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Olav Bjaaland

Olav Bjaaland was a Norwegian ski champion and polar explorer. In 1911, he was one of the first five men to reach the South Pole as part of Amundsen's South Pole expedition. Olav Olavsen Bjaaland was born on the Søndre Bjaaland farm at Morgedal in Norway. At the turn of the century, together with the Hemmestveit brothers were among the best skiers in Norway. In 1902, he won the nordic combined at the Holmenkollen Ski Festival, to this day the classic event in nordic skiing. In 1909 Bjaaland, together with five others were invited to France to compete with the best skiers of Europe. On this trip, Bjaaland by chance met Roald Amundsen; the already-successful explorer invited Bjaaland to join his forthcoming expedition to the North Pole. Bjaaland was thrilled, still believing that they were heading to the North Pole. However, they left Oslo, Norway on 7 June 1910 heading south to race for the Antarctic pole against Robert Falcon Scott. Bjaaland was a skilled carpenter, on the trip he managed to reduce the prefabricated sledges bought in Oslo from 88 kg to 22 kg, without reducing their strength notably.

On the actual sledge journey from the Bay of Whales to the pole and return, Bjaaland was used as a forerunner so that the dogs had something to run after. He was known for being able to ski such that the traces he made formed perfect straight lines in the terrain. After returning from the successful conquest of the pole, Amundsen asked Bjaaland to go north with him to explore the Northeast Passage, but he turned down the offer. In years Bjaaland went back to Telemark and set up a successful ski manufacturing workshop with money lent from Amundsen. In 1961, Bjaaland died peacefully at age 88. In 1912, he was awarded the South Pole Medal, a Royal Norwegian award instituted by King Haakon VII in 1912 to reward participants in Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition. In 1912, Bjaaland was awarded the Holmenkollen medal, the Norwegian highest competitive award for skiing. In 1952, at Morgedal, Bjaaland lit the torch for the 1952 Winter Olympics. Mount Bjaaland 50th Anniversary of Amundsens Expedition Bjaaland lights Torch 1952 Olympics Games Holmenkollen medalists – click Holmenkollmedaljen for downloadable pdf file Holmenkollen winners since 1892 – click Vinnere for downloadable pdf file

Laurie Lickley

Laurie Lickley is an American politician and rancher from Idaho. Lickley is a Republican member of the Idaho House of Representatives from District 25A. Lickley was born in Idaho. In 1986, Lickley graduated from Salmon High School. In 1990, Lickley earned a Bachelor of Science degree in agricultural economics from the University of Idaho. Lickley is a rancher in Idaho. In November 2015, Lickley began serving as the President of Idaho Cattle Association. On May 15, 2018, Lickley won the Republican Primary Election for Idaho House of Representatives. Lickley sought a seat in District 25 seat A. Lickley defeated B. Roy Prescott and Glenneda Zuiderveld with 49.8% if the votes. On November 6, 2018, Lickley won the election and became a Republican member of Idaho House of Representatives for District 25 Seat A. Lickley succeeded Maxine Bell, who served in Idaho House of Representatives for 30 years. In legislation, Lickley is a member of the Environment, Energy, & Technology Committee, Health & Welfare Committee, Resources & Conservation Committee.

2004 Idaho Cattle Woman of the Year. Lickley's husband is a rancher, they have two children and Cole. Lickley and her family live outside of Idaho. Idaho House Membership Letter: Vote Lickley for House Seat 25A at magicvalley.com 2018 Primary Election Results at archive.org

Liga Panameña de Fútbol

The Liga Panameña de Fútbol is the top division football league in Panama. Until 2009, the league was named "Asociación Nacional Pro Fútbol"; the league's season is divided into two tournaments called the Clausura. Both tournaments have an identical format; each tournament has two stages: the first stage is a double round-robin round where each team plays every other team twice, once at home and once away. The top-four teams advance to a single-elimination culminating with a final match; the first stage of both tournaments is combined into an aggregate table to determine relegation. The team with the fewest points is relegated to the Primera A for the following season; the champions of both tournaments qualify to the CONCACAF Champions League. In 1987, a group of men, composed of Giancarlo Gronchi, Jan Domburg, Edgar Plazas, Jorge Zelasny, Ángel Valero and Juan Carlos Delgado, founded the Asociación Nacional Pro-Fútbol on February 26, 1988, their objective was to organize professional football in Panama, in order to help the Panamanian national team in the long term.

Chirilanco Deportivo la Previsora Deportivo Perú Euro Kickers Plaza Amador Tauro The league was founded in as ANAPROF in 1988 after years of turmoil in Panamanian football. The first season, which featured six teams, began on February 26, 1988. Six teams participated. From that year until 2001, the league used a "long tournament" format in which every team played every other team in a home and away set. Since 2001, the league has used the Apertura/Clausura split season, common to Latin America. From 1994-96, Panamanian football was rent by a schism between ANAPROF and a rival league, LINFUNA; the split was resolved in 1996-97. The next few seasons of league football was a bit confusing as the governing body tried to sort out its formats. In 1997-98, the league was split into two groups for the regular season, followed by an eight-team playoff. In 1998-99, the league shrunk with six of them advancing to a post-season tournament; the top four advanced further to a playoff to determine the champion.

A similar format was used in 1999-2000 and 2000-2001. In 2001, the Apetura/Clausura format was adopted, with modifications has been used since; the most significant involved the idea of the Grand Championship playoff. From 2001 to 2007, the winner of the Apertura faced the winner of the Clausura to determine a season champion. After 2007, this idea was abandoned. In 2009 ANAPROF changes its name to Liga Panameña de Fútbol. 1 Including 2 Winners in LINFUNA. 2 Including 2 Runners-up under the name Deportivo La Previsora. Teams dissolved. From 1994 to 1996 Panamese football went through a schism, with the alternative federation, LINFUNA. LINFUNA and ANAPROF joined again in 1996; the following table shows past results for ANAPROF and the Liga Panameña de Fútbol Panamanian football clubs in CONCACAF competitions Liga Panameña de Fútbol LPF Website Panama-List of Champions ANAPROF club participation in UNCAF tournament Federaciòn Panameña de Fùtbol Panama - List of Champions, RSSSF.com

Holy Trinity (Masaccio)

The Holy Trinity, with the Virgin and Saint John and donors is a fresco by the Early Italian Renaissance painter Masaccio. It is located in Florence; the Trinity is thought to have been created by Masaccio sometime between 1425–1427. He died in late 1428 at the age of 26, or having just turned 27, leaving behind a small body of work; this painting was one of his last major commissions, is considered to be one of his masterpieces. The fresco is located along the middle of the basilica's left aisle. Although the configuration of this space has changed since the artwork was created, there are clear indications that the fresco was aligned precisely in relationship with the sight-lines and perspective arrangement of the room at the time. There was an altar, mounted as a shelf-ledge between the upper and lower sections of the fresco, further emphasizing the "reality" of the artifice. Not much is known about the details of the commission; the two donor portraits included in the fresco, one figure kneeling on either side of the archway, have not been positively identified.

The persons depicted are certainly contemporary Florentines. According to the established conventions of such depictions, it is but not universally, assumed that they were still alive at the time of the artwork's commissioning; the representations in the painting serve as accurate likenesses of their actual appearance at the time when their portraits were created. The leading theories as to their identity favour two local families. According to discovered records of the Berti family, they owned a tomb at the foot of the fresco, it has been suggested that they might have had a particular "devotional loyalty" to veneration of the Holy Trinity. Other sources mention a Lenzi tomb near the altar, with the inscription "Domenico di Lenzo, et Suorum 1426", as well as other Lenzi decorations in the chapel at that time, assume the donor portraits to be posthumous images of Domenico. In the Florentine dating system of that time, the new year began on March 25, it has been hypothesized that Fra' Alessio Strozzi and/or Filippo Brunelleschi may have been involved, or at least consulted, in the creation of Trinity.

Brunelleschi's work on linear perspective and architecture inspired the painting, this is demonstrated within Massacio's work. Fra' Alessio's involvement has been posited more on the matter of the appropriate depiction of the Holy Trinity, according to the preferences and sensibilities of the Dominican order. However, there is, to date, no concrete evidence for the direct involvement of either of these 2 persons, due to the lack of documentation about the exact circumstances of the piece's creation, theories about 3rd party involvement in the creative process remain speculative. Around 1568 Cosimo I Duke of Florence, commissioned Giorgio Vasari to undertake extensive renovation work at Santa Maria Novella; this work included reconfiguring and redecoration of the chapel-area in which Masaccio's fresco was located. Vasari had written about Masaccio, including a favorable mention of this specific work, in his Vite; when it came time to implement the planned renovations of the chapel containing Trinity, circa 1570, Vasari chose to leave the fresco intact and construct a new altar and screen in front of Masaccio's painting, leaving a small gap, concealing and protecting the earlier work.

While it seems reasonably clear that it was Vasari's deliberate intention to preserve Masaccio's painting, it is unclear to what extent Duke Cosimo and/or other "concerned parties" were involved in this decision. To decorate the new altar, Vasari painted a Madonna of the Rosary. Masaccio's Holy Trinity was rediscovered when Vasari's altar was dismantled during renovations in 1860; the Crucifixion, the upper part of the fresco, was subsequently transferred to canvas, relocated to a different part of the church. It is unclear from available sources whether the lower section of the fresco, the cadaver tomb, remained unknown or was deliberately omitted during the 1860s construction work. Restoration was done to the Crucifixion section of the painting at that time, to replace missing areas of the design. While the painting was in damaged condition when rediscovered, it is likely that further damage was caused by the transfer from plaster to canvas. In the 20th century, the cadaver tomb portion of the work was rediscovered still in situ, the two halves were re-united in their original location in 1952.

Leonetto Tintori undertook restoration work on the combined whole during 1950–1954. The painting is 317 cm wide, 667 cm high; this gives an overall vertical-to-horizontal proportion of about 2:1. The ratio between the upper and lower sections of the work is roughly 3:1; the design includ

MGM-1 Matador

The Martin MGM-1 Matador was the first operational surface-to-surface cruise missile designed and built by the United States. It was developed after World War II, drawing upon their wartime experience with creating the Republic-Ford JB-2, a copy of the German V-1; the Matador was similar in concept to the V-1, but it included a radio command that allowed in-flight course corrections. This allowed accuracy to be maintained over extended ranges of just under 1000 km. To allow these ranges, the Matador was powered by a small turbojet engine in place of the V-1's much less efficient pulsejet. Matador was armed with the W5 nuclear warhead an improved version of the Fat Man design, lighter and had a smaller cross section. A single US Air Force group, 1st Pilotless Bomber Squadron, was armed with the weapon, keeping them on alert with a six-minute launch time, it could be retargeted, unlike weapons using inertial guidance systems. Accuracy at maximum range was about 1 mile, which allowed it to be used against any large target like troop concentrations or armored spearheads.

First flown in 1949, Matador entered service in 1952 and left service in 1962. Matador carried several designations during its lifetime known under the War Department's system as SSM-A-1. By the time it was introduced to service, the Air Force had been created, they referred to them as bombers and assigned it the B-61 designation, it was re-designated TM-61, for "tactical missile", MGM-1 when the US Department of Defense introduced the tri-service missile and drone designation system in 1963. The first flight of Matador, model XSSM-A-1, occurred at the White Sands Missile Range on 20 January 1949; the first two production B-61 Matador missiles arrived at Eglin AFB, Florida, in September 1953, under the control of the 6555th Guided Missile Squadron, for climatic testing, although instrumentation and pre-test check-outs kept the actual cold-weather tests from beginning until November. At the end of 1953 the first squadron was operational, but not deployed until 1954, as the 1st Pilotless Bomber Squadron, Bitburg Air Base, Germany with the B-61A armed with the W5 nuclear warhead.

The missile was capable of carrying a 2000-pound conventional warhead, but it is unknown if any of these were deployed. By the late 1950s at least, all Matadors carried the nuclear warhead; the last Matadors were removed from active service with a total of 1200 missiles produced. At that time, they were deployed in squadrons at Bitburg AB, West Germany, in Tainan, in various locations in South Korea; the specific maintenance training schools were in at the Glenn L. Martin factory and Lowry AFB, both in Denver Colorado, while the Launch Training was at Orlando AFB, Florida and Cape Canaveral AFS, Florida; when the Tainan squadrons were inactivated, the airframes were made non-flyable by chopping out the attachment points in the bulkheads of the fuselage sections with axes, were sold locally as scrap after having the warheads removed. Most of the support vehicles, consisting of 2½ and 5-ton trucks, were disposed of on the local market; the other sites disposed of their missiles and equipment. The missile was piloted via radio link and tracked via a network of ground-based AN/MSQ-1 radar stations.

This guidance system, with its line-of-sight communications, limited the guided range to about 400 km. As with all radio communications it was prone to enemy radio jamming. While in theory the missile could be "handed off" in flight from one guidance station to the next, in practice, successful, deployed missiles did not attempt it. In 1954, the USAF started to develop the YTM-61C version, equipped with the new Shanicle guidance system, it became operational in 1957 and used ground-based microwave emitters to generate hyperbolic grids for range and azimuth, which were used by the missile guidance system to navigate. Now the guided range could be extended to the maximum flight range of the missile, about 620 miles. Anecdotal evidence indicated that the Shanicle system was accurate, with stories of one missile flying into the ground in the same crater left by a previous missile during an early exercise in North Africa; these may or may not be true, but in any case the Shanicle system was soon discontinued on operational missiles.

By the late 1950s, all were using the MSQ-1 ground-based guidance system. A unique identifying feature of the TM-61C variant was the raised rear section of the fuselage above the jet exhaust, called the "doghouse" by those who were assigned to the missile squadrons; this had housed the Shanicle electronics, but was retained when those systems were removed. The "doghouse" had no access panels or doors and was an aerodynamic structural component added to TM-61C and TM-76A to prevent missile "shudder" and breakup during terminal dive, it contained no functional components. The operational Matadors were zinc chromate green in their final versions, but this doghouse was quite left natural aluminum, as were the wings and tail group; the MSQ guidance vans required to guide the Matador were removed from Germany after September 1962 when the last Matador operational units were deactivated. The Matador launch crew consisted of eleven members. One Launch Officer, a 1st lieutenant or a junior captain, one Crew Chief a technical sergeant, two Warhead techs, two Flight Control Systems techs, two Guidance techs, two Airframe and Engine techs—one of whom doubled as the crane operator and the other as the launcher tech, one Booster Rocket tech.

Since the missile was at lea

Chan Kim

Chan Kim is an American professional golfer who competes on the Japan Golf Tour. Kim grew up in Hawaii. Kim played his college golf at Arizona State University, he won the 2009 Pacific Coast Amateur. He was twice winner of the Arizona Stroke Play Championship. Kim played on the Canadian Tour in 2011, he played on the Challenge Tour in 2013 and the Asian Tour in 2013 and 2014. In 2013, he was runner-up at the Yeangder Tournament Players Championship, he has played on the Japan Golf Tour since 2015. He won the Mizuno Open on the Japan Golf Tour to earn a spot in the 2017 Open Championship. Earlier that week he earned a qualifying spot to the 2017 U. S. Open. In early July, he won his second Japan Golf Tour event, the Sega Sammy Cup, after a bogey-free final round of 66. 2008 Arizona Stroke Play Championship, Thunderbird International 2009 Pacific Coast Amateur 2010 Arizona Stroke Play Championship CUT = missed the half-way cut "T" indicates a tie for a place Chan Kim at the European Tour official site Chan Kim at the Japan Golf Tour official site Chan Kim at the Official World Golf Ranking official site