Okhaldhunga is the headquarters of Okhaldhunga District, in the Sagarmatha Zone of Nepal. It falls in Siddhicharan Municipality. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 3761 living in 790 individual households; the district gets its name from "okhal". As if in evidence of the same, a large grinding stone still lies at the district headquarters, named Okhaldhuga; the district contains ancient forts such as Okhaldhunga Gadhi, Chisankhukot, Bhaluithumkagadhi, Chyanmakotgadhi that were important in the history of Nepal. The birthplace of the Nepalese poet, Siddhicharan Shrestha, Okhaldhunga is known as the'District of Martyrs', it is believed. The district provides scenic views of snow-capped mountains Sagaramatha, Gaurishankar, Taklung and many others, it possesses many sparkling springs like Pokali, Patle, Sepli and more, which descend along the hills from heights of around 300 metres. The district is known as a good source of slate on cliffs like Khiji Khijee and Dandapakha; the proper development of the slate industry, with procurement and transporting to lucrative markets could be a boon not just for Okhaldhunga but the entire nation.
Other industries that could be developed are copper and iron ore mining as the district is said to be rich in these metals. In the agricultural sector the district is well known for various cash crops such as tea and cardamom; the climate is most suitable for these crops as well as for many different citrus fruits. Tourists are attracted to Okhaldhunga by rafting and waterfalls. Pathibhara is an example of a Devi temple in Taplejung district, the public in Ilam named it as Pathibhara. Visitors from Darjaling and Sikkim visit Pathibhara. Gadhi – Historical corners “gadhi” are found to be constant. Repair and maintenance of gadhi could attract the tourist. Chasankhu gadhi of Diyale and Kotkateni gadhi of Thulachhap are found to be not well taken care of. Cave – Cave has great significance throughout the world. Our ancestors used to live in the cave and wodhar? One of the most popular cave of Pokhara “Mahendra gufa” has demonstrated of attraction of tourist towards cave and wodhar. Chameru Gufa of Okhaldunga Bilandu has proved to be playground “kridasthal” of chameru.
The darkness inside the chameru gufa makes it difficult for people to go inside. If proper arrangements could be made, travel would be convenient for the people in the district, it would make it possible to collect the money as well. Religion- Okhaldhunga has a lot of religious conviction center. After Kathmandu the most faithful conviction center and??????????? should be in Okhaldhunga district. The Pokali water fall and forest shaman cave “ban-jhakri gufa” are found in the district, we have established an institution, “Pokali Jharana Sewa Samajh” to spread the information of these beauty and to help the sufferers and the orphan locally. Okhaldhunga has the most faithful temples. Gumba – 15% of Buddhist are in Okhaldhunga and we have eight gumba which are not well known to the public; some gumba of the district are Tolthol gumba, Riyal gumba and Dolakhark gumba of Patle, Kimardin gumba of Bhusinga, Ketuke gumba of Ketuke, Bhirkhark gumba of Khiji, Ghunsa gumba of Baruneshwor and Lamja gumba of Ragani.
These gumba attract both national and foreign tourists, as well as monks. To promote local culture Okhaldhunga has one FM radio station Radio Likhu - 91.3 MHz, a Community radio Station. To Promote local culture Okhaldhunga has one FM radio station Ramailo Samudayek Radio - 100.6 MHz, a Community radio Station. UN map of the municipalities of Okhaldhunga District
Siddhicharan is a municipality and the district headquarter of Okhaldhunga District in Province No. 1 of Nepal, established in May 2014 by merging the two former Village development committees Andheri, Jyamire, Salleri and Okhaldhunga. It is named after the Nepali poet Siddhicharan Shrestha. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census it had a population of 27,995 people living in 6,994 individual households. Rumjatar Airport lies in Old-Rumjatar offering flights to Kathmandu. UN map of the municipalities of Okhaldhunga District
Nepal the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is located in the Himalayas but includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. With an estimated population of 26.4 million, it is 48th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. It borders China in the north and India in the south and west while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language; the name "Nepal" is first recorded in texts from the Vedic period of the Indian subcontinent, the era in ancient India when Hinduism was founded, the predominant religion of the country. In the middle of the first millennium BCE, Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born in Lumbini in southern Nepal.
Parts of northern Nepal were intertwined with the culture of Tibet. The centrally located Kathmandu Valley is intertwined with the culture of Indo-Aryans, was the seat of the prosperous Newar confederacy known as Nepal Mandala; the Himalayan branch of the ancient Silk Road was dominated by the valley's traders. The cosmopolitan region developed distinct traditional architecture. By the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal; the Shah dynasty established the Kingdom of Nepal and formed an alliance with the British Empire, under its Rajput Rana dynasty of premiers. The country was never colonized but served as a buffer state between Imperial China and British India. Parliamentary democracy was introduced in 1951, but was twice suspended by Nepalese monarchs, in 1960 and 2005; the Nepalese Civil War in the 1990s and early 2000s resulted in the proclamation of a secular republic in 2008, ending the world's last Hindu monarchy. The Constitution of Nepal, adopted in 2015, establishes Nepal as a federal secular parliamentary republic divided into seven provinces.
Nepal was admitted to the United Nations in 1955, friendship treaties were signed with India in 1950 and the People's Republic of China in 1960. Nepal hosts the permanent secretariat of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, of which it is a founding member. Nepal is a member of the Non Aligned Movement and the Bay of Bengal Initiative; the military of Nepal is the fifth largest in South Asia. Local legends have it that a Hindu sage named "Ne" established himself in the valley of Kathmandu in prehistoric times, that the word "Nepal" came into existence as the place was protected by the sage "Nemi", it is mentioned in Vedic texts. According to the Skanda Purana, a rishi called. In the Pashupati Purana, he is mentioned as a protector, he is said to have taught there. The name of the country is identical in origin to the name of the Newar people; the terms "Nepāl", "Newār", "Newāl" and "Nepār" are phonetically different forms of the same word, instances of the various forms appear in texts in different times in history.
Nepal is the learned Sanskrit form and Newar is the colloquial Prakrit form. A Sanskrit inscription dated 512 CE found in Tistung, a valley to the west of Kathmandu, contains the phrase "greetings to the Nepals" indicating that the term "Nepal" was used to refer to both the country and the people, it has been suggested that "Nepal" may be a Sanskritization of "Newar", or "Newar" may be a form of "Nepal". According to another explanation, the words "Newar" and "Newari" are vulgarisms arising from the mutation of P to V, L to R. Neolithic tools found in the Kathmandu Valley indicate that people have been living in the Himalayan region for at least eleven thousand years. Nepal is first mentioned in the late Vedic Atharvaveda Pariśiṣṭa as a place exporting blankets, in the post-Vedic Atharvashirsha Upanishad. In Samudragupta's Allahabad Pillar it is mentioned as a border country; the Skanda Purana has a separate chapter, known as "Nepal Mahatmya", with more details. Nepal is mentioned in Hindu texts such as the Narayana Puja.
Legends and ancient texts that mention the region now known as Nepal reach back to the 30th century BC. The Gopal Bansa were one of the earliest inhabitants of Kathmandu valley; the earliest rulers of Nepal were the Kiratas, peoples mentioned in Hindu texts, who ruled Nepal for many centuries. Various sources mention up to 32 Kirati kings. Around 500 BCE, small kingdoms and confederations of clans arose in the southern regions of Nepal. From one of these, the Shakya polity, arose a prince who renounced his status to lead an ascetic life, founded Buddhism, came to be known as Gautama Buddha. By 250 BCE, the southern regions had come under the influence of the Maurya Empire of North India and became a vassal state under the Gupta Empire in the 4th century CE. There is a quite detailed description of the kingdom of Nepal in the account of the renowned Chinese Buddhist pilgrim monk Xuanzang, dating from about 645 CE. Stone inscriptions in the Kathmandu Valley are important sources for the history of Nepal.
The kings of the Lichhavi dynasty have been found to have r
Geography of Nepal
Nepal measures about 800 kilometers along its Himalayan axis by 150 to 250 kilometers across. Nepal has an area of 147,181 square kilometers. Nepal is landlocked by China's Tibet Autonomous Region to the north. West Bengal's narrow Siliguri Corridor or Chicken's Neck separate Bangladesh. To the east are India and Bhutan. Nepal depends on India for goods transport facilities and access to the sea for most goods imported from China. For a small country, Nepal has tremendous geographic diversity, it rises from as low as 59 metres elevation in the tropical Terai—the northern rim of the Gangetic Plain, beyond the perpetual snow line to some 90 peaks over 7,000 metres including Earth's highest 8,848 metres Mount Everest or Sagarmatha. In addition to the continuum from tropical warmth to cold comparable to polar regions, average annual precipitation varies from as little as 160 millimetres in the rainshadow north of the Himalaya to as much as 5,500 millimetres on windward slopes. Along a south-to-north transect, Nepal can be divided into three belts: Terai and Himal.
In the other direction, it is divided into three major river systems, from east to west: Koshi, Gandaki/Narayani and Karnali, all tributaries of the Ganges. The Ganges-Yarlung Zangbo/Brahmaputra watershed coincides with the Nepal-Tibet border, however several Ganges tributaries rise inside Tibet. Terai is a low land region containing some hill ranges; the Terai region begins at the Indian border and includes the southernmost part of the flat, intensively farmed Gangetic Plain called the Outer Terai. By the 19th century and other resources were being exported to India. Industrialization based on agricultural products such as jute began in the 1930s and infrastructure such roadways and electricity were extended across the border before it reached Nepal's pahad; the Outer Terai is culturally more similar to adjacent parts of India's Bihar and Uttar Pradesh than to the Pahad of Nepal. Nepali is taught in schools and spoken in government offices, however the local population uses Maithali and Tharu languages.
The Outer Terai ends at the base of the first range of foothills called the Siwaliks or Churia. This range has a densely forested skirt of coarse alluvium called the bhabhar. Below the bhabhar, less permeable sediments force groundwater to the surface in a zone of springs and marshes. In Persian, terai refers to marshy ground. Before the use of DDT this was dangerously malarial. Nepal's rulers used. Above the bhabhar belt, the Siwaliks rise to about 700 metres with peaks as high as 1,000 metres, steeper on their southern flanks because of faults known as the Main Frontal Thrust; this range is composed of poorly consolidated, coarse sediments that do not retain water or support soil development so there is no agricultural potential and sparse population. In several places beyond the Siwaliks there are dūn valleys called Inner Terai; these valleys have productive soil but were dangerously malarial except to indigenous Tharu people who had genetic resistance. In the mid-1950s DDT came into use to suppress mosquitos and the way was open to settlement from the land-poor hills, to the detriment of the Tharu.
The terai ends and the Pahad begin at a higher range of foothills called the Mahabharat Range. Hilly is a mountain region which doesn't contain snow, it is situated south of the Himal, the hilly is betw altitude. This region begins at the Mahabharat Range where a fault system called the Main Boundary Thrust creates an escarpment 1,000 to 1,500 metres high, to a crest between 1,500 and 2,700 metres; these steep southern slopes are nearly uninhabited, thus an effective buffer between languages and culture in the Terai and hilly. Hindu Paharis populate river and stream bottoms that enable rice cultivation and are warm enough for winter/spring crops of wheat and potato; the urbanized Kathmandu and Pokhara valleys fall within the Hill region. Newars are an indigenous ethnic group with their own Tibeto-Burman language; the Newar were indigenous to the Kathmandu valley but have spread into Pokhara and other towns alongside urbanized Pahari. Other indigenous janajati ethnic groups -— natively speaking localized Tibeto-Burman languages and dialects -— populate hillsides up to about 2,500 metres.
This group includes Magar and Kham Magar west of Pokhara, Gurung south of the Annapurnas, Tamang around the periphery of Kathmandu Valley and Rai, Koinch Sunuwar and Limbu further east. Temperate and subtropical fruits are grown as cash crops. Marijuana was grown and processed into Charas until international pressure persuaded the government to outlaw it in 1976. There is increasing reliance on animal husbandry with elevation, using land above 2,000 metres for summer grazing and moving herds to lower elevations in winter. Grain production has not kept pace with population growth at elevations above 1,000 metres where colder temperatures inhibit double cropping. Food deficits drive emigration out of the pahad in search of employment; the Hilly ends where ridges begin rising out of the temperate climate zone into subalpine zone above 3,000 metres. Himal is a mountain region containing snow; the Mountain Region or Parbat begins where high ridges begin rising above 3,000 metres into the subalpi
Khiji Chandeshwari खिँजी/खिँचि,or खिजी चण्डेश्वरी is a village development committee in Okhaldhunga District in the Sagarmatha Zone of mid-eastern Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 3001 living in 590 individual households. Khiji or Khijee and Khichee is same tone. Is Koich, 1. Khichi/khijee Name of Father Koich सुनुवार जाति 2. Khi = House, Administrative Regions, State and Ji = Behind, Person (is mean Behind State of Ji The Village: Khijee Chandeswari Village Development Committee is situated in Eastern Development Region of the country; the district is Okhaldhunga and the zone is Sagarmatha. The VDC covers around 35 square kilometers with around 4000 villagers; the village has one secondary school. Khijee Majh Gaun Chandeshwari and Kati separate from Khiji Chandeshwari at 1980 to 1989. Around 83% out of around 4000 villagers are from indigenous group of people, their caste is called Sunuwar Dynasty. They have their own traditions, cultures and customs etc; the rest are NEWAR, Bhujel and Sherpa indigenous, Pariyar, Bishokarma also.
Indigenous people are not Hindu caste. Around 95% of villagers are depended on agriculture, they have little piece of land. The agriculture products last for only 6–8 months and the rest of the year they just live with half stomach. Education is light of life. In Khiji Chandeswari Village Development Committee, there is no a university. After the completion of lower secondary and high secondary education the students need to walk at least 90 minutes to reach the 10+2 which are situated in other Villages. There are few students who have the luck to see the college and university, they can be count on fingers. श्री चन्डेश्वरी माध्यमिक विद्यालय, खिजी ओखलढुङ्गा Shree Chandeshwari Madhyamik Vidyalaya Koshpala, Okhaldhunga, Nepal The district headquarters is 35 kilometers from the village. All local development administrations are situated in the headquarters of the district. Being an uneducated people, there is no one to support for the development of the village. There is no infrastructural development in the village except a health post and a lower secondary school.
It takes around 18 hours to reach the close road transportation from the village. Many people just day dream about motor-bus and aero-planes, they did not see the real motor buses and aero planes in their life. There is no electricity, so the villagers have to depend on wood fuel. There is no safe drinking irrigation for agriculture. There is no any scientific cultivation system. People just depend on rainfall for cultivation. All the above-mentioned truths are the true story of Khijee Chandeswari Village. Sunuwar koich Lo sunuwar Halli is Game of Sunuwar: हाल्ली खेल Sunuwar culture Khiji Tholedemaba trek and route of Everes Base camp khijee khijee web khijee video UN map of the municipalities of Okhaldhunga District
Siddhi Charan Shrestha was one of the most prominent writers of Nepal. He contributed to the struggle against the autocratic Rana regime through his writings, his revolutionary poetry aroused freedom fighters, he was sentenced to 18 years in jail for his literary activities. He wrote in Nepal Nepali, his poem "My beloved Okhaldhunga" in Nepali is considered to be one of his masterpieces. In this poem, he has expressed how proud he is to describe the place Okhaldhungain eastern Nepal, where he was born and grew up. Siddhi Charan's ancestors moved to Ombahal of Kathmandu from Bhaktapur, his father Bishnu Charan worked for the government and wrote novels like "Sumati" and "Bhismapratigya". In the course of his service, he was transferred to Okhaldhunga in east Nepal where Siddhi Charan was born on 9th Jestha 1969 B. S. and spent his childhood. Siddhi Charan's mother was Neer Kumari Shrestha. In 1919 A. D when he was seven years old, the family returned to Kathmandu. Siddhi Charan studied at Durbar High School.
One day in 1926, he observed an old man bent over his writing at a herbal shop at Kamalachhi near his school. The old man was renowned Nepal Bhasa poet Siddhi Das Amatya. Siddhi Charan considered Amatya as his guru. In 1940, Siddhi Charan was accused of sedition by the Rana regime and sentenced to 18 years in prison for a poem he had written in Nepal Bhasa, it contained the line "Without revolution, there can be no proper peace". Many poets, besides political activists, had been rounded up along with Siddhi Charan, and his fellow inmates in jail included writers Chittadhar Hridaya, Phatte Bahadur Singh and Dharma Ratna Yami and artist Chandra Man Singh Maskey. The confinement of writers resulted in a creative outpouring, with many of them, including Siddhi Charan, producing epics. Siddhi Charan's father died while he was in prison, but he was not permitted to perform the last rites; the grief drove him to compose poetry filled with anguish. Siddhi Charan was released in 1945. Siddhi Charan worked as a journalist.
He was the editor of Nepal's first daily newspaper Awaj, launched on 19 February 1951, a day after the Ranas were overthrown in a revolution. He was associated with Sharada, a literary journal, the Gorkhapatra, a bi-weekly newspaper. In 1993, Nepal's Postal Services Department issued a commemorative postage stamp bearing a portrait of Shrestha to honor his contribution to Nepalese literature. A highway in eastern Nepal that leads to Okhaldhunga has been named Siddhi Charan Highway
Orders of magnitude (area)
This page is a progressive and labelled list of the SI area orders of magnitude, with certain examples appended to some list objects. Orders of magnitude