Greensville is a community in Flamborough, Hamilton in the Canadian province of Ontario. Hamilton Conservation Authority attractions Webster's Falls and Tew's Falls are in Greensville. Jamaican Canadian billionaire Michael Lee-Chin is a Greensville Resident. List of communities in Ontario Google Maps: Greensville, Ontario
The Niagara Escarpment is a long escarpment, or cuesta, in the United States and Canada that runs predominantly east/west from New York, through Ontario, Michigan and Illinois. The escarpment is most famous as the cliff over which the Niagara River plunges at Niagara Falls, for which it is named; the Escarpment is a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve. It has the oldest forest ecosystem and trees in eastern North America; the Escarpment is composed of the Lockport geological formation of Silurian age, is similar to the Onondaga geological formation, which runs parallel to it and just to the south, through western New York and southern Ontario. The Escarpment is the most prominent of several escarpments formed in the bedrock of the Great Lakes Basin. From its easternmost point near Watertown, New York, the escarpment shapes in part the individual basins and landforms of Lakes Ontario and Michigan. In Rochester, New York, three waterfalls over the escarpment are where the Genesee River flows through the city.
The escarpment thence runs westward to the Niagara River, forming a deep gorge north of Niagara Falls, which itself cascades over the escarpment. In southern Ontario, it spans the Niagara Peninsula following the Lake Ontario shore through the cities of St. Catharines and Dundas, where it takes a sharp turn north in the town of Milton toward Georgian Bay, it follows the Georgian Bay shore northwestwards to form the spine of the Bruce Peninsula and Manitoulin Island, as well as several smaller islands in northern Lake Huron, where it turns westwards into the Upper Peninsula of northern Michigan, south of Sault Ste. Marie, it extends southwards into Wisconsin following the Door Peninsula through the Bayshore Blufflands and more inland from the western coast of Lake Michigan and Milwaukee, ending northwest of Chicago near the Wisconsin-Illinois border. Study of rock exposures and drillholes demonstrates that no displacement of the rock layers occurs at the escarpment: this is not a fault line but the result of unequal erosion.
The escarpment's caprock is dolomitic limestone, more resistant and overlies weaker, more eroded shale as a weathering-resistant "cap". The escarpment thus formed over millions of years through a process of differential erosion of rocks of different hardnesses. Through time the soft rocks erode by the action of streams; the gradual removal of the soft rocks undercuts the resistant caprock, leaving a cliff or escarpment. The erosional process is most seen at Niagara Falls, where the river has quickened the process, it can be seen at the three waterfalls of the Genesee River at Rochester. In some places thick glacial deposits, such as the Oak Ridges Moraine, conceal the Niagara Escarpment, such as north of Georgetown, where it continues under glacial till and reappears farther north; the dolostone cap was laid down as sediment on the floor of a marine environment. In Michigan, behind the escarpment, the cuesta capstone slopes to form a wide basin, the floor of an Ordovician-Silurian-age tropical sea.
There the constant deposition of minute shells and fragments of biologically-generated calcium carbonate, mixed with sediment washed in by erosion of the lifeless landmasses formed a limestone layer. During the Silurian period, some magnesium substituted for some of the calcium in the carbonates forming harder sedimentary strata in the same fashion. Worldwide sea levels were at their all-time maximum in the Ordovician; this dolostone basin contains Lakes Michigan and Erie. The Welland Canal allows ships to traverse the escarpment between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario on the Niagara Peninsula of Ontario; the escarpment was a major obstacle in the construction of the Erie Canal in New York and was traversed by a series of locks. In southern Ontario, the Bruce Trail runs the length of the escarpment from Queenston on the Niagara River to Tobermory on the Bruce Peninsula. Highway 401, Canada's busiest crosses the Niagara Escarpment, beginning its long descent through rolling hills and towns west of Milton.
Rock exposed on the face of the escarpment can be seen along Highway 26 from Owen Sound eastwards towards Meaford, Ontario. Hamilton, Ontario, is on the escarpment in such a way that the north end of the city is below and the south part above. Affectionately referred to as "The Mountain" by its residents, many roads or "mountain accesses" join the urban core below with the suburban expansion above. High Cliff State Park in Wisconsin shows how modern and prehistoric humans used the escarpment for not only cultural reasons, but economic gains, as well. A number of different animal and geometric effigy mounds and the remains of an early 20th-century limestone quarry and kiln are within the park; the relief and exposed edge are used by several wind farms stretching from Pipe, Wisconsin, to Brownsville, Wisconsin. Wind speeds average 18 mph along this stretch; the Niagara Escarpment is a prominent feature just east of Fond du Lac, it is known there as "The Ledge". Some local organizations take their name from it, including The Ledgers, the sports teams at St. Mary's Springs Academy, perched on the side of the escarpment.
Many resorts and ski areas in Ontario, Wiscon
Oxford County, Ontario
Oxford County is a regional municipality in the Canadian province of Ontario, located in the Southwestern portion of the province. Highway 401 runs east-west through the centre of the county, creating an urban industrial corridor with more than half the county's population, spanning twenty-five kilometres between the Toyota auto assembly plant in Woodstock and the CAMI General Motors auto assembly plant in Ingersoll; the local economy is otherwise dominated by agriculture the dairy industry. The Oxford County regional seat is in Woodstock. Oxford County has been a regional municipality since 2001, despite still having the word "county" in its name, it has a two-tier municipal government structure, with the lower-tier municipalities being the result of a merger in 1975 of a larger number of separate municipalities that existed before restructuring. It comprises a single Statistics Canada census division, a single electoral division for federal and provincial elections, for which the precise boundaries have been revised from time to time.
For part of its history, it was divided into two ridings, Oxford North, for federal and provincial elections, Oxford South, for federal and provincial elections, for each of which see their own pages. Oxford County had its own School Board until 1998, when it was merged into the Thames Valley District School Board, it had its own Health Unit until 2018. Oxford County consists of eight lower-tier municipalities: City of Woodstock Town of Tillsonburg Town of Ingersoll Township of Norwich Township of Zorra Township of South-West Oxford Township of Blandford-Blenheim Township of East Zorra-Tavistock Local municipal governments in Ontario exercise authority delegated to them by the provincial government, which may choose at any time to increase or decrease the powers given to them through enabling statutes. In the early days of Upper Canada the relevant legislation provided for convening an annual meeting of property owners in each township, who were obligated to choose such officers as a township clerk, a constable, property tax assessors and collectors, fence viewers and pound keepers.
It was a matter of pride in each township to keep track of population growth, several townships were divided as they grew, giving separate town meetings and local officers to East and North divisions of Oxford-on-the-Thames and West divisions of Nissouri, East and West divisions of Zorra. These individuals were responsible for the administrative work necessary to enforce the laws of the province and to carry out decisions made at the district level by the area's Justices of the Peace, appointed by the Governor, who met periodically at the designated district courthouse for deliberations known as Quarter Sessions; the paternalistic authority of the Governor and his chosen Justices of the Peace continued as the hierarchy for local government until 1841. From the earliest days of settlement the District Court was convened in the Long Point Settlement, first at Turkey Point at the village of Vittoria, it was moved to London in 1826. The Brock District, containing Oxford County's territory, was split off from the London District in 1840.
By the time a court house had been built for the Brock District at Woodstock, legislative changes were introduced by the province to provide for election of district council members from each township to take over the local government role from the Justices of the Peace, but appointment of the warden and senior administrative officers for each district council remained the responsibility of the provincial government. District councils were abolished and replaced with elected county councils through the implementation of the Baldwin Act in 1850, provincial legislation which defined the structure for elected local municipal government in Ontario for the next century. In addition to defining the powers of the county council, the legislation created authority for township councils and provided for creation of village and city councils. Woodstock, Ingersoll and other communities within Oxford County were in time incorporated under these provisions as separate municipalities. At around the same time as the Baldwin Act came into force, some of the townships, included in the Brock District were severed off to become parts of a new Brant County and a reconfigured Middlesex County.
Norwich township was divided into North and South in 1855. In the 1960s the Ontario government began simplifying the structure of local government in select parts of the province, this process reached Oxford County in 1975, when the number of separate township and village councils was reduced to the current five townships. Three urban municipalities remained, namely Ingersoll and Woodstock; the county boundaries were enlarged to include the entire urban areas of Tavistock in the north and of Tillsonburg in the south. The geographical area, now Oxford County was populated with Neutral/Attawandaron longhouse villages for many centuries but was abandoned to First Nations nomadic peoples by the 1650s as a result of warfare with Iroquois and epidemics resulting from European contact; the land was acquired by the Crown through three treaties, signed in 1792, in 1796 and 1827. These depended for their certainty on an earlier treaty known as the McKee Purchase of 1790, signed at Detroit with thirty-five chiefs from the Potawatomi, Wyandot and Odawa First Nations.
Oxford County was created by the legislature of the province of Upper Canada in 1798, by an
Etobicoke is an administrative district and former city that makes up the western part of Toronto, Canada. Etobicoke was first settled by Europeans in the 1790s. Several independent villages and towns developed within the area of Etobicoke, only to be absorbed into Etobicoke during the era of Metro Toronto. Etobicoke was dissolved in 1998, when it was amalgamated with other Metro Toronto municipalities into the City of Toronto. Etobicoke is bordered on the south by Lake Ontario, on the east by the Humber River, on the west by Etobicoke Creek, the city of Mississauga, Toronto Pearson International Airport, on the north by Steeles Avenue West. Etobicoke has a diversified population, it is suburban in development but heavily industrialized, resulting in a lower population density than the other districts of Toronto. Much of its cityscape is characterized by larger main streets, shopping malls, cul-de-sac housing developments. Etobicoke contains several expressways, including Highways 427, 401, 409, the Queen Elizabeth Way and Gardiner Expressway.
Etobicoke is the western terminus of Line 2 Bloor-Danforth of the Toronto subway and served by four suburban rail stations of GO Transit. Humber College is located in Etobicoke, encompassing two campuses, one of, home to the University of Guelph-Humber. Different groups of First Nations peoples used the land, now Etobicoke at different times; as the Algonquins moved west from the Atlantic to Lake Erie, it is certain that they would have occupied this land at some point. By the time they were settled on the shores of Georgian Bay, the Huron-Wendat were the primary residents of the north shore of Lake Ontario. During the 17th century they were pushed out by the powerful Haudenosaunee confederacy, made up of nations based to the south of the lake. After continued harassment from the Iroquois to the south, a coalition of the Ojibway and Potawatomi Algonquin nations, known as the Three Fires pushed the Haudenosaunee off this land; the Algonquian-speaking Mississaugas settled here by 1695, fishing and growing crops more locally in the summer and hunting farther afield in the winter.
The name "Etobicoke" was derived from the Mississauga word wah-do-be-kang, meaning "place where the alders grow". This was the way they described the area between the Humber River; the first provincial land surveyor, Augustus Jones spelled it as "ato-be-coake." Etobicoke was adopted as the official name in 1795 at the direction of Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe. The British officials intended Etobicoke to be included in the Toronto Purchase of 1787. However, the Mississauga and government disagreed as to whether the western boundary of the purchase was the Humber River or the Etobicoke River; the Mississauga Indians allowed British surveyor Alexander Aitkin to survey the disputed land, the British paid an additional 10 shillings for the purchase, although the purchase was never formally agreed to. The dispute was settled between the Government of Canada and the Mississauga First Nation in 2010. Immigrants from the British Isles were among the new settlers, as well as Loyalists who had left the rebellious Thirteen Colonies, by the new United States.
Early settlers included many of the Queen's Rangers, who were given land in the area by Simcoe to help protect the new capital of Upper Canada and to develop this frontier area. In 1793-95, the Honourable Samuel Smith, a colonel in the Queen's Rangers, received land grants of 1,530 acres, extending from today's Kipling Avenue to Etobicoke Creek, north to Bloor Street; the first land patent was issued to Sergeant Patrick Mealey on March 18, 1797, for a plot on the west side of Royal York Road on Lake Ontario. This was part of the First Military Tract, or "Militia Lands", which extended from today's Royal York Road to Kipling Avenue, south from Bloor Street; the Crown was providing land to Loyalists in compensation for property they left behind in the US and to veterans of the American Revolution in payment for service. In other parts of Ontario, the Crown granted land to the Iroquoian First Nations who had served as allies during the war and were forced to cede most of their land in New York to the state.
The Crown granted more land to the members of the Queen's Rangers in the First Military tract, but most Rangers did not occupy their land. Many sold their acreage to others after a short time; the census of 1805 counted 84 people in the township of Etobicoke. In 1806, William Cooper built a grist mill and saw mill on the west bank of the Humber river, just south of Dundas Street; the 1809 census counted 137 residents. The Dundas Street bridge opened in 1816. On May 18, 1846, the Albion Road Company was incorporated, its purpose was to build and maintain a road to the north-west corner of Etobicoke, where a new community was planned. At the same time, John Grubb, who had founded Thistletown, hired land surveyor John Stoughton Dennis to plan a community at the intersection of Islington Avenue and Albion Road, to be named Saint Andrew's. Plan 6 for this community was registered on October 15, 1847; the French master of Upper Canada College, Jean du Petit Pont de la Haye, contracted land surveyor James McCallum Jr to create a plan for the community planned by the Albion Road Company, Plan 28 was registered for Claireville on October 12, 1849.
The township of Etobicoke was incorporated on January 1, 1850. The first meeting of the town council was held on January 21. Present at the meetin
Ontario Highway 52
King's Highway 52 referred to as Highway 52, was a provincially maintained highway located in the former Regional Municipality of Hamilton-Wentworth, now the City of Hamilton. The route began at a junction with former Highway 2 and Highway 53 near Ancaster and travelled north to Highway 5 and Highway 8 in Peters Corners. An older section travelled concurrently with Highway 8 northwest to Rockton, where it turned north and travelled to the Hamilton–Wellington boundary, ending inexplicably at a township road. Highway 52 was a rural highway on the outskirts of Hamilton. Although it has been locally maintained for a number of years, the surrounding have remained unaltered since then; the route begins at Highway 53 west of Ancaster. From there the highway travelled north, interchanging with Highway 403 at Exit 55; the route passes through the communities of Summit and Copetown, intersecting the former Highway 99, the Governors Road, in the latter. Soon thereafter, it intersects the former western leg of Highway 5.
North of this, the route encounters Highway 8 at a second intersection, where it ended during the final decade of its existence. Highway 52 travelled from Highway 8 in Rockton north along at least five different township roads over 13 kilometres, ending at a local township road at the Wellington/Wentworth County Line; this section was assumed by the Department of Highways on September 1, 1937. On April 13, 1938, a dirt road from Peter's Corners south to Highway 2 and Highway 53 in Ancaster was assumed as Highway 52; this added a 7-kilometre multiplex with Highway 8, a full quarter of Highway 52's entire length. Throughout World War II, the new section of Highway 52 remained unimproved; the road was paved between Highway 2 and Highway 97 in 1955, with the remainder being paved three years later. The original section of Highway 52 north of Peters Corners was downloaded to the Regional Municipality of Hamilton–Wentworth in the mid-1980s, around the same time as the decommissioning of Highway 97.
The road's length was reduced to the concurrency with Highway 8 removed. On April 1, 1998, the remainder of Highway 52 was downloaded to the Region of Hamilton-Wentworth, now the City of Hamilton; the road has not been given a new numerical designation, is known as Westover Road and Trinity Road. The following table lists the major junctions along Highway 52, as noted by the Ministry of Transportation of Ontario; the entire route was located in the Regional Municipality of Hamilton–Wentworth, now the City of Hamilton. This table documents the route as it was in 1989
Ontario Highway 6
King's Highway 6 referred to as Highway 6, is a provincially maintained highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. It crosses a distance of 480 km between Port Dover, on the northern shore of Lake Erie, Espanola, on the northern shore of Lake Huron, before ending at the Trans-Canada Highway in McKerrow. Highway 6 was one of several routes established when Ontario first introduced a highway network on February 26, 1920, following several pioneer wagon trails; the original designation, not numbered until 1925, connected Port Dover with Owen Sound via Hamilton and Guelph. When the Department of Highways took over the Department of Northern Development in 1937, Highway 6 was extended north through the Bruce Peninsula to Tobermory. In 1980, the entire length of Highway 68 on Manitoulin Island and north to Highway 17 became a northern extension of Highway 6. Small modifications were made to the route of Highway 6 in 1997, but it was untouched by provincial downloading. Highway 6 is one of two highways in Ontario broken into two segments by a ferry.
The Chi-Cheemaun ferry serves automobile traffic, connecting Tobermory with South Baymouth between May and October. Highway 6 begins at Saint Patrick Street in the community of Port Dover, stretch northward as a two-lane, undivided highway; the road travels into Haldimand County, through communities such as Jarvis and Hagersville, the traffic flow increases. By the time the highway reaches Caledonia, the road bypasses the former Highway 6 section, which passes the town centre of Caledonia. With the newly built bypass, Highway 6 is routed outside the urban centre of Caledonia; the Caledonia Bypass was opened in 1983, is a two-lane undivided freeway. The bypass terminates at Green's Road on the north side of Caledonia and Highway 6 proceeds eastbound on Green's Road for 500 metres to Argyle St North. Highway 6 turns north on a four lane undivided alignment for 5 km. Much of the old alignment north to near Rymal Road remains provincially maintained as unsigned Highway 7273. In Hamilton, Highway 6 now uses a new alignment from Highway 403 to south of the Hamilton Airport, connecting with the southerly leg to Caledonia and Port Dover.
The new alignment opened as an undivided two-lane freeway in November 2004. As the road meets Highway 403, Highway 6 merges with Highway 403, there is a concurrency for 17 kilometres; the concurrency ends at the Highway 6 junction, at the Hamilton/Burlington boundary, near the Royal Botanical Gardens. Though most of the route is five lanes — two travel lanes in each direction, plus one centre lane for left turns — the section in Wellington County from Puslinch to Morriston has remained two lanes because of its route through several small towns and a lack of available property for widening. A new alignment, connecting to the Hanlon Expressway at Highway 401, is being considered to bypass this troubled section; the section where Highway 6 is concurrent with Highway 401 has the highest AADT, at 85,000 automobiles per day in 2002. High travel speeds in the five-lane section, typical flow varies between 100 and 120 km/h; the section of Highway 6 between Highway 403 in Hamilton and Clappison's Corners was converted in 2009 to a controlled access freeway with an interchange at York Road.
The interchange opened on May 23, 2009, the intersection where Northcliffe/Plains Road met Highway 6 was closed permanently. This section of Highway 6 has two southbound lanes and three northbound, the extra lane being for trucks climbing the steep escarpment, as well as high mast lighting and a full concrete median barrier. In Guelph, the road travels along the full length of the Hanlon Expressway - a 4-lane, controlled access and divided highway with signalized level crossings; the Ministry of Transportation is presently investigating the possibility of changing these intersections into grade-separated interchanges. For 4 km Highway 6 is concurrent with Highway 7, from the Wellington Street interchange north to where the Hanlon Expressway ends at Woodlawn Road. At Woodlawn, Highway 7 veers west, Highway 6 continues east. Following Woodlawn, Highway 6 veers north onto Woolwich Street, leaving the city of Guelph; as Highway 6 leaves Guelph and heads northwards through Wellington County, it narrows to two lanes and passes through farmland.
The route meanders northward for 17 kilometres before entering Fergus, where it meets County Road 18 and County Road 19. North of Fergus, Highway 6 winds northwest for another 17 kilometres into Arthur meeting County Road 109 just south of the town. After exiting Arthur, the route continues northwest for 22 kilometres before entering Mount Forest and meeting an intersection with Highway 89; the route enters Grey County as it meanders northward into farmland. It progresses north for another 22 kilometres to Durham, where it intersects Highway 4, it continues for another 31 kilometres to Chatsworth, where it meets Highway 10 and travels northward concurrent with for 13 kilometres into Owen Sound. There it encounters an intersection. Highway 6 turns west onto Highway 21; the two routes pas
Regional Municipality of Halton
The Regional Municipality of Halton, or Halton Region, is a regional municipality in Ontario, located in the Golden Horseshoe of Southern Ontario. It comprises the city of Burlington and the towns of Oakville and Halton Hills; the region provides policing by the Halton Regional Police Service. The regional council's headquarters are located in Oakville. Burlington and Oakville are urban and suburban, while the towns of Milton and Halton Hills are more rural. Halton is part of the Greater Toronto Area, although it is the only regional municipality in the GTA, not situated directly adjacent to Toronto’s city proper. However, the region is split between the census metropolitan areas of Hamilton. Burlington is part of the Hamilton CMA, while the rest of the region is part of the Toronto CMA. Halton experienced a growth rate of 17.1% between 2001 and 2006, 14.2% between 2006 and 2011, giving it one of the highest growth rates in the country. Despite the unprecedented growth in residential development and protected lands along the Niagara Escarpment are still the predominant land uses in the region.
Halton has been ranked by Maclean's national crime ranking report as being the "safest place to live" in the GTA and one of the top five in Canada. The Regional Municipality of Halton was established on 1 January 1974 as the successor to the former Halton County by the Regional Municipality of Halton Act, 1973. From 1 January 2003, it has been governed by the Municipal Act, 2001; until the 2000 municipal elections, the Chairman of the Regional Council had been appointed by the Ontario government. From that date, it has been an elective position. Joyce Savoline was the last appointed Chairman, was elected and reelected as Chairman until her retirement from the position in 2006; the current Regional Chairman is Gary Carr. The Council consists of the elected Chairman, the mayors of the local municipalities, regional councillors elected by wards from the local municipalities; the current membership of the council is as follows: x = suppressed for reasons of confidentiality While the urban areas of Burlington and Milton are experiencing rapid growth, there is still a significant proportion of the Region, still rural, most of, protected as part of the provincial Greenbelt or as part of the Niagara Escarpment Plan.
Halton is somewhat unusual, in that it has three distinct climate zones within its small area, which are as follows: Zone 5a - Halton Hills lying to the north of the Niagara Escarpment, together with the Town of Milton within the Grand River watershed Zone 5b - the remainder of Halton Hills, Milton north of Derry Road, that part of Burlington lying north of the Niagara Escarpment Zone 6a - the southern remainder of the Region List of municipalities in Ontario Halton Region Conservation Authority Halton District School Board Halton Catholic District School Board List of numbered roads in Halton Region The Regional Municipality of Halton