1.075 billion. December
Franco Saudelli is an Italian comics artist known for his erotic stories. Franco Saudelli moved soon to Rome, he made his debut in the comics world in the mid-1970s, first collaborating with Ugolino Cossu and Massimo Rotundo and from 1978, with some western stories for the magazine Lanciostory. He was to work with Roberto Baldazzini, Stefano Piselli and Riccardo Morrocchi creating Baldazzini & Saudelli's Bizarreries: Book one and Book two. Saudelli's works appeared in several other Italian and French magazines, like Orient Express, Libération and Charlie Mensuel. In the 1980s, he started making short erotic comics for the magazines Comic Art and Diva, sometimes in collaboration with Giovanna Casotto. Bondage and barefoot fetish scenes play a big part in the stories, for example in La Bionda, published in album format by Dargaud. Saudelli uses a fluent, sophisticated style. Personal website
Kennedy Wilson is a global real estate investment company founded in 1977 and based in Beverly Hills, California. In 1988, CEO and Chairman William J. McMorrow acquired the company. Kennedy Wilson focuses on multifamily and office properties located in the Western United States, United Kingdom and Ireland. To complement its investment business, the company provides real estate services to financial services clients. Kennedy Wilson began with just one office and 11 employees, today, it has offices in 25 different markets throughout the United States, United Kingdom, Spain and Japan with $16 billion of assets under management across the property spectrum. Kennedy Wilson entered the European market in 2011 when it served as the catalyst and lead investor in the recapitalization of the Bank of Ireland; the team grew its presence to become of the top commercial property owners in the country, expanded across the continent with offices in Dublin, London and Jersey overseeing a $4 billion property portfolio.
Kennedy Wilson Europe Real Estate Plc was listed on the London Stock Exchange in 2014, the $1.7 billion IPO represented the largest real estate vehicle listing since the economic downturn and the second largest real estate IPO in the 200-year history of the London Stock Exchange. In 2017, the company closed a landmark transaction that combined Kennedy Wilson Holdings and Kennedy Wilson Europe Real Estate Plc into one global platform with a simpler structure and an $8 billion enterprise value, generating recurring revenue of over $700 million and positioning the global company for future growth opportunities. In 2019 it was reported that Kennedy Wilson would spend more than $600m in the next few years on various office and residential projects taking place in Ireland. Kennedy Wilson
Topsy Smith was an Arabunna woman born at Oodnadatta is a pioneer of Central Australia in the Northern Territory of Australia. She spent her life caring for Indigenous children at an institution known as The Bungalow in Alice Springs. Smith is in northeast South Australia, she married a Welsh miner William'Bill’ Smith, working at the Arltunga goldfields. They had eleven children; when Bill died in 1914, Smith decided to return to the Oodnadatta area, but only made it as far as Alice Springs known as Stuart. She was accompanied by seven of her children and a herd of goats, her eldest child was legendary bushman Walter Smith who remained in Arltunga to work after his father's death. Topsy and her children were assisted by pastoralists Jane and Ted Hayes from Undoolya Station, with whom them lived for some time before moving on to Alice Springs; when she arrived in Alice Springs, Smith lived in a tent. She herded her goats on a hill, the outskirts of town, a place that became known as Billygoat Hill.
The sergeant of police Robert Stott constructed a shed where she was permitted to live. The shed became known as The Bungalow, an institution and school for Aboriginal children of mixed descent; the school was moved from the iron shed behind the police station to Jay Creek and to the Alice Springs Telegraph Station in November 1932. Along with Ida Standley, Smith became involved in the running and management of the school, responsible for the children’s welfare, she was known to have cared for her children as her own. Topsy died in the Alice Springs hospital on 6 April 1960, her gravestone in the Alice Springs Memorial Cemetery has the date of her death and her age as 86, with the inscription - "Beloved mother of Walter, Jim, Emily, Jean & Clarry" She is celebrated in the National Pioneer Women's Hall of Fame in Alice Springs. The Topsy Smith Hostel in Alice Springs which provides long-term accommodation for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander renal patients and their carers, is named after Smith.
Topsy Smith House at St Philip's College is named after her. A painting of Smith entitled Arltunga to Alice by her great granddaughter, artist Linda Smith Penangke, was a finalist in the 2010 Moreton Bay Region Art Award.
Wayne "Moose" Henwood is a former Australian rules footballer who played for Sydney and Melbourne in the Victorian/Australia Football League. Henwood started his career at South Fremantle where he played from 1981 to 1984, he transferred to Glenelg and appeared in their 1985 and 1986 premiership teams. Sydney recruited him for the 1987 VFL season and he played all possible 24 games in his first year, including two finals. A centre half forward or defender, Henwood represented Western Australia 4 times including the 1988 Adelaide Bicentennial Carnival state of origin, he represented South Australia and Northern Territory. He crossed to his fourth state in 1992 when he joined Melbourne but time ran out and he could only manage one game; the Glenelg premiership player become a barrister and since 2007 has been a member of the AFL Tribunal and anti-doping tribunal notably as one of three tribunal members on the Essendon drug saga. Wayne Henwood's playing statistics from AFL Tables Demon Wiki profile
George Bradley is an American poet and fiction writer whose work is characterized by formal structure and satirical narrative. He attended The Hill School, Yale University, the University of Virginia, his poems have appeared in the New Yorker, Poetry Magazine, New England Review, The New Republic, the Paris Review. In 1998 he edited The Yale Younger Poets Anthology, which traced the history of the first poetry series in America from its inception in 1919 to 1997; the critic Peter Davison praised this anthology in the Atlantic Monthly for uncovering an important chapter of American literary history: Bradley "introduces each selection with a brief identification of its author, prefaces his anthology with introductory matter amounting to nearly a hundred pages of graceful and discriminating prose that combines aesthetic perception, historical understanding, publishing shrewdness. The result is a book that illuminates the recesses between artists, public taste, the history of American publication."
1985 Yale Younger Poets Series, selected by James Merrill The Witter Bynner Prize from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters The Peter I. B. Lavan Award from the Academy of American Poets The Paradise of Assassins. Alderman Press. 1978. "The Fire Fetched Down", Poetry Foundation Terms To Be Met. Yale University Press. 1986. ISBN 978-0-300-03599-5. Of the Knowledge of Good and Evil Knopf The Fire Fetched Down Knopf ISBN 978-0-679-44620-0 Some Assembly Required. A. A. Knopf. 2001. ISBN 978-0-375-41195-3. A Few of Her Secrets. Waywiser Press. 2011. ISBN 978-1-904130-42-0. James Tate, David Lehman, eds.. The Best American Poetry 1997. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-0-684-81452-0. CS1 maint: uses editors parameter Billy Collins, ed.. Poetry 180: a turning back to poetry. Random House Trade Paperbacks. ISBN 978-0-8129-6887-3. George Bradley, ed.. The Yale younger poets anthology. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-07473-4. Laura Furman, ed.. Ed.. The PEN/O. Henry Prize Stories, The Best Stories of the Year.
Anchor Books/Random House. ISBN 978-0-307-47236-6. "Review: The Yale Younger Poets Anthology", Ralph Mag