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Oldham County, Texas

Oldham County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 2,052, its county seat is Vega. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1881. Oldham County is included in the TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. Oldham County was formed in 1876 and organized in 1881, named for Williamson Simpson Oldham, Sr. a Texas pioneer and Confederate Senator. At the time of its organization, nearly the entire county was a part of the XIT Ranch; the county seat was at the town of Tascosa, which in the 1880s was one of the largest towns in the Panhandle. As the railroads came through the county, they bypassed Tascosa. Oldham County is ranch and farm land, with many thousands of acres planted in wheat, the major crop; the county has some petroleum production and large wind farms. In 1902, the Matador Ranch acquired the 210,000 acres Alamositas Ranch in Oldham County. At its peak, the Matador owned 90,000 cattle and had title to 879,000 acres of land in parts of four Texas counties.

According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,501 square miles, of which 1,501 square miles is land and 0.9 square miles is water. A southern strip of the county, including the county seat Vega, is located on top of the Llano Estacado; the next 12 miles slope down to the Canadian River. The former county seat of Tascosa is located at a crossing of the Canadian River north of Vega; the terrain slopes up from the Canadian River, passing the county line at 6 miles and reaching the top of the High Plains a further four miles north. For years there has been a simmering dispute over a strip of land running north and south, including an abandoned part of Glenrio at the west end of Oldham County, as to which state it is lawfully a part of; the border between the two states was defined as the 103rd meridian, but the 1859 survey, supposed to mark that boundary mistakenly set the border between 2.29 and 3.77 miles too far west of that line, making the current towns of Farwell and the east part of Glenrio appear to be within the State of Texas.

New Mexico's short border with Oklahoma, in contrast, was surveyed on the correct meridian. New Mexico's draft constitution in 1910 stated; the disputed strip, hundreds of miles long, includes parts of valuable oilfields of the Permian Basin. A bill was passed in the New Mexico Senate to fund and file a lawsuit in the U. S. Supreme Court to recover the strip from Texas. Today, land in the strip is included in Texas land surveys and the land and towns for all purposes are taxed and governed by the State of Texas. Interstate 40 Business Loop Interstate 40 / U. S. Highway 66 U. S. Highway 385 State Highway 214 Hartley County Moore County Potter County Deaf Smith County Quay County, New Mexico Randall County As of the census of 2000, there were 2,185 people, 735 households, 565 families residing in the county; the population density was 2 people per square mile. There were 815 housing units at an average density of 0 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.66% White, 1.88% Black or African American, 1.28% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 4.62% from other races, 1.19% from two or more races.

11.03 % of the population were Latino of any race. In terms of ancestry, 25.2% were of German, 14.1% were of Irish, 10.4% were of English, 4,7% were of American, 3,3% were of French, 2,9% were of Dutch. There were 735 households out of which 35.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.70% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.00% were non-families. 21.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.02. In the county, the population was spread out with 35.00% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 23.30% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 108.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $33,713, the median income for a family was $39,091.

Males had a median income of $26,845 versus $20,185 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,806. About 10.50% of families and 19.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.00% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over. Adrian Vega Boys Ranch Wildorado Boise Landergin Tascosa W. D. Twichell and civil engineer Cal Farley, professional wrestler and Boys Ranch founder In presidential elections, Oldham County is solidly Republican. List of museums in the Texas Panhandle National Register of Historic Places listings in Oldham County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Oldham County Oldham County government's website Oldham County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Oldham County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties

Acetabularia caliculus

Acetabularia caliculus, the umbrella alga, is a species of green alga found in shallow temperate and tropical seas. The umbrella alga grows singly or in clusters; each individual thallus consists of a single cell with a single nucleus. There is a holdfast where the alga is attached to the substrate and a long, calcified stipe or stalk; the thallus is emerald green and cup-shaped, or flattened, with twenty two to thirty rays. The stipe is up to the disc up to 7 millimetres in diameter. In immature specimens, the stipe has a complex structure of short branches but by the time the alga reaches maturity, only the scars of these remain; the umbrella alga has a widespread distribution in shallow temperate and tropical seas, occurring on the eastern coast of the United States from North Carolina southwards, the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico and on the eastern side of the Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. It is found in the Indo-Pacific and the seas around Australia and New Zealand, it most grows on pebbles, shells or pieces of rock at depths down to 20 metres.

It is found in seagrass meadows, on mudflats and coral reefs, in estuaries and growing on the submerged roots of mangroves. The green colour of the umbrella alga is caused by the presence within the cell of chlorophyll and the plant's energy needs are supplied by photosynthesis. If the plant is broken in two pieces, each is able to survive and regenerate new parts the one that lacks a nucleus, although the anucleated fragment will die after a few weeks; the umbrella alga has the ability to remove mercury from sea water and concentrate the metal in its tissues in polypeptides. Sexual reproduction takes place; these have tiny caps. Each plant produces only one type of gamete, two gametes of different types unite to form a zygote; this sinks to the bottom of the sea and begins to produce a new stipe which develops several whorls of short hairs and a new disc. The life cycle takes about six months to complete

Vector space model

Vector space model or term vector model is an algebraic model for representing text documents as vectors of identifiers, such as, for example, index terms. It is used in information filtering, information retrieval and relevancy rankings, its first use was in the SMART Information Retrieval System. Documents and queries are represented as vectors. D j = q = Each dimension corresponds to a separate term. If a term occurs in the document, its value in the vector is non-zero. Several different ways of computing these values known as weights, have been developed. One of the best known schemes is tf-idf weighting; the definition of term depends on the application. Terms are single words, keywords, or longer phrases. If words are chosen to be the terms, the dimensionality of the vector is the number of words in the vocabulary. Vector operations can be used to compare documents with queries. Relevance rankings of documents in a keyword search can be calculated, using the assumptions of document similarities theory, by comparing the deviation of angles between each document vector and the original query vector where the query is represented as a vector with same dimension as the vectors that represent the other documents.

In practice, it is easier to calculate the cosine of the angle between the vectors, instead of the angle itself: cos ⁡ θ = d 2 ⋅ q ‖ d 2 ‖ ‖ q ‖ Where d 2 ⋅ q is the intersection of the document and the query vectors, ‖ d 2 ‖ is the norm of vector d2, ‖ q ‖ is the norm of vector q. The norm of a vector is calculated as such: ‖ q ‖ = ∑ i = 1 n q i 2 Using the cosine the similarity between document dj and query q can be calculated as: c o s = d j ⋅ q ‖ d j ‖ ‖ q ‖ = ∑ i = 1 N w i, j w i, q ∑ i = 1 N w i, j 2 ∑ i = 1 N w i, q 2 As all vectors under consideration by this model are element wise nonnegative, a cosine value of zero means that the query and document vector are orthogonal and have no match. See cosine similarity for further information. In the classic vector space model proposed by Salton and Yang the term-specific weights in the document vectors are products of local and global parameters; the model is known as term frequency-inverse document frequency model. The weight vector for document d is v d = T, where w t, d = t f t, d ⋅ log ⁡ | D | | { d ′ ∈ D |

Aldo Scribante Circuit

The Aldo Scribante Race Circuit is a permanent racecourse near the city of Port Elizabeth in South Africa. The 2,480-metre-long paved circuit with eight curves and pit system was built in the 1970s. In 1975, the Algoa Motor Sport Club organized the first national race on the track. In addition to the national competitions, the track is used by companies based in South Africa such as General Motors, Volkswagen, Firestone, Good Year and Continental as a test track; the region around Port Elizabeth is the focus of the South African auto and supply industry and is called the "Detroit of South Africa". The Aldo Scribante Circuit serves to present new vehicle models in South Africa, with appropriate events from the companies. Since October 11, 2014, the South African championship of Formula Vee South Africa has been held there

Daniel Mowat

Daniel Mowatt was a merchant and political figure in Saskatchewan, Canada. He represented South Regina in the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories from 1891 to 1898 as a Conservative, he was born in Canada West, the son of Alex Mowat, of Scottish descent. In 1871, he married Amelia M. Hoy. Mowat was a member of the Ottawa public school board, he came to the Northwest Territories in 1880 and opened the first store in Regina in 1882. Mowat served on the Regina town council and was mayor from 1886 to 1887. With his brother Alex a partner in the Regina store, Mowat owned a large horse ranch near the current village of Avonlea. While a member of the assembly, Mowat proposed that English be the sole language of instruction in schools in the Northwest Territories. A compromise was reached, he moved to British Columbia and so retired from Territorial Politics in the 1890s

Delirium (Cirque du Soleil)

Delirium was a touring multimedia stage show by Cirque du Soleil featuring live music, video projections, performances by acrobats and other circus performers. The production featured remixes of existing Cirque du Soleil music; the show premiered on January 26, 2006 and had its final performance in London, England on April 20, 2008. Delirium was the first of Cirque du Soleil's productions designed to be presented in arenas outside Japan. Delirium, as Cirque du Soleil's first significant experiment with arena venues helped pave the way for the company's subsequent show-by-show conversion of its older big top productions to a more cost-effective arena format. Delirium's stage was set up on the arena floor, its two-sided, raised stage allowed for an alley theater-style presentation: the audience sat on both sides of the stage, at times able to look over the central stage to see the spectators on the other side. This presented unique staging challenges in that the most important actions had to be visible to both sides of the audience.

However, the show could be presented as a proscenium show, with the seats on one side of the arena left empty. In this case, the stage was set up closer to the sideline opposite the occupied seats, opening up a portion of the arena floor for additional seating. Despite the extraordinary complexity and size of Delirium's stage, it could be assembled inside an arena in nine hours; the ends of the stage were flanked by enormous projection screens, where real-time video footage from the stage performance was blended with prerecorded visuals. These end screens served to block off a backstage area for the performers and technicians. Performers could enter the stage from below and from above. Two semi-transparent screens could slide out in front of the stage to turn both sides of the stage into a massive projection surface the equivalent in width of four IMAX screens. Unlike most other Cirque du Soleil shows, where the musicians are situated to the sides or the far upstage area and are hidden from view, Delirium's six musicians were in plain view, could be seen interacting with the other performers and various stage elements.

As the show's concept incorporated a contrast between stark urbanness and wild imagination, Michel Robidas drew inspiration from clothing from different eras, including the 1930s, 1960s, 1970s, for the wanderers of the performance, whereas bright colors and exuberance were emphasized for the acrobatic performers. For instance, a 25-meter "volcano dress" was made from 400 meters of blue organza and represented the sea. There were purple or red and yellow whirling dervish robes, designed to look like tree roots, which started from the chest rather than the waist for a more dramatic effect. Much of the show's music was creatively adapted from the original scores of other Cirque du Soleil productions, but remixed with a tribal beat and lyrics added or rewritten; the Delirium soundtrack first became available for purchase on June 15, 2006 through the Cirque du Soleil Online Boutique. It features the songs of the show, but not in the order in which they were performed. "Cold Flame" "Slipping Away" "Someone" "Too High" "Walk on Water" "Alone" "Climb" "La Nova Alegría" "Lifeline" "Bridge of Sorrow" "One Love" "Let Me Fall" remixed from Quidam "Time to Go" "Time Flies" "Sans Toi" The lead vocalists on the CD are Dessy Di Lauro, Elie Haroun, Jacynthe Millette-Bilodeau and Juliana Sheffield.

A film version of Delirium was given a limited theatrical release, only in theaters on October 15, 18, 19, 2008, in the U. S. and Canada. Delirium toured in arenas instead of under the grand chapiteau; this allowed it to play in many cities for much shorter periods of time. The following colorboxes indicate the region of each performance: EU Europe NA North America SA South and Central America AP Asia/Pacific OC Oceania SiouxWIRE interview with Michel Lemieux Official Cirque du Soleil Delirium movie site