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Olaf II of Denmark

Olaf II Haakonsson was King of Denmark as Olaf II and King of Norway as Olaf IV. Olaf was son of King Haakon VI of Norway and the grandson of King Magnus IV of Sweden, his mother was Queen Margaret I of Denmark which made him the grandson of King Valdemar IV of Denmark. In addition to his claim on the thrones of Denmark and Norway, he was in the direct succession line to the throne of Sweden, he became King of Denmark when only five years old and also succeeded his father as King of Norway. When his grandfather Valdemar IV of Denmark died, Olaf was just five years old, he was proclaimed King of Denmark by a Danehof in Slagelse the following year. His mother, Queen Margaret, was to serve as regent due to his young age, his proclamation included the title "true heir of Sweden" added at his mother's insistence since his grandfather had been king of Sweden until forced to abdicate. Olaf was hailed as king in Scania, including the towns controlled by the Hanseatic league since the Treaty of Stralsund in 1370.

Queen Margaret signed a coronation charter on behalf of Olaf, too young to rule until he came of age at fifteen. In the charter Olaf agreed to meet with the Danehof at least once a year and return properties his grandfather Valdemar IV had confiscated during his reign. Olaf became King of Norway on his father's death in 1380; when Olaf reached his majority in 1385, his mother ruled through him. With his ascent to the Norwegian throne and Norway were thus united in a personal union ruled from Denmark. Denmark and Norway would have the same king, with the exception of short interregnums, until Norway's independence from Denmark in 1814. Despite all the hope Margaret and the peoples of Denmark and Sweden had for Olaf's future, they were never realized, he died unexpectedly in August, 1387 at age 16. He was buried at Sorø Abbey on the Danish island of Zealand where his grandfather and mother was buried. Rumors arose that Olaf had been poisoned which gave rise to many years to the story of "False Olaf".

Following his death at Falsterbohus, Olaf's mother was proclaimed "all powerful lady and mistress and the Kingdom of Denmark's Regent". Denmark had at the time no provision; the next year Norway proclaimed her Norway's "reigning queen". After the defeat and overthrow of King Albert in 1389 she was proclaimed "all powerful lady of Sweden". On 13 June 1397, she was able to unite the three Scandinavian kingdoms in a personal union under one crown for her successor Eric of Pomerania by the Kalmar Union. After Olaf, no Norwegian king was to be born on Norwegian soil for more than 550 years, until prince Harald was born in 1937. Olaf's death was the end of the male line of the Bjelbo dynasty in Sweden. Prussian historian Johan von Posilge reported that in 1402 a "poor sick man came to the country and stayed near the village of Grudziądz. A group of merchants from Denmark asked him if he was not well known in Denmark, since he looked much like the late King Olaf; the merchants left to find another who had returned with him.

When the newcomer saw the one they took for Olaf, he cried out, "My lord king!" Many people in Norway did not believe that Olaf had died. They thought Queen Margaret had poisoned young Olaf to get him out of the way, so she could rule. According to the rumors, young Olaf escaped; the news reached Tyme von der Nelow, who took the man to Gdańsk. The high born of the town welcomed Olaf as the rightful King of Denmark and Norway and gave him fine clothes and presents. A seal was made for him, he wrote to Queen Margaret informing her that he was her son and demanded the restoration of his lands and titles. Queen Margaret wrote back saying that if he could prove himself her son, she would gladly accept him; the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights escorted the pretender to Kalmar to be interviewed by the queen. As soon as the man arrived he was discovered to be an impostor, he could speak not a single word of Danish and on questioning admitted he was a Prussian, the son of peasants: Adolph and Margaret from Eger.

The false Olaf was taken to Lund in Scania. There he was condemned to be burned at the stake; the letters he wrote to Queen Margaret were hung around his neck and a mock crown placed on his head before he was lowered into the flames. His possessions were given to a monastery, the queen had the false Olaf's seal destroyed; the Danish National Council released a detailed explanation of the real Olaf's death in 1387 to contradict the story that had spread around the Baltic. Albrectsen, Esben Danmark-Norge 1380–1814. B. 1 Fællesskabet bliver til: 1380–1536

Mogpog

Mogpog the Municipality of Mogpog, is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Marinduque, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 34,043 people. Mogpog is politically subdivided into 37 barangays. Hinanggayon was a sitio of barrio Argao. The town center or poblacion comprises the barangays of Dulong Bayan, Gitnang Bayan, Market Site, Mataas na Bayan, Villa Mendez. In 1942, the Japanese troops occupied the town of Marinduque. In 1945, in the Second World War the liberation of the town of Mogpog, the American and Filipino troops fought against the Japanese Imperial forces during the Battle of Marinduque; the famous Moriones Festival is said to have originated from Mogpog. Moriones Festival was founded by a Spanish friar Rev. Father Dionisio Santiago the first parish priest of mogpog; this festival is known to be one of the most colorful festivals in Marinduque and the Philippines. It is held in the surrounding areas of Marinduque island. In the 2015 census, the population of Mogpog was 34,043 people, with a density of 320 inhabitants per square kilometre or 830 inhabitants per square mile.

Barangay Balanacan is. It is famous for its large image of Our Lady of Biglang Awa, erected at a top of a shed on a mound of land overlooking the sea. Not far from the Academy is the town plaza, located at the side right of Marinduque Academy's Main Building, with a great view of a local park, the Municipal Building, the Trial Court - all of which covers the town public market. Argao National High School Balanacan National High School Butansapa National High School Marinduque Academy Mogpog NCHS Sayao National High School Quezon-Roxaz High School Puting Buhangin National High School Ricardo Jamin Cardinal Vidal, Archbishop emeritus of Cebu was born February 6, 1931, in Mogpog. Frejan Jimenez Ilagan, Electrical Engineer and a Shipbuilder, the current production manager of Austal Philippines, he was born November 1981, in Puting Buhangin, Mogpog. Makati, Philippines http://mogpog.gov.ph/ Philippines census info Local Governance Performance Management System

Jack Smith (footballer, born 1895)

John Reid Smith was a Scottish footballer, who played as a centre forward and helped Bolton Wanderers win the FA Cup in 1923 and 1926. His son and Grandson played for the Bolton Wanderers. Smith was born in Pollokshaws, to the south of Glasgow and played youth football with Battlefield Juniors, before joining Albion Rovers. From there he moved on to Kilmarnock, where he scored seven of their 14 goals on the way to winning the Scottish Cup in 1920, including scoring the third goal for Kilmarnock in the final when they defeated his former team, Albion Rovers, 3–2. Following a disagreement with Kilmarnock, Smith joined Cowdenbeath, where during 1921–22, he netted 45 goals as they finished runners-up in Division Two. At the season's end he joined Rangers for £3,000, making his debut at Ibrox Park on 15 August 1922, scoring in a 2–0 victory over Alloa Athletic, he only made two further appearances for Rangers, scoring once more, before losing his place to Geordie Henderson. Bolton Wanderers signed him three months later.

Smith arrived at Burnden Park in November 1922 as a replacement centre-forward for Frank Roberts who had joined Manchester City. He scored an 89th-minute winner on his debut, against Manchester City, but became thought of as a "crock", for he always appeared to be limping. Despite this, he managed to get his fair share of goals, scoring 21 goals in 35 games in the 1924–25 season, thus helping Bolton to finish in third place in the First Division table, he netted Bolton's second goal in the 1923 FA Cup Final against West Ham United. The goal was scored in controversial circumstances when outside-forward Ted Vizard played the ball into a central position and Smith hit the ball past Hufton in the West Ham goal. West Ham's players claimed that the ball had not entered the goal but rebounded into play from the goalpost, but referee D. H. Asson overruled them, stating that in his view the ball had entered the goal but rebounded off a spectator. Smith won another winners' medal in 1926 in a 1–0 victory over Manchester City.

After the arrival of Harold Blackmore, Smith found it difficult to hold his place in the first team, in March 1928, Bury paid £1,500 for him. "The Shakers" were still in the First Division and Smith netted a hat-trick on his debut against Sheffield Wednesday. At Bury he scored 107 goals in 157 League games before joining Rochdale in August 1933. In 1939 he was appointed assistant trainer at Cardiff City, who were managed by another ex-Wanderer, Bill Jennings. Smith died at Whitchurch, Cardiff in September 1946. KilmarnockScottish Cup winners: 1920CowdenbeathScottish League Division Two runners-up: 1921–22Bolton WanderersFA Cup winners: 1923 and 1926 Article on "Spartacus"