Ohio City is one of the oldest neighborhoods in Cleveland, Ohio. It is located west of the Cuyahoga River; the City of Ohio became an independent municipality on March 3, 1836, splitting from Brooklyn Township. The city grew from a population of 2,400 people in the early 1830s to over 4,000 in 1850; the municipality was annexed by Cleveland on June 5, 1854. James A. Garfield, who became the 20th president of the United States preached at Franklin Circle Christian Church in 1857. Franklin Circle Christian Church is located at the intersection of Franklin Boulevard and Fulton Road; the birthplace of John Heisman, famous for the annual Heisman Trophy awarded to the best player in college football, is located in Ohio City. He was born in the neighborhood in 1869, an Ohio Historical Society marker stands in commemoration near the corner of Bridge Avenue and West 29th Place; the salient feature of Ohio City's business district is the historic West Side Market, built in 1912. The European-styled market, located at the intersection of Lorain Avenue and West 25th Street, draws an estimated one million visitors annually.
Located north of the West Side Market is The Ohio City Fresh Food Collaborative, one of the largest contiguous urban farms in America. The operation includes a farm, retail farm community kitchen on a 6-acre city parcel. Ohio City contains the largest concentration of craft breweries in Cleveland, which includes Hansa Brewing, Market Garden Brewery, Platform Beer, Saucy Brew Works, Bad Tom Smith Brewing, the state of Ohio's oldest microbrewery, the Great Lakes Brewing Company. Saint Ignatius High School, a Jesuit college prep school, is located near the West Side Market. Founded in 1886, the school has a long list of distinguished graduates and is a perennial contender in several OHSAA sports; the Cleveland Hostel, which opened in 2012, is the only hostel in the city of Cleveland. The hostel is located on West 25th Street and Chatham Avenue adjacent to the W.25th Street Station on the RTA Red Line. Serving as the only auxiliary location for the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Transformer Station, located at Church and West 29th Street, functions as its contemporary art gallery space.
St. John's Episcopal Church, located at Church and West 26th Street, is the oldest consecrated building in Cuyahoga County and is the mother church of the current Episcopal cathedral located in downtown Cleveland; the church was one of the final stops on the Underground Railroad in Northeastern Ohio, the remains of an entrance to a tunnel leading to the banks of the nearby Cuyahoga River can still be seen in the basement. Several nearby streets retain church-related names, such as Vestry. An Episcopal parish continues to worship in the space, although membership has declined with the demographic changes in the neighborhood. Ohio City has experienced a massive development boom in recent years; as such, the neighborhood has attracted young professionals, microbreweries and locally owned shops and restaurants. It is regarded as one of Ohio's most trendy and welcoming neighborhoods for all ages and lifestyles; the demographics of Ohio City have changed rather in the latter half of the 20th century and first part of the 21st.
Composed of English and German descendants, many Eastern European immigrants moved into the area during the migrations in the first half of the 20th century. In the 1960s and 1970s, as Cleveland expanded and the wealthy moved to the surrounding suburbs, the percentage of African Americans increased; the size of the Latino community has increased. However, Cleveland City Council, with an eye on redevelopment and with the incentive of tax breaks, has lured an increasing number of suburbanites of all backgrounds back into the Ohio City area; this has led to a diverse community. Ohio City Near West Development Corporation Ohio City Ohio City Guide41.484195°N 81.711295°W / 41.484195.
A Flower in a Sinful Sea is a novel by Jin Tianhe and Zeng Pu. The work is a roman à clef; the work was translated to English by Rafe de Crespigny and Liu Ts'un-yan in 1982. It was translated to French; the nie refers to retributions. The hua for "flower" is a polysemy as it can refer to "woman". In addition the word sounds similar to hua; the title has been translated as Flower in a Sea of Sin, Flower in the Sea of Retribution, Flower in the World of Retribution, Flower in a Sea of Karma, Flower in the Sea of Evil or A Flower in an Ocean of Sin. In the earlier versions of the novel by Jin Tianhe, Sai Jinhua, a courtesan, travels to the west with her husband, a scholar, they meet the novel describes the history of the Russian anarchist movement. In the revised version by Zeng Pu, the prolog describes an "Island of Happy Slaves" attached to the city of Shanghai that has a population of ignorant people who party and have savageness; this is sinking into the ocean, but island's residents die without realizing that the lack of air is killing them.
Milena Doleželová-Velingerová, the author of "Chapter 38: Fiction from the End of the Empire to the Beginning of the Republic", wrote that "the prolog foretells the theme of the whole novel by a synecdoche". In the main story, Jin Wenqing breaks a promise to marry someone, this leads to the woman committing suicide. Twenty years Jin Wenqing, a high official enjoying a luxurious life, gets into a relationship Fu Caiyun, a sing-song girl; however Fu Caiyun is in fact an image of the woman. Jin Wenqing makes Fu Caiyun his concubine. Over the course of the novel, a pattern of retributions Buddhist-style retributions, occur against Jin Wenqing, punishing him for his actions. Jin Wenqing travels to Europe. There he does not grasp the world outside of China. Meanwhile, Fu Caiyun, who cheats on him, wins favors of several royal families, including Empress Victoria of Germany, becomes friends with the Russian nihilist Sara Aizenson. Jin Wenqing returns to China and falls into disgrace; when he dies, everyone around him has abandoned him.
Fu Caiyun runs away from Jin Wenqing's family after his death. At the end of the story Fu Caiyun is engaged in a relationship to a Beijing opera singer; the novel was never finished. The table of contents of the novel states that Fu Caiyun will reunite with Count Waldersee, but this portion was never written; the revised novel describes the upper class of China resident in Beijing and Shanghai during final 25 years of the 19th Century and compares the fate of the said upper class to that of Jin Wenqing. Jin Tianhe wrote the original five chapters of the project, it was a political novel criticizing Russian advances into China. Two of the chapters were published in Jiangsu, a magazine, published in Jiangsu and ran from 1903 to 1904. Zeng Pu wrote that the five Jin Tianhe chapters "concentrate too much on the protagonist, so they at most describe an extraordinary courtesan, along with her, a number of historical anecdotes." Zeng Pu stated that if the original conception of the novel succeeded "it would be no more than the Li Xiangjun of Taohua shan, or the Chen Yuanyuan of Cangsang yan."In 1904 Zeng Pu took control of the novel.
Subsequently the first two volumes of the novel were published by the Grove of Fiction publishing company in 1905. Each of these volumes contained 10 chapters. Four additional chapters were serialized in The Grove of Fiction magazine in 1907; these chapters were intended to be in a third volume but this volume was never published. In 1928 Zeng Pu published this version. Zeng Pu completed the novel, transforming it into historical fiction. Zeng Pu argued that in his conception "the protagonist functions as the thread which I attempt to link together the history of the past thirty years." The University of Hong Kong Libraries wrote that "Although Zeng Pu was an avid reader of French literature in the original, the influence of his Western models on NHH comes out most in the transformations of traditional Chinese motifs."The novel, beginning with Chapter 22, was published in the magazine Xiaoshuo Lin. The chapters instead were published in a sporadic manner; the novel indirectly promoted the values of democracy.
The author uses the motif of the courtesan or the beautiful lady and the scholar in order to create a reflection of the intelligentsia in the late Qing Dynasty. Characters in the Zeng Pu versions: Jin Jun or Jin Wenqing is an official, brought down by a series of retributions. Jin Jun is based on Hong Jun. Jin Jun is intended to represent a late Qing politician, being either a model or a caricature of such. David Der-wei Wang wrote that Jin Wenqing is "as much a cuckold in the bedroom as he is a dupe in the councilroom." The author added that "The bedroom comedy between" Jin Wenqing and Fu Caiyun "may well be read as a political satire, pointing to the impotence and corruption of the late Qing court." Fu Caiyun, a sing-song girl who becomes Jin Wenqing's concubine. She is in fact an image of a woman, w
Canaan is a census-designated place and the main village in the town of Canaan in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. The population of the CDP was 524 at the 2010 census, out of 3,909 people in the entire town of Canaan; the CDP is in the southeastern part of the town of Canaan, along U. S. Route 4 in the valley of the Indian River, a tributary of the Mascoma River and part of the Connecticut River watershed. US 4 leads southeast 46 miles to Concord, the state capital, west 14 miles to Lebanon. New Hampshire Route 118 runs north from Canaan 15 miles to New Hampshire Route 25 at West Rumney; the Canaan CDP is bordered to the south and east by the Indian River, to the north by Reagan Road, Blain Road, Canaan Street. The CDP extends to the west beyond Follansbee Road. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the Canaan CDP has a total area of 0.7 square miles, all of it recorded as land. As of the census of 2010, there were 524 people, 229 households, 138 families residing in the CDP. There were 248 housing units, of which or 7.7 %, were vacant.
The racial makeup of the town was 94.1% white, 0.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 3.1% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.4% some other race, 2.3% from two or more races. 1.5 % of the population were Latino of any race. Of the 229 households in the CDP, 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were headed by married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.7% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals, 16.2% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29, the average family size was 184.108.40.206% of people in the CDP were under the age of 18, 9.4% were from age 18 to 24, 25.3% were from 25 to 44, 28.1% were from 45 to 64, 16.8% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.4 males. For the period 2011-15, the estimated median annual income for a household was $46,250, the median income for a family was $70,391.
Tomislav Arcaba is an Australian former professional football goalkeeper. After playing with Wollongong Wolves until 2006, first in the NSL since 2004 in the NSW Premier League, he signed on January 2007 with Irish club Sligo Rovers FC. After playing with Sligo Rovers in the 2007 League of Ireland he moved in January 2008 to Romanian club FC Gloria Buzău. After a season and a half he moved to another Liga I club, FC Internaţional Curtea de Argeş. In January 2011 he leaves Romania and signes with Serbian club FK BSK Borča where he played until summer 2012. Arcaba signed a six-month deal with Newcastle Jets in January 2017, he is a former Australian U20 international. Tomislav Arčaba Stats at Utakmica.rs Tomislav Arčaba at Soccerway Tomislav Arčaba at WorldFootball.net Tomislav Arčaba at FootballDatabase.eu Tomislav Arčaba at RomanianSoccer.ro and StatisticsFootball.com
Typhoon Nuri, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Paeng, was the third most intense tropical cyclone worldwide in 2014. Nuri developed into a tropical storm and received the name Paeng from the PAGASA on October 31, before it intensified into a typhoon on the next day. Under excellent conditions the synoptic scale outflow, Nuri underwent rapid deepening and reached its peak intensity on November 2, forming a round eye in a symmetric Central dense overcast. Having maintained the impressive structure for over one day, the typhoon began to weaken on November 4, with a cloud-filled eye; because of increasing vertical wind shear from the mid-latitude westerlies, Nuri lost the eye on November 5, deep convection continued to diminish. The storm accelerated northeastward and became extratropical on November 6. However, on November 7, Nuri's circulation split, the new center absorbed the storm. A low-pressure area formed 590 km east-southeast of Guam early on October 28, the low developed into a tropical disturbance on the next day.
After having consolidated for two days, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center issued a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert to the system on October 30, due to its consolidating but broad low-level circulation center under a favorable environment. Additionally, the Japan Meteorological Agency upgraded the low-pressure area to a tropical depression at noon on the same day; the agency upgraded the system to a tropical storm and named it Nuri early on October 31, shortly after the JTWC upgraded it to a tropical depression and designated it as 20W. Under low vertical wind shear and good outflow, a central dense overcast started to flare over the LLCC with the tighter wrapped banding, prompting the JTWC upgrading Nuri to a tropical storm in the afternoon; as it entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility, the PAGASA named it Paeng at 23:00 PST. On November 1, Nuri was upgraded to a severe tropical storm at 00:00 UTC and a typhoon at noon by the JMA, when the system was turning northward and forming a microwave eye beneath the compact CDO.
Late on the same day, Nuri began to form an eye, the JTWC upgraded it to a typhoon. The system underwent rapid deepening on November 2, depicting a round and sharply-outlined 15 nautical miles eye embedded in a symmetric CDO of super-deep convection, it developed its own mesoscale anticyclone that, in combination with the synoptic scale poleward and equatorward outflow, was providing an efficient ventilation to the associated convection. Thus, the JMA reported that Nuri had reached peak intensity late on that day, with ten-minute maximum sustained winds at 205 km/h and atmosphere pressure at 910 hPa, when it was located about 520 km southwest of Okinotorishima; the JTWC upgraded Nuri to a super typhoon at the same time, the warning center indicated that its one-minute maximum sustained winds had reached 285 km/h six hours unofficially recognizing it the strongest tropical cyclone in 2014, tied with Typhoon Vongfong and Typhoon Hagupit in terms of wind speed. The JTWC forecast that Nuri would become a record-breaker as strong as Typhoon Haiyan.
The system retained its impressive structure and turned northeastward along the western periphery of a subtropical ridge to the east on November 3, yet the JTWC indicated that it had begun to weaken owing to warming cloud top temperatures in the afternoon. Early on November 4, the JMA reported that Nuri had started to weaken, the JTWC downgraded the system to a typhoon. Although vigorous pole-ward outflow into a jet stream located to the northeast of the system offset increasing westerly moderate vertical wind shear, it continued undergoing an eyewall replacement cycle, resulting a cloud-filled eye before noon. Nuri still retained tightly-curved banding wrapping into a well-defined LLCC. Vigorous poleward outflow into the mid-latitude westerlies became only offsetting the increasing vertical wind shear. Right after the JMA downgraded Nuri to a severe tropical storm at 00:00 UTC on November 6, the JTWC downgraded it to a tropical storm and issued their final warning for the system, due to the extratropical transition and diminishing deep convection.
In the afternoon, Nuri accelerated northeastward and became extratropical east of Japan. Thanks to the unusually powerful North Pacific jet stream, the extratropical cyclone underwent explosive cyclogenesis on November 7, owing to the energy from differences in air masses; the system split into two centers of low pressure early on the same day, the former center to the southwest was absorbed into the new center to the northeast within a half a day. The resulting system became the most intense extratropical cyclones observed in the North Pacific Ocean since reliable records began, indirectly contributed to below-average temperatures in North America. Yoshihide Suga, the Chief Cabinet Secretary of Japan, said that the government of Tokyo would not allow Chinese coral poaching vessels to come ashore when Typhoon Nuri was approaching the area off the Bonin Islands and the Izu Islands. Many of the vessels that had swarmed off the remote islands began leaving the area in a southeasterly direction on November 5, as the Coast Guard patrol ships warned them to go south to get out of the typhoon's path.
However, after Nuri left the area of the Tokyo remote islands, the Chinese coral poaching vessels returned. Typhoon Lekima November 2014 Bering Sea cyclone Typhoon Songda
The Battle of Fontenoy, 11 May 1745, was a major engagement of the War of the Austrian Succession, fought between the forces of the Pragmatic Allies – comprising Dutch and Hanoverian troops, as well a small contingent of Austrians under the command of the Duke of Cumberland – and a French army under the titular command of King Louis XV of France, with actual field command held by Maurice de Saxe, commander of Louis XV's forces in the Low Countries. When the two armies met on the field they were equal in numbers. Although there is not complete agreement among historians on the exact numbers, there is general agreement that there were about 50,000 men on each side with the French having more cavalry and the allies having more infantry; some historians put the French. Complete agreement on the order of battle, sizes of the armies, precise returns on casualties is not possible as official returns are few and made by different countries with differing criteria and not all are made at the same time so that variations and disagreements will occur in those returns of the same army.
For example, Skrine points out his book in Fontenoy and Great Britain's share in the war of the Austrian Succession that most of the British troops that were listed as missing, in initial returns, turned out to have been killed or wounded. There are detailed, official returns in various forms available for most troops in both armies except for the French cavalry for which there are some lists of officer casualties but the returns for the rank and file were not made and the estimate accepted for their losses is the one made by Voltaire shortly after the battle. Wherever possible, names of units and numbers of casualties are given without any attempt to reconcile or synthesize the various sources. Historians give various estimates for the French army. With a general lack of primary source information just before the battle on the exact number of soldiers involved, the estimates rely on a better understanding of the numbers of battalions and squadrons present at the battle and multiply the total of battalions and squadrons by an average for each.
Skrine arrives at his estimate by multiplying the number of battalions by 690 soldiers and the number of squadrons by 160 troopers. This approach can be flawed. Lucien Moulliard in The French Army of Louis XV states that the regulation strength, or paper strength, of a battalion is 685 men and that of a squadron is 150 to 160. Actual field strength is lower than regulation strength due to various forms of attrition such as illness, desertion death, wounds or capture in battle prior to the battle in question; the British army foot and cavalry regiments had a peacetime establishment, a wartime establishment, an effective strength and a field strength. Peacetime establishment was a much reduced strength, increased during the war by Parliament. However, the wartime establishment was unmet as there was always some variable number of purposely unfilled rank and file to provide the regiment with some flexible funding; the effective strength, was actual number of rank and file, sent on campaign. The effective strength would begin to vary as the campaign progressed due to sickness, wounds or death in battle, new reinforcement drafts, etc. and the resultant strengths at any given time are the field strengths.
British foot regiments consisted of a single battalion made up of a variable number of companies 9 or 10. Some foot regiments, such as the Guards, had more than one battalion but the battalions of a regiment served together in the field. Cavalry regiments consisted of 1 to 4 squadrons; the Historical memoirs of His late Royal Highness William-Augustus, duke of Cumberland explains in a foot note that, according to a return in 1749, for the 1st Foot Guards wartime establishment strength voted by Parliament was 3,080 while the effective strength was 2,689, the 2nd Foot Guards was 1,980 establishment and effective 1,842, the 3rd Foot Guards 1,980. There were 3 battalions in the 1st Foot Guards, 2 of 9 companies and one of 10; as can be seen from the above, the average establishment strength of a battalion of the 1st Guards is over 1,000 while the effective strength is about 895 and the 2nd is 990 and 921 while the 3rd is 895 and 815. For the entire army of 43,676 men voted by Parliament the effective strength was 38,200 in 1749.
As for other armies, historians determine the army's strength based on an average strength for the battalion or squadron. In 1745 Parliament voted 28,107 men in Flanders consisting of: 2 troops of Horse Guards, 1 of Horse Grenadier Guards, 3 regiments of horse, six of dragoons; this force, less four regiments of foot and one regiment of dragoons, is the British contingent at Fontenoy. Rolt gives an estimated strength for this force at Fontenoy as 21,000 consisting of 20 battalions of foot and 26 squadrons of horse. Colin is in close agreement with this estimate with a further breakdown of the total with 16,170 foot in 20 battalions and 4,656 horse in 26 squadrons, giving an average battalion strength of 808 men and an average squadron strength of 179. Skrine, who gives impossibly high field strengths for French foot battalions, uses remarkably low average field strengths for British battalions and squadrons: 650 per battalion and 150 per squadron by which he arrives at his total for the British contingent of 16,900.
Black, Jeremy. Britain as a Military Power, 1688–1815. Routledge. ISBN 1-85728-772-X. Boyle P; the Irish Brigade at Fontenoy from The Irish Ecclesiastical Record, Vol