Ole Bornemann Bull was a Norwegian virtuoso violinist and composer. According to Robert Schumann, he was on a level with Niccolò Paganini for the speed and clarity of his playing. Bull was born in Norway, he was the eldest of ten children of Anna Dorothea Borse Geelmuyden. His brother, Georg Andreas Bull became a noted Norwegian architect, he was the uncle of Edvard Hagerup Bull, Norwegian judge and politician. His father wished for him to become a minister. At the age of four or five, he could play all of the songs he had heard his mother play on the violin. At age nine, he played first violin in the orchestra of Bergen's theatre and was a soloist with the Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra. At eighteen, he failed his examinations, he joined the Musical Lyceum, a musical society, after its director Waldemar Thrane took ill, Bull became the director of Musical Lyceum and the Theater Orchestra in 1828. He became friends with Henrik Wergeland, who wrote a biography of Bull. After living for a while in Germany, where he pretended to study law, he went to Paris but fared badly for a year or two.
In 1832 in Paris he shared rooms with the Moravian violin virtuoso Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst. He was successful in becoming a high-level virtuoso, giving thousands of concerts. In England alone these included 274 in 1837, during which visit he travelled to some of the more remote parts of Britain. Bull became famous and made a huge fortune, he is believed to have composed more than 70 works. Best known is Sæterjentens søndag, he was a clever luthier, after studies in Paris with Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume. He collected many beautiful violins and violas of Amati, Gasparo da Salò, Guarneri and others, he was the owner of one of the finest violins of the world, made by Gasparo da Salò around 1574 for Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria. The violin, a gift of his widow to Bull's birthplace, is now in the Bergen Vestlandske Kustindustrimuseum. Bull performed with Guarneri del Gesù violins during his career. Bull was caught up in a rising tide of Norwegian romantic nationalism, acclaimed the idea of Norway as a sovereign state, separate from Sweden—which became a reality in 1905.
In 1850, he co-founded the first theater in which actors spoke Norwegian rather than Danish, namely Det Norske Theater in Bergen—which became Den Nationale Scene. In the summer of 1858, Bull met the 15-year-old Edvard Grieg. Bull was a friend of the Grieg family, since Ole Bull's brother was married to the sister of Grieg's mother. Bull noticed Edvard's talent and persuaded his parents to send him to further develop his talents at the Leipzig Conservatory. During the 1860s and 1870s Bull went on several tours across the U. S. accompanied by soprano Varian Hoffman, baritone Ignatz Pollak, pianist Edward Hoffman. Robert Schumann once wrote that Bull was among "the greatest of all," and that he was on a level with Niccolò Paganini for the speed and clarity of his playing. Bull was a friend of Franz Liszt and played with him on several occasions. Bull was met with great success. In 1852, he obtained a large tract of land in Pennsylvania and founded a colony he called New Norway, but, referred to as Ole Bull Colony.
On 24 May 1852, he formally purchased 11,144 acres for $10,388. The land consisted of four communities: New Bergen, now known as Carter Camp. Bull called the highest point in Valhalla, which became the location of his unfinished castle, he soon gave up on this venture, as there was scarcely any land to till, went back to giving concerts. Today the site is the location of the Ole Bull State Park, 132-acre state park in Stewardson Township, Potter County, Pennsylvania. Norwegian citizens paid for the construction of a monument on site to honor Ole Bull; the statue was placed in the park on the 150th anniversary of New Norway in 2002. In 1836, Bull married Alexandrine Félicie Villeminot, they had only two of whom survived him. Alexandrine died in 1862, their children were: Ole Storm Felix Bull Alexander Ole Felix Etienne Bull Thorvald Bull Eleonore Felicie Bull Ernst Bornemann Bull Lucie Edvardine Bull In 1868 Bull met Sara Chapman Thorp, the daughter of a prosperous lumber merchant from Eau Claire, Wisconsin.
On a return visit in 1870, Bull began a courtship, the couple was secretly married in Norway in June 1870, with a formal wedding in Madison that year. They had Olea. In 1871, he bought a summer home on a rise in Maine which he named Ironwell. Sara traveled with Bull for the remainder of his career. In 1883 she published a memoir of Bull's life. Ole Bull bought the island of Lysøen in Os, south of Bergen, in 1872, he hired architect Conrad Fredrik von der Lippe to design a residence on the island. Bull died from cancer in his home on Lysøen on 17 August 1880, he had held his last concert in Chicago the same year, despite his illness. A testament to his fame was his funeral procession the most spectacular in Norway's history; the ship transporting his body was guided by a large number of smaller vessels. Ole Bull's villa on the island of Lysøe
The 1992 Ole Miss Rebels football team represented the University of Mississippi during the 1992 NCAA Division I-A football season. The Rebels were led by 10th-year head coach Billy Brewer and played their home games at Vaught–Hemingway Stadium in Oxford and alternate-site home games at Mississippi Veterans Memorial Stadium in Jackson, Mississippi, they competed as members of the Southeastern Conference, finishing in second in the Western Division with a record of 9–3. They were invited to the 1992 Liberty Bowl, where they defeated Air Force, 13–0. Sources: QB Russ Shows, Sr. DE/OLB Cassius Ware DE/OLB Dewayne Dotson
The Aviation-Selection Test Battery is used by the Navy Personnel Command and the Commandant of the Marine Corps to select candidates for the Navy and Marine Corps pilot and flight officer programs. Portions of the test are used by the Navy for selection into Officer Candidate School; the Coast Guard uses the ASTB to select pilot candidates for training, uses a subcomponent score from the ASTB for its nonaviation officer commissioning program. The ASTB is administered at Navy Recruiting Districts, NROTC units, Marine Corps Officer Selection Offices, at numerous other permanent custody sites; the test is administered in a paper format, but at many sites it can be administered on a computer through a web-based system called APEX. NET. There are three versions of the test—Form 3, Form 4, Form 5; each version of the test contains different questions, but all three versions have the same format and number of questions. The complete test battery requires 2½ hours to administer; the current version of the ASTB is version E and includes more technical sections that focus on aviation flight parameters and spatial recognition.
The test now consists of the following seven sections: Math Skills Test - The math skills assessed by the Math Skills subtest include arithmetic and algebra, with some geometry. The assessments include both equations and word problems; some items require solving for variables, others are time and distance problems, some require the estimation of simple probabilities. Skills assessed include basic arithmetic operations, solving for variables, roots and the calculation of angles and perimeter of geometric shapes. Reading Comprehension Test - Reading comprehension items require ASTB examinees to extract meaning from text passages; each item requires the examinee to determine which of the response options can be inferred from the passage itself. This is pretty straightforward, although it is important that examinees remember that incorrect response options may still appear to be ‘true’ – only one answer to each item can be derived from the information in the passage. Mechanical Comprehension Test - Items contained within the mechanical comprehension portion of the ASTB include topics that would be found in an introductory high school physics course and the application of these topics within a variety of situations.
The questions in this portion of the test gauge examinees’ knowledge of principles related to gases and liquids, their understanding of the ways in which these properties affect pressure and velocity. The subtest includes questions that relate to the components and performance of engines, principles of electricity, weight distribution, the operation of simple machines, such as pulleys and fulcrums. Aviation and Nautical Information Test - This section subtest assesses an examinee’s familiarity with aviation history, nautical terminology and procedures, aviation related concepts such as aircraft components, aerodynamic principles, flight rules and regulations. Of all the ASTB subtests, ANI scores are the most improved by study because it is a test of knowledge, rather than aptitude. Examinees can prepare for this subtest by reviewing general reference materials, such as encyclopedias, FAA and civilian aviation books, handbooks and manuals that provide an overview of basic piloting and seamanship.
In addition to these sources, some examinees have used commercially available study guides. Though NOMI does not endorse a particular study guide, books that are designed to prepare individuals for military aptitude flight tests and officer candidate tests provide a good introduction to aviation and nautical related subjects. Naval Aviation Trait Facet Inventory - This section is geared towards accessing one's suitability for a career in aviation and is like a psychology test. Performance Based Measures Battery - This section acts as a mockup of a flight simulator with the controls layout and you must use the information to navigate across the sections or accomplish particular feats. Biographical Inventory with Response Validation - This section acts as a questionnaire and will provide the testers with statistical data for future use. So as to best figure out who would be a sufficient naval aviator, the ASTB test is scored by using four different sections: Academic Qualifications Rating Pilot Flight Aptitude Rating Flight Officer Aptitude Rating Officer Aptitude Rating The AQR, PFAR, FOFAR use what is called a standard nine system rating which weights the score in a 1-9 with a mean of 5 and a standard deviation of 2.
To become an Aviator, you'll need a PFAR score of 6 or greater. However, there are limited amount of spots, so you need to have a higher score than your peers; those scores are only the bare minimum to be considered. Examinees who would like to improve their scores on the ASTB must wait until the 31st day following their initial attempts before taking different versions of the test. For example, an individual that takes Form 3 during their first administration must take Form 4 or Form 5 during their second testing session. A third and final attempt at Form 3, 4, or 5 is authorized on the 91st day following the first retest; these test interval requirements cannot be waived, so it is important that examinees are aware of the forms taken during previous administrations and the amount of time that has passed between administrations. A major change regarding the administration of the ASTB was the establishment of a three test lifetime limit in July 2004. An examinee may only take each version of the test (Form 3, Form 4, and