Odilon Redon was a French symbolist painter, printmaker and pastellist. Odilon Redon was born in Aquitaine, to a prosperous family; the young Bertrand Redon acquired the nickname "Odilon" from Odile. Redon started drawing as a child, he began the formal study of drawing at fifteen but, at his father's insistence, he changed to architecture. Failure to pass the entrance exams at Paris’ École des Beaux-Arts ended any plans for a career as an architect, although he studied painting there under Jean-Léon Gérôme in 1864. Back in his native Bordeaux, he took up sculpting, Rodolphe Bresdin instructed him in etching and lithography, his artistic career was interrupted in 1870 when he was drafted to serve in the army in the Franco-Prussian War until its end in 1871. At the end of the war, he moved to Paris and resumed working exclusively in charcoal and lithography, he called his visionary conceived in shades of black, his noirs. It was not until 1878. Still, Redon remained unknown until the appearance in 1884 of a cult novel by Joris-Karl Huysmans titled À rebours.
The story featured a decadent aristocrat. In the 1890s pastel and oils became his favored media. In 1899, he exhibited with the Nabis at Durand-Ruel's. Redon had a keen interest in Buddhist religion and culture; the figure of the Buddha showed in his work. Influences of Japonism blended into his art, such as the painting The Death of the Buddha around 1899, The Buddha in 1906, Jacob and the Angel in 1905, Vase with Japanese warrior in 1905, amongst many others. Baron Robert de Domecy commissioned the artist in 1899 to create 17 decorative panels for the dining room of the Château de Domecy-sur-le-Vault near Sermizelles in Burgundy. Redon had created large decorative works for private residences in the past, but his compositions for the château de Domecy in 1900–1901 were his most radical compositions to that point and mark the transition from ornamental to abstract painting; the landscape details do not show a specific space. Only details of trees, twigs with leaves, budding flowers in an endless horizon can be seen.
The colours used are yellow, grey and light blue. The influence of the Japanese painting style found on folding screens byōbu is discernible in his choice of colours and the rectangular proportions of most of the up to 2.5 metres high panels. Fifteen of them are located today in the Musée d'Orsay, acquisitioned in 1988. Domecy commissioned Redon to paint portraits of his wife and their daughter Jeanne, two of which are in the collections of the Musée d'Orsay and the Getty Museum in California. Most of the paintings remained in the Domecy family collection until the 1960s. In 1903 Redon was awarded the Legion of Honor, his popularity increased when a catalogue of etchings and lithographs was published by André Mellerio in 1913. S. International Exhibition of Modern Art, in New York City and Boston. Redon died on July 6, 1916. In 1923 Mellerio published Odilon Redon: Peintre Graveur. An archive of Mellerio's papers is held by the Ryerson & Burnham Libraries at the Art Institute of Chicago. In 2005 the Museum of Modern Art launched an exhibition entitled "Beyond The Visible", a comprehensive overview of Redon's work showcasing more than 100 paintings, drawings and books from The Ian Woodner Family Collection.
The exhibition ran from October 30, 2005 to January 23, 2006. The Grand Palais in Paris, France featured a vast exhibition of Redon's art from March to June 2011 The Fondation Beyeler in Basel, Switzerland showed a retrospective from February to May 2014; the Kröller-Müller Museum in Otterlo, The Netherlands, had an exhibition with an emphasis on the role that literature and music played in Redon's life and work, under the title La littérature et la musique. The exhibition ran from 2 June to 9 September 2018. During his early years as an artist, Redon's works were described as "a synthesis of nightmares and dreams", as they contained dark, fantastical figures from the artist's own imagination, his work represents an exploration of his internal feelings and psyche. He himself wanted to place "the logic of the visible at the service of the invisible". A telling source of Redon's inspiration and the forces behind his works can be found in his journal A Soi-même, his process was explained best by himself when he said: I have as an exercise and as a sustenance, painted before an object down to the smallest accidents of its visual appearance.
The next day I let the other source run, that of imagination, through the recollection of the forms and I was reassured and appeased. The mystery and evocativeness of Redon's drawings are described by Joris-Karl Huysmans in the following passage from the novel À rebours: Those were the pictures bearing the signature: Odilon Redon, they held, between their gold-edged frames of unpolished pearwood, undreamed-of images: a Merovingian-type head, resting upon a cup. There were charcoal sketches which delved deeper into the
The Umineko When They Cry visual novel series is produced by the Japanese dōjin soft maker 07th Expansion, are playable on Microsoft Windows PCs. The games take place on the fictional Japanese island Rokkenjima; the head of a wealthy family named Kinzo Ushiromiya, who lives on and owns Rokkenjima, is near death, eight of his family members arrive on the island to discuss how Kinzo's assets will be divided once he is dead. On the island are three family members who live there, five of Kinzo's servants, his personal physician at the beginning of the story. After the eight family members arrive, a typhoon traps them on the island and shortly after people start to get mysteriously murdered. Umineko When They Cry is a series of murder mystery visual novels that requires little player interaction as most of the gameplay is composed of reading text which signifies either dialogue between characters or the inner thoughts of the protagonist who the player assumes; the games use intermissions where the player can obtain several tips which allow the player to read various supplementary information that may or may not be useful in solving the mystery.
The series debuted in Japan in August 2007 with Legend of the Golden Witch, the first in the series of eight games, ending with Twilight of the Golden Witch in December 2010. The first four games share the title Umineko no Naku Koro ni, but the fifth through eighth games have the common title Umineko no Naku Koro ni Chiru. An additional fandisc titled Umineko no Naku Koro ni Tsubasa was released in December 2010, a second fandisc titled Umineko no Naku Koro ni Hane was released in December 2011; the Umineko no Naku Koro ni Saku collection of prior content and the new episode 9 was released in October 2019. 07th Expansion released a dōjin fighting game titled Ougon Musou Kyoku in December 2010 and an expansion of it titled Ōgon Musōkyoku Cross in December 2011. Alchemist released PlayStation 3 ports of the eight main games, PlayStation Portable ports of the first four games, an Xbox 360 port of Ougon Musou Kyoku in 2010 and 2011. Umineko When They Cry at 07th Expansion
Robert Alexander Amiel Buckman was a British doctor of medicine and author, president of the Humanist Association of Canada. He first appeared in a Cambridge University Footlights Revue in 1968, subsequently presented several television and radio programmes about medicine, as well as appearing on comedy programmes such as Just a Minute, he was the author of many popular books on medicine. Buckman took part in the comedy sketch show What are you doing after the show in 1970–71. Buckman attended University College School and graduated in medicine from St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1972, he continued his medical training at the Royal Marsden Hospital and University College Hospital, becoming a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians. Buckman was a familiar voice on BBC Radio 4 during the 1970s and 1980s, both on panel shows, fronting one-off programmes on scientific topics, he contributed scripts to the sitcom Doctor based on the Richard Gordon books. Together with fellow doctor Chris Beetles, he formed a comedy double act "Beetles and Buckman".
The pair performed in the Pink Medicine Show TV series with Lynda Bellingham. They were two of the performers and writers of the first Secret Policeman's Ball fundraiser in 1979, with Billy Connolly, John Cleese and Eleanor Bron. Buckman was more distinguished as a popular science presenter and appeared on the programme Don't Ask Me in the 1970s, the medical programme Where There's Life with Miriam Stoppard for its first three series from 1981, he continued this career in Canada where he contributed to TV Ontario programmes such as Your Health and the CTV medical show Balance as well as frequent guest appearances on The Dini Petty Show. His television series Magic or Medicine? Investigated alternative medicine and won a Gemini award, while Human Wildlife covered microbes in the domestic environment, he was the subject of This. He was a member of the atheists team on CBC's Test the Nation: IQ broadcast live on 24 January 2010. Besides tie-ins to his TV series, Buckman authored several books of medical humour, such as Out of Practice, Jogging from Memory: or letters to Sigmund Freud, The Buckman Treatment.
As Robert Buckman, he contributed as author or co-author to a series of What You Really Need to Know About... books on common medical conditions, including cancer, high blood pressure, HRT, diabetes and irritable bowel syndrome. This was the title of a long-running series of information films that he presented, in many cases scripted, for John Cleese's production company Video Arts. In 1979, Buckman was diagnosed with dermatomyositis, an autoimmune disease which affected his ability to work and was nearly fatal, his illness and recovery over the next couple of years was the subject of a 1981 UK TV documentary, Your Own Worst Enemy. Buckman emigrated to Toronto, Canada, in 1985 and stayed with his cousin, journalist Barbara Amiel. In 1994 he was named Canada's Humanist of the Year, he was a signer of Humanist Manifesto 2000. He was president of the Humanist Association of Canada and chair of the Advisory Board on Bioethics of the International Humanist and Ethical Union, his main popular work in humanism was Can We Be Good Without God?
Biology and the Need to Believe. He was a founding member of the Centre for Inquiry Canada. Buckman practiced medical oncology at the Princess Margaret Hospital, he was a professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Toronto and held an adjunct professorship at the M. D. Anderson Cancer Center in the US state of Texas, he specialised in breast teaching communication skills in oncology. In this role, he created the SPIKES protocol for delivering bad news to patients. In 2006 he began writing a weekly column in The Mail. Buckman died in his sleep while flying from London to Toronto on 9 October 2011; the cause is unknown. He was 63. Out of Practice, illustrations by Bill Tidy. Deutsch. 1978. Jogging from Memory. Heinemann. 1980. Medicine Balls Too. Papermac. 1988. I Don't Know What To Say – How To Help and Support Someone Who Is Dying 1988. Not dead yet: the unauthorised autobiography of Dr. Robert Buckman, complete with a map, many photographs & irritating footnotes. Doublesday. 1990. How To Break Bad News: A Guide for Healthcare Professionals.
Papermac. 1992. Magic or Medicine? An investigation of Healing and Healers. Macmillan. 1993. Who can understand?: talking about your cancer with John Elsegood. 1995. What You Really Need to Know About Cancer: A Guide for Patients and their Families. Pan paperback. 1997. Robert Buckman. Anne Charlish. Ed. What You Really Need to Know About Living With Depression. Lebhar-Friedman Books. 2000. Can We Be Good Without God?: Biology and the Need to Believe, Prometheus Books, 2002. ISBN 978-1-57392-974-5 Human Wildlife: The Life That Lives on Us, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003. ISBN 978-0-8018-7407-9 Robert Buckman. With contributions by Dr. Pamela Catton and staff of Princess Margaret Hospital. Cancer is a Word, Not a Sentence. Firefly Books. 2006. Morality without religion Secular ethics Rob Buckman on IMDb University of Toronto biography The BBC Guide to Comedy Rob Buckman at the British Film Institute Obituary, The Globe and Mail, 11 October 2011 Obituary, The Guardian, 12 October 2011 Obituary, The Times, 15 October 2011