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Oldsmobile was a brand of American automobiles produced for most of its existence by General Motors. Olds Motor Vehicle Co. was founded by Ransom E. Olds in 1897, it produced over 35 million vehicles, including at least 14 million built at its Lansing, Michigan factory alone. During its time as a division of General Motors, it slotted into the middle of GM's five divisions, was noted for its testing of groundbreaking technology and designs, most notably the "Rocket V8" engine. In 1985, over 1 million Oldsmobiles were sold, but by the 1990s the division was tasked with competing with import brands; when it was shut down in 2004, Oldsmobile was the oldest surviving American automobile marque, one of the oldest in the world, after Peugeot, MAN, Tatra. Oldsmobiles were first manufactured by the Olds Motor Vehicle Co. in Lansing, Michigan, a company founded by Ransom E. Olds in 1897. In 1902, the company produced 635 cars, making it the first high-volume gasoline-powered automobile manufacturer. Oldsmobile became the top selling car company in the United States for a few years around 1903-4.

Ransom Olds formed the REO Motor Car Company. The 1902 to 1904 Oldsmobile Curved Dash was the first mass-produced car, made from the first automotive assembly line, an invention, incorrectly credited to Henry Ford and the Ford Motor Company. After Olds merged Olds Motor Vehicle Co. with the Olds Gas Engine Works in 1899, it was renamed Olds Motor Works and moved to a new plant in Detroit, located at the corner of East Jefferson Avenue and MacArthur Bridge. By March 1901, the company had a whole line of models ready for mass production. However, a mistake by a worker caused the factory to catch fire, it burned to the ground, with all of the prototypes destroyed; the only car that survived the fire was a Curved Dash prototype, wheeled out of the factory by two workers while escaping the fire. A new factory was built in Lansing, production of the Curved Dash commenced; the cars were called "Olds automobiles," but were colloquially referred to as "Oldsmobiles." It was this moniker, as applied to the Curved Dash Olds, popularized in the lyrics and title of the 1905 hit song "In My Merry Oldsmobile".

The last Oldsmobile Curved Dash was made in 1907. General Motors purchased the company in 1908; the 1910 Limited Touring was a high point for the company. Riding atop 42-inch wheels, equipped with factory "white" tires, the Limited was the prestige model in Oldsmobile's two model lineup; the Limited retailed for US$4,600, an amount greater than the purchase of a new, no-frills three bedroom house. Buyers received goatskin upholstery, a 60 hp 707 CID straight-six engine, Bosch Magneto starter, running boards and room for five. Options included a speedometer, a full glass windshield. A limousine version was priced at $5,800. While Oldsmobile only sold 725 Limiteds in its three years of production, the car is best remembered for winning a race against the famed 20th Century Limited train, an event immortalized in the painting Setting the Pace by William Hardner Foster. In 1926, the Oldsmobile Six came in five body styles, ushered in a new GM bodystyle platform called the "GM B platform", shared with Buick products.

In 1929, as part of General Motors' companion make program, Oldsmobile introduced the higher standard Viking brand, marketed through the Oldsmobile dealer network. Viking was discontinued at the end of the 1930 model year although an additional 353 cars were marketed as 1931 models. In 1937, Oldsmobile was a pioneer in introducing a four-speed semi-automatic transmission called the "Automatic Safety Transmission", although this accessory was built by Buick, which would offer it in its own cars in 1938; this transmission features a conventional clutch pedal, which the driver presses before selecting either "low" or "high" range. In "low," the car shifts between second gears. In "high," the car shifts among first and fourth gears. For the 1940 model, Oldsmobile was the first auto manufacturer to offer a automatic transmission, called the "Hydramatic", which features four forward speeds, it has a gas pedal and a brake—no clutch pedal. The gear selector is on the steering column. Starting in 1941 and continuing through 1999, Oldsmobile used a two digit model designation.

As implemented, the first digit signifies the body size while the second represents the number of cylinders. Body sizes were 6, 7, 8, 9, six- and eight-cylinder engines were offered. Thus, Oldsmobiles were named "66" through "98"; the last pre-war Oldsmobile rolled off the assembly line on February 5, 1942. During World War II, Oldsmobile produced numerous kinds of material for the war effort, including large-caliber guns and shells. Production resumed on October 15, 1945 with a warmed-over 1942 model serving as the offering for 1946. Oldsmobile once again was a pioneer when, for the 1949 model, the Rocket engine was introduced, which used an overhead valve V8 design rather than the flathead "straight-eight" design which prevailed at the time; this engine produced far more power than the other engines that were popular during that era, found favor with hot-rodders and stock car racers. The basic design, with a few minor changes, endured until Oldsmobile redesigned its V8 engines in the mid-1960s.

Oldsmobile entered the 1950s following a div

Chatan, Okinawa

Chatan is a town located in Nakagami District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. As of October 2016 the town had an estimated population of 28,578 and the density of 2,100 per km²; the total area of Chatan is 13.62 square kilometres. 53.5% of the land area of the town is covered by United States military bases. "Chatan" is an Okinawan name. In Japanese, the Han character for the city's name are read as Kitatani. Unfamiliar in Japanese is that the "-tan" syllable of "Chatan" is emphasized in Okinawan, although many non-Okinawans place emphasis on "cha-" instead. Chatan is located in the central part of Okinawa Island; the town sits on the western coast of the island on the East China Sea. The east of Chatan made up of Okinawan limestone; the hills of the eastern part of the town give way to low-lying land towards the coast. Two rivers run through Chatan west into the East China Sea: the Shiruhi River to the north, the Futenma River at the south. Chatan, prior to World War II, was a noted area of rice production in Okinawa.

The area was known as Chatan taa-bukkwa, a term in the Okinawa language for a "large area of rice paddies". Much of the land used for rice cultivation is now utilized by military bases. Chatan is divided into six districts: Kitamae and Sunabe as well as the local business and residential wards of Kamiseido and Kuwae. Chatan runs along Route 58 and a man-made coastline which includes the area of what used to be the U. S. Marine Corps base of Camp Hamby; the northern half of Kitamae is nicknamed "Hamby Town" in recognition of this, the Hamby Post Office is one of the first Japanese Postal offices to have an English name. Parts of Camp Foster and Camp Lester are in Chatan; the American Kadena Air Base is located on and forms the northern boundary of Chatan, further demarcated by Route 23 - known locally as Kokutai Road. The U. S. air base encompasses much land, once part of Chatan's area including most of the ward once named Shimoseido. City of Okinawa Ginowan Kadena Kitanakagusuku Much of the Hamby area is home to the "Hamby Free Zone".

Though the name is misleading due to romanization errors, it is a large flea market, scattered over an area of several blocks, though much of the land it is on is relocated or bought for expansion of businesses. With the expansion of shopping/recreational businesses in the Mihama area, Chatan has become one of the most popular destinations for recreation, it is home to a large ferris wheel, a small convention center, several shopping plazas, karaoke parlors, a 25-story hotel named "The Beach Tower" and several beaches. Sunabe is famous for a large sea wall which attracts many SCUBA surfers; the Chunichi Dragons of Nippon Professional Baseball have their spring training camp in Chatan. The Town of Chatan maintains four elementary schools: Chatan, Chatan Number Two and Hamagawa; the town maintains two junior high schools: Chatan Junior High School and Kuwae Junior High School. Chatan Senior High School, a prefectural senior high school, is located directly north of the town hall. Chatan is crossed from north to south by Japan National Route 58, which runs parallel to the coastal area of the town.

Delta Air Lines has a city ticket office in the Towa Building #1 in Chatan. Northwest Airlines operated a city ticket office in Chatan. Media related to Chatan, Okinawa at Wikimedia Commons Chatan official website Chatan Tourism Information

Santiago De Sagastizabal

Santiago De Sagastizabal is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a centre-forward for US Anconitana in Italy. De Sagastizabal had stints in the academies of Boca Juniors, Argentinos Juniors and Gimnasia y Esgrima, which preceded a move to Brown in August 2018. Signed by manager Pablo Vicó, the forward appeared as an unused substitute for a Primera B Nacional match with Guillermo Brown on 26 August. In the following September, De Sagastizabal made his professional bow in a 3–1 defeat to Atlético de Rafaela at the Estadio Nuevo Monumental, he departed in June 2019, subsequently trialling at Italian Serie D side Este across July and August. On 9 October 2019 it was confirmed, that De Sagastizabal had joined Italian club F. C. Pavia, he left the club on 21 December 2019, joining fellow Italian club US Anconitana ASD. As of 3 September 2019. Santiago De Sagastizabal at Soccerway


Microgastrinae is a subfamily of braconid wasps, encompassing 2,000 described species, with an estimated 5,000-10,000 total species. This makes it one of the richest subfamilies with the most species of parasitoid wasps. Genera within this subfamily include: These wasps are small, with 18 segmented antennae. Most species are black or brown, a few are more colorful. Many species are morphologically similar enough to be considered cryptic species. Species within this subfamily have a worldwide distribution. 135 species of Microgastrinae have been confirmed from Canada, though the number may be as high as 275. At least 28 species have been identified from Turkey in Bozcaada. Microgastrinae are primary endoparasitoids of larval Lepidoptera. While most species are solitary, many are gregarious, meaning multiple wasp eggs develop within the same caterpillar; when the eggs hatch the wasp larvae feed on the hemolymph and organs of their host. Once developed, the larvae exit the dying caterpillar and spin silken cocoons where they pupate.

Microgastrinae is one of six subfamilies of Braconidae. More than 100 species of Microgastrinae have been used in biological control programs. Microgastrinae need the virus to be able to reproduce. How it is done is by injecting eggs with the proviral genome plus virions into the host's cavity; the virions infect and discharge their DNA into the host's cells, stopping it from killing the wasp's offspring and instead promoting its growth inside the host's body. Media related to Microgastrinae at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Microgastrinae at Wikispecies Photographs at UniProt Taxonomy Consortium DNA barcodes at BOLDSystems

Jayann Bautista

Jay Ann "Jayann" Bautista is a Filipino singer who rose to notability after becoming a runner-up of Pinoy Idol, an interactive reality-based singing competition. Although she was beaten by Gretchen Espina, she received a management contract from GMA Network. Bautista graduated from high school at St. Scholastica's Academy in Pampanga, she studies at the University of the Philippines, Open University and her parents run their own businesses. She was a talent of VIVA Entertainment and released two albums. Bautista was a contestant in the defunct reality singing show Search for a Star where her best friend, Rachelle Ann Go won, she auditioned for Pinoy Idol in Angeles and finished as runner-up without placing in any bottom groups. Bautista held a two-night concert at SM Pampanga Amphitheater. Guests included Rachelle Ann Go and Ronnie Liang, as well as several fellow Pinoy Idol contestants such as Ram Chaves, Kid Camaya, Toffer Rei, Walton Zerrudo and Rye Estrada. After that concert, she did a provincial tour which started in January 2009 in Bulacan, Zambales and Pangasinan.

Bautista revealed that she was to work on a third album, which would contain 11 tracks.


Niecy is a 1982 album by American singer Deniece Williams, released on the Columbia Records label. The album went to numbers 20 and 5 on the US Billboard Top 200 Albums and Billboard R&B Albums charts. Featured on the album was a cover of The Royalettes' "It's Gonna Take a Miracle", released as a single, peaked at numbers 1, 6 and 10 on the US Billboard R&B, Adult Contemporary Singles and Hot 100 charts respectively. Bob Babbittbass guitar, Piccolo bass Thom Bellkeyboards, backing vocals, conductor Charles Collinsdrums Bobby Eli – guitar Joseph B. Jefferson – backing vocals George Merrillsynthesizer, backing vocals Bill Neale – guitar, strings Don Renaldo – strings, horns Ed Shea – percussion Larry Washington – percussion Deniece Williams – lead vocals Producers – Thom Bell and Deniece Williams Production Coordinatior – Bill Neale Engineer – Joe Tarsia Second Engineers – Dirk Devlen and Michael Tarsia Mastered by Mike Reese at The Mastering Lab. Design – Nancy Donald Photography – Allan Luftig