Olomouc is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic. Located on the Morava River, the city is the ecclesiastical metropolis and was a historical capital city of Moravia, before having been sacked by the Swedish army during the Thirty Years' War. Today, it is the administrative centre of the Olomouc Region and the sixth largest city in the Czech Republic; the city has about 100,000 residents, its larger urban zone has a population of about 480,000 people. Olomouc is said to occupy the site of a Roman fort founded in the imperial period, the original name of which, would be changed to the present form. Although this account is not documented except as oral history, archaeological excavations close to the city have revealed the remains of a Roman military camp dating from the time of the Marcomannic Wars of the late 2nd century. During the 6th century, Slavs migrated into the area; as early as the 7th century, a centre of political power developed in the present-day quarter of Povel.
Around 810 the local Slavonic ruler was defeated by troops of Great Moravian rulers and the settlement in Olomouc-Povel was destroyed. A new centre, where the Great Moravian governor resided, developed at the gord at Předhradí, a quarter of the inner city; this settlement survived the defeat of the Great Moravia and became the capital of the province of Moravia. The bishopric of Olomouc was founded in 1063, it was re-founded because there are some unclear references to bishops of Moravia in the 10th century—if they were not only missionary bishops, but representatives of some remains of regular church organization it is likely that these bishops had seat right here. Centuries in 1777, it was raised to the rank of an archbishopric; the bishopric was moved from the church of St. Peter to the church of Saint Wenceslas in 1141 under bishop Jindřich Zdík; the bishop's palace was built in the Romanesque architectural style. The bishopric acquired large tracts of land in northern Moravia, was one of the richest in the area.
Olomouc became one of the most important settlements in Moravia and a seat of the Přemyslid government and one of the appanage princes. In 1306 King Wenceslas III stopped here on his way to Poland, he was going to fight Władysław I the Elbow-high to claim his rights to the Polish crown and was assassinated. With his death, the whole Přemyslid dynasty died out; the city was founded in the mid-13th century and became one of the most important trade and power centres in the region. In the Middle Ages, it was the biggest town in Moravia and competed with Brno for the position of capital. Olomouc lost after the Swedes took the city and held it for eight years. In 1235, the Mongols launched an invasion of Europe. After the Battle of Legnica in Poland, the Mongols carried their raids into Moravia, but were defensively defeated at the fortified town of Olomouc; the Mongols subsequently defeated Hungary. In 1454 the city expelled its Jewish population as part of a wave of anti-Semitism seen in Spain and Portugal.
The second half of the 15th century is considered the start of Olomouc's golden age. It hosted several royal meetings, Matthias Corvinus was elected here as King of Bohemia by the estates in 1469. In 1479 two kings of Bohemia concluded an agreement for splitting the country. Participating in the Protestant Reformation, Moravia became Protestant. During the Thirty Years' War, in 1640 Olomouc was occupied by the Swedes for eight years, they left the city in ruins, it became second to Brno. In 1740 the town was captured and held by the Prussians. Olomouc was fortified by Maria Theresa during the wars with Frederick the Great, who besieged the city unsuccessfully for seven weeks in 1758. In 1848 Olomouc was the scene of the emperor Ferdinand's abdication. Two years Austrian and German statesmen held a conference here called the Punctation of Olmütz. At the conference, they agreed to restore the German Confederation and Prussia accepted leadership by the Austrians. In 1746 the first learned society in the lands under control of the Austrian Habsburgs, the Societas eruditorum incognitorum in terris Austriacis, was founded in Olomouc to spread Enlightenment ideas.
Its monthly Monatliche Auszüge was the first scientific journal published in the Habsburg empire. Because of its ecclesiastical links to Austria, Salzburg in particular, the city was influenced by German culture since the Middle Ages. Demographics before censuses can only be interpreted from other documents; the town's ecclesiastical constitution, the meetings of the Diet and the locally printed hymnal, were recorded in the Czech language in the mid-16th and 17th centuries. The first treatise on music in Czech was published in Olomouc in the mid-16th century; the political and social changes that followed the Thirty Years' War increased the influence of courtly Habsburg and Austrian/German language culture. The "Germanification" of the town resulted from the cosmopolitan nature of the city. Despite these influences, the Czech language dominated in ecclesiastical publications throughout the 17th and 18th centuries; when the Austrian-born composer an
Odell Bradley is an American professional basketball player. He was a forward in the Continental Basketball Association. Bradley was born September 1981, in Nashville, Tennessee, he played basketball at White Creek High School. He played at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis for the IUPUI Jaguars. While there, he led his team to the NCAA tournament. In his last season there he averaged 8 rebounds per game. While there, he won the Summit Player of the Year Award, he was an AP Honorable Mention for the AP All American. He was drafted by the United States Basketball League for the Cedar Rapids River Raiders, he played for the Continental Basketball Association where he led his team on scoring. He played for the American Basketball Association, where he made the All ABA Championship Finals Team
Victor Luís Bernal Garay is a Paraguayan senator for the Colorado Party and the former director of the bi-national hydroelectric enterprise Itaipú. He is an accountant by profession. An official investigation of Bernal's finances began while he was at Itaipú and continued into his years in the Senate. An attempt was made to impeach him, both he and his wife, María Elizabeth Pleva, spent years engaged in legal battles over charges of embezzlement. Bernal was appointed Paraguayan director of Itaipú in September 2003. Itaipú, jointly owned by Brazil and Paraguay, describes itself as “the largest power producer in the world” and says that its mission is to “generate quality electricity via and environmentally responsible practices, to foster sustainable economic and technological development in Brazil and Paraguay.” Its energy source is the Itaipú Dam, the world's largest hydroelectric dam, located on the Paraná River on the border between Brazil and Paraguay. The dam was named one of the seven wonders of the modern world in 1994 by the American Society of Civil Engineers.
During his tenure at Itaipú, under President Nicanor Duarte Frutos, Bernal was one of the most influential figures in Paraguayan politics. Bernal's wife, María Elizabeth Pleva, served as assistant Paraguayan director of Itaipú under Bernal, his brother Oscar was on the staff of Itaipú's Retirement and Pension Fund, a job that, according to the Paraguayan newspaper ABC, Itaipú, involved little or no work, his nephew Luis Benítez Bernal worked in Human Resources at Itaipú. As of 2007, Bernal's son Hugo, in his twenties, was earning a high salary as an adviser at the U. S. Embassy in Paraguay though he was not a career diplomat, ordinarily a requirement for such positions. During his time at Itaipú, Bernal earned a total of G 4,004,670,277 in salary, his wife earned G 1,596,560,135, they made G 1,000,000,000 from selling property. Beginning on 9 September 2007, ABC ran a series of articles about the Bernal family; the first article, headlined “Pornographic display of wealth by Victor Bernal and his family,” began by listing several examples to illustrate the Bernal family's opulent lifestyle.
In the concluding article in the series, the "new'royalty'" was said to have replaced the "old'barons'". It was noted that Pleva enjoyed a “title and salary at Itaipú, plus a vehicle, driver and bodyguards.”In an October 2007 article about Bernal's acquisition of wealth and land, it was noted that his property and money were the result of "miraculous multiplication". On just two properties, Bernal had spent G 1,300 million twice his annual salary of G 720 million. Bernal resigned from Itaipú in January 2008 to run for the Paraguayan senate, was paid G 303,266,890 by Itaipú in compensation for his period of service. On 17 January, President Nicanor Duarte announced. In the Paraguayan general election on 20 April 2008, Bernal was elected to the Senate. In the Senate, Bernal has sat on the following permanent committees: Hacienda, Presupuesto y Cuentas - 2008-9, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13 Energía, Recursos Naturales, Población, Producción y Desarrollo Sostenible - 2008-9, 2009–10, 2011–12, 2012-13 Economía, Desarrollo e Integración Económica Latinoamericana - 2009-10, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012-13 Cuentas y Control de la Administración Financiera del Estado - 2011-12, 2012–13He has sat on the following bicameral committee: C.
Bicameral Encargada del Estudio del Presupuesto General de la Nación, Ejercicio Fiscal 2011, Fiscal 2012 Bernal denounced the Ministries of Public Health and Education in May 2012 for using their resources for political purposes. A large group of young people gathered outside Bernal's home in June 2012 to protest his involvement in the impeachment of President Fernando Lugo. Bernal called in January 2013 for an end to negotiations between the Paraguayan government and the power company Rio Tinto Alcan, questioning the price the firm was charging for energy. During his tenure as CEO of Itaipú, during his subsequent service in the Paraguayan Senate, Bernal has been the subject of several different investigations and prosecutions based on his activities while working at Itaipú, he was investigated for overcharging for public-works projects in the town of Minga Guazú that were paid for by Itaipú. ABC noted on 5 March 2008 that Bernal had bought space in its pages to deny facts that the paper had reported about his use of funds from Itaipú that were supposed to be spent on public-works projects in the town of Minga Guazú in Alto Paraná.
Yet Bernal had “not offered a single document in proof” of his claims. By contrast, ABC maintained, the evidence of his guilt was ample. ABC added; this is false. For a year, we have sought answers to simple questions about the use of the binational's funds, he has not yet granted an interview. Or responded to our questionnaires.”Prosecutor Sergio Alegre of the Attorney General's Office asked Judge Ruben Ayala Brun on 16 April 2008 to dismiss an embezzlement complaint filed against Bernal by public advocate Edgar Villalba and by Gerardo Rolón Pose and Nils Candia Gini, presidents of the Demo