Oneida Lake is the largest lake within New York State, with a surface area of 79.8 square miles. The lake is located northeast of Syracuse and near the Great Lakes, it feeds a tributary of the Oswego River, which flows into Lake Ontario. From the earliest times until the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, the lake was part of an important waterway connecting the Atlantic seaboard of North America to the continental interior; the lake about 5 miles wide with an average depth of 22 feet. The shoreline is about 55 miles. Portions of six counties and sixty-nine communities are in the watershed. Oneida Creek, which flows past the cities of Oneida and Sherrill, empties into the southeast part of the lake at South Bay. While not included as one of the Finger Lakes, Oneida is sometimes referred to as their "thumb"; because it is shallow, it is warmer than the deeper Finger Lakes in summer, its surface freezes solidly in winter. It is safe and popular for the winter sports of ice fishing and snowmobiling.
The lake is named for the Oneida, the Iroquoian Native American tribe that occupied a large region around the lake, one of the Six Nations of the Iroquois. The Oneida called the lake Tsioqui in their language, meaning "White Water". During the 18th and early 19th centuries Oneida Lake and its tributary Wood Creek were part of the Albany-Oswego waterway from the Atlantic seaboard westward via the Hudson River and through the Appalachian Mountains via the Mohawk River; the navigable waterway exited Oneida Lake by the Oneida River, which led to the Oswego River and Lake Ontario, from where travelers could reach the other Great Lakes. Following the American Revolutionary War, the United States forced the Iroquois nations to cede most of their lands in that region, as most of them had allied with the British, who were defeated. In addition, demand from settlers created pressure for such cessions. White settlers improved the natural waterway by constructing a canal with locks within Wood Creek to Oneida Lake.
This system was improved—from 1792 to 1803—by cutting a canal across the Oneida Carry, after which commercial shipping across Oneida Lake increased substantially. More significant was the completion in 1825 of the Erie Canal, which bypassed the Oneida Lake system and enhanced travel through the entire Mohawk Valley; this caused the population around the lake to lose their navigable waterway eastward. In 1835 Oneida Lake was connected to the Erie Canal system by construction of the Oneida Canal, which ran about 4.5 miles from Higginsville on the Erie Canal northward to Wood Creek, about 2 miles upstream of Oneida Lake. Built poorly with wooden locks, the Oneida Canal was closed in 1863; when the Erie Canal was redesigned and reconstructed to form the New York State Barge Canal in the early 20th century, the engineers made use of natural rivers and lakes where possible. The new barges were powered internally and against a current. After it straightened Fish Creek on the east, the new canalway entered Oneida Lake at Sylvan Beach and exited west with the Oneida River at Brewerton.
New terminal walls at Sylvan Beach and Brewerton allowed barges to load and unload cargo and to stay overnight. A new break wall was installed, preventing lake waves from entering the canal and protecting against shoaling; these improvements provided towns along the shoreline of Oneida Lake with access again to navigable waterways east and west. Oneida Lake is a remnant of Glacial Lake Iroquois, a large prehistoric lake formed when glaciers blocked the flow of the St. Lawrence River, the outlet of the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean. Madison County Oneida County Onondaga County Oswego County Brewerton—Southwest Bridgeport—Southwest Cicero—Southwest Cleveland—North Constantia—North Hastings—West Jewel—Northeast Lakeport—South Lenox—South South Bay—Southeast Sullivan—South Sylvan Beach—East Verona—East Vienna—North West Monroe—Northwest Frenchman Island State Park Verona Beach State Park Oneida Lake is the namesake of Oneida Lacus a hydrocarbon lake on the Saturnian moon Titan; that "lake" is composed of liquid methane and ethane, is located at 76.14°N and 131.83°W on Titan's globe.
Notes Further reading Barbagallo, Tricia. "Black Beach: The Mucklands of Canastota, New York". Retrieved 2012-07-12. From 1900 to 1970, a region near the southeast shore of Oneida Lake was "the onion capital of the world". Oneida Lake View Webcam of Oneida Lake, North Shore NYCanals.com: A guide to boating on Oneida Lake and surrounding waterways. Oneida Lake Association
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website
Sawtooth National Forest
Sawtooth National Forest is a National Forest that covers 2,110,408 acres in the U. S. states of Utah. Managed by the U. S. Forest Service in the U. S. Department of Agriculture, it was named the Sawtooth Forest Reserve in a proclamation issued by President Theodore Roosevelt on May 29, 1905. On August 22, 1972 a portion of the forest was designated as the Sawtooth National Recreation Area, which includes the Sawtooth, Cecil D. Andrus–White Clouds, Hemingway–Boulders wilderness areas; the forest is managed as four units: the SNRA and the Fairfield and Minidoka Ranger Districts. Sawtooth National Forest is named for the Sawtooth Mountains, which traverse part of the SNRA; the forest contains the Albion, Black Pine, Boulder, Raft River, Soldier and White Cloud mountain ranges, as well as Hyndman Peak, the ninth-highest point in Idaho at 12,009 feet above sea level. Sawtooth National Forest contains land cover types which include sagebrush steppe, spruce-fir forests, alpine tundra, over 1,100 lakes and 3,500 miles of rivers and streams.
Plants and animals found only in the Sawtooth National Forest and adjacent lands include Christ's Indian paintbrush, Davis' springparsley, the South Hills crossbill, the Wood River sculpin. The area, now Sawtooth National Forest was first occupied by people as early as 8000 BC and by the Shoshone tribe after 1700 AD; the first European descendants migrating from the eastern United States arrived in the area around the 1820s. Sawtooth National Forest offers facilities for recreation, with four ski areas and flatwater boating, hunting, 81 campgrounds, over 1,000 mi of trails and roads for hiking, mountain biking, all-terrain vehicle use, including two National Recreation Trails; the Forest Reserve Act of 1891 gave the President the authority to establish forest reserves in the U. S. Department of the Interior. After passage of the Transfer Act of 1905, forest reserves became part of the U. S. Department of Agriculture in the newly created U. S. Forest Service. Sawtooth National Forest was created as the Sawtooth Forest Reserve in the Department of Agriculture by proclamation of President Theodore Roosevelt on May 29, 1905.
The forest's initial area was 1,947,520 acres, it was named after the Sawtooth Mountains in the northwestern part of the forest. On November 6, 1906, President Roosevelt announced the addition of 1,392,640 acres to the Sawtooth Forest Reserve, which also constituted much of the present-day Salmon-Challis and Boise National Forests; these lands were split into separate National Forests by executive order on June 26 and July 1, 1908. The forest's area underwent a number of smaller changes in the early 20th century; the Fairfield Ranger District was established in 1906 and merged with the Shake Creek Ranger District in 1972 to form the present-day Fairfield District. The Cassia Forest Reserve was established on June 12, 1905 and the Raft River Forest Reserve on November 5, 1906; the names of the forest reserves were changed to national forests on March 4, 1907. Formed from the consolidation of Cassia and Raft River National Forests, the Minidoka National Forest was created on July 1, 1908, added to Sawtooth National Forest on July 1, 1953.
In 1936, Senator James Pope, a one-term Democrat from Idaho, introduced the first legislation to establish a national park in the Sawtooths. Under his proposal, the park would have been thirty miles in length and 8 to 15 mi wide; the rest of Idaho's congressional delegation did not support the proposal, which occurred at a time when the National Park Service was taking a more preservation-oriented stance, the bill died. On October 12, 1937, the Forest Service established the Sawtooth Primitive Area in the Sawtooth Mountains. Subsequently, Sawtooth National Forest began to extensively develop recreation opportunities, including new campgrounds and roads. In 1960, Democratic Senator Frank Church of Idaho introduced legislation for a feasibility study to survey the area for national park status. While Church allowed the 1960 feasibility study legislation to die, he introduced a bill in 1963 to create Sawtooth Wilderness National Park, which would encompass the existing Sawtooth Primitive Area. Although the 1963 bill was not voted on, Church admitted that it was not designed to pass but rather to encourage thorough feasibility studies by both the Forest Service and National Park Service.
A 1965 joint report by the two agencies recommended either a national park administered by the National Park Service or a national recreation area managed by the Forest Service. In April 1966, Church introduced two bills, one to establish Sawtooth National Park and another to establish the Sawtooth National Recreation Area; the SNRA bill was cosponsored by Republican Senator Len Jordan, a former governor and sheep rancher, because it preserved the area while permitting traditional uses such as logging and grazing. The legislation was not supported by Idaho's two members of the House. In 1968, the American Smelting and Refining Company discovered a molybdenum deposit at the base of Castle Peak, the highest peak in the White Cloud Mountains. ASARCO filed paperwork with the Forest Service to construct roads and to allow for an open pit mine below Castle Peak to extract the ore; the proposed mine would have been 350 ft deep, 700 ft wide
Malad City, Idaho
Malad City is the only city in Oneida County, United States. Its population was 2,095 at the 2010 census, down from 2,158 in 2000; the city is named after the nearby Malad River, the name being French for "sickly". Malad City is located along Interstate 15 on the east side of the Malad Valley 13 miles from the Utah/Idaho border. Established in 1864, Malad is one of the oldest communities in the state of Idaho; the community received its name from Donald Mackenzie, a Scottish-Canadian trapper, who passed through the valley between 1818 and 1821 with a party of trappers. Some of his men became sick while camped here and, believing that the illness was caused by drinking water from the valley's principal stream, he named it "Malade" meaning sick or bad in the French language; the water had nothing to do with the men's illness, as it was learned by the second party led by Jim Bridger between 1832 and 1835. The men had most eaten some beaver that fed on the poisonous roots of "Water Hemlock" trees that put a occurring "cicutoxin" into the animals' flesh.
The beaver would have been immune to the poison because of long-term adaptation, but the trappers suffered from their feast. Native tribes avoided this outcome by altering food preparation methods to include boiling, which deactivated the poison. Malad began as a Welsh Mormon settlement whose settlers brought their Welsh traditions with them. In addition to the Mormon majority, some of the leading families in the community belonged to either the Presbyterian Church or the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints; these two denominations each built a place of worship in the town. Some of the minutes from early town meetings were taken down in both Welsh; the city is proud of its Welsh heritage. Malad lays claim to having more people of Welsh descent per capita than anywhere outside Wales. Malad celebrated its Welsh heritage by holding an annual “eisteddfod”, patterned after the music and poetry contests held in Wales for over 900 years; the eisteddfod was an all-day event with people coming from all over southeastern Idaho.
The event featured music and storytelling of Wales. The custom continued until 1916 and the American entry into World War I. With the goal of renewing the old eisteddfod tradition in Malad, in 2004, the annual Malad Valley Welsh Festival was established. In the summer of 1843 John C. Fremont and his party of 39 men passed the spot. Mormon prophet Brigham Young came through the Malad Valley in 1855. In 1856, at his request, Utahn members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints migrated to the region; this party of 15 families led by Ezra Barnard traveled to the Malad Valley and established a community by the name of Fort Stuart. The following year in 1857, Fort Stuart was renamed Malad City. A post office was set up in 1865. By 1886 Malad City was the fastest growing village in eastern Idaho; the city was an important commercial center between Butte, Montana. In 1906, the railroad reached Malad City, allowing travel to Salt Lake City in only a four-hour ride by rail; the population of the city would double over the next 15 years as a result.
On June 19, 1910 Malad experienced a flood when the earthen Deep Creek Dam, northeast of the city, broke. On March 27, 1975 a magnitude 6.1 earthquake shook the Pocatello Valley near the Idaho-Utah border. The epicenter was only 15 miles southwest of Malad City, hit hardest by the quake. Nearly ⅔ of its homes and businesses had some sort of damage. Malad City received national news coverage when a corporate jet carrying eight people including four Coca-Cola executives crashed January 15, 1996 killing all on board; the large twin-engine turbo-prop was flying from Salt Lake City, Utah to Pocatello, Idaho for a Coca-Cola sales meeting. The Mitsubishi MU-2 aircraft burned at the base of a canyon 8 miles northwest of Malad. According to the National Transportation Safety Board in its published SEA96MA043 Accident Report, the cause of the accident was listed as ice on the wings. Towards the end of 2003, a nationwide influenza outbreak occurred. Malad was the hardest hit community in the nation. So many people became ill during the first part of December, 2003 that the city was shut down.
The entire school district in Malad was closed for three days in an effort to keep students from spreading the ailment. A third of the students became ill. Church services and Christmas festivities were cancelled. Malad City has the oldest department store in the state of Idaho. Evans Co-op is still in business today. Malad City has the longest running weekly newspaper in Idaho, called "The Idaho Enterprise" which published its first issue on June 6, 1879; because of its proximity to Utah, which has no state lottery, Malad has become a major retail site for the Idaho Lottery. The Top Stop Gasoline and Convenience store in Malad is responsible for 3 percent of Idaho's lottery sales, the town as a whole accounts for over 19 percent of state sales. Only Boise, the state's largest city, has higher lotto sales. Over the 22-year history of the Idaho Lottery, it is estimated that Utahns have provided $54.1 million in lottery profits, which Idaho uses for its own capital works and school funding. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.66 square miles, all of it land.
It lies on the eastern edge of Malad Valley at 4,540 feet in elevation. Days per year with predominate sun: 203 Days per year with some precipitation: 97The Wasatch fault runs along the east side of Malad Valley, there are several active faults in the area to the south and west
Cassia County, Idaho
Cassia County is a county in the U. S. state of Idaho. As of the 2010 Census the county had a population of 22,952; the county seat and largest city is Burley. Cassia County is included in ID Micropolitan Statistical Area; the first Europeans explored the Milner area in Cassia County in 1911. It was trappers who developed the Oregon Trail, which ran on the county's northern border; the Raft River's junction with the Oregon Trail marked the split for the California Trail. While the Oregon and California trails brought hundreds of thousands of emigrants through Cassia County, it brought settlers. A stage line through the county was established between Kelton and Boise, Idaho in 1869. A stage station existed at City of Rocks. Additional stations were spaced at increments of 10–12 miles between stations to include one at Oakley Meadows, in the Goose Creek valley two miles west of the present settlement of Oakley. William Oakley settled at the Oakley Meadows station in 1870. Cattle operations developed starting in 1872.
Settlement began at nearby Albion in 1873 with significant Mormon settlement in 1875. By 1880, Albion had a population of 257. Mormon settlement at Oakley began on June 1, 1878 when four Mormon men each staked out 160 acres for their settlement. Settlements remained agricultural with more than 38,000 head of cattle in the area by 1885. Settlement at Malta occurred prior to 1890, as the Malta precinct had 172 residents at the 1890 census. Albion State Normal School was established at Albion in 1893; the school was focused on training Idaho teachers until 1951 when its programs were transferred to Idaho State College in Pocatello. Burley was platted and settled in 1905 after a branch of the Oregon Shortline was constructed through the town. Declo was settled under the name of Marshfield by 1909. Cassia County was created from Owyhee County on February 20, 1879 with Albion becoming the county seat. A western portion became Twin Falls County in 1907; the county assumed its present boundaries when an eastern portion became Power County on January 30, 1913.
The county seat was moved to Burley in 1918. The county was named for Cassia Creek, which in turn was named either for John Cazier, a member of the Mormon Battalion and an emigrant train captain, or for a plant found in the area. Similar to other Idaho counties, an elected three-member county commission heads the county government. Other elected officials include clerk, sheriff, assessor and prosecutor. County Commission District 1: Paul Christensen District 2: Robert Kunau District 3: Tim DarringtonOther Elected Officials Clerk: Joseph Larsen Treasurer: Patty Justesen Sheriff: Jay Heward Assessor: Dwight Davis Coroner: Craig Rinehart Prosecuting Attorney: Douglas AbenrothCassia County is in Idaho's 2nd congressional district and represented by Congressman Mike Simpson. At the state level, Cassia County is in Legislative District 27, represented by Senator Kelly Anthon of Declo, Speaker Scott Bedke of Oakley and Fred Wood of Burley. At every level Cassia County is a Republican Party stronghold.
All county-level offices have been for decades. Republican primaries are tantamount to election to office as Democrats field challenges for county or state legislative office. Cassia County is one of the most Republican counties in the state and in the gubernatorial election of 2010 Republican Butch Otter carried Cassia County with 76.54% to Democrat Kieth Allred's 16.73%. In the presidential election of 2012 Mitt Romney, whose father lived for a few years in his youth in Oakley, carried Cassia County with 85.2% while Barack Obama received 13.1%. The last Democratic presidential candidate to carry Cassia County was Franklin Roosevelt in the election of 1940 edging out Wendell Willkie by around 100 votes. State legislators from Cassia County traditionally hold their seats for long periods of time. Two of the longest serving legislators in Idaho history were from Cassia County: Vard Chatburn of Albion who served in the House of Representatives from 1957 to 1986 and Denton Darrington in the Senate who served from 1982 to 2012.
Because legislators lose their seats, legislators representing Cassia County are in leadership or chair committees. Since 2012, Representative Bedke has served as Speaker of the House. Bruce Newcomb of Burley served as Speaker from 1998 to 2006. Though born in Burley, Congressman Simpson now lives in Idaho Falls; the only other member of congress with ties to the county is Henry Dworshak who represented Idaho's 2nd congressional district and served in the Senate. He was the publisher of the Burley Bulletin. A Burley elementary school is named after him. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,580 square miles, of which 2,565 square miles is land and 15 square miles is water; the county's highest point is Cache Peak at an elevation of 10,339 feet above sea level in the Albion Mountains, the lowest is Milner Lake, a reservoir on the Snake River, at 4,134 feet. The northern half of the county is part of the Magic Valley region of the Snake River Plain, numerous mountain ranges extend north from the southern boundary and diminish as they approach the river, which flows from east to west.
The Silent City of Rocks National Reserve, containing exposed granitic batholith as old as 2.5 billion years, is located in the southern part of the county. Interstate 84 Interstate 86 US 30 SH-27 SH-77 SH-81 City of Rocks National Reserve Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge Sawtooth National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 21,416 people, 7,060 households, 5,485 families residing in the county. The
Box Elder County, Utah
Box Elder County is a county at the northwestern corner of Utah, United States. As of 2017, the estimated population is 54,079, its county seat and largest city is Brigham City. The county was named for the box elder trees. Box Elder County is part of the Ogden-Clearfield, UT Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Salt Lake City-Provo-Orem, UT Combined Statistical Area; the county was created by the Utah Territory legislature on January 5, 1856, with territory partitioned from Weber County. Its boundaries were altered in 1862 by adjustments between counties, in 1866 when all its area in the now-existent state of Nevada was formally partitioned; the county boundaries were altered in 1880 by adjustments between Salt Lake and Weber counties. Its boundary has remained unchanged since 1880; the California Trail followed Goose Creek from a point just north of the Idaho/Utah border southwest across northwestern Box Elder County to Little Goose Creek in northeastern Elko County, Nevada. The link-up of the first transcontinental railroad occurred at Promontory Summit, Utah in 1869.
The famous Spiral Jetty was built on the north shore of the Great Salt Lake in Box Elder County in 1970. Box Elder County lies at the NW corner of Utah, its west border abuts the east border of the state of Nevada and its north border abuts the south border of the state of Idaho. Its territory includes large tracts of barren desert, contrasted by forested mountains; the Wasatch Front lies along the south-eastern border. The terrain slopes to the south, although the NW corner of the county slopes to the north, allowing runoff from that area to flow to the Snake River drainage; the county's highest point is a mountain ridge near the NW corner, at 9,180' ASL. The county has a total area of 6,729 square miles, of which 5,746 square miles is land and 984 square miles is water, it is the fourth-largest county in Utah by area. In the east lie the Wellsville Mountains, a branch of the Wasatch Range. In the west is a large uninhabited desert area; the Great Salt Lake lies in the southeastern corner of the county.
The combined Interstate 15/Interstate 84 runs northward in the eastern part of the county. The two routes diverge at Tremonton, with I-84 heading northwest past Snowville into cenral and western Idaho, I-15 heading north past Plymouth and Portage into eastern Idaho; as of the 2000 United States Census, there were 42,745 people, 13,144 households, 10,804 families in the county. The population density was 7.44/sqmi. There were 14,209 housing units at an average density of 2.47/sqmi. The racial makeup of the county was 92.87% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.88% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 3.45% from other races, 1.60% from two or more races. 6.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 13,144 households out of which 47.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.00% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 17.80% were non-families. Of the 13,144 households, 281 are unmarried partner households: 247 heterosexual, 22 same-sex male, 12 same-sex female.
16.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.22 and the average family size was 3.63. The county population contained 36.10% under the age of 18, 10.50% from 18 to 24, 25.40% from 25 to 44, 17.70% from 45 to 64, 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 101.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $44,630, the median income for a family was $49,421. Males had a median income of $38,814 versus $22,435 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,625. About 5.80% of families and 7.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.30% of those under age 18 and 5.30% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 census, there were 49,975 people, 16,058 households, 12,891 families in the county; the population density was 8.70/sqmi. There were 17,326 housing units at an average density of 3.02/sqmi.
The racial makeup of the county was 91.77% White, 0.34% Black or African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.89% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 3.77% from other races, 2.24% from two or more races. 8.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 16,058 households out of which 41.32% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.44% were married couples living together, 8.69% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.72% were non-families. 17.16% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.39% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.50. The county population contained 36.60% under the age of 20, 5.55% from 20 to 24, 25.37% from 25 to 44, 21.35% from 45 to 64, 11.13% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.6 years. For every 100 females there were 101.59 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.61 males. As of 2015, the largest self reported ancestry groups in Box Elder County were: 26.0% were of English ancestry 12.7% were of German ancestry 9.3% were of American ancestry 8.4% were of Danish ancestry 5.5% were of Irish ancestry 4.5% were of Scottish ancestry Alice C. Harris Adele C. Young Bear River Box Elder Bear River Box Elder Dale Young Community Early Learning Cen