UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy
The UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy is located at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill with a satellite campus at UNC Asheville. U. S. News & World Report ranked the Eshelman School the #1 pharmacy school in the United States in 2016; the school is named after alumnus Dr. Fred Eshelman, in part, because of his nearly one-hundred and forty million dollars donated to the school, it offers a Doctor of Pharmacy degree, a Master of Science in Pharmaceutical Sciences with a specialization in health system pharmacy administration and a PhD in Pharmaceutical Sciences with an emphasis in four research areas. Robert A. Blouin was dean of the school from 2003 to 2017. Official website
William Donald Carmichael, Jr. Arena is a multi-purpose arena in on the campus of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, it is home to four Tar Heels athletic teams: women's basketball, women's volleyball, women's gymnastics, wrestling. The arena opened in 1965 as Carmichael Auditorium and is named for William Donald Carmichael, Jr. a popular former school vice-president and brother of All-America basketball player Cartwright Carmichael. Although it was apparent by the early 1960s that the men's basketball team needed a new home to replace 27-year-old Woollen Gymnasium, the state refused to fund a new arena; as a result, Carmichael was built as an annex to Woollen. It seated just over 8,000 people, but expansions over the years brought its final capacity to 10,180 by the time the men left for the Dean Smith Center in 1986. After a remodeling project completed in 2009, capacity is 8,010. Carmichael was known as one of the loudest arenas in the country while the Tar Heel men played there because of a low roof and a student section that ringed the court.
During a 1982 game against the Virginia Cavaliers, it was so loud that the Virginia players could not hear their own names being announced prior to the start of the game. In part due to this formidable home court advantage, the men had a record of 169-20 in just over 20 seasons there. Dean Smith was the Tar Heels' coach for their entire tenure in Carmichael; the Tar Heels won their second NCAA title while playing at the arena. A new floor was installed after a roof fire that occurred in February during renovations; the arena was remodeled beginning in spring 2008, the women's team joined the men in the Dean Smith Center until completion in December 2009. The facility was renamed Carmichael Arena during the women's team's matchup against rival Duke on February 28, 2010; the men's team played their first round home game of the 2010 National Invitation Tournament at Carmichael because renovations were taking place at the Smith Center. On March 16, 2010, they defeated William & Mary in their first official game at Carmichael in 24 years.
Coincidentally, William & Mary was the first-ever opponent for the men's basketball team in Carmichael Arena in 1965. The arena hosted a speech by President Barack Obama on April 24, 2012. List of NCAA Division I basketball arenas Carmichael Arena page on University of North Carolina Athletics website
Dean Smith Center
The Dean E. Smith Student Activities Center is a multi-purpose arena in Chapel Hill, North Carolina; the arena is home to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Tar Heels men's basketball team, temporary home to the women's team during renovations to Carmichael Auditorium. Opened in 1986, it is the fourth-largest college basketball arena in the United States and the third-largest built for basketball; the arena is named after former North Carolina men's basketball coach Dean Smith, who coached the team from 1961 to 1997. Smith coached the last eleven and a half years of his career in the arena, making him one of the few college coaches in any sport to coach in an arena or stadium, named for him; the hardwood floor was dedicated and renamed Roy Williams Court on August 24, 2018. Since 1965, the Tar Heels had played their home games in Carmichael Auditorium. Although it was expanded to 10,180 seats, the facility was still overwhelmed, "you had to know somebody who knew somebody" to get into a game.
As early as 1979, talks began for a new arena. According to architect Glenn Corley, assistant coach Bill Guthridge hoped the new arena would be "big enough so that everyone who wanted to go to a game could get in, there wouldn't be one guy outside waiting." Thus, plans for the new arena became ambitious. Money was raised from private donations, using neither university funding nor taxes. According to David Halberstam's biography of Michael Jordan, Smith did not want the arena named after him, but was persuaded by the UNC administration and the arena's backers that fundraising efforts for the facility could fail if they did not use his name; the site chosen for the arena was a wooded ravine south of the main campus, construction began in 1982. On the first day of construction, contractors were banned from wearing Duke or N. C. State apparel on the job site; the first game at the new arena featured the #1 Tar Heels against the #3 Duke Blue Devils on January 18, 1986. Mark Alarie of Duke scored the first basket, but Warren Martin soon followed with the first Tar Heel basket in the new arena, Kenny Smith was credited with the assist.
North Carolina ended up defeating Duke 95–92. The structure is notable for being a hybrid dome. A braced fabric dome forms the central area of the roof, while the surrounding area is a standard metal deck roof; the 13,000-sq-ft dome acts as a skylight during the day, at night, it stands out with the glow of interior lighting. Structural engineering was performed by Geiger Berger Associates; the seating bowl has a basic 2-level structure, with a "club ring" formed from the front rows of the upper deck. Like most arenas of its era, the Smith Center does not have separate club areas. Unlike multipurpose arenas where the seats must be arranged to accommodate an ice hockey rink, the seat layout at the Smith Center is designed for basketball. Seating rows begin right at the sides of the basketball court, the building's octagonal shape is an extension of the court's dimensions. According to architect Glenn Corley of Corley Redfoot Zack, it was a challenge to both have fans feel "close to the court" and ensure unobstructed views from all angles.
The arena seated 21,444. Seating adjustments brought capacity to 21,572 in 1992. Capacity rose again to 21,750; the largest crowd to see a game in the Dean Dome was on March 6, 2005, when 22,125 fans saw the Tar Heels win 75–73 against Duke. Major renovations have been discussed for the arena, now over three decades old, but reconstruction would be complex both financially and structurally; the university announced in February 2018 the arena would receive new video boards, replacing ones that were in place since 2005. The new boards were installed in October 2018 and measure 19'x100'; the Smith Center has an excellent basketball atmosphere thanks to the high seating capacity, strong demand for tickets, UNC's basketball tradition. Although the seats seem far from the floor, few seats are obstructed; the only exceptions are seats in the top rows of the lower level. However, there have been occasional controversies over distribution of seats to various groups and the perception that the large space lacks energy and noise.
For much of its early history, the Smith Center's atmosphere was compared unfavorably to that of Carmichael and other college arenas. Florida State player Sam Cassell was famously quoted as saying that the Dean Dome "is not a Duke kind of crowd. It's more like a cheese-and-wine crowd, kind of laid back." In contrast, Carmichael Auditorium was known for its noise level. Past criticism directed blame at the Smith Center's season ticket arrangements; because the Smith Center was funded, a large proportion of premium lower-level seats were reserved for members of UNC's athletic booster foundation, the Educational Foundation, leaving an inadequate number of student tickets close to the court. In 2000, a heavy snowstorm made it difficult for many season ticket holders to attend a regular-season game against Maryland, so a large number of students were allowed to sit in the lower level. Many media outlets noted the more energetic atmosphere. Citing this experience, the Rams Club funded the installation of a standing-room-only courtside section for students.
The expanded student seating, combined with a younger alumni base, ha
Woollen Gymnasium was the home of the University of North Carolina's physical education classes from 1937, the North Carolina Tar Heels men's basketball team from early 1938. The Gymnasium was named after Charles T. Woollen, Class of 1905; the gymnasium replaced the nearby arena colloquially known. The Woollen Gymnasium was the home court of Tar Heel basketball until 1965, when Carmichael Auditorium was completed as an annex to Woollen, sharing the Gymnasium's eastern wall. North Carolina won its first NCAA basketball title in 1957 while playing at Woollen; the Gymnasium is still in use today, hosting classes and intramural events, as well as providing room for the Roy Williams Basketball Camp in the summer. The old section numbers and ticket windows are still visible
Gardens of Versailles
The Gardens of Versailles occupy part of what was once the Domaine royal de Versailles, the royal demesne of the château of Versailles. Situated to the west of the palace, the gardens cover some 800 hectares of land, much of, landscaped in the classic French Garden style perfected here by André Le Nôtre. Beyond the surrounding belt of woodland, the gardens are bordered by the urban areas of Versailles to the east and Le Chesnay to the north-east, by the National Arboretum de Chèvreloup to the north, the Versailles plain to the west, by the Satory Forest to the south; as part of le domaine national de Versailles et de Trianon, an autonomous public entity operating under the aegis of the French Ministry of Culture, the gardens are now one of the most visited public sites in France, receiving more than six million visitors a year. In addition to the meticulous manicured lawns, parterres of flowers, sculptures are the fountains, which are located throughout the garden. Dating from the time of Louis XIV and still using much of the same network of hydraulics as was used during the Ancien Régime, the fountains contribute to making the gardens of Versailles unique.
On weekends from late spring to early autumn, the administration of the museum sponsors the Grandes Eaux – spectacles during which all the fountains in the gardens are in full play. Designed by Andre Le Notre, the Grand Canal is the masterpiece of the Gardens of Versailles. In the Gardens too, the Grand Trianon was built to provide Sun King with the retreat. Le Petit Trianon is associated with Marie-Antoinette who spent there many weeks with her closest relatives and friends. In 1979, the gardens along with the château were inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, one of thirty-one such designations in France. With Louis XIII's final purchase of lands from Jean-François de Gondi in 1632 and his assumption of the seigneurial role of Versailles in the 1630s, formal gardens were laid out west of the château. Records indicate that late in the decade Claude Mollet and Hilaire Masson designed the gardens, which remained unchanged until the expansion ordered under Louis XIV in the 1660s; this early layout, which has survived in the so-called Du Bus plan of c.1662, shows an established topography along which lines of the gardens evolved.
This is evidenced in the clear definition of the main east-west and north-south axis that anchors the gardens’ layout. In 1661, after the disgrace of the finance minister, Nicolas Fouquet, accused by rivals of embezzling crown funds in order to build his luxurious château at Vaux-le-Vicomte, Louis XIV turned his attention to Versailles. With the aid of Fouquet's architect Louis Le Vau, painter Charles Le Brun, landscape architect André Le Nôtre, Louis began an embellishment and expansion program at Versailles that would occupy his time and worries for the remainder of his reign. From this point forward, the expansion of the gardens of Versailles followed the expansions of the château. Accordingly, Louis XIV's building campaigns apply to the gardens as well. At every stage the prescribed tour was managed, under the Sun King's directions. First building campaign In 1662, minor modifications to the château were undertaken. Existing bosquets and parterres were expanded and new ones created. Most significant among the creations at this time were the Grotte de Thétys.
The Versailles Orangery, designed by Louis Le Vau, was located south of the château, a situation that took advantage of the natural slope of the hill. It provided a protected area; the Grotte de Thétys, located to the north of the château, formed part of the iconography of the château and of the gardens that aligned Louis XIV with solar imagery. The grotto would be completed during the second building campaign. By 1664, the gardens had evolved to the point that Louis XIV inaugurated the gardens with the fête galante called "Les Plaisirs de l’Île Enchantée"; the event, to celebrate his mother, Anne d’Autriche, his consort Marie-Thérèse but in reality celebrated Louise de La Vallière, Louis’ mistress, was held in May of that year. Guests were regaled with fabulous entertainments in the gardens over a period of one week; as a result of this fête – the lack of housing for guests, Louis realized the shortcomings of Versailles and began to expand the château and the gardens once again. Second building campaign Between 1664 and 1668, a flurry of activity was evidenced in the gardens – with regard to fountains and new bosquets.
Le Vau's enveloppe of the Louis XIII's château provided a means by which, though the decoration of the garden façade, imagery in the decors of the grands appartements of the king and queen formed a symbiosis with the imagery of the gardens. With this new phase of construction, the gardens assumed the topographical and iconological design vocabulary that would remain in force until the 18th century; as André Félibien noted in his description of Versailles and apollonian themes predominated with projects constructed at this time: "Since the sun was the emblem of Louis XIV, that poets join the sun and Apollo, there is nothing in this superb house that does not relation to this divinity.". Three additions formed the topological
University of North Carolina academic-athletic scandal
The University of North Carolina academic-athletic scandal involved alleged fraud and academic dishonesty committed at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Following a lesser scandal that began in 2010 involving academic fraud and improper benefits with the university's football program, two hundred questionable classes offered by the university's African and Afro-American Studies department came to light. While the media focused more on the implications for the famous UNC men's basketball program, the entire university was placed on probation by its accrediting organization. An internal investigation by the university released in 2011 and another investigation commissioned by former North Carolina governor Jim Martin in 2012 found numerous academic and ethical issues with the AFAM department, including unauthorized grade changes and faculty signatures, a disproportionate number of independent study class offerings relative to other departments, an over-representation of student-athletes enrolled in such classes.
In 2014 began charges and counter-charges between university officials and former learning specialist Mary Willingham, including disputes about statistics and methods of analysis by Willingham alleging that certain student-athletes are not academically qualified for college. As a result of these revelations, the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools placed the university on probation for one year, endangering the university's regional accreditation. Losing accreditation would have resulted in the loss of any federal support; the university introduced new standards and rules to ensure nothing similar could happen again. As a result, UNC exited probation and regained full standing by June 2016; the National Collegiate Athletic Association completed its own investigation in October 2017, finding no violations of its rules, since the NCAA does not interfere with a university's academic programs. The controversy sparked debate as to whether the university educated some of its student-athletes improperly and called into question the role of NCAA Division I athletics relative to the academic mission of NCAA-member colleges and universities.
Greg Barnes of Inside Carolina broke the scandal with ESPN following behind. On July 15, 2010, ESPN reported that the NCAA interviewed several North Carolina football players over alleged gifts, extra benefits, sports agent involvement; the investigation began after North Carolina defensive tackle Marvin Austin made a post on Twitter on May 29 that year, the post contained a reference to a nightclub in Miami in which a sports agent's party had taken place two months earlier. The university suspended Austin and over ten other football players from the team. On October 11, 2010, Austin was expelled from the football team, the NCAA declared wide receiver Greg Little and defensive end Robert Quinn "permanently ineligible" due to receiving improper benefits. On August 26, 2010, the NCAA began a separate investigation of North Carolina football that involved possible academic fraud involving a tutor in the university's academic support program; the tutor was identified as Jennifer Wiley. Another source familiar with the investigation said that Wiley was accused of "inappropriate help on papers that football players were required to write for classes."
However, Baddour said on September 24 that Wiley declined to cooperate with the NCAA. Because the university felt that the NCAA investigation was embarrassing to the university's reputation, North Carolina fired football head coach Butch Davis on July 27, 2011; the next day, athletic director Dick Baddour announced that he would resign and allow chancellor Holden Thorp to hire a football head coach. On March 12, 2012, the NCAA issued formal sanctions against North Carolina football: a postseason ban for 2012, reductions of 15 scholarships, 3 years of probation; the NCAA found North Carolina guilty of multiple infractions, including academic fraud and failure to monitor the football program. However, the NCAA did not find anything extending to lack of institutional control, explaining that the university "educated its tutors regarding academic improprieties and its coaches regarding outside athletically related income... self-discovered the academic fraud and took decisive action... cooperated is not a repeat violator and... exhibited appropriate control over its athletics program."
In November 2013, the university sent a letter of disassociation to Austin and Quinn. The crux of the alleged irregularities proceeded from the UNC Department of African and Afro-American Studies. Over fifteen years, the department offered two hundred independent study courses, many without full adherence to University procedure for course provisioning or sufficient professorial oversight; the irregularities called into question the Department's academic integrity and led to the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools putting the university on academic probation for one year, an unprecedented step against a major research university. A basic charge by critics was that UNC did not live up to its end of the bargain by not sufficiently educating some of its student-athletes. Rebecca Schuman of Slate.com accused the university of "abjectly failing some of its students" by keeping them "functionally illiterate."Gerald Gurney, president of the Drake Group for Academic Integrity in College Sport, called UNC "the mother of all academic fraud violations" because of "cooperation of friendly faculty and cover-up."
Paul M. Barrett, in a cover story for the March 3, 2014 Bloomberg Businessweek magazine, wrote: "... rather than investigate th
Tin Can (basketball arena)
Named the Indoor Athletic Center, the Tin Can was the home of North Carolina Tar Heels men's basketball from the 1924 season until the team's relocation to the Woollen Gymnasium in 1938. It replaced a venue known for its unusual running track suspended above the court. Rudimentarily built of steel, attempts to heat the building during early season at first failed, with ice forming inside: The team, known as the White Phantoms, used this to their advantage, becoming one of the South's most successful programs by the mid-1920s; as success continued into Southern Conference play in the 1930s, the capacity of the Tin Can proved insufficient to meet the increased interest in the team. North Carolina played the last of their games there at the end of the 1938 season, having moved to the adjacent Woollen Gymnasium on January 4, 1938. In fourteen years, the team had accumulated a 120–38 winning record. No longer needed for major athletic events the Tin Can was used for a variety of purposes during the remainder of its life.
After World War II, the arena housed returning veterans due to a shortage of dormitory space, while in the early 1950s it was used for storage of medical equipment before the completion of North Carolina Memorial Hospital. After hosting a limited number of indoor track meetings in preceding years, the Tin Can was demolished in 1977 to allow the construction of the present day Fetzer Gymnasium