Oda Nobuhide

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Oda Nobuhide
Nickname(s)Tiger of Owari
Owari Province
DiedApril 8, 1551(1551-04-08) (aged 40–41)
Owari Province
AllegianceMon-Oda.png Oda clan
RankHead of Oda clan
Battles/warsBattle of Kanōguchi
Spouse(s)Tsuchida Gozen
ChildrenOda Nobuhiro
Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobuyuki
Oda Nobukane
Oda Nagamasu
Oda Nobuharu
Oda Nobutoki
Oda Hidetaka
Other workBuddhist monk

Oda Nobuhide (織田 信秀, 1510 – April 8, 1551) was a warlord and magistrate of lower Owari Province during the Sengoku period of Japan. His father was Oda Nobusada and Nobuhide was the father of Oda Nobunaga.

Ruling the clan[edit]

As the head of the Oda clan, Nobuhide was involved in open warfare as he was fronted to the north by Saitō Dōsan, daimyō of Mino Province, and to the east by Imagawa Yoshimoto, the daimyō of Mikawa, Suruga, and Tōtōmi provinces. However, he was never able to fully unite Owari Province. Though he managed to hold his own against any of the opponents, constant internal struggles within Oda clan prevented him from achieving a complete victory.

In 1547, he was defeated at the Battle of Kanōguchi by Saitō Dōsan.[1] However, in 1549, Nobuhide made peace with Saitō Dōsan by arranging a political marriage between his eldest son, Nobunaga, and Saitō's daughter, Nōhime. Supported by Dōsan, Nobuhide focused on facing Imagawa. In one of his moments of glory, he managed to capture Matsudaira Motoyasu en route to Imagawa as a hostage, he was thus able to gain some footholds into Mikawa. His remains are interred in a little-known alley near Osu Kannon temple in Nagoya.

Succession controversy[edit]

When Nobuhide died in 1551[2] in Owari,[3] he had designated young Nobunaga to succeed him as the head of the Oda clan and its small domain. Nobunaga, who hardly even knew his father and already had a bad reputation as a delinquent, arrived inappropriately dressed at Nobuhide's funeral and threw incense at the altar of the temple as he cursed his fate. Almost all support that Nobuhide's retainers would have given Nobunaga went to his younger brother, Oda Nobuyuki, instead. For support, Nobunaga was left with Hirate Masahide and his father-in-law Saitō Dōsan, whom he had never met before. From that point forward, it would take seven years for Nobunaga to consolidate his power within the clan and finally unite Owari Province.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Turnbull, Stephen (1998). The Samurai Sourcebook. Cassell & Co. p. 211. ISBN 1854095234.
  2. ^ Sansom, George (1961). A History of Japan, 1334–1615. Stanford University Press. p. 276. ISBN 0804705259.
  3. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 381.