SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Omniscience

Omniscience is the capacity to know everything. In monotheistic religions, such as Sikhism and the Abrahamic religions, this is an attribute of God. In Jainism, omniscience is an attribute that any individual can attain. In Buddhism, there are differing beliefs about omniscience among different schools; the topic of omniscience has been much debated in various Indian traditions, but no more so than by the Buddhists. After Dharmakirti's excursions into the subject of what constitutes a valid cognition, Śāntarakṣita and his student Kamalaśīla investigated the subject in the Tattvasamgraha and its commentary the Panjika; the arguments in the text can be broadly grouped into four sections: The refutation that cognitions, either perceived, inferred, or otherwise, can be used to refute omniscience. A demonstration of the possibility of omniscience through apprehending the selfless universal nature of all knowables, by examining what it means to be ignorant and the nature of mind and awareness. A demonstration of the total omniscience where all individual characteristics are available to the omniscient being.

The specific demonstration of Shakyamuni Buddha's non-exclusive omniscience. Some modern Christian theologians argue that God's omniscience is inherent rather than total, that God chooses to limit his omniscience in order to preserve the freewill and dignity of his creatures. John Calvin, among other theologians of the 16th century, comfortable with the definition of God as being omniscient in the total sense, in order for worthy beings' abilities to choose embraced the doctrine of predestination. In Islam, Allah is attributed with absolute omniscience, he knows the present and the future. It is compulsory for a Muslim to believe that Allah is indeed omniscient as stated in one of the six articles of faith which is: To believe that Allah’s divine decree and predestination“Say: Do you instruct Allah about your religion? But Allah knows all, in the heavens and on the earth. In Jainism, omniscience is considered the highest type of perception. In the words of a Jain scholar, "The perfect manifestation of the innate nature of the self, arising on the complete annihilation of the obstructive veils, is called omniscience."Jainism views infinite knowledge as an inherent capability of every soul.

Arihanta is the word used by Jains to refer to those human beings who have conquered all inner passions and possess Kevala Jnana. They are said to be of two kinds: Sāmānya kevali – omniscient beings who are concerned with their own liberation. Tirthankara kevali – human beings who attain omniscience and help others to achieve the same. Whether omniscience regarding the choices that a human will make, is compatible with free will has been debated by theologians and philosophers; the argument that divine foreknowledge is not compatible with free will is known as theological fatalism. It is argued that if humans are free to choose between alternatives, God could not know what this choice will be. A question arises: if an omniscient entity knows everything about its own decisions in the future, does it therefore forbid any free will to that entity? William Lane Craig states that the question subdivides into two: If God foreknows the occurrence of some event E, does E happen necessarily? If some event E is contingent, how can God foreknow E’s occurrence?

However, this kind of argument fails to recognize its use of the modal fallacy. It is possible to show; some philosophers, such as Patrick Grim, Linda Zagzebski, Stephan Torre and William Mander have discussed the issue of whether the apparent first-person nature of conscious experience is compatible with God's omniscience. There is a strong sense in which conscious experience is private, meaning that no outside observer can gain knowledge of what it is like to be me as me. If a subject cannot know what it is like to be another subject in an objective manner, the question is whether that limitation applies to God as well. If it does God cannot be said to be omniscient since there is a form of knowledge that God lacks access to; the philosopher Patrick Grim most notably raised this issue. Linda Zagzebski tried to avoid it by introducing the notion of perfect empathy, a proposed relation that God can have to subjects that would allow God to have perfect knowledge of their conscious experience. William Mander argued that God can only have such knowledge if our experiences are part of God's broader experience.

Stephan Torre claimed that God can have such knowledge if self-knowledge involves the ascription of properties, either to oneself or to others. Patrick Grim saw this line of reasoning as a motivation for accepting atheism. Epistemology Omnibenevolence Omniscient point-of-view, in writing, is to know everything that can be known about a character. Omnipotence Omnipresence Pantomath Sangave, Vilas Adinath, Aspects of Jaina religion, Bharatiya Jnanpith, ISBN 978-81-263-0626-8 Mehta, Mohan Lal, Outlines of Jaina Philosophy, Jain Mission Society Wierenga, Edward. "Omniscience". In Zalta, Edward N.. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Omniscience and Divine Foreknowledge article in the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy Is God All-Knowing

New Market, Dhaka

New Market is a commercial shopping market in north of Azimpur, Dhaka. The market was set up 1954 as a shopping complex, to cater to the needs of the people from the residential areas of University of Dhaka and Dhanmondi. Construction began in 1952, on 35 acres of land during the tenure of Nurul Amin as the Chief Minister of East Bengal. Construction ended in 1954. Today the market has multiple buildings as well as sidewalk vendors. New Market area is triangular in shape with high arched entry gates on three sides. There were a triangular lawn at the center; the total area was 35 acres of land. During 1950's and 1960's, it was the most popular place for shopping as well as recreation. Novelty, an ice-cream shop, was one of the most popular destinations of the young people. During the 1980s, 3 more New Market blocks were constructed on the north under Dhaka City Corporation, for example, New Super Market for crockeries, Bonolata for kitchen market and Gausia market for varieties of items and D block for groceries, each having over thousand shops.

A park inside has been converted into a mosque at first floor level with sixty new shops under it. Official website

Sophie Troc

Sophie Troc is a French alpine skier, sighted guide and 3-time Paralympic Champion. She was Nicolas Berejny's sighted guide at Turin 2006 and Vancouver 2010, they competed in the 2006 Winter Paralympics in Turin and won gold in the Slalom and the Giant Slalom, visually impaired, bronze in the Downhill, visually impaired. At the 2010 Winter Paralympics in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada and Berejny won gold in the Super-G, visually impaired. Photo: Nicolas Berejny, Sophie Troc – Paralympic Winter Games: Day Seven, Life magazine Vancouver 2010 – Official Results Book – Alpine skiing at the Wayback Machine