Oneida County, Wisconsin

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Oneida County, Wisconsin
Oneida County Wisconsin Courthouse September 2011.jpg
Oneida County Courthouse in Rhinelander
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Oneida County
Location within the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location within the U.S.
Founded1887
Named forOneida people
SeatRhinelander
Largest cityRhinelander
Area
 • Total1,236 sq mi (3,201 km2)
 • Land1,113 sq mi (2,883 km2)
 • Water123 sq mi (319 km2), 10%
Population
 • (2010)35,998
 • Density32/sq mi (12/km2)
Congressional district7th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.oneida.wi.gov

Oneida County is a county in the state of Wisconsin, United States. At the 2010 census, the population was 35,998,[1] its county seat is Rhinelander.[2]

History[edit]

Oneida County was formed in 1887 from sections of Lincoln County,[3] it was named after the indigenous Oneida tribe, one of the five nations of the Iroquois.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,236 square miles (3,200 km2), of which 1,113 square miles (2,880 km2) are land and 123 square miles (320 km2) (10%) are covered by water.[4] Most people visit Oneida County to enjoy its lakes. In particular, tourists flock to Minocqua, a town of nearly 5,000 people with a summer population around 15,000.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Oneida County is served by two public-use airports:

Dolhun Field Airport is also located in the county, but it is for private use by the members of the Dolhun Field Airpark Owners Association.

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18905,010
19008,87577.1%
191011,43328.8%
192013,99622.4%
193015,89913.6%
194018,93819.1%
195020,6489.0%
196022,1127.1%
197024,42710.5%
198031,21627.8%
199031,6791.5%
200036,77616.1%
201035,998−2.1%
Est. 201635,601[5]−1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2014[1]
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Oneida County

At the census[10] of 2000, 36,776 people, 15,333 households, and 10,487 families resided in the county; the population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km²). The 26,627 housing units averaged 24 per square mile (9/km²); the racial makeup of the county was 97.71% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. About 0.66% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. The ancestry of the population was around 44.4% was of German, 8.8% Polish, 7.9% Irish, 5.2% Norwegian, and 5.2% English, according to Census 2000.

Of the 15,333 households, 27.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.60% were not families. About 26.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county, the population was distributed as 22.30% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 26.80% from 45 to 64, and 18.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.

In 2017, there were 324 births, giving a general fertility rate of 66.2 births per 1000 women aged 15–44, the 24th highest rate out of all 72 Wisconsin counties.[11] Additionally, there were 10 reported induced abortions performed on women of Oneida County residence in 2017.[12]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Oneida County sign on U.S. Route 45

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns/neighborhoods[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 56.4% 12,132 37.7% 8,109 6.0% 1,290
2012 50.4% 10,917 48.3% 10,452 1.3% 283
2008 43.9% 9,630 54.3% 11,907 1.8% 390
2004 51.5% 11,351 47.5% 10,464 1.0% 224
2000 50.4% 9,512 44.1% 8,339 5.5% 1,040
1996 37.5% 6,339 45.0% 7,619 17.5% 2,959
1992 35.9% 6,725 38.3% 7,160 25.8% 4,829
1988 51.9% 8,130 47.3% 7,414 0.8% 126
1984 59.8% 9,787 39.2% 6,417 1.0% 165
1980 51.2% 8,602 41.7% 7,008 7.1% 1,195
1976 49.3% 7,347 48.4% 7,216 2.4% 353
1972 58.8% 6,811 36.8% 4,262 4.4% 504
1968 48.6% 5,077 42.4% 4,435 9.1% 946
1964 37.8% 3,909 62.1% 6,431 0.1% 15
1960 53.2% 5,676 46.6% 4,974 0.2% 16
1956 64.9% 6,261 34.5% 3,328 0.6% 59
1952 61.9% 6,224 37.9% 3,808 0.3% 30
1948 46.5% 3,729 50.9% 4,081 2.6% 205
1944 44.1% 3,253 55.2% 4,076 0.7% 54
1940 40.4% 3,694 58.8% 5,375 0.8% 77
1936 28.5% 2,294 64.7% 5,208 6.9% 554
1932 28.8% 1,992 65.7% 4,542 5.5% 379
1928 54.3% 3,100 43.9% 2,504 1.8% 103
1924 33.1% 1,769 6.1% 324 60.9% 3,257
1920 64.9% 2,424 22.3% 833 12.8% 476
1916 45.2% 1,089 43.7% 1,054 11.1% 267
1912 36.6% 774 33.9% 717 29.6% 626
1908 58.9% 1,536 26.4% 688 14.7% 383
1904 75.5% 1,710 16.6% 375 8.0% 180
1900 70.3% 1,802 27.6% 708 2.0% 52
1896 70.6% 1,453 27.4% 563 2.0% 41
1892 45.2% 1,149 51.8% 1,317 3.0% 76

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Wisconsin: Individual County Chronologies". Wisconsin Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 6, 2015.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  11. ^ Annual Wisconsin Birth and Infant Mortality Report, 2017 P-01161-19 (June 2019): Detailed Tables
  12. ^ Reported Induced Abortions in Wisconsin, Office of Health Informatics, Division of Public Health, Wisconsin Department of Health Services. Section: Trend Information, 2013-2017, Table 18, pages 17-18
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-08-14.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°42′N 89°31′W / 45.70°N 89.52°W / 45.70; -89.52