Odakyu Electric Railway Co. Ltd. known as Odakyū, is a major railway company based in Tokyo, best known for its Romancecar series of limited express trains from Tokyo to Odawara, Tama New Town, Hakone. The Odakyu Electric Railway forms the core of the Odakyu Group, which comprises 101 companies and includes the Enoshima Electric Railway, Hakone Tozan Railway, Odakyu Bus, Odakyu Department Store, Hyatt Regency Tokyo hotel; the 83 km line from Shinjuku to Odawara opened for service on April 1, 1927. Unlike the Odawara line were pre-World War II Japanese private railways constructed with double-track and electrified from the first day of operation. Two years April 1, 1929, the Enoshima Line was added; the original full name of the railroad was Odawara Express Railway Co. Ltd. but this was shortened to Odawara Kyūkō. The abbreviation Odakyu was made popular by the title song of the 1929 movie Tokyo Kōshinkyoku and became the official name of the railroad on March 1, 1941. On May 1, 1942, Odakyu merged with the Tokyo-Yokohama Electric Railway company, which controlled all private railway services west and south of Tokyo by the end of World War II.
The company regained its independence on June 1, 1948, it obtained a large amount of Hakone Tozan Railway stocks, instead of separating Keio Inokashira Line for Keio Corporation. Odakyu restarted Non-stop Limited Express service between Shinjuku and Odawara in 1948. In 1950, Odakyu trains ran through to Hakone-Yumoto on Hakone Tozan Line. Odakyu uses 1,067 mm narrow gauge tracks, but the Hakone Tozan Railway is 1,435 mm standard gauge, so one track of the section from Odawara to Hakone-Yumoto was changed to a dual gauge system. Odakyu operated the first Romancecar limited express in 1951. After the 1950s, due to rapid Japanese economic growth, Odakyu was faced with an explosive increase of population along with its lines. Commuter passengers had to use crowded trains every morning, complained with the delay of improvements from the railway company. Odakyu began construction on the - "Shinjuku Station Great Improvement Project" setting 5 lines and 10 platforms long enough for 10 standard commuter cars with service on the Chiyoda Line, among others.
Plans for a four-track system in 1964 were prevented by residents of Setagaya Ward in Tokyo, as such the system remains uncompleted. The Setagaya Residents' opposition set the stage for a long-term and remarkable case in the courts and legislature. Odakyu could not take main part of transport from Tama New Town Area, though Odakyu started the operation of Tama Line in 1974. To serve its Mukōgaoka-Yūen Amusement Park, Odakyu operated the Mukōgaoka-Yūen Monorail Line between Mukōgaoka-Yūen and Mukōgaoka-Yūen-Seimon beginning in 1966 using a Lockheed Corporation style monorail system. Since 2000, Odakyū has been adding track in both directions from Izumi-Tamagawa Station, on Tama River, the border station of Tokyo, to just outside Setagaya-Daita Station for expanding the availability of express trains for morning commuter service; the lines between Setagaya-Daita and Higashi-Kitazawa Station are still under construction, however. Odakyu announced that the bottle-neck will be resolved by 2013. All of its lines are double- or quadruple-tracked within Tokyo Metropolis as of March 2018, a project first decided in December 1964 but due to NIMBY land acquisition difficulties and expensive workarounds were constructed and finished, taking 1/2 a century.
The main or Odawara Line acts as a bypass route for the Tōkaidō Main Line from Tokyo to western Kanagawa. The Romancecar 3000 series "SE" was tested at speeds of up to 145 km/h in 1957, achieving a world record for narrow gauge 1,067 mm lines at the time; these tests provided important data on high-speed electric multiple units, which Japanese National Railways used for its limited express EMUs, 151 series, 0 Series Shinkansen introduced in the early 1960s. Odakyu celebrated its 80th anniversary in April 2007; the 50th anniversary of the Romancecar was celebrated in September 2007. Odakyu are the current shirt sponsors of football club Machida Zelvia. Odakyu owns three railway lines directly, another three lines via subsidiaries, it operates trains onto the Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line, JR East Jōban Line, JR Central Gotemba Line. Not including the connecting branch between Odawara Line and JR Central Gotemba Line near Shin-Matsuda Station. Many Odakyu Tama Line trains (and selected Odawara Line trains from Hon-Atsugi continue on to the Chiyoda and Jōban lines for Ayase and - Toride stations.
This service began in 1978 between Abiko stations. Some Odakyū trains continue on the Odakyu-owned Hakone Tozan Line to Hakone-Yumoto. Limited express Fujisan trains travel from Shinjuku through on the JR Central Gotemba Line to Numazu Station eight times a day. Romancecar limited express services require a supplementary surcharge. Commuter service is shown on each line's page. Fujisan trains run on the connecting branch line just before Shin-Matsuda from Shinjuku and stops at Matsuda on the Gotemba Line. Matsuda and Shin-Matsuda are treated as the same station. Homeway trains run from Shinjuku every evening after 18:00. There is no service to Shinjuku. Commuter services are shown on each line's page. At Yoyogi-Uehara, all trains pause. On weekday m
The Riverland Historic District encompasses an early 20th century neighborhood on the south side of the Roanoke River in Roanoke, Virginia. The area consists of a portion of the residential area bounded on the south by Walnut Avenue SE, on the east by Arbutus Avenue SE, on other sides by the river. Most of the included properties are either on Arbutus Avenue or Riverland Street, with some on Piedmont Street and Walnut Avenue; the neighborhood is one of spaced residential properties built to provide housing for workers in nearby businesses. It was developed by the Highland Land Company, was built out between 1900 and 1930; the district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2013. National Register of Historic Places listings in Roanoke, Virginia
Monument to the sailors and fishermen lost at sea is a notable modern monument and a sightseeing place in Liepāja, Latvia. The monument was designed by sculptor Alberts Terpilovskis, it was built in 1977 with the fishing kolhoz Boļševiks. The monument is located on the shore of the Baltic Sea in Liepāja seaside park, at the end of Kūrmājas Prospect. Here in the beginning of the 20th century was located Kurhaus; the monument consists of a bronze figure of a woman on 11 meter high V-shaped pedestal, covered by Saaremaa dolomite. On 8 April 2000 a memorial plate dedicated to American pilots whose aircraft was brought down on 8 April 1950 by the USSR Air Forces near Liepāja was added to the pedestal of the monument; this monument in Liepāja is called "Crocodile", because of a resemblance to Crocodile Gena from the Soviet cartoon. The inner part of the pedestal is a popular place for taking photographs