Sordillos is a municipality and town located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 31 inhabitants
Villadiego is a Spanish town and municipality located west of the province of Burgos, Castilla y León, in the council of Odra-Pisuerga. It is head of the council of that name, it is 39 kilometres from Burgos. According to demographic data of 2013, it has a population of 1,637 inhabitants, making it the second largest town in the west of the province; the town was founded by Count Diego Porcelos in the 9th century. It has large monuments around its most historical part of the town, of which a highlight is the Plaza Porticada and its traditional architecture. Villadiego is located 38 km from the provincial capital, it belongs to the Odra-Pisuerga region. Its area has a population of 1,637 inhabitants. Belonging to the Judicial District of Burgos, it is the largest municipality of Burgos. It is located northwest of the province, including terms municipal Humada, Basconcillos del Tozo, Úrbel del Castillo at north, it comprises three historic countries: Amaya, former jurisdiction depended on the strength of the same name, which dominated from the towering Pisuerga the left bank of the river.
In 2013 the population of the municipality was of 1,637 people, 893 men and 744 women The census does not reflect the seasonal nature of much of the population without being registered in Villadiego, live or spend several months of the year in Villadiego. They are people who, with the decline of agriculture in the mid-twentieth century, migrated to the city of Burgos or other provinces and, after retirement, are returning to their hometowns. There are many homes occupied only on weekends in Villadiego and districts, it was founded by Lord of Amaya, in the ninth century. In this town was born Enrique Flórez, eighteenth-century historian and author of Sacred Spain. In the 1787 Census of Floridablanca had the category of town with Mayor and Court of Lordship, being its holder Duque of Frias, head of the party of Villadiego of the Municipality of Burgos, which included in the category of single towns 3 villas, 5 places, 3 farms, 1 inn and one uninhabited, 7 quadrilles and its own jurisdiction, namely: Quadrille Amaya, with 8 places, an inn and one district.
Quadrille Cañizal, with 6 places. Quadrille Treviño County, with 14 places and an inn. Quadrille Odra, with 6 places. Quadrille Olmos, a villa and 8 places. Quadrille Tozo, with 13 places and an inn. Quadrille Sandoval, a villa and 5 places. Quadrille Valdelucio, with 16 places. Jurisdiction Villadiego, a villa, 10 places and a quarter; the entire town was declared historical on December 29, 1994. Main Square of Villadiego. Traces of medieval arcaded square. Statue of Fray Enrique Flórez, 1906, Aniceto Marinas' work in the center of the Main Square. Velasco's palace, of the sixteenth century. Porras, Bustillo, Santa Cruz and Borja houses. Artesian well; the bullring, built in 1957. Church of San Lorenzo, built in the fifteenth centuries. St. Mary's gothic building of the sixteenth century. Convent of San Miguel de los Angeles, gothic church built in the sixteenth century. Christ hermitage of the fifteenth century. Museum of sacred art and religious art at the Church of San Lorenzo. Pictorial and paleolithic museums located on Jail's Arch treet and Vega street.
Football field, swimming pool and sports center. Villadiego auditorium. Opened in 2011. In the Main Square traditional market, where until farmers and ranchers traded in the area with its products, a "party" is held every Monday morning; the festivals are held in the provincial capital in mid-August, in honor of Our Lady of the Assumption and San Roque. In those days a lot of emigrants return to Villadiego to concentrate with their families and friends. A lot of people of Villadiego participate in these festivals with their "troop" of friends to prepare floats, go to the Bulls, organize competitions, etc. Since the late 1990s there have been attempts to recover the tradition of Judas' function, celebrated during the afternoon and evening of Easter Sunday; this consists of a large and colorful parade of costumed soldiers in the manner of the nineteenth century, followed by the staging of a battle, capture and burning of Judas, all accompanied by music and fireworks. Official Web site
Castrillo de Riopisuerga
Castrillo de Riopisuerga is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 87 inhabitants. Sites of interest include Lock 10 of the Canal de Castilla and the Church of St. Bartholomew
Melgar de Fernamental
Melgar de Fernamental is a municipality and town lying by the Pisuerga river, located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2008 census, the municipality has a population of 1,898 inhabitants. Incorporated to Melgar in the 1970s, were the former municipalities of 09349 Santa María Ananúñez from Burgos province and 34162 San Llorente de la Vega from Palencia province, including the following places: Melgar. San Llorente de la Vega Santa María Ananúñez Tagarrosa Valtierra de Ríopisuerga. Another municipalities incorporated to Melgar in past centuries: San Zibrián San Juan Zorita Quintanilla de Muñoroz Abánades de Abaxo Abánades del Medio Abánades de Suso By the time of Roman Empire, the ancient city of Dessobriga was placed between the municipalities of Melgar de Fernamental, Osorno La Mayor and Osornillo, being its land Melgarese ground today. However, through this area passed multiple Roman roadways. Among them, the most important was the Hispania-Italica, which passed through cities such as Caesaraugusta and Asturicaugusta.
The Saldania Roadway started opposite the town. The Pisuerga Roadway connected the actual municipalities of Herrera de Pisuerga and Astudillo, passing on the fertile plain of the river at the foot of Melgar. Population Decrease in this municipality has been stopped for two years. In 2007, 1747 inhabitants lived in the main urban area and the rest in different places which were incorporated to Melgar. Monuments and places of interest: Assumption of Our Lady Church Town Hall Cordon House Palazuelos House Our Lady of Zorita Hermitage Channel of Castile, known as Canal de Castilla Luis Martín - 24th Superior General of the Society of Jesus. Antonio del Hierro Aparicio - Bullfighter in decade 1910-20. Melgar de Fernamental, Domingo Ortega Gutiérrez, Simancas Ediciones, S. A. Legal deposit VA-500-94. Copyright Melgar de Fernamental Council. Https://web.archive.org/web/20080401003041/http://www.melekara.com/videomelgar
Alfoz de Burgos
Alfoz de Burgos is a comarca located in the center of the province of Burgos, in the autonomous community of Castile and León. It is bounded on the north-west by La Bureba, north-east by the Páramos comarca, south-west by the Arlanza comarca, south-east by the Sierra de la Demanda, on the east by the Odra-Pisuerga comarca and west by the Montes de Oca; the comarca capital is Burgos and this city agrees with its judicial party. Province of Burgos Burgos website of the Province of Burgos delegation
Spain the Kingdom of Spain, is a country located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, its territory includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country. Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are part of Spanish territory; the country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar. With an area of 505,990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid. Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Spn or Spania.
At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi and Vandals. The Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically and all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was documented as Hispania. In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada; this led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of the Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion.
Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs. Until Aragon had been an independent kingdom, which had expanded toward the eastern Mediterranean, incorporating Sicily and Naples, had competed with Genoa and Venice. In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes more than 570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez; the most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state.
It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, the Eurozone, the Council of Europe, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group; the origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one.
Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses: The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world". Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged", it may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean. The word in question means "Hyrax" due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals. Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia
Hontanas is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 70 inhabitants