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Ontario County, New York

Ontario County is a county in the U. S. State of New York; as of the 2010 census, the population was 107,931. The county seat is Canandaigua. Ontario County is part of NY Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 2006, Progressive Farmer rated Ontario County as the "Best Place to Live" in the U. S. for its "great schools, low crime, excellent health care" and its proximity to Rochester. This area was long controlled by the Seneca people, one of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, or Haudenosaunee, they were forced to cede most of their land to the United States after the American Revolutionary War. When the English established counties in New York Province in 1683, they designated Albany County as including all the northern part of New York State, the present State of Vermont, and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. On July 3, 1766 Cumberland County was organized, on March 16, 1770 Gloucester County was founded, both containing territory now included in the state of Vermont; the English claims were their assertion.

As New York was more settled in the 18th century, the colonial government organized additional counties, but European settlement did not proceed far west past Little Falls, New York, about halfway through the Mohawk Valley, until after the revolutionary war. This area was ostsenibly part of Montgomery County, renamed after the war for an American officer. Seth Reed, a Colonel in the Battle of Bunker Hill, moved here with his family as a pioneer between 1787 and 1795. See Geneva, New YorkLand-hungry settlers from New England swept into upstate and western New York after the Revolution, as nearly five million acres of new lands were available for purchase since the Iroquois were forced to cede most of their territories to the United States. Four tribes had allied with the British and were resettled in Canada: the Mohawk, Onondaga and Cayuga. Transfer of what is now Ontario County to New York formally took effect in 1789, when native title was extinguished and the county was formally established to govern the lands of the Phelps and Gorham Purchase the year prior.

The territory first organized as Ontario County was much larger than at present and ran south from the shore of Lake Ontario. As the area was settled, new counties were organized; the following counties were organized from this territory in the first decades after the war: Allegany, Chautauqua, Genesee, Monroe, Orleans, Steuben and Yates counties, parts of Schuyler and Wayne counties. In 1796, Ontario County was divided and Steuben County was organized. In 1802, Ontario County was reduced; the new county was very large, including the present Allegany, Chautauqua, Niagara and Wyoming Counties and parts of Livingston and Monroe counties. In 1821, portions of Genesee County were combined with portions of Ontario County to create Livingston and Monroe counties. In 1823, a portion of Seneca County was combined with a portion of Ontario County to create Wayne County; the same year, a portion of Steuben County was combined with a portion of Ontario County to create Yates County. This frontier area was part of the evangelistic activities during the Second Great Awakening of the early 19th century, when Baptist and Congregational preachers traveled and organized revivals and camp meetings.

In addition, independent sects developed in central and western New York during this period, including the Church of Latter Day Saints, the Shakers and the Universal Friends. Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, lived in Manchester in the 1820s on the border with Palmyra. Several events in the early history of the movement occurred in Ontario County. Hill Cumorah in Manchester is where Smith said he discovered the Golden plates said to contain the writings known as the Book of Mormon. Smith visited the hill each year on the fall equinox between 1823 and 1827, claimed to be instructed by the Angel Moroni. Smith said he was permitted to take the record on September 22, 1827, he published the Book of Mormon in Palmyra in 1830. The 110-foot hill is on the main road toward Canandaigua from Palmyra to Manchester. Since the 1930s The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has held the Hill Cumorah Pageant annually here, it attracts thousands to its performances. The church maintains a visitors' center at the hill, the Palmyra New York Temple, the former Smith property and homes.

The latter property straddles the border between Wayne counties. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 663 square miles, of which 644 square miles is land and 18 square miles is water. Ontario County is in western New York State, east of Buffalo, southeast of Rochester, northwest of Ithaca; the county is within the Finger Lakes Region of the state. Wayne County - north Seneca County - east Yates County - south Steuben County - southwest Livingston County - west Monroe County - northwest The county is governed by an elected Board of Supervisors, uses the Board-Administrator system, hiring a professional County Administrator; the Board of Supervisors has twenty-one members: one is elected from each Town, two from the city of Canandaigua and three from the city of Geneva. As of 2004, the county government has over 800 full-time employees, a budget of $136 million; the cou

Yasuharu Takanashi

Yasuharu Takanashi is a prolific Japanese composer and arranger for anime and video game series. His anime composition credits include Beyblade G-Revolution, Hell Girl, Ikki Tousen, Naruto Shippuden, Fairy Tail and Sailor Moon Crystal, he composed on four Pretty Cure series: Fresh Pretty Cure!, HeartCatch PreCure!, Suite PreCure, Smile PreCure!, as well as their related films, some of which were with composer Naoki Sato. Game music compositions include Genji: Dawn of the Samurai, Genji: Days of the Blade and J-Stars Victory VS, he composed theme music for Pride Fighting Championships and Ultraman Max. Maximum Chase Dinosaur Hunting Genji: Dawn of the Samurai Genji: Days of the Blade Onimusha Soul J-Stars Victory VS Talon of King Big Bang Far East Groove 大和Yamato Musashi with Ryudo Uzaki Miyamoto Musashi Yasuharu Takanashi at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Yasuharu Takanashi on IMDb

Franklin Hotel (Kent, Ohio)

Acorn Corner known as the Franklin Hotel, is a six-story historic building in Kent, United States, listed on the National Register of Historic Places since January 2013. Construction started in 1919 and the hotel opened in September 1920; the hotel was known as the Hotel Kent and the Hotel Kent-Ellis. Locally it is referred to as the "old Kent hotel", "Kent Hotel", or the "old hotel"; the building functioned as a hotel until the early 1970s when it was converted for use as student housing. The upper four floors were condemned in 1979, though the bottom floors housed a number of small businesses until 2000. After several years of total vacancy and nearly being demolished multiple times in the 2000s, the building was purchased in late 2011 by local developer Ron Burbick and renamed Acorn Corner to complement his adjacent Acorn Alley development. Work began on a complete $6.5 million renovation and restoration of the building, which included construction of a new elevator shaft. The renovated building, hailed as a "Kent miracle", opened in April 2013 and had a grand opening in May.

Its anchor tenant is Buffalo Wild Wings, includes a wine bar and apartments. The structure, designed by architect H. L. Stevens, is an example of the Neoclassical Revival style, it includes five above-ground levels and a exposed basement. It was nominated under National Register Criteria A and B, due to its connections with significant events and developments in local history and important people in the history of Kent; the movement to build a new hotel in Kent was started in the early 20th century and was initiated and carried out by the Kent Board of Trade, now known as the Kent Chamber of Commerce. While the village had two places of lodging, neither was large; the previous hotel, the Revere Hotel, closed in 1899, business leaders felt a larger, modern hotel was needed to meet the demands of growing industries, railroad travelers, the emerging Kent State Normal College. The idea was the owner of Mason Tire and Rubber in Kent; the drive to fund the hotel through the selling of stock began March 24, 1919.

During this time, the Board of Trade sponsored a naming contest in the local Kent Courier newspaper, where the "Franklin Hotel" name came from, named after the previous name for Kent, Franklin Mills. The first mortgage was bonded in August 1919 and the following month, the architect was chosen, the Barnett property at the southwest corner of East Main and South DePeyster Streets was selected as the site; the old Barnett home was razed and excavation work started by September 11, 1919 with walls starting to rise by December 18. The hotel opened for tours to stockholders and their families on September 8 and 11, 1920, with a public opening September 12, 1920. Despite good opening reviews, the Franklin Hotel struggled financially for most of its existence, changing owners and managers every few years. By 1934, it had been auctioned twice and many investors had lost all of their investments. Florence B. Adams of Kent Hotel Incorporated bought the building in 1934 and renovated it, re-opening in 1937 as the Hotel Kent.

From 1937 into the mid 1950s, It was managed by Russell O'Conke and enjoyed what is regarded as its heyday. The hotel was stable financially and was marketed as "Ohio's Most Modern Hotel" and "Ohio's Finest Small Town Hotel". Notable guests who stayed at the hotel during this period included Guy Lombardo, Amelia Earhart, Glenn Miller. Eliot Ness frequented the hotel's bar in the 1940s and Kent native Martin L. Davey, who served as Governor of Ohio in the 1930s, had an office in the building. In 1956, however, a new motel along what is now State Route 59 just east of the city limits opened, known as the Eastwood Motor Inn, it featured endorsement from AAA and other modern amenities like ample parking and air conditioning, which the Hotel Kent lacked. Other factors such as the decline in railroad travel and the emergence of the automobile led to a decrease in the need for regional hotels. In 1962, the hotel was renamed Hotel Kent-Ellis. Financial fortunes continued to decline as two more modern motels opened in Kent: the nearby Motor Inn in 1964 and the eight-story University Inn along South Water Street in 1970.

In the 1970s, with the building in decline and the hotel operations no longer profitable, it was sold to Joseph Bujack and converted to student housing, known as the Towne House. Damage from a number of fires in the 1970s and the deteriorated state of the building led the city to condemn the upper floors in January 1979; those floors remained vacant until 2013. The lower floors continued to be used until 2000 for a variety of small businesses such as a pizza shop and nightclubs. Following complaints about roof damage in early 1999, the city inspected the building and found that while the building itself was structurally sound, several areas of the brick facade were loose and posed a danger to pedestrians. City inspectors found a number of health and building codes and filed for an injunction to close the entire structure. An agreement was reached in October 1999 to make repairs, though only a few minor repairs were carried out on the brick facade and windows to prevent more pigeons from entering the upper floors.

In March 2000, the remaining businesses in the building closed and the city set an April 1 deadline for Bujack to decide if he was going to renovate or raze the building. Although Bujack decided to demolish the building, no work was started. In March 2002, Bujack was given a court order to raze the building by March 31 or face a fine of $1,000 per day it remained standing after that. Bujack offered to give the building to Family and Community Se

Benjamin Winslow Dudley

Benjamin Winslow Dudley was an American surgeon and academic in Kentucky, United States. Trained at the University of Pennsylvania, in London, in Paris, he performed hundreds of lithotomy and treated aneurysms. In his lectures and writing, he stressed the importance of cleanliness, he served as a Professor of Medicine at Transylvania University from 1817 to 1850, where he taught many future physicians who treated members of the Confederate States Army. Benjamin Winslow Dudley was born on April 1785 in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, his father was his mother, the former Ann Parker. By the age of one, in 1786, he moved to Bryan Station, Kentucky, an early fortified settlement near Lexington, with his parents and six siblings. By 1797, they moved to Lexington. One of his brothers, Reverend Thomas Parker Dudley served as a Baptist pastor in Georgetown, Kentucky from 1827 to 1880. Dudley was trained by Dr Frederick Ridgely in Lexington, he attended the medical school at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, graduating in 1806.

He attended Transylvania University in Lexington. Dudley took a break from his studies to get on a flatboat along the Mississippi River to buy flour and sell it for profit to Europeans. With that money, he traveled to London, where he continued his medical studies from 1810 to 1814, his professors included Samuel Cooper, two prominent surgeons. Dudley subsequently joined the Royal College of Surgeons of England, he studied in Paris, where one of his professors was no other than Baron Dominique Larrey, Emperor Napoleon's personal physician. Dudley moved back to Lexington in 1816. Dudley was appointed as the Chair of the Department of Anatomy and Surgery at Transylvania University in 1817, he served as Professor of Medicine until 1850. Over the course of more than three decades, he hired faculty members to the department and oversaw the medical education of over 6,000 students. One day, Dudley had an argument with William H. Richardson; the two men resolved their disagreement over a duel. After Dudley won the duel, both men became friends.

Many of his students who became physicians in their own rights, went on to treat members of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War of 1861-1865, veterans. However, the focus on cleanliness which Dudley had taught them only caught on when Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister published his research on antiseptics in 1867, after the war; as a surgeon, Dudley performed gallstone removal, up to 225 times. He performed trephination, the practice of drilling a hole in a patient's head to cure them of traumatic epilepsy. Moreover, he performed surgery on patients suffering from aneurysm, he focused on the importance of cleanliness. In 1836, Dudley wrote Observations on the treatment of calculous diseases. Dudley became known for his expertise as a surgeon throughout the Western United States. Dudley married Anna Maria Short on June 8, 1821, they had Charles Wilkins Dudley and William Ambrose Dudley. Their daughter, married Edward R. Tilford, they resided at the Fairlawn mansion in Kentucky.

The house is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places listings in Fayette County, Kentucky. Dudley died on January 1870 in Lexington, Kentucky. Dudley was commended in the Annals of Medical History, his portrait, painted by Matthew Harris Jouett in 1825-1826, can be seen at the Frick Collection on the Upper East Side of New York City

Football League Super Cup

The Football League Super Cup was a one-off football club competition held in England in the 1985–86 season. It was organised by the Football League and was intended as a form of financial and sporting compensation for the English clubs which had qualified for European competition in the previous season but had been banned from entering European tournaments by UEFA following the Heysel Stadium disaster. With the ban set to last into the foreseeable future, England's clubs stood to lose a great deal of revenue, would have fewer opportunities to win silverware, so the Super Cup was established in order to offset at least some of this lost income, as well as offering additional competition for them; the Football League's original intention was to hold the Super Cup annually for the duration of the UEFA ban on English clubs but the competition was seen as a poor substitute for the glamour of European tournaments and offered nothing different from the two domestic knockout competitions that existed, the FA Cup and League Cup.

It generated minimal interest from the clubs involved. With the competition's final postponed until the beginning of the following season due to fixture congestion, the Super Cup was abolished after only one tournament had been held. Interest in the competition was so low that the Football League failed to attract any form of sponsorship for it. Cable TV sports channel Screensport agreed to sponsor the tournament's final in September 1986. Martin Edwards, the Chairman of Manchester United, wrote in his programme notes for United's opening group match against Everton that he hoped that the Super Cup would "only last for one season", meaning that he hoped that the UEFA ban on English clubs would only last for that long, its rated so low by United. The cup's demise was indeed swift, but that had nothing to do with any relaxation of the ban, which lasted until 1990; as some indication of how the clubs felt about the ignominy of the situation, Howard Kendall recalled that, prior to his Everton side's group match at Norwich City, he sent his team out with the following team-talk: "What a waste of time this is – out you go."

The six clubs invited to participate, the European competitions they would have qualified for, were: Everton Manchester United Norwich City Liverpool Tottenham Hotspur Southampton To create a sufficient number of games, the teams played each other home and away in two groups of three teams, with three points awarded for a win and one point for a draw, with the top two teams in each group advancing to the semi-finals. Both the semi-finals and the final were to be held over two legs and away, another factor which may have contributed to the competition's failure to attract much interest from the clubs participating, as the tournament did not offer the prospect of a day out at Wembley for the finalists. Merseyside rivals Liverpool and Everton won through to the final, but with both these clubs being involved in a battle for the league championship and both of them reaching the FA Cup final, fixture congestion became a problem, with Liverpool's semi-final second leg having to be delayed until the final week of the season, two days before the FA Cup final.

The English football season had to come to an end following the FA Cup final due to the preparations for the imminent FIFA World Cup in Mexico, which meant that there was no opportunity for the delayed Super Cup final to be played after the FA Cup final, that the Super Cup tournament could not be concluded before the 1985–86 season ended. The absence of any conclusion of the Super Cup before the season's end made the competition look more farcical than before in the eyes of supporters and put paid to any possibility of a second Super Cup tournament being organised in the 1986–87 season, although the perceived failure of the inaugural competition and its unpopularity with the clubs made such an eventuality unlikely in any case; the 1985–86 Super Cup final had to be held over until the following season and was played in September 1986, by which point the competition had attracted some sponsorship. Everton however fielded a virtual reserve team in the two-legged final and Liverpool won the trophy 7–2 on aggregate.

The games are only remembered for Ian Rush's impressive haul of five goals for Liverpool over the two games and for Kevin Sheedy's spectacular goal for Everton at Anfield, scored from a long-range free-kick at the Kop end. Having lost the League and Cup double to Liverpool the previous May, Everton did not seem overly concerned at losing this lesser trophy to their local rivals, nor by the heavy defeat suffered by their makeshift side. In any case that season they managed to pip Liverpool to the League Championship; the Super Cup was not seen as a success, as

Soviet biological weapons program

The Soviet Union began a biological weapons program in the 1920s. During World War II, Joseph Stalin was forced to move his biological warfare operations out of the path of advancing German forces and may have used tularemia against German troops in 1942 near Stalingrad. By 1960, numerous BW research facilities existed throughout the Soviet Union. Although the USSR signed the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention, the Soviets subsequently augmented their biowarfare programs. Over the course of its history, the Soviet program is known to have weaponized and stockpiled the following eleven bio-agents: Bacillus anthracis Yersinia pestis Francisella tularensis Burkholderia mallei Brucella spp Coxiella burnetii Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus Botulinum toxin Staphylococcal enterotoxin B Smallpox Marburg virusThese programs became immense and were conducted at 52 clandestine sites employing over 50,000 people. Annualized production capacity for weaponized smallpox, for example, was 90 to 100 tons.

In the 1980s and 1990s, many of these agents were genetically altered to resist heat and antibiotics. In the 1990s, Boris Yeltsin admitted to an offensive bio-weapons program as well as to the true nature of the Sverdlovsk biological weapons accident of 1979, which had resulted in the deaths of at least 64 people. Defecting Soviet bioweaponeers such as Colonel Kanatjan Alibekov confirmed that the program had been massive and still existed. An agreement was signed with the US and UK promising to end bio-weapons programs and convert BW facilities to benevolent purposes, but compliance with the agreement — and the fate of the former Soviet bio-agents and facilities — is still undocumented; the Soviet BW program began in the 1920s at the Leningrad Military Academy under the control of the state security apparatus, known as the GPU. This occurred despite the fact that the USSR was a signatory to the 1925 Geneva Convention, which banned both chemical and biological weapons.1928 - Revolutionary Military Council signed a decree about weaponization of typhus.

The Leningrad Military academy began cultivating typhus in chicken embryos. Human experimentation occurred with typhus and melioidosis in the Solovetsky camp. A laboratory on vaccine and serum research was established near Moscow in 1928, within the Military Chemical Agency; this laboratory was turned into the Red Army's Scientific Research Institute of Microbiology in 1933. During World War II, Stalin was forced to move his BW operations out of the path of advancing German forces1941: Soviet bioweapons facilities are transferred to the city of Kirov. 1942: Alleged use of tularemia against German troops. Tularemia was used against German troops in 1942 near Stalingrad. Around 10,000 cases of tularemia had been reported in the Soviet Union between 1941 and 1943. However, the number of cases jumped to more than 100,000 in the year of the Stalingrad outbreak. German Panzer troops fell ill in such significant numbers during the late summer of 1942 that the German military campaign came to a temporary halt.

German soldiers became ill with the rare pulmonary form of tularemia, which may indicate the use of an aerosol biological weapon. According to Kenneth Alibek, the used tularemia weapon had been developed in the Kirov military facility, it was suggested by some, that the outbreak might have been of natural origin, since a pulmonary form of tularemia has been noted in natural outbreaks in Martha's Vineyard in 2000. In the Soviet Union, the outbreak at Stalingrad was described as a natural outbreak. Crops were left in the field during the German offensive and the rodent population swelled, putting many inhabitants into contact with infected rodents. In some parts of the Stalingrad Oblast, as many as 75% of the inhabitants became infected, it was noted that before the war, there was a so-called "threshing tularemia", caused by people inhaling infected dusts soiled by rodents while threshing grain. At the conclusion of the war, Soviet troops invading Manchuria captured many Unit 731 Japanese scientists and learned of their extensive human experimentation through captured documents and prisoner interrogations.

Emboldened by these discoveries, Stalin put KGB chief Lavrenty Beria in charge of a new BW program. 1946: A biological weapons facility was established in Sverdlovsk. The first smallpox weapons factory in the Soviet Union was established in 1947 in the city of Zagorsk, close to Moscow, it was produced by injecting small amounts of the virus into chicken eggs. An virulent strain was brought from India in 1967 by a special Soviet medical team, sent to India to help eradicate the virus; the pathogen was stockpiled in large quantities throughout the 1970s and 1980s. 1953: The fifteenth directorate of the Red Army takes responsibility for the program. By 1960, numerous BW research facilities existed throughout the Soviet Union. Although the USSR signed the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention, the Soviets subsequently augmented their biowarfare programs, they doubted the United States’ claimed compliance with the BWC, which further motivated their program. The Soviet BW effort became a huge program, comprising various institutions under different ministries along with commercial facilities and collectively known as Biopreparat after 1973.

Biopreparat pursued offensive research and production of biological agents under the guise of legitimate civil biotechnology research. It employed over 50,000 people. Annualized production capacity for weaponi