The Sprengpatrone or "explosive cartridge" in English was a rifle grenade, developed by Germany and used by the Wehrmacht during World War II. The Sprengpatrone was designed to be fired from a Kampfpistole flare gun; the Sprengpatrone was a rifle grenade. The Kampfpistole was a rifled single-shot break action gun and the cartridge was breech loaded; the Kampfpistole was a rifled variant of the earlier Leuchtpistole 34. The Sprengpatrone was designed to give German troops a small and lightweight grenade launcher for engaging targets from close range which could not be engaged satisfactorily by infantry weapons or artillery without endangering friendly troops; the Sprengpatrone was used for low angle direct fire where accuracy were needed. It was not recommended for use beyond 180 m due to inaccuracy or less than 46 m due to the risk from shell fragments; this grenade consists of a aluminum cartridge case, a percussion cap in the center of the base, black powder propellant charge, an internal steel projectile filled with PETN and was topped by a nose fuze.

The projectile had a rifled aluminum external sleeve which engages the rifling of the Kampfpistole barrel. The nose fuze contains a striker head, held away from the detonator by six steel balls kept in position by a steel collar supported by three aluminum pins. A creep spring separates the striker and primer from the booster, separated from the explosive filling by an empty air space; when the projectile hits the target the noze fuse ignites the primer which in turn ignites the booster and the explosives

The Gamekeeper (film)

The Gamekeeper is a 1980 British drama film directed by Ken Loach. It is based on a novel of the same name by Barry Hines, it competed in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1980 Cannes Film Festival. As with Barry Hines's other scripts, most of the dialogue is in Yorkshire dialect; the film was produced by Associated Television. On its release, it was only shown at a few film festivals; the dialogue in the film was difficult for residents in some areas of the Midlands to understand. After this limited release, the film fell into obscurity and became one of Loach's rarest films. In September 2007, it was released on DVD for the first time in the Ken Loach Collection boxset and again became available; the DVD recording was remastered by the British Film Institute from a recording of the original ATV broadcast, with a director's commentary as an extra. George Purse is a former steelworker, employed as a gamekeeper on a large estate on the outskirts of Sheffield. One of his duties is to apprehend those who trespass on the land or poach animals on the land, to take them to the police.

His son is bullied at school by children. He is loyal to the Duke of the estate though he has difficulties with arranging basic repairs to the cottage that he lives in, his wife, feels isolated in the cottage and has misgivings about the annual pheasant shoot that George takes part in. George refuses to allow his son to keep a pet cat; the film shows George restraining and sometimes killing animals. In one discussion in a pub, two friends argue with George; the discussion moves on to the question of land ownership and its origins in the courting of favour from the monarch. George is resistant to this argument at first, saying that he "has a job to do". However, in a discussion with another worker on the estate, he uses the same argument against the Duke's inherited wealth, suggesting that he is having some doubts about his position. Whilst feeding the pheasants, George catches two former colleagues from the steelworks poaching on the land. One of the colleagues runs and escapes but the other, a man from Durham, stays behind because his dog is unable to run with him.

George threatens to shoot the Durham man's dog. Shortly before the shoot begins, George discovers that the beaters are refusing to work unless they have a pay increase. George reacts by joking. One beater asks him; the pay demand is conceded. Once the shoot begins, George tells them to work harder. A guest complains to the Duke about George's behaviour; the Duke tells George not to use foul language in front of ladies but subtly gives him a tip for his work. George asks one of the others about the repair to his window-frame, which he had asked about several months ago, is rebuffed; the film ends with George alone. Scriptwright Barry Hines is quoted as saying, not gamekeepers. You don't have to say anything. Director Ken Loach said that the film was an exploration of contraditictions, as George Purse had gained the freedom of being in the open air but become isolated from his family. Jonathan Rosenbaum has said, "The contradictions in his social position that emerge -– his fanatical concern for his boss’s property and domain, the uncertain grasp he maintains over his own –- is neither forced nor strident, but lingers afterward like a bitter aftertaste."Virgile Dumez has praised the photography of Chris Menges but criticised the film as boring.

Phil Askham - George Purse Rita May - Mary Andrew Grubb - John Peter Steels - Ian Michael Hinchcliffe - Bob Philip Firth - Frank Lee Hickin - Jack Jackie Shinn - Landlord Paul Brian - Butcher Ted Beyer - Alf Chick Barratt - Henry Willoughby Gray - Duke Mark Elwes - Lord Dronfield Tommy Edwards Gary Roberts - Poacher The Gamekeeper on IMDb