The Ohio State University is a public research university in Columbus, Ohio. Founded in 1870 as a land-grant university and the ninth university in Ohio with the Morrill Act of 1862, the university was known as the Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College; the college focused on various agricultural and mechanical disciplines but it developed into a comprehensive university under the direction of then-Governor Rutherford B. Hayes, in 1878 the Ohio General Assembly passed a law changing the name to "The Ohio State University"; the main campus in Columbus, has since grown into the third-largest university campus in the United States. The university operates regional campuses in Lima, Marion and Wooster; the university has an extensive student life program, with over 1,000 student organizations. Ohio State athletic teams compete in Division I of the NCAA and are known as the Ohio State Buckeyes; as of the 2016 Summer Olympics, athletes from Ohio State have won 104 Olympic medals. The university is a member of the Big Ten Conference for the majority of sports.
The proposal of a manufacturing and agriculture university in central Ohio was met in the 1870s with hostility from the state's agricultural interests and competition for resources from Ohio University, chartered by the Northwest Ordinance, Miami University. Championed by the Republican governor Rutherford B. Hayes, The Ohio State University was founded in 1870 as a land-grant university under the Morrill Act of 1862 as the Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College; the school was within a farming community on the northern edge of Columbus. While some interests in the state had hoped the new university would focus on matriculating students of various agricultural and mechanical disciplines, Hayes manipulated both the university's location and its initial board of trustees towards a more comprehensive educational mission; the university opened its doors to 24 students on September 17, 1873. In 1878, the first class of six men graduated; the first woman graduated the following year. In 1878, the Ohio legislature recognized an expanded scope for the university by changing its name to "The Ohio State University".
The definite article "the" is part of Ohio State's legal name. In 2019, Ohio State filed for trademark protection of "the". Ohio State began accepting graduate students in the 1880s, in 1891, the school saw the founding of its law school, Moritz College of Law, it would acquire colleges of medicine, optometry, veterinary medicine and journalism in subsequent years. In 1916, Ohio State was elected into membership in the Association of American Universities. Michael V. Drake, former chancellor of the University of California, became the 15th president of the Ohio State University on June 30, 2014, he announced on November 21, 2019 that he would be retiring at the end of the 2019-2020 academic year. Ohio State's 1,764-acre main campus is about 2.5 miles north of the city's downtown. The historical center of campus is a quad of about 11 acres. Four buildings are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Hale Hall, Hayes Hall, Ohio Stadium, Orton Hall. Unlike earlier public universities such as Ohio University and Miami University, whose campuses have a consistent architectural style, the Ohio State campus is a mix of traditional and post-modern styles.
The William Oxley Thompson Memorial Library, anchoring the Oval's western end, is Ohio State library's main branch and largest repository. The Thompson Library was designed in 1913 by the Boston firm of Allen and Collens in the Italianate Renaissance Revival style, its placement on the Oval was suggested by the Olmsted Brothers who had designed New York City's Central Park. In 2006, the Thompson Library began a $100 million renovation to maintain the building's classical Italian Renaissance architecture. Ohio State operates the North America's 18th-largest university research library with a combined collection of over 5.8 million volumes. Additionally, the libraries receive about 35,000 serial titles, its recent acquisitions were 16th among university research libraries in North America. Along with 21 libraries on its Columbus campus, the university has eight branches at off-campus research facilities and regional campuses, a book storage depository near campus. In all, the Ohio State library system encompasses specialty collections.
Some more significant collections include The Byrd Polar Research Center Archival Program, which has the archives of Admiral Richard E. Byrd and other polar research materials. Anchoring the traditional campus gateway at the eastern end of the Oval is the 1989 Wexner Center for the Arts. Designed by architects Peter Eisenman of New York and Richard Trott of Columbus, the center was funded in large part by Ohio State alumnus Leslie Wexner's gift of $25 million in the 1980s; the center was founded to encompass all aspects of visual and per
Ana-Maria Yanakieva is a Bulgarian singer from the music label Virginia Records, the official representative of Sony Music Entertainment for Bulgaria. She is a scholar of Dimitar Berbatov Foundation. Ana-Maria is a finalist from Season 2 of X Factor Bulgaria, which took place in 2013. Ana-Maria was born in a small town in central Northern Bulgaria, her mother Ralitza and her father Alexander are economists. She grew up and finished her primary education in Varna, the largest city and seaside resort on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. In 2012, she and her family moved to the capital Sofia. Ana-Maria started singing at the age of 6. Since she has participated in numerous musical contests in Bulgaria and abroad, has won many of them, her vocal coach is a well-recognized name among Bulgarian music professionals. Since 2008, Ana-Maria is a scholar of Dimitar Berbatov Foundation, a charitable organization established by one of the best Bulgarian football players, Dimitar Berbatov, in order to support talented children.
Ana-Maria's first major TV appearance was at the age of 11 on bTV's Bulgaria's Got Talent in 2010, but she didn't reach the final stage, despite of her amazing performance of the song "Fighter" by Christina Aguilera. Her second and so far most successful appearance on TV was in Season 2 of X Factor Bulgaria, which took place in 2013. Although the rules of the show state that participants should be at least 16 years old, Ana-Maria was admitted by the executive producers to join the contest at the age of 15. After series of astonishing live performances, she reached the final along with Zhana Bergendorff and Atanas Kolev, she finished on 3rd place. X Factor profile Official Twitter page
Russian lacquer art developed from the art of icon painting, which came to an end with the collapse of Imperial Russia. The icon painters, employed by supplying not only churches but people's homes, needed a way to make a living. Thus, the craft of making papier-mâché decorative boxes and panels developed, the items were lacquered and hand painted by the artists with scenes from folk tales; the village of Fedoskino, located not far from Moscow on the banks of the Ucha River, is the oldest of the four art centers of Russian lacquer miniature painting on papier-mâché, practiced there since 1795. It stands apart both geographically, in that that oil paints are used rather than egg tempera. While allowing the artist a free hand in impressionistic interpretation, the style of Fedoskino painting is realistic in composition and detail; the other three Russian lacquer art centers are: Palekh Kholuy Mstyora The lacquer artists of Palekh and Mstera continue to use the technique of painting in egg-based tempera overlaid with intricate gold leaf highlighting.
All three are situated in the Vladimir-Suzdal Principality, Ivanovo region of central Russia, are rooted in the 17th-19th century icon painting tradition, which lasted until the Russian Revolution of 1917, is now being revived by young artists of the 21st century. Palekh miniature Khokhloma