Duff Baby House
The Duff Baby House is an historic house located in Windsor, Canada. Built between 1792 and 1798, the Duff Baby House is considered to be the oldest building in Ontario; the house was built by Alexander Duff as a fur trade post. In 1807 the building was bought by James Baby and it is alleged to have been used as the headquarters of U. S. General Harrison, Colonel Henry Proctor, General Isaac Brock until it was ravaged by the British during the War of 1812; the two-and-a-half-story timber structure was refinished as Baby's residence in 1816. It is located at 221 Mill Street in Old Sandwich Town, the oldest part of Windsor, where settlements date back to the mid 18th century; the Duff Baby House is one of the best-preserved and oldest Georgian-style houses in Ontario. Today the building houses government offices. Windsor's Community Museum operates a local history interpretive centre behind the Duff Baby House. Media related to Duff-Baby House at Wikimedia Commons Duff-Baby House profile at Ontario Heritage Trust
Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario
The Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario shortened to Ontario PC Party, PC, or Conservatives, is a centre-right political party in Ontario, Canada. The party has been led by Premier Doug Ford since March 10, 2018, it has governed the province for 80 of the 151 years since Confederation, including an uninterrupted run from 1943 to 1985. It holds a majority government in the 42nd Parliament of Ontario; the first Conservative Party in Upper Canada was made up of United Empire Loyalists and supporters of the wealthy Family Compact that ruled the colony. Once responsible government was granted in response to the 1837 Rebellions, the Tories emerged as moderate reformers who opposed the radical policies of the Reformers and the Clear Grits; the modern Conservative Party originated in the Liberal-Conservative coalition founded by Sir John A. Macdonald and George-Étienne Cartier in 1854, it is a variant of this coalition that formed the first government in Ontario with John Sandfield Macdonald as Premier.
Until becoming the Progressive Conservatives in 1942, the party was known as the Liberal-Conservative Association of Ontario, reflecting its Liberal-Conservative origins, but became known as the Conservative Party. John Sandfield Macdonald was a Liberal and sat concurrently as a Liberal Party of Canada MP in the House of Commons of Canada but he was an ally of John A. Macdonald, his government was a true coalition of Liberals and Conservatives under his leadership but soon the more radical Reformers bolted to the opposition and Sandfield Macdonald was left leading what was a Conservative coalition that included some Liberals under the Liberal-Conservative banner. After losing power in 1871, this Conservative coalition began to dissolve. What was a party that included Catholics and Protestants became an exclusively English and Protestant party and more dependent on the Protestant Orange Order for support, for its leadership; the party became opposed to funding for separate schools, opposed to language rights for French-Canadians, distrustful of immigrants.
Paradoxically, an element of the party gained a reputation for being pro-labour as a result of links between the Orange Order and the labour movement. After 33 years in Opposition, the Tories returned to power under James P. Whitney, who led a progressive administration in its development of the province; the Whitney government initiated massive public works projects such as the creation of Ontario Hydro. It enacted reactionary legislation against the French-Canadian population in Ontario; the Tories were in power for all but five years from 1905 to 1934. After the death of Whitney in 1914, they lacked vision and became complacent; the Tories lost power to the United Farmers of Ontario in the 1919 election but were able to regain office in 1923 election due to the UFO's disintegration and divisions in the Ontario Liberal Party. They were defeated by Mitch Hepburn's Liberals in 1934 due to their inability to cope with the Great Depression. Late in the 1930s and early in the 1940s, the Conservatives developed new policies.
Rather than continue to oppose government spending and intervention, a policy which hurt the party politically in the time of the Great Depression, the Conservatives changed their policies to support government action where it would lead to economic growth. The party changed its name to the "Progressive Conservative" party after its federal counterpart changed its name to the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 1942 on the insistence of its new leader, John Bracken, whose roots were in the populist Progressive Party; the Conservatives took advantage of Liberal infighting to win a minority government in the 1943 provincial election, reducing the Liberals to third-party status. Drew called another election in 1945, only two years into his mandate; the Tories played up Cold War tensions to win a landslide majority, though it emerged several years that the Tory government had set up a secret department of the Ontario Provincial Police to spy on the opposition and the media. The party would dominate Ontario politics for the next four decades.
Under Drew and his successor, Leslie Frost, the Party was a strong champion of rural issues but invested in the development of civil works throughout the province, including the construction of the 400 series of highways, beginning with the 401 across Toronto. In 1961, John Robarts became the 17th premier of Ontario, he was one of the most popular premiers in years. Under Robarts' lead, the party epitomized power, he was an advocate of individual freedoms and promoted the rights of the provinces against what he saw as the centralizing initiatives of the federal government, while promoting national unity against Quebec separatism. He hosted the 1967 "Confederation of Tomorrow" conference in Toronto in an unsuccessful attempt to achieve an agreement for a new Constitution of Canada. Robarts opposed Canadian medicare when it was proposed, but endorsed it and the party implemented the public health care system that continues to this day, he led the party towards a civil libertarian movement. As a strong believer in the promotion of both official languages, he opened the door to French education in Ontario schools.
In 1971, Bill Davis became the 18th premier. Anti-Catholicism became an issue again in the 1971 election, when the Tories campaigned strenuously against a Liberal proposal to extend funding for Catholic separate schools until Grade 13. Davis reversed himself in 1985, enacted the funding extension as one of his last acts before l
Canada Southern Railway Station
The Canada Southern Railway Station is a former railway station in St. Thomas, Canada; the station was built by the Canada Southern Railway and last had train service in 1979. It is now home to the North America Railway Hall of Fame; the station was, at one time, one of the busiest train stations in Canada, headquarters to the Canada Southern Railway and is owned by, home to the North America Railway Hall of Fame. Since the CASO Station was acquired by the North America Railway Hall of Fame in 2005, the goal is to restore the station to its "illustrious state of the 1914-1925 eras" The Canada Southern Railway line ran from Detroit to Buffalo, it provided an efficient path for travelers. As the line grew, the town of St. Thomas, Ontario offered a $25,000 bonus to the Canada Southern Railway if they built their head offices within the borders of the town; the Canada Southern acquiesced and the CASO station was built. As a direct result, the population of St. Thomas quadrupled in the span of not much more than a decade.
Though it was one of 31 railway station built in Ontario during the 1870s, CASO was unique, in that it was designed in an Italianate style by Canadian architect Edgar Berryman, is thought to be the only station of that type in Canada. It is the largest of them all. More common designs for major railway stations of the times included Romanesque, Beaux-Arts and Second Empire architectural styles; the building itself is 10.9 metres wide. The station boast two storeys, both with ceilings of 5.5-6.1 metres featuring 164 arched windows. Its original 400 000 white brick construction was painted red to suit the style of the day; the original cost of the CASO station was estimated at between $10,000 - $12,000 in 1873. The 115 metre south side boardwalk containing century-old bricks was renovated in 2017; the bricks stamped "SAGINAW" were made in Michigan. The Canada Southern Station did double duty, it became a busy "port of call" for numerous lines, while the second floor of the building was home to the Canadian head offices of the Canada Southern Line.
Much of the second floor is rented out and generates revenue to maintain the station. Features of the restored Canada Southern Railway Station include the single men's waiting room, the ladies or family waiting room, ticket office, station master's office and mail room; the CASO station had a large dining room, now renamed Anderson Hall, with a live-in staff of a cook and several lady servers. They lived in modest quarters upstairs, above the dining room; the dining room was quite elegant and travelers could wire their menu orders ahead in time for their arrival. A fire in 1925 damaged the kitchen and, combined with the advent of dining cars on passenger trains, the dining hall was relegated to more of a lunch room. By October 2005, with the restoration efforts at the station underway, the first meal in 80 years was served in the dining room – at a wedding reception. Since that time, The Canada Southern Railway Station is maintained in part by revenue from the rental of both Anderson Hall and the Ladies waiting room for weddings, wedding receptions, luncheons, teas and corporate events.
Located at the CASO Station were the Michigan Central Railroad car manufacturing shops. It was here that master mechanic, Thomas William Cottrell helped establish the MCR shops as a regional repair shops for locomotives, rather than sending them to the United States for repair; the station is protected under Heritage Railway Stations Protection Act since 1989. As a non-profit agency of the Ontario Ministry of Tourism and Culture, the Ontario Heritage Trusts' mandate is preserving Ontario's heritage resources. On June 17, 2011, the Ontario Heritage Trust, together with the North America Railway Hall of Fame acknowledged the Canada Southern Railway Stations valuable connection to our past by honouring it with a plaque; the plaque stands just outside the northwest corner of the station. The plaque reads ST. THOMAS CANADA SOUTHERN RAILWAY STATION The St. Thomas Canada Southern Station, financed by American railway promoters, was constructed between 1871 and 1873 to serve as both the passenger station for St. Thomas and CASO's corporate headquarters.
During the 1920s, the station was one of the busiest in Canada. The Canada Southern rail route through southwestern Ontario linked Chicago and New York City, was instrumental in the economic development and growth of St. Thomas. Designed in the Italianate style by Canadian architect Edgar Berryman, the impressive building is embellished with classical details such as pilasters, arched windows and passageways, wide eaves and a heavy cornice supported by paired brackets; the building's design and quality of interior finishes make it unique within Canadian architectural history and it stands as a symbol of the importance of railway development in southern Ontario. The station is protected under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act since 2014. February 28, 1868: The Canada Southern Railway was founded. December 24, 1869: Name changed to the Canada Southern Railway with the reporting mark CASO. 1871-1873: Construction begins on the Canada Southern Railway Station in St. Thomas, Ontario. 1874: Financial troubles result
Ministry of Education (Ontario)
The Ministry of Education is the Government of Ontario ministry responsible for government policy, curriculum planning and direction in all levels of public education, including elementary and secondary schools. This Ministry is responsible for curriculum and guidelines for all recognized elementary and secondary schools in the province and some outside the province; the ministry is responsible for public and separate school boards across Ontario, but are not involved in the day-to-day operations. A number of ministers of education went on to become Premier, including Arthur Sturgis Hardy, George Ross, George Drew, John Robarts, Bill Davis, Kathleen Wynne; the current Minister of Education is Lisa Thompson. Prior to confederation, the supervision of the education system and the development of education policy of Canada West were the responsibilities of the Department of Public Instruction. Founded in 1850, the department was headed by the Chief Superintendent of Education, Egerton Ryerson, reported to the Executive Council and the Legislative Assembly through the Provincial Secretary.
In February 1876, the Department of Public Instruction was replaced by the Department of Education. The new department was presided over by the Minister of Education, assigned the powers held by the Chief Superintendent of Education. Responsibilities for post-secondary education were part of the department's portfolio prior to 1964 when the Department of University Affairs was created; the Department of Education continued to be responsible for post-secondary education in applied arts and technology until 1971 when the responsibility was transferred to the renamed Department of Colleges and Universities. In 1972, the Department of Education was renamed the Ministry of Education; the ministry again oversaw post-secondary education between 1993 and 1999. The Hall-Dennis Report titled Living and Learning, called for broad reforms to Ontario education, to empower teachers and the larger community, put students' needs and dignity at the centre of education; the Fullan Report titled Great to Excellent, calls for a focus on the 6 C's: Character, Communication, Critical thinking and problem solving and teamwork, Creativity and imagination.
The report calls for innovation in how these areas are learned. Ontario public schools use progressive discipline. Discipline is corrective and supportive rather than punitive, with a focus on prevention and early intervention, it is a whole-school, systemic approach, engaging students and the larger community, as well as classes and boards. Schools are to recognize and respect the diversity of parent communities, partner with them accordingly. Students are surveyed at least every two years about their experience of the school climate."For students with special education needs, interventions and consequences must be consistent with the student’s strengths and needs". While the school principal is responsible for discipline, all board employees who come into contact with students are responsible for stepping in if inappropriate behaviour occurs; the principal may delegate powers and duties related to discipline. Education in Ontario Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development List of school districts in Ontario Ministry of Education Biography of the Minister of Education
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included, it is home to the nation's capital city and the nation's most populous city, Ontario's provincial capital. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east and northeast, to the south by the U. S. states of Minnesota, Ohio and New York. All of Ontario's 2,700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system; these are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
There is only about 1 km of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario; the great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation; the province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes; the province consists of three main geographical regions: The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario. Although this area does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes and rivers. Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions: Northeastern Ontario.
The unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast swampy and sparsely forested. Southern Ontario, further sub-divided into four regions. Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south; the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County; the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests ecoregion where the forest has now been replaced by agriculture and urban development. A well-known geographic feature is part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies 87 percent of the surface area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend farther. All are south of 42°N – farther south than the northern border of California; the climate of Ontario varies by location. It is affected by three air sources: cold, arctic air from the north; the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental. Ontario has three main climatic regions; the surrounding Great Lakes influence the climatic region of southern Ontario. During the fall and winter months, heat stored from the lakes is released, moderating the climate near the shores of the lakes.
This gives some parts of southern Ontario milder winters than mid-continental areas at lower latitudes. Parts of Southwestern Ontario have a moderate humid continental climate, similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic states and the Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States; the region has warm to cold winters. Annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes. In December 2010, the snowbelt set a new record when it was h
Organization of the New York City Police Department
The New York City Police Department is structured into numerous bureaus and units. As a whole, the NYPD is headed by the Police Commissioner, a civilian administrator appointed by the Mayor, with the senior sworn uniformed officer of the service titled "Chief of Department"; the Police Commissioner appoints a number of Assistant Commissioners. The Department is divided into twenty bureaus; each enforcement bureau is further sub-divided into sections and units, into patrol boroughs and detective squads. Each Bureau is commanded by a Bureau Chief. There are a number of specialized units that are not part of any of the Bureaus and report to the Chief of the Department; the Department is headed by and under the control of a civilian Police Commissioner, appointed by the Mayor of New York City. The current Police Commissioner is James P. O'Neill; the Department's executive staff is divided into two areas: uniformed. The civilian staff are responsible for support services and departmental management, while uniformed officers investigate crimes and conduct law enforcement operations.
The First Deputy Commissioner, the Department's second-in-command, oversees the civilian Deputy Commissioners and is the Department's chief administrative officer. The current First Deputy Commissioner is Benjamin B. Tucker; the Chief of the Department supervises uniformed police commanders. The chief is the Department's highest ranking uniformed police officer and the lead official responsible for operations; the current chief is Terence Monahan. Commissioner Chief of Staff First Deputy Commissioner Deputy Commissioner, Collaborative Policing Deputy Commissioner, Counsel to Police Commissioner Deputy Commissioner, Department Advocate Deputy Commissioner, Employee Relations Deputy Commissioner, Equity & Inclusion Deputy Commissioner, Information Technology Deputy Commissioner, Intelligence & Counterterrorism Deputy Commissioner, Internal Affairs Deputy Commissioner, Labor Relations Deputy Commissioner, Legal Matters Deputy Commissioner and Budget Deputy Commissioner, Public Information Deputy Commissioner, Strategic Communications Deputy Commissioner, Support Services Deputy Commissioner, Trials Chief of Department Chief, Community Affairs Bureau Chief, Counterterrorism Bureau Chief, Crime Control Strategies Chief, Detective Bureau Chief, Housing Bureau Chief, Intelligence Bureau Chief, Patrol Services Bureau Chief, Personnel Bureau Chief, Special Operations Chief, Strategic Initiatives Chief, Training Chief, Transit Bureau Chief, Transportation Bureau Supervising Chief Surgeon The following is the Department's hierarchy: As of June, 2018: Mayor of the City of New York - Bill de Blasio Police Commissioner of the City of New York – James P. O'Neill Chief of Staff – Raymond Spinella First Deputy Commissioner – Benjamin B. Tucker Commanding Officer of First Deputy Commissioner's Office Assistant Chief Mathew V. Pontillo Deputy Commissioner, Employee Relations – Robert L. Ganley Commanding Officer of Ceremonial Unit - Lieutenant Tony Giorgio Commanding Officer of Chaplains Unit - Lieutenant Steven A. Jerome Deputy Commissioner, Collaborative Policing – Susan A. Herman Deputy Commissioner, Counsel to Police Commissioner – Jeff Schlanger Deputy Commissioner, Department Advocate – Kevin S. Richardson Deputy Commissioner and Inclusion – Tracie Keesee Deputy Commissioner, Information Technology – Jessica S. Tisch Deputy Commissioner, Intelligence & Counterterrorism – John Miller Deputy Commissioner, Internal Affairs – Joseph J. Reznick Deputy Commissioner, Labor Relations – John P. Beirne Deputy Commissioner, Legal Matters – Lawrence Byrne Deputy Commissioner and Budget – Vincent D. Grippo Deputy Commissioner, Public Information – Phillip Walzak Deputy Commissioner, Strategic Communications – William W. Andrews Deputy Commissioner, Support Services Bureau – Robert S. Martinez Deputy Commissioner, Trials – Rosemarie Maldonado Chief of Department – Terence Monahan Commanding Officer of Operations, Chief of Department's Office - Deputy Chief Edward Mullane Commanding Officer of Domestic Violence Unit - Deputy Chief Kathleen White Commanding Officer of Technical Assistance Response Unit – Inspector Gregory Antonsen Chief of Community Affairs – Bureau Chief Nilda Irizarry Hofmann Executive Officer of Community Affairs - Assistant Chief Kim Royster Commanding Officer of School Safety Division – Assistant Chief - Chief of Counterterrorism – Bureau Chief James R. Waters Commanding Officer of Critical Response Command - Deputy Chief Scott Shanley Chief of Crime Control Strategies - Bureau Chief Lori Pollock Chief of Detectives – Bureau Chief Dermot F.
Shea Commanding Officer of Citywide Investigations Division - Assistant Chief William Aubry Commanding Officer of Investigative Support Division - Assistant Chief Victor Jazz Executive Officer, Detective Bureau - Deputy Chief Paul DeEntremont Commanding Officer of Real Time Crime Center – Deputy Inspector Kevin Godek Commanding Officer of Brooklyn South Detectives - Deputy Chief Vincent DiDonato Commanding Officer of Brooklyn North Detectives - Deputy Chief Michael Kemper Commanding Officer of Manhattan South Detectives - Deputy Chief Michael Baldassano Commanding Officer of Bronx Detectives - Deputy Chief Timothy McCormick Commanding Officer of Narcotics Division – Assistant Chief Christopher McCormick Commanding Officer of Special Victims Division - Deputy Chief Judith Harrison Commanding Officer of Crime Scene Unit - Captain Steven W. King Commanding Officer of Bomb Squad - Lieutenant Mark Torre Chief of Housing – Bureau Chief James A. Secreto Chief of Int
Ministry of Indigenous Affairs (Ontario)
The Ministry of Indigenous Affairs is the Government of Ontario ministry responsible for issues relating to First Nations, Métis and Inuit in Ontario. The current Minister of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation is Hon. Greg Rickford who sits in the Executive Council of Ontario or cabinet. From 1981 to 1985, indigenous issues were the responsibilities of the Attorney General and the Provincial Secretary for Resources Development. In June 1985, Premier David Peterson designated a minister responsible for "native affairs" for the first time in Ontario history. In 1987, the Ontario Native Affairs Directorate was established, it was renamed the Ontario Native Affairs Secretariat in 1991. The entity acted as a support for the Minister Responsible for Native Affairs, was headed by an Executive Director and a Secretary, who for the most part held the rank of Assistant Deputy Attorney General. In 2006, the Secretariat's name was changed to the Ontario Aboriginal Affairs Secretariat. In June 2007, the standalone Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs replaced the Secretariat.
In June 2016, the ministry was renamed the Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation as part of Ontario's response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada's 2015 Report. In June 2018, the ministry was renamed the Ministry of Indigenous Affairs; the mandate of the ministry is to: promote collaboration and coordination across ministries on Aboriginal policy and programs. The ministry has four key priorities: Stronger Indigenous Relationships. Minister's Office Deputy Minister's Office Negotiations and Reconciliation Division Aboriginal Relations and Ministry Partnerships Division Strategic Policy and Planning Division Legal Services Branch Communications Branch Corporate Management Division2011-2012 Results-based Plan Ontario Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation Indian and Northern Affairs Canada - Canadian federal government branch Ontario Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation^ https://www.ontario.ca/government/about-ministry-aboriginal-affairs