Olympus Corporation is a Japanese manufacturer of optics and reprography products. Olympus was established on 12 October 1919 specializing in microscopes and thermometers. Olympus holds a 70-percent share of the global endoscope market, estimated to be worth US$2.5 billion. Its global headquarters are located in Shinjuku, Japan. In 2011, Olympus attracted worldwide media scrutiny when it fired its CEO and the matter snowballed into a corporate corruption investigation with multiple arrests, it paid $646 million in kickback fines in 2016. In 1936, Olympus introduced its first camera, the Semi-Olympus I, fitted with the first Zuiko-branded lens; the first innovative camera series from Olympus was the Pen, launched in 1959. The half-frame format, allowing 72 pictures of 18 × 24 mm format on a standard 36 exposure roll of film, made Pen cameras compact and portable for their time; the Pen system design team, led by Yoshihisa Maitani created the OM system, a full-frame professional 35mm SLR system designed to compete with Nikon and Canon's bestsellers.
The OM system introduced a new trend towards more compact cameras and lenses, being much smaller than its competitors and presenting innovative design features such as off-the-film metering and OTF flash automation. The system included 14 different bodies 60 Zuiko-branded lenses, numerous camera accessories; the Olympus Chrome Six was a series of folding cameras made by Takachiho and Olympus from 1948 to 1956, for 6×4.5 or 6×6 exposures on 120 film. In 1983, along with Canon, branded a range of video recording equipment manufactured by JVC, called it "Olympus Video Photography" employing renowned photographer Terance Donovan to promote the range. A second version of the system was available the year after, but this was Olympus' last foray into the world of consumer video equipment until digital cameras became popular. Tsuyoshi Kikukawa, to become president of Olympus, foresaw the demand for the digital SLR, is credited with the company's strategy in digital photography, he fought for commitment by Olympus to enter the market in high-resolution photographic products.
As a result of his efforts, Olympus released an 810,000-pixel digital camera for the mass market in 1996, when the resolution of rivals' offerings was less than half. The next year, Olympus hit the market with a 1.41 million pixel camera. By 2001, the company's annual turnover from digital photography was in excess of ¥100 billion. Olympus manufactures compact digital cameras and is the designer of the Four Thirds system standard for digital single-lens reflex cameras. Olympus' Four Thirds system flagship DSLR camera is the E-5, released in 2010. Olympus is the largest manufacturer of Four-Thirds lenses, under the Zuiko Digital brand. At one time, Olympus cameras used only the proprietary xD-Picture Card for storage media; this storage solution is less popular than more common formats, recent cameras can use SD and CompactFlash cards. The most recent development is Olympus' focus on the Micro Four Thirds system. Olympus first introduced the Microcassette; the Olympus Pearlcorder L400, released in the 1980s, was the smallest and lightest microcassette voice recorder offered for sale, 2.9 × 0.8 × 2.0 in.
/ 73 × 20 × 52 3.2 oz. In 2012, the company announced that Sony and Fujifilm had offered forming a capital alliance and the company would focus on Mirrorless interchangeable-lens cameras. Olympus manufactures endoscopic, electrocautery and cleaning and disinfection equipment; the first flexible Endoscope in the world was manufactured by Olympus in Tokyo. Through its comprehensive product range and its reactivity to market innovations, Olympus enjoys a virtual stranglehold of the world market in gastro-intestinal endoscopes, it has 70% share of the global market whose estimated valued at US$2.5 billion. On 28 September 2012, Olympus and Sony announced that the two companies will establish a joint venture to develop new surgical endoscopes with 4K resolution and 3D capability. Since the beginning, the company has been a manufacturer of microscopes and optics for specialised needs, such as medical use; the first microscope manufactured at Olympus was called the Asahi. Olympus is a worldwide renowned manufacturer of microscopes.
Olympus offers a complete range of microscopes, which covers applications from education and routine studies up to state of the art research imaging systems, both in life science and materials science. Olympus Scientific Solutions Americas Corporation is a Waltham, Massachusetts-based manufacturer, is a subsidiary of Olympus Corporation. One of its companies, for example, is Olympus Imaging and Measuring Systems, specializing in imaging instruments for testing and measurement during industrial inspections. Olympus manufactures and sells industrial scanners, flaw detectors and transducers, thickness gages, digital cameras, image analysis software, industrial videoscopes, light sources, XRF and XRD analyzers, high-speed video cameras. 1919: The company was founded as Takachiho Seisakusho. In Japanese mythology, deities live on the peak of Mt. Takachiho; the first corporate logo was TOKIWA, derived from Tokiwa Shokai, the company that the founder, Takeshi Yamashita, had worked for. Tokiwa Shokai held an equity stake in Takachiho Seisakusho and was responsible for marketing Takachiho products.
The logo reads "TOKIWA TOKYO". The "G" and "M" marks above are believed to be the initials of Goro Matsukata, the president of Tokiwa Shokai. 1921: The Olympus brand was introduced in February 1921. This logo was used for microscopes and other products
Walter Peter "Babe" Pratt was a Canadian professional ice hockey defenceman/left winger who played for the New York Rangers, Toronto Maple Leafs and the Boston Bruins in the National Hockey League. He is the father of Tracy Pratt. Babe was an important member of two Stanley Cup winning teams, the 1940 Rangers and 1945 Maple Leafs, he won the Hart Trophy in 1944. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1966. In January, 1946 Pratt was caught betting on hockey games and was subsequently suspended from the NHL. Pratt admitted to gambling but denied placing a bet against his own team. After promising to quit betting he was reinstated to the Toronto Maple Leafs, his last NHL season was with the Boston Bruins in 1946–47 and he played in the minors after that. He subsequently worked as an analyst for CBC Television's Hockey Night In Canada telecasts from Vancouver in the 1970s and served as a goodwill ambassador of the Vancouver Canucks. Pratt collapsed and died of a heart attack in the media lounge of the Pacific Coliseum in Vancouver during the first intermission of a Canucks game on December 16, 1988.
The Canucks honored Pratt's memory by stitching "BABE" on their sweaters for the remainder of the hockey season. Despite the brevity of his career, the time passed since it ended, a reputation for rough play, in 1998, he was ranked number 96 on The Hockey News' list of the 100 Greatest Hockey Players. MJHL Scoring Champion Turnbull Cup MJHL Championship Stanley Cup championship NHL First All-Star Team Defence Hart Memorial Trophy winner NHL Second All-Star Team Defence Inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1966 Inducted into the Manitoba Sports Hall of Fame and Museum in 1990 Selected to Manitoba's All-Century First All-Star Team "Honoured Member" of the Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame In 1998, he was ranked number 96 on The Hockey News' list of the 100 Greatest Hockey Players In the 2009 book 100 Ranger Greats, was ranked No. 47 all-time of the 901 New York Rangers who had played during the team's first 82 seasons Tied for most assists by a defenceman in one game with 6 Scored the game-winning goal for the Toronto Maple Leafs in the 1945 Stanley Cup Finals Biographical information and career statistics from Eliteprospects.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or Legends of Hockey, or The Internet Hockey Database
This is a complete list in alphabetical order of cricketers who played first-class cricket matches for Manchester Cricket Club. Depending on the status of their opponents, the side has been retrospectively classified as a first-class team between 1844 and 1858; the details are the player's usual name followed by the years in which he was active in first-class matches as a Manchester player. Many players represented other teams besides Manchester, including Lancashire XIs, several played for Lancashire County Cricket Club after it was formed in 1865. John Adamthwaite William Armitstead Aspinall Samuel Baldwinson Robert Barlow Richard Bellhouse Thomas Bellhouse Lea Birch Scholes Birch Joseph Birley Thomas Blain David Bleakley C. Bradshaw Henry Brandt Stephen Braybrooke John Buttery William Caffyn James Clegg George Cooke Henry Cooke Samuel Dakin Thomas Davis Alfred Diver John Earl senior John Henry Earl Charles Elmhirst W. Galloway Arthur Girling R. Hampson Thomas Heighes Tom Hunt William Kington John Lillywhite William Mackworth Joseph Makinson James Marchanton Edward Martin J. Martin T. McConnell Pierrepont Mundy Elgar Pagden John Payne Frederico Perera Henry Pickford J. E. Price Charles Rogers Alexander Rowley James Rowley Shepherd John Sherman Thomas Smelt S. Taylor Frederick Thackeray Edward Whitlow John Whittington John Wisden J. Womack Edward Wright Henry Wright