Old Kandahar

Old Kandahar is a historical section of the city of Kandahar in southern Afghanistan. It is thought its foundation was laid out by Alexander the Great in 330 BC under the name Alexandria Arachosia. and served as the local seat of power for many rulers in the last 2,000 years. It became part of many empires, including the Mauryans, Indo-Scythians, Arabs, Saffarids, Ghorids, Mughals and others, it was one of the main cities of Arachosia, a historical region sitting between Greater Iran and the Indus Valley Civilization. The city has been a frequent target for conquest because of its strategic location in Southern Asia, controlling the main trade route linking the Indian subcontinent with the Middle East, Central Asia and the Persian Gulf; the city was fought over by the Safavids and the Mughals until 1709, when Mirwais Hotak made the region an independent kingdom and turned Kandahar into the capital of the Hotak dynasty. The city was destroyed by Nader Shah Afshar and his Afsharid forces in 1738 after defeating Shah Hussain Hotak, the last Hotak ruler.

After the destruction of this old city all the remaining inhabitants were relocated to a nearby area which became known as "Naderabad" for a short time, named after Nader Shah Afshar. By 1750, Ahmad Shah Durrani had laid out the current city of Kandahar and turned it into the capital of his Durrani Empire. Kandahar Kandahar Province Media related to Old Kandahar at Wikimedia Commons

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the European Union: The European Union is an economic and political union of 27 member states, located in Europe. Committed to regional integration, the EU was established by the Treaty of Maastricht on 1 November 1993 upon the foundations of the pre-existing European Economic Community. With 500 million citizens, the EU combined generates an estimated 30% share of the nominal gross world product; the EU has seven principal decision making bodies known as the Institutions of the European Union, while the adoption of laws and coordination of EU policies is the role of the Council of the European Union which meets in ten different configurations. History of the European Union Ideas of European unity before 1945 History of the European Coal and Steel Community History of the European Communities History of the European Communities History of the European Union History of the European Union since 2004 European Communities European Economic Community European Coal and Steel Community European Atomic Energy Community Single market.

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Edward Joseph O'Donnell

Edward Joseph O'Donnell was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as the fifth bishop of the Roman Catholic Bishop of the Diocese of Lafayette, Louisiana. Born in Saint Louis, Missouri, O'Donnell was ordained to the Roman Catholic priesthood for the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Saint Louis on April 6, 1956. On December 6, 1982, Pope John Paul II appointed O'Donnell auxiliary bishop of the Saint Louis Archdiocese, he was consecrated as bishop on February 10, 1983. On November 8, 1994, Pope John Paul II appointed Bishop O'Donnell Bishop of the Lafayette Diocese in Louisiana. Bishop O'Donnell retired on November 8, 2002 and died in Saint Louis, aged 77