One Canada Square

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One Canada Square
London MMB S6 Canary Wharf.jpg
One Canada Square, Canary Wharf; the second-tallest building in the United Kingdom
Record height
Tallest in the United Kingdom from 1991[1] to 2012[I]
Preceded by Tower 42
Surpassed by The Shard
General information
Type Commercial[2]
Location Canary Wharf
London, E14
United Kingdom
Coordinates 51°30′18″N 0°01′10.6″W / 51.50500°N 0.019611°W / 51.50500; -0.019611Coordinates: 51°30′18″N 0°01′10.6″W / 51.50500°N 0.019611°W / 51.50500; -0.019611
Construction started 1988
Completed 1991; 27 years ago (1991)[3]
Owner Canary Wharf Group plc[4]
Height
Architectural 774 ft (236 m)[5] AGL
806 ft (246 m)[5][6] OD
Technical details
Floor count 50[2]
Floor area 1,748,296 sq ft (162,422.0 m2)[7]
Design and construction
Architect César Pelli & Associates,
Adamson Associates,
Frederick Gibberd Coombes & Partners[8]
Developer Olympia & York[9]
Website
canarywharf.com

One Canada Square, sometimes called Canary Wharf Tower or simply Canary Wharf,[10] is a skyscraper in Canary Wharf, London. It is the second tallest building in the United Kingdom at 774 feet (236 m) above ground level[5] containing 50 storeys. The building was designed by Cesar Pelli as lead architect whom chose the stainless steel clad. One of the predominant features is the pyramid roof, which contains a flashing aircraft warning light - a rare feature for buildings in the United Kingdom, the building is primarily used for offices. There is no public observation floor, it is recognised as a London landmark, and has gained much attention through film, television, and other media as one of the tallest buildings in the United Kingdom.

Design and construction[edit]

One Canada Square was developed by property company Olympia & York. In 1987, they chose 3 architect companies to design the building: Cesar Pelli & Associates, Adamson Associates, and Frederick Gibberd Coombes & Partners.[8] The architects based the design and shape on an earlier precedent building 200 Vesey Street, New York City, which was also developed by Olympia & York and designed by Cesar Pelli. The shape was also made reminiscent of "Big Ben".[11]

Construction began in 1988, during June 1990, construction height overtook Tower 42 (the tallest building in the United Kingdom at the time). In August 1991, One Canada Square was completed.[8]

Internal aspects[edit]

The building is primarily used for offices, thus public access is limited to the ground floor lobby and the basement retail area,[12] the lobby is 36 feet (11 m) high, clad in 90,000 square feet (8,000 m2) of marble. The lobby features many art works, including the sculpture The 20th Century–Thames by Keith Milow.[13][14]

Notable tenants include: Accenture, Bank of New York Mellon, Canary Wharf Group, and HSBC.[15] The building has a working population of 9,975 people.[16]

Inside the pyramid roof is an aircraft warning beacon, and facilities for water supply and window washing, the pyramid itself is 40 metres high and 30 metres square at the base.[17]

External relations[edit]

The building achieved the title of tallest skyscraper in the UK in August 1991 upon completion (as of CTBUH Awards Criteria for skyscrapers). It held the record for 21 years, until 2012 when The Shard was completed, it is expected to become the third tallest building in 2019 upon completion of 22 Bishopsgate.

The building has experienced many terrorist threats, with all plots failed.[18][19][20]

The clad of stainless steel may have caused analog television reception interference for local residents, with no legal right to receive good television reception,[21][22][23] local residents were advised to get digital television, satellite or cable.[24]

The building has gained worldwide exposure being featured in many high profile films that include Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, and Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol. In television, notable appearances have been made in: Doctor Who;[25] and The Apprentice. In literature and video games, the building has made appearances too.[26][27][28]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ As of CTBUH guidelines when building is completed, and of CTBUH Awards Criteria for skyscrapers.
  2. ^ a b Canary Wharf Group plc, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 June 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2008.  The Estate – Buildings – One Canada Square – More information – One Canada Square Facts, official Canary Wharf website, Canary Wharf Group plc. Retrieved 25 May 2008 14:45 BST.
  3. ^ Canary Wharf Group plc, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 December 2007. Retrieved 15 August 2006.  History, official Canary Wharf website, Canary Wharf Group plc. Retrieved 25 May 2008 14:38 BST.
  4. ^ Songbird Estates plc "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 May 2008. Retrieved 26 April 2008.  Company Overview / AIM Rule 26 – 'Company Overview and Alternative Investment Market ("AIM") Rule 26', Songbird Estates website, Songbird Estates plc, 25 May 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2008 20:08 BST.
  5. ^ a b c Paul Burgoyne, Building Manager for One Canada Square, Canary Wharf Group plc. "The height of the building [in] metres above GRP | (grade reference plane) is 235.810 metres [773.65 feet]. The highest point at ordnance datum is 245.810 metres [806.46 feet]", 23 May 2018.
  6. ^ Aeronautical Information Service, http://www.nats-uk.ead-it.com/aip/current/misc/ENR_5_4_2018_04_26.xls UK Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP) ENR 5.4 - Electronic Data File AIRAC 05/18 Effective 26 April 2018, Retrieved 1 June 2018. Designation/Identification for One Canada Square is UK0230A534F, according to Mark Stevens, Civil Aviation Authority. Elevation being 806ft, height 799 ft.
  7. ^ "One Canada Square". Skyscraper Center. CTBUH. Retrieved 16 October 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c Hermione Hobhouse http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=46550 "Modern Docklands: Gazetteer of modern non-housing developments", "Survey of London: volumes 43 and 44: Poplar, Blackwall and Isle of Dogs", 1994. Retrieved 28 April 2008
  9. ^ John Grigsby http://www.lddc-history.org.uk/property/index.html "LDDC Monograph" "Attracting Investment – Creating Value Establishing a Property Market in London Docklands", LDDC History Pages, IJP Community Regeneration, 12 June 2007. Retrieved 24 May 2008.
  10. ^ "One Canada Square". tallestskyscrapers.info. Retrieved 1 July 2017. 
  11. ^ Canary Wharf Group plc, "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 May 2008. Retrieved 27 April 2008.  "Arts & Events", "Canary Wharf", "A different perspective", "Self-guided walking tours at Canary Wharf", "Transitions", 'Canary Wharf Group plc', May 2003. Retrieved 27 April 2008
  12. ^ Canary Wharf Group plc, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 June 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2008.  The Estate – Districts – Canada Square – Canada Square District, official Canary Wharf website, Canary Wharf Group plc. Retrieved 25 May 2008 15:17 BST.
  13. ^ "Keith Milow: Twentieth Century Thames - Canary Wharf". 
  14. ^ "Winter Lights 2017: Angel Wings and Floating Poetry Combine to Shine a Light on Canary Wharf". 
  15. ^ https://canarywharf.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/canary-wharf-estate-map-february-2018.pdf Canary Wharf Group plc, "Store guide", 14 February 2018. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  16. ^ a b Herbert Wright, Johnny Tucker, http://www.designcurial.com/news/csars-palace-one-canada-square-5662559/ "César’s Palace: One Canada Square", DesignCurial, 21 November 2016. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  17. ^ a b Colt Group http://www.coltinfo.co.uk/canary-wharf.html Products and Systems – Architectural Solutions – Louvre Systems – Projects – Canary Wharf – "Canary Wharf, London" / "Bespoke Screening Louvre – Stainless Steel Louvre Pyramid", Colt Group website, Colt International Licensing Ltd. Retrieved 25 May 2008 16:08 BST.
  18. ^ Unknown author, http://www.metro.co.uk/news/article.html?in_article_id=47241&in_page_id=34 "The carnage caused by fertiliser bombs", Metro website, Associated Newspapers Limited, 30 April 2007. Retrieved 25 May 2008.
  19. ^ Unknown author, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/news/news.html?in_article_id=328011&in_page_id=1770&ct=5 "Al Qaeda attack on Canary Wharf foiled", Daily Mail, Associated Newspapers Ltd, 23 November 2004. Retrieved 24 May 2008.
  20. ^ Richard Norton-Taylor, http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2004/nov/23/terrorism.alqaida "Security services play down 'terror plot'", The Guardian, 23 November 2004. Retrieved 24 May 2008.
  21. ^ United Kingdom Parliament https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld199697/ldjudgmt/jd970424/hunter01.htm "Judgments – Hunter and Others v. Canary Wharf Ltd. – Hunter and Others v. London Docklands Corporation", United Kingdom Parliament website, United Kingdom Parliament, 24 April 1997. Retrieved 25 May 2008 20:51 BST.
  22. ^ Tai King Lee, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 October 2006. Retrieved 3 May 2008.  "House of Lords" "Hunter – vs – Canary Wharf Ltd", "IpsofactoJ.com", "Taiking.Thing Sdn Bhd", 24 April 1997. Retrieved 25 May 2008 16:20 BST.
  23. ^ Ofcom "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 June 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2008.  "Interference & TETRA Advice for householders", Ofcom (Office of Communications) (the communications regulator), no publication date. Retrieved 31 May 2008 11:11 BST.
  24. ^ PD Parsons, http://www.bbc.co.uk/rd/pubs/whp/whp-pdf-files/WHP010.pdf "Interference to analogue TV reception due to building developments at Canary Wharf", Research & Development British Broadcasting Corporation, BBC, December 2001. Retrieved 31 May 2008 19:41 BST.
  25. ^ (episodes Army of Ghosts and Doomsday)
  26. ^ Katharine Kerr, "Freeze Frames", ISBN 978-0812551730, Tor Books, Reprint edition 1 June 1996.
  27. ^ Craig Hinton, "Millennial Rites (Doctor Who Missing Adventures)", ISBN 978-0426204558, Publisher: Dr Who; Media tie-in, 19 October 1995.
  28. ^ As placeable landmark in "SimCity 3000", Electronic Arts, 31 January 1999.

Succession box and categories[edit]

Records
Preceded by
NatWest Tower
Tallest Building in the United Kingdom
1991—2012[1]
235m
Succeeded by
The Shard
Preceded by
NatWest Tower
Tallest Building in London
1991—2012[2]
235m
Succeeded by
The Shard
Preceded by
Tallest Building in Canary Wharf
1991—present
235m
Succeeded by
-
  1. ^ As of CTBUH guidelines when building is completed, and of CTBUH Awards Criteria for skyscrapers.
  2. ^ As of CTBUH guidelines when building is completed, and of CTBUH Awards Criteria for skyscrapers.