Grand Terrace, California
Grand Terrace is a city in San Bernardino County, United States. The population was 12,040 at the 2010 census, up from 11,626 at the 2000 census. Grand Terrace is located between Highgrove and Colton, along the 215 and Aqua Mansa industrial corridors; the city is situated between two mountain ridges: Blue Mountain to the east and the La Loma Hills to the west. Grand Terrace's roots go back to Mexican land grants dating from the period between 1830 and 1840. Mormon settlers came shortly after, arriving during the 1850s. According to the Riverside Press, in 1876, there were nine buildings in the Terrace-Colton area; the area was referred to as "the Terrace", but the word "Grand" was added around 1898 due to the beautiful views which surround the city. In 1905, Seventh-day Adventists, whose medical university is now located in nearby Loma Linda, settled in the area. Grand Terrace, at the time known as "South Colton", experienced continued growth and development during the Southern California suburbia and sunbelt periods in the late half of the 20th century.
The development of Grand Terrace, or East Riverside, as the Grand Terrace-Highgrove area was called, became a reality with the construction of the Gage Canal. This 22-1/2-mile canal, built at a cost of 2 million dollars, brought water from the Santa Ana River marshlands below The Terrace. With plenty of irrigation water, Grand Terrace became an agricultural community featuring fine, quality citrus. However, the severe "freeze" of 1913 destroyed many groves. Walnuts, a hardier tree, were planted as replacements along with peaches as a quick-profit crop; the social activities in the early 1900s centered around the Farm Bureau Extension Service and the Women's Club, followed by the PTA, in the 1930s. Since there were no local churches, people traveled to surrounding communities for worship and other church activities. In 1962, the Grand Terrace Chamber of Commerce was organized. From the beginning the Chamber was interested in preserving the local identity of the area, therefore, was a strong supporter of cityhood.
This group did much of the groundwork, which led to the formation of a local governing body in 1976, called the Municipal Advisory Council or MAC. After nearly two years of meetings and negotiations with the County, the residents went to the polls to decide the issue of cityhood; the response was an 82% vote for incorporation. On November 30, 1978, the Charter City Council was installed at Terrace Hills Junior High and Grand Terrace became the 16th city in San Bernardino County. Grand Terrace was named one of the "Top 100 Cities to Live In" by Money magazine in 2007; this 3.6-square-mile community has an average elevation of 1,065 feet. Its motto, inscribed on the city flag, is "The Blue Mountain City", refers to the Blue Lupine flower that used to grow on Blue Mountain in the spring. According to the city's web site, the 2000 census revealed that Grand Terrace has the highest median income in the Inland Empire region at $61,068. According to an article in The Press-Enterprise dated May 31, 2002, "Its clean streets, quiet neighborhoods and no violent crime are big draws for its middle-income population."
Grand Terrace is located at 34°1′52″N 117°19′0″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.5 square miles, all land. The 2010 United States Census reported that Grand Terrace had a population of 12,040; the population density was 3,438.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of Grand Terrace was 7,912 White, 673 African American, 120 Native American, 778 Asian, 32 Pacific Islander, 1,898 from other races, 627 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4,708 persons; the census reported that 11,927 people lived in households, 50 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 63 were institutionalized. There were 4,403 households, of which 1,548 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,214 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 599 had a female householder with no husband present, 254 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 285 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 26 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,026 households were made up of individuals and 395 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.71. There were 3,067 families. 2,781 people were under the age of 18, 1,244 people aged 18 to 24, 3,320 people aged 25 to 44, 3,195 people aged 45 to 64, 1,500 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males. There were 4,649 housing units at an average density of 1,327.5 per square mile, of which 2,790 were owner-occupied, 1,613 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.7%. 7,848 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 4,079 people lived in rental housing units. According to the 2010 United States Census, Grand Terrace had a median household income of $64,073, with 6.5% of the population living below the federal poverty line. At the 2000 census, there were 11,626 people, 4,221 households and 3,051 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,352.3 per square mile. The
The Texas Eagle is a 1,306-mile passenger train route operated by Amtrak in the central and western United States. Trains run daily between Chicago and San Antonio, Texas. Three days a week, the train operates as a section of the Sunset Limited; the westbound Texas Eagle joins with the westbound Sunset Limited in San Antonio and continues to Los Angeles, California. Prior to 1988, the train was known as the Eagle. During fiscal year 2017, the Texas Eagle carried 346,000 passengers, a 13% increase over FY2016. Amtrak's Texas Eagle is the direct successor of the Missouri Pacific Railroad and Texas and Pacific Railway train of the same name, inaugurated in 1948 and discontinued in 1971; the route of Amtrak's Texas Eagle is longer, but much of today's route is a part of the original Texas Eagle route. St. Louis to Texarkana and Taylor, Texas, to San Antonio travels over former Missouri Pacific Railroad trackage, while the Texarkana to Fort Worth segment traverses the former Texas and Pacific Railway.
The T&P merged with MoPac in 1982. The Eagle began on October 2, 1981, as a restructuring of the Inter-American, which had operated a daily schedule from Chicago to Laredo, via San Antonio with a section to Houston, which diverged at Temple, Texas; the new Eagle dropped the Houston section, while its southern terminus was cut back from Laredo to San Antonio. The new train carried Superliner equipment. In addition, the new train ran on a thrice-weekly schedule with a through car on the Sunset Limited to Los Angeles, although the latter was not announced until the April 1982 timetable. On November 15, 1988, Amtrak revived a Houston section, this time diverging at Dallas and running over the tracks of the Southern Pacific, it was the first time passenger traffic had served that route since 1958. Amtrak had intended to operate the Lone Star over this route back in the 1970s, but dropped the plan in the face of obstruction from the Southern Pacific. With the change, Amtrak revived the name Texas Eagle for the thrice-weekly Chicago-San Antonio/Houston train, while the off-day Chicago–St.
Louis train remained the Eagle. This section would be discontinued on September 10, 1995. On April 4, 2013 Amtrak opened a new station in Hope, the hometown of former U. S. president Bill Clinton. Arcadia Valley was added on November 2016 serving Iron County, Missouri. In the August 2009 issue of Trains, Brian Rosenwald, Amtrak's chief of product management, noted that the Sunset Limited might be replaced by an extension of the Texas Eagle to Los Angeles: "We projected the revenue and looked at the logistics, with a little bit of rescheduling came to the conclusion that we can make this happen with the equipment we have, the additional revenue the train earns will more than cover the increased operating costs"; the move would restore a connection to the Coast Starlight in both directions, move boarding in Maricopa and Tucson, Arizona, to civilized times. "We are putting a stake in the ground: Triweekly needs to disappear," Rosenwald said. While the route of the Sunset Limited would not be replaced, the performance improvements listed explain what will happen: Conversion to daily Chicago–Los Angeles train Shortening of the schedule by 9 hours San Antonio–New Orleans stub service on a daily basis to connect with this train Use of the Diner-Lounge on the stub serviceThese changes would, in turn, create a through-car change similar to that of the Empire Builder.
Such service would originate from Los Angeles and split at San Antonio, vice versa from New Orleans. As of November 2013, train 21 departs Chicago 1:45 pm, running between Chicago and its first station stop in Joliet, parallel to the Illinois and Michigan Canal, along first the Canadian National's Freeport Subdivision and Joliet Subdivision, used by Metra's Heritage Corridor and Amtrak's Lincoln Service. From Joliet, the train travels along Union Pacific rails parallel to Interstate 55, making station stops in Pontiac, Bloomington–Normal, Springfield and Alton before crossing the Mississippi River to make its stop at St. Louis' Gateway Multimodal Transportation Center, scheduled for 7:21 pm. After St. Louis, the train skirts the Ozark Mountains, stopping in Poplar Bluff, before crossing the state line into Arkansas. In Arkansas, the train stops in Walnut Ridge, the state capital of Little Rock, the stations at Malvern, Arkadelphia and Texarkana, on the Arkansas–Texas border. Continuing into Texas, the train makes station stops in Marshall, Mineola and Fort Worth, which has connections to Oklahoma City via Amtrak's Heartland Flyer, from there the train travels on BNSF trackage.
The train continues on, making stops in Cleburne, McGregor, Taylor, the state capital of Austin, San Marcos, with a scheduled arrival into San Antonio at 9:55 pm and a connection to the Sunset Limited on Tuesdays and Sundays, to Los Angeles at 2:45 am. The northbound Texas Eagle leaves San Antonio at 7 am and arrives at Chicago at 1:45 pm the next day; the assigned consist on the Texas Eagle includes: 1 GE P42 Genesis locomotive Superliner Transition Sleeper Superliner Sleeper Superliner Diner-Lounge Superliner Sightseer Lounge Superliner Coach Superliner Coach Superliner Coach-baggage 321/322 Coach On a thrice-weekly basis, a coach and sleeping car operate from Chicago throu
Antelope Valley Transit Authority
Antelope Valley Transit Authority is the transit agency serving the cities of Palmdale and Northern Los Angeles County. Antelope Valley Transit Authority is operated under contract by Transdev, is affiliated with and offers connecting services with Metro and Metrolink; the cities of Palmdale and Lancaster and the Los Angeles County Department of Public Works jointly created the Antelope Valley Transit Authority in 1992 to meet the growing need for public transportation in the Antelope Valley. AVTA began local transit service on July 1, 1992 with three types of services: Transit and Dial-A-Ride. A fourth service, Access Services, was created in 1996 to provide the disabled with a local complementary paratransit service in line with the Americans with Disabilities Act. AVTA openedd a larger facility in 2004 to accommodate increased demand. On March 17, 2017, the system suffered a temporary strike by its drivers; the dispute was between the driver's union the system operator Transdev. After making their statement, the drivers elected to return to service by March 19 while negotiations between the parties continued.
However the drivers went on strike again, May 3 was the third walkout. As the dispute continued, drivers were locked out on August 22. AVTA has tripled the number of passenger trips in just over a decade of operation. To keep up with the increased need for transit services, AVTA opened a new, larger maintenance facility in Lancaster. AVTA pays for a much higher share of its costs through fares compared to other transit systems in Los Angeles County. AVTA offers some of its customers an innovative program designed to assist those in need, as well as a program to show appreciation to our armed forces, AVTA permits seniors and passengers who have a disability, with proper ID, to utilize its local bus system for free, during regular business hours. Pam Holland, spokesperson for AVTA, says, "This program offers those in need, a hand up, in their everyday life, some of which can't afford a car, let alone bus fare, now have the freedom, to use our system throughout the Antelope Valley, going grocery shopping, paying their bills, or going to their doctor's appointment for free on our local fixed routes, we are happy to offer this service, as well as, letting our military ride the local transit system for free as well, in appreciation of their sacrifice to our country."
In 2017, AVTA became the first transit agency in the United States to operate a 60-foot, articulated electric bus. The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors recognized AVTA as an “Efficient Transit System”; the California Transit Association gave a “Transit Innovation Award” to AVTA in 1998 and a “Transit Image Award” in 1999. Commuter Services provides service to and from to major places of employment outside of the Antelope Valley. Commuter Services service is only operated Monday - Friday. Official website
Amtrak California is a brand name used by the California Department of Transportation Division of Rail on three state-supported Amtrak rail routes within the US State of California, the Capitol Corridor, the Pacific Surfliner, the San Joaquin. It includes an extensive network of Thruway Motorcoach bus connections, operated by private companies under contract; the three lines shared the use of "Amtrak California" branded Thruway trainsets. The National Railroad Passenger Corporation assumed operation of all intercity passenger rail in the United States in 1971. Service in California, as in most of the United States, was infrequent. In 1976 California began providing financial assistance to Amtrak. At the same time, Caltrans Division of Rail was formed to oversee state-financed rail operations and the brand Amtrak California started appearing on state-supported routes. In 1990, California passed Propositions 108 and 116, providing $3 billion for transportation projects, with a large portion going to rail service.
As a result, new locomotives and passenger cars were purchased by the state, existing inter-city routes expanded. A more distinct image for Amtrak California, such as painting locomotives and passenger cars in "California Color" of blue and yellow, was established with the arrival of new rolling stock. In 1998, while still funded by the state, the management of the Capitol Corridor was transferred to the Capitol Corridor Joint Powers Authority, formed by local jurisdictions of the line serves. In 2015 the management of the San Joaquin and the Pacific Surfliner were transferred to the San Joaquin Joint Powers Authority and the Los Angeles-San Diego-San Luis Obispo Rail Corridor Agency, respectively; as a result, the "Amtrak California" brand became less prominent in the websites and marketing materials. Amtrak California operates a fleet of EMD F59PHI, GE P32-8WH and Siemens Charger locomotives that are used on San Joaquin and Capitol Corridor trains; these locomotives carry the CDTX reporting marks.
The Pacific Surfliner trains used a dedicated fleet of 15 EMD F59PHI locomotives that are painted to match the livery of the "Surfliner" passenger cars, but they were Amtrak owned instead. These locomotives were sold to Metra in early 2018 and subsequently replaced by the Charger locomotives; the last Amtrak-owned F59PHI left for Chicago on March 1, 2019. Locomotives from Amtrak's national fleet such as P42DC are used as substitutes when the Amtrak California dedicated fleet of locomotives undergoes maintenance. Twenty-two additional locomotives built by Siemens will join Amtrak California's locomotive fleet starting from 2017; these locomotives, named Charger, were parts of a multi-state order funded by a combination of federal and state money. Illinois Department of Transportation, acting as the leading agency, awarded the order to Siemens on December 18, 2013. Caltrans ordered the first six with the initial order in 2013 exercised the option to buy 14 more locomotives in 2015 to replace Amtrak-owned locomotives used on Pacific Surfliner.
Two additional locomotives were ordered in 2016. Amtrak California's routes use bi-level, high-capacity passenger cars, dubbed the Surfliner and California Car. All of the California Cars are owned by the California Department of Transportation. Most of the Surfliner cars are owned by Amtrak with some owned by Caltrans; the design of the cars is based on Amtrak's Superliner bi-level passenger cars, but several changes were made to the design to make the car more suitable for corridor services with frequent stops. One important difference is that the Surfliner and California Car have two sets of automatic doors on each side instead of only one manually operated door on the Superliners, which speeds up boarding and alighting considerably. Additionally and California Car coaches are equipped with higher-density seating and bicycle racks to permit transport of unboxed bicycles. Consists on the San Joaquin, Capitol Corridor, Pacific Surfliner routes include between four and six cars, with one locomotive and a cab control car on the rear end.
In 2007, Amtrak California paid for the repair of seven wreck-damaged Superliner Coaches owned by Amtrak in exchange for a six-year lease, intended to add capacity on busy Capitol Corridor and San Joaquin trains. Four of the cars have been painted to match the "California car" livery and three have been painted to match the "Surfliner" livery; each car has the current Amtrak logo on the middle left side of each car. Superliner I/II coaches from Amtrak's national fleet are used on some consists due to shortages of inter-city "Surfliner" & "California cars." Increasing ridership on the San Joaquin led Amtrak California to purchase 14 Comet IB rail cars from NJ Transit in 2008 for $75,000 per car. Caltrans paid $20 million to have these former commuter cars refurbished and reconfigured to serve as intercity coaches at Amtrak's Beech Grove Shops. Caltrans has paid to lease and refurbish 3 Horizon dinettes and 3 Non-Powered Control Units; as the leading agency of a joint purchase agreement with the Midwest Coalition consisted of Illinois and Missouri, Caltrans awarded the 130 bilevel passenger car order to Nippon Sharyo on November 6, 2012, to be built at Nippon Sharyo's new factory at Rochelle, Illinois, of which 42 would have gone to California The design of new bilevel cars would have been based on existing California Cars with heavy involvement from Caltrans.
However, Siemens was selected to build new single level train cars after a car failed
A bus is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers. Buses can have a capacity as high as 300 passengers; the most common type of bus is the single-deck rigid bus, with larger loads carried by double-decker and articulated buses, smaller loads carried by midibuses and minibuses. Many types of buses, such as city transit buses and inter-city coaches, charge a fare. Other types, such as elementary or secondary school buses or shuttle buses within a post-secondary education campus do not charge a fare. In many jurisdictions, bus drivers require a special licence above and beyond a regular driver's licence. Buses may be used for scheduled bus transport, scheduled coach transport, school transport, private hire, or tourism. Horse-drawn buses were used from the 1820s, followed by steam buses in the 1830s, electric trolleybuses in 1882; the first internal combustion engine buses, or motor buses, were used in 1895. Interest has been growing in hybrid electric buses, fuel cell buses, electric buses, as well as ones powered by compressed natural gas or biodiesel.
As of the 2010s, bus manufacturing is globalised, with the same designs appearing around the world. Bus is a clipped form of the dative plural of omnis-e; the theoretical full name is in French voiture omnibus. The name originates from a mass-transport service started in 1823 by a French corn-mill owner named Stanislas Baudry in Richebourg, a suburb of Nantes. A by-product of his mill was hot water, thus next to it he established a spa business. In order to encourage customers he started a horse-drawn transport service from the city centre of Nantes to his establishment; the first vehicles stopped in front of the shop of a hatter named Omnés, which displayed a large sign inscribed "Omnes Omnibus", a pun on his Latin-sounding surname, omnes being the male and female nominative and accusative form of the Latin adjective omnis-e, combined with omnibus, the dative plural form meaning "for all", thus giving his shop the name "Omnés for all". His transport scheme was a huge success, although not as he had intended as most of his passengers did not visit his spa.
He turned the transport service into his principal lucrative business venture and closed the mill and spa. Nantes citizens soon gave the nickname "omnibus" to the vehicle. Having invented the successful concept Baudry moved to Paris and launched the first omnibus service there in April 1828. A similar service was introduced in London in 1829. Regular intercity bus services by steam-powered buses were pioneered in England in the 1830s by Walter Hancock and by associates of Sir Goldsworthy Gurney, among others, running reliable services over road conditions which were too hazardous for horse-drawn transportation; the first mechanically propelled omnibus appeared on the streets of London on 22 April 1833. Steam carriages were much less to overturn, they travelled faster than horse-drawn carriages, they were much cheaper to run, caused much less damage to the road surface due to their wide tyres. However, the heavy road tolls imposed by the turnpike trusts discouraged steam road vehicles and left the way clear for the horse bus companies, from 1861 onwards, harsh legislation eliminated mechanically propelled vehicles from the roads of Great Britain for 30 years, the Locomotive Act of that year imposing restrictive speed limits on "road locomotives" of 5 mph in towns and cities, 10 mph in the country.
In parallel to the development of the bus was the invention of the electric trolleybus fed through trolley poles by overhead wires. The Siemens brothers, William in England and Ernst Werner in Germany, collaborated on the development of the trolleybus concept. Sir William first proposed the idea in an article to the Journal of the Society of Arts in 1881 as an "...arrangement by which an ordinary omnibus...would have a suspender thrown at intervals from one side of the street to the other, two wires hanging from these suspenders. Although this experimental vehicle fulfilled all the technical criteria of a typical trolleybus, it was dismantled in the same year after the demonstration. Max Schiemann opened a passenger-carrying trolleybus in 1901 in Germany. Although this system operated only until 1904, Schiemann had developed what is now the standard trolleybus current collection system. In the early days, a few other methods of current collection were used. Leeds and Bradford became the first cities to put trolleybuses into service in Great Britain on 20 June 1911.
In Siegerland, two passenger bus lines ran but unprofitably, in 1895 using a six-passenger motor carriage developed from the 1893 Benz Viktoria. Another commercial bus line using the same model Benz omnibuses ran for a short time in 1898 in the rural area around Llandudno, Wales. Daimler produced one of the earliest motor-bus models in 1898, selling a double-decker bus to the Motor Traction Company, first used on the streets of London on 23 April 1898; the vehicle had a maximum speed of 18 km/h and accommodated up to 20 passengers, in an enclosed area below and on an open-air pl
Metrolink is a commuter rail system in Southern California consisting of seven lines and 62 stations operating on 534 miles of rail network. The system operates in Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, Ventura counties, as well as to Oceanside in San Diego County, it connects with the Los Angeles County Metro Rail and Metro Busway system, the San Diego Coaster commuter rail and Sprinter light rail services, with Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner, Coast Starlight, Southwest Chief, Sunset Limited intercity rail services. The system, founded in 1991 as the Southern California Regional Rail Authority and adopting "Metrolink" as its moniker, started operation in 1992. Average weekday ridership was 39,838 as of 2017. In addition to suburban communities and cities, Metrolink serves several points of interest such as Downtown Los Angeles, Hollywood Burbank Airport, California State University, Los Angeles, Angel Stadium of Anaheim, the San Clemente Pier. Special service has been extended to the Pomona Fairplex, the Ventura County Fairgrounds, the Auto Club Speedway for certain events.
Metrolink's fare structure is based on a flat fee for boarding the train and an additional cost for distance with fares being calculated in 25-cent increments between stations. Metrolink tickets are valid fare for most connecting trains. Fare increases occur annually in July, to coincide with increased fuel and labor expenses, have averaged between 3.5% and 5% per year. The oil price increases since 2003 are to blame for increasing fares, as Metrolink trains are powered by diesel fuel; the member agencies of the SCRRA purchased 175 miles of track, maintenance yards, stations and other property from Southern Pacific for $450 million in 1990. The rights to use Los Angeles Union Station were purchased from Union Pacific, the station's owner at the time, for $17 million in the same year; the Authority was formally founded in 1991. Amtrak began operation of the Ventura, Santa Clarita, San Bernardino lines on October 26, 1992 under contract to the SCRRA. In 1993, service was expanded to include the Orange County Lines.
The Inland Empire-Orange County Line opened in 1995. In 1995, more trains on the Orange County service were funded; the 91 Line opened in 2002. From July 2004, Metrolink fares were changed from zone based to one based on distance. In 2005 a five-year operational contract was awarded to Connex Railroad/Veolia Transport. In 2005, the Orange County Transportation Authority approved a plan to increase frequencies to 76 trains daily on the Orange County and Inland Empire-Orange County Lines by 2009, funding for increased Metrolink service was included in the renewal of the Measure M sales tax for transportation approved by voters in November 2006. A proposed station in Yorba Linda was canceled in 2005 due to local opposition. In July 2008, it was announced. Following the 2008 Chatsworth train collision in which 25 people died and 135 were injured a number of safety measures were taken. In 2010, the first of 117 energy absorbing passenger carriages were received by the operator. Amtrak regained the contract to operate Metrolink beginning in July 2010.
Average weekday ridership for the fourth quarter of 2009 was 38,400. In 2010, to save money in the face of funding cuts, the Metrolink board voted to reduce mid-day service on the Inland Empire–Orange County Line, as well as weekend service on both the Orange County and Inland Empire–Orange County lines. Average weekday ridership was 41,000 during May 2011. A survey found that 90% of users during a typical weekday in 2009 would have driven alone or carpooled and that the system replaced an estimated 25,000 vehicle trips. During a weekend closure of Interstate 405 in July 2011, the system recorded its highest-ever weekend ridership of 20,000 boardings, 50% higher than the same weekend in 2010 and 10% higher than the previous weekend ridership record which occurred during U2 360° Tour in June 2011. Ridership continued to rise in 2012, when average weekday ridership reached 42,265. Although 2013 annual boardings were 12.07 million, ridership dropped to 11.74 million by fall 2014, contrary to projections.
Blaming the decrease on the worst recession since World War II, Metrolink said it found itself caught between cutting service and boosting fares, both of which would further decrease ridership. Metrolink began offering mobile ticketing in early 2016; the Riverside County Transportation Commission extended the 91 Line southeast 24 miles to Perris, using the existing San Jacinto Branch Line, which it purchased in 1993. Initial plans were for construction/renovation of the line to begin in 2012, but these were delayed by a lawsuit filed by homeowners in the affected area, who challenged the RCTC's environmental report; the lawsuit was settled in late July 2013. Construction on the $248.3 million extension began in October 2013. In mid-February 2016, the extension's opening was planned in March of that year; the extension opened in June 2016
The Sunset Limited is an Amtrak passenger train that for most of its history has run between New Orleans and Los Angeles, over the nation's second transcontinental route. However, up until Hurricane Katrina in 2005, it ran between Los Angeles, it is the oldest named train in the United States. This train is one of only two of Amtrak's 15 long-distance services which run only three days a week; the Sunset Limited carried the fewest passengers of any Amtrak train in fiscal year 2016, 98,079, a 2.6% decrease over FY2015. It had a total revenue of $10,769,179, giving it a 7.5% decrease over FY2015. For most of its existence, the Sunset Limited route was owned by the Southern Pacific Railroad; the name Sunset Limited traces its origins to the Galveston and San Antonio Railway, a Southern Pacific subsidiary, known as the Sunset Route as early as 1874. Most of the current route from New Orleans westward is now owned by the Union Pacific Railroad, which acquired Southern Pacific in 1996. However, most of the route within Louisiana itself was sold to BNSF Railway in 1995 in return for BNSF not objecting to the UP-SP merger.
On the portion of the route east of New Orleans, service was suspended after Hurricane Katrina. Those tracks, between New Orleans and Florida, include parts of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad, the Seaboard Air Line Railroad, the Louisville and Nashville Railroad—all now owned by CSX Transportation; the segment of the former Atlantic Coast Line Railroad between DeLand and Orlando is owned by Orlando's commuter service SunRail. The train uses the following route segments, identified here by the names of their original owners: Service on the Sunset Limited between New Orleans and Florida has been suspended since August 29, 2005 because the rail line in the path of Hurricane Katrina east of New Orleans was washed out; the operating railroad CSX restored the line itself between New Jacksonville. However, in 2006, Amtrak said it was deemed too expensive to rebuild to modern passenger rail standards. In 2016 Amtrak proposed to return the Sunset Limited service to Florida in the near future. Eastbound trains leave Los Angeles on Sunday and Friday.
Westbound trains leave New Orleans on Monday and Saturday. The journey takes two days to complete in each direction. At San Antonio, thru-cars from the Texas Eagle are combined with the Sunset Limited for the journey westward and split eastward; when combined with the Sunset Limited, the Texas Eagle is numbered as 421 westbound and 422 eastbound. A highlight of the trip is the crossing of the Huey P. Long Bridge just west of New Orleans; the bridge is one of the longest railroad bridges in the United States, at 4.5 miles. In its present form, the eastbound Sunset Limited leaves Los Angeles in the middle of the night, traveling overnight through Arizona before arriving at breakfast time in Tucson and mid-afternoon in El Paso. After traveling through west Texas overnight, it separates from the Texas Eagle in San Antonio. Resuming the second day of the trip, it arrives in Houston at lunchtime, Lafayette at rush hour, the middle of the night in New Orleans; the westbound train leaves New Orleans just after rush hour, arriving in Lafayette at lunchtime and just after the afternoon rush in Houston.
It joins the Texas Eagle just after midnight, travels overnight through west Texas before arriving in El Paso at lunchtime the following afternoon and dinner time in Tucson and Maricopa. After traveling overnight through Arizona and California, it arrives in Los Angeles before breakfast. Before the start of Amtrak on May 1, 1971, the Sunset Limited was operated by the Southern Pacific Railroad; the Sunset Limited is the oldest named train in the United States, operating since November 1894 along the Sunset Route. The Sunset Route is the southernmost of the three gateways to the West Coast envisioned through the Pacific Railroad Acts; the other two embarked from St. Louis. However, the Sunset Route had two major advantages over the other two routes, it was an all-weather, year-round route that didn’t face the crippling snows of the Wasatch or Sierra mountain ranges to reach the Pacific Coast. Additionally, the other two routes had to assault the front range of the Rockies. In addition, opened 20 years before the Panama Canal, the Sunset Route vastly shortened the time to reach the West Coast from the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea, as New Orleans was an established seaport for Atlantic shipping lines’ passengers, seeking to reach the US interior.
The Sunset Limited allowed passengers to reach the West Coast in a few days, not weeks. The Sunset Limited was Southern Pacific's premier train; the Sunset Limited was an all-Pullman train, with sleeping cars and no coaches, running from New Orleans to San Francisco via Los Angeles. From its beginning in 1894, until streamlining in 1950, all the train's cars had 6-wheel trucks and dark olive green paint, with black roofs and trucks. In the summer of 1926, it was scheduled at 71 hr 40 min New Orleans to San Francisco. An 1895 consist included: A 4-4-0 American steam locomotiveComposite Baggage car with barber shop and buffet smoker lounge El Indio 7 Drawing Room Sleeper with ladies´ parlor lounge El Piloto 10 Section 2 Drawing Room Sleeper El Dorado Dining Car Gourmet 6 Section 1 Drawing Room 3 Compartment Sleeper Cliola 14 Section 1 Drawing Room Sleeper Los AngelesA 1929 consist included: A 4-6-2 P