Coeur d'Alene's Old Mission State Park is a heritage-oriented state park in North Idaho, preserving the Mission of the Sacred Heart, or Cataldo Mission, national historic landmark. The park contains the church itself, the parish house, the surrounding property. Built 1850–1853, Mission of the Sacred Heart is the oldest standing building in Idaho, it was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1961, put on the National Register of Historic Places in 1966. In 1831, the Nez Perce Indians and Flathead Indians had heard of the white man's Book of Heaven and wanted more information, they sent six men east to St. Louis with four arriving, in 1842, Father Pierre-Jean De Smet responded to the request and came to the area. Fr. Nicholas Point and Br. Charles Huet helped to pick a mission location; the first chosen was subject to flooding. In 1846, they moved it to the current location. In 1850, the church was taken over by Italian Jesuit missionary Antonio Ravalli, who began designing the new mission building.
He had the building constructed by the Indians themselves, so they would feel part of the church. It was built using the wattle and daub method, finished some three years without using nails; the mission was named after the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the spot was renamed the Coeur d'Alenes Old Mission State Park by the Coeur d'Alene Tribe. A misnomer locally is to refer to the whole mission as the "Cataldo" Mission; this term cropped up in the area due to the fame of Father Giuseppe Cataldo, a Sicilian priest born in the village of Terrasini, who spent most of his life in the frontier community and founded Gonzaga University. The nearest town to the mission is Idaho. In time, the mission became an important hospitality stop and supply station for traders and miners, it was a working port for boats heading up the Coeur d'Alene River. In 1976, a major restoration of the church was chosen as Idaho State's Bicentennial Project to celebrate the nation's bicentennial. ChurchThough they had few materials to decorate the church, they used ingenious techniques to beautify it.
The walls were decorated with fabric bought from the Hudson's Bay Company and hand-painted newspaper from Philadelphia that Fr. Ravalli had received in the mail. Tin cans were used to create an idea of chandeliers. Both wooden statues were carved by hand by Fr. Rivalli with nothing but a knife and we're intended to look like marble; the blue coloring of the interior wood is not paint but a stain created by pressing local huckleberries into the wood. Parish houseAfter being burnt down, it was rebuilt in 1887, it is a two-story building, the upstairs used for sleeping quarters, the downstairs for daily activities. It contains a smaller chapel used for daily Mass. State parkThe surrounding property has two cemeteries, nature trail, visitors center; the site became Old Mission State Park in 1975 through a long-term lease with the Roman Catholic Diocese of Boise. List of the oldest churches in the United States List of National Historic Landmarks in Idaho National Register of Historic Places listings in Kootenai County, Idaho Cody, Edmund R.
History of the Coeur d’Alene Mission of the Sacred Heart. Kellogg, Id.: Progressive Printing & Supplies, 1930. Coeur d'Alene's Old Mission State Park Idaho Parks and Recreation Coeur d'Alene's Old Mission State Park Map Idaho Parks and Recreation
Rimrock Jones is a lost 1918 American silent western drama film directed by Donald Crisp and starring Wallace Reid. Wallace Reid as Rimrock Jones Ann Little as Mary Fortune Charles Stanton Ogle as Hassayamp Hicks Paul Hurst as Ike Bray Guy Oliver as Andrew McBain Fred Huntley as Leon Lockhart Edna Mae Cooper as Hazel Hardesty Tote Du Crow as Juan Soto Gustav von Seyffertitz as Stoddard Ernest Joy as Jepson George Kuwa as Woe Chong Mary Mersch as Mrs. Hardesty Like many American films of the time, Rimrock Jones was subject to cuts by city and state film censorship boards; the Chicago Board of Censors required cuts, in Reel 1, of two scenes of a Mexican and Jones shooting at each other, the flashing of all roulette scenes, and, in Reel 3, two shooting scenes. Rimrock Jones on IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie Surviving lobby posters #one and #two Lantern slide Coolidge, Rimrock Jones, New York: Grosset & Dunlap, on the Internet Archive
Sun Microsystems' UltraSPARC T2 microprocessor is a multithreading, multi-core CPU. It is a member of the SPARC family, the successor to the UltraSPARC T1; the chip is sometimes referred to by its codename, Niagara 2. Sun started selling servers with the T2 processor in October 2007; the T2 is a commodity derivative of the UltraSPARC series of microprocessors, targeting Internet workloads in computers and networking devices. The processor, manufactured in 65 nm, is available with eight CPU cores, each core is able to handle eight threads concurrently, thus the processor is capable of processing up to 64 concurrent threads. Other new features include: Speed bump for each thread, which increased the frequency from 1.2 GHz to 1.6 GHz One PCI Express port vs. the T1's JBus interface Two Sun Neptune 10 Gigabit Ethernet ports with packet classification and filtering L2 cache size increased to 4 MB from 3 MB Improved thread scheduling and instruction prefetching to achieve higher single-threaded performance Two integer ALUs per core instead of one, each one being shared by a group of four threads One floating point unit per core, up from just one FPU for the entire chip Eight encryption engines, with each supporting DES, Triple DES, AES, RC4, SHA1, SHA256, MD5, RSA-2048, ECC, CRC32 Hardware random number generator Four dual-channel FBDIMM memory controllers There are 8 stages for integer operations, instead of 6 in the T1.
The T2 processor can be found in the following products from Sun and Fujitsu Computer Systems: Sun/Fujitsu/Fujitsu Siemens SPARC Enterprise T5120 and T5220 servers Sun Blade T6320 Server Module Sun Netra CP3260 Blade Sun Netra T5220 Rackmount ServerSun licensed the T2 processor to Themis Computer, which introduced the first non-Sun T2-based servers in 2008: Themis T2BC Blade Server, which supports the entire family IBM BladeCenter chassis In April 2008, Sun released servers based on the UltraSPARC T2 Plus processor, an SMP capable version of UltraSPARC T2. Sun released the UltraSPARC T2 Plus processor with the following changes: Ability to be used in 2 or 4 processor configurations Loss of on-chip embedded 10 Gigabit Ethernet controller UltraSPARC T2 Plus processors can be found in the following products from Sun and Fujitsu Computer Systems: Two-way SMP servers: Sun/Fujitsu/Fujitsu Siemens SPARC Enterprise T5140 Sun/Fujitsu/Fujitsu Siemens SPARC Enterprise T5240Four-way SMP server: Sun/Fujitsu/Fujitsu Siemens SPARC Enterprise T5440 The High Performance Computing Virtual Laboratory in Canada built a compute cluster using 78 Sun SPARC Enterprise T5140 servers.
With two 1.2 GHz T2 Plus chips in each T5140 server, the cluster has close to 10,000 compute threads, making it ideal for high-throughput workloads. Like the T1, the T2 supports the Hyper-Privileged execution mode; the SPARC Hypervisor runs in this mode and can partition a T2 system into 64 Logical Domains, a two-way SMP T2 Plus system into 128 Logical Domains, each of which can run an independent operating system instance. The UltraSPARC T2 offers a variety of performance improvements over the former UltraSPARC T1 processor Integer throughput and throughput/watt Integer single-thread performance Better floating-point throughput Better floating-point single-thread performance Increased performance of cryptography through additional cyphers included in the embedded crypto cores Two world-record single-chip SPEC CPU results, based on tests that delivered 78.5 SPECint_rate2006 and 62.3 SPECfp_rate2006 Leveraging the massive amount of thread-level parallelism available on the CoolThreads platform can require different application development techniques than for traditional server platforms.
Using TLP in applications is key to getting good performance. Sun has published a number of Sun BluePrints to assist application programmers in developing and deploying software on T1 or T2-based CoolThreads servers; the main article, Tuning Applications on UltraSPARC T1 Chip Multithreading Systems, addresses issues for general application programmers. There is a BluePrints article on using the Cryptographic Accelerator Units on the T1 and T2 processors. A wide range of applications were optimized on the CoolThreads platform, including Symantec Brightmail AntiSpam, Oracle's Siebel applications, the Sun Java System Web Proxy Server. Sun documented its experience in moving its own online store onto a T2000 server cluster, have published two articles on web consolidation on CoolThreads using Solaris Containers. Sun has an application performance tuning page for a range of open source applications, including MySQL, PHP, ImageMagick. Proper optimization for CoolThreads systems can result in significant gains: when the Sun Studio compiler is used with the recommended optimization settings, MySQL performance improves by 268% compared to using just the -O3 flag.
Other UltraSPARC T2 performance related tunings are documented on Oracle engineers' blogs. Peak power consumption can go as high as 123 watts, but the T2 consumes 95 watts during nominal system operation; this is up from 72 watts from the T1. Sun explains. On April 12, 2006, Sun announced the tape-out of the UltraSPARC T2. Sun announced the T2's release on 7 August 2007, billing it as "the world's fastest microprocessor". On April 9, 2008, Sun announced the UltraSPARC T2 Plus. On December 11, 2007, Sun made the UltraSPARC T2 processor design publicly available under the GNU General Public License via the OpenSPARC project; the release includes: Verilog RTL source code of the design Verification environment Diagnostics tests Open source t