TD Place Arena
TD Place Arena the Ottawa Civic Centre, is an indoor arena located in Ottawa, Canada, seating 9,500. With temporary seating and standing room it can hold 10,585. Opened in December 1967, it is used for sports, including curling, figure skating, ice hockey and lacrosse; the arena has hosted Canadian and world championships in figure skating and ice hockey, including the first women's world ice hockey championship in 1990. Canadian championships in curling have been hosted at the arena, it is used for concerts and conventions such as Ottawa SuperEX. The arena is the home of the Ottawa 67's of the Ontario Hockey League, it was the former home of the Ottawa Senators of the National Hockey League from 1992 through 1995, the Ottawa Nationals of the World Hockey Association from 1972 to 1973 and the Ottawa Civics of the WHA in 1976, the Ottawa Rebel of the National Lacrosse League from 2002 to 2003. In the 1960s, the City of Ottawa was preparing to rebuild the football stadium at Lansdowne Park, on Bank Street at the Rideau Canal.
During the planning phase, the old Ottawa Auditorium arena was demolished and the City now needed two new sports venues. The City combined plans and the arena, named the Civic Centre, was built together under the north grandstand of the football stadium. One side of the arena is located beneath the upper part of the stadium grandstand, with a much lower ceiling than the opposite side of the arena. Dominion Bridge was the supplier of the huge steel girders for the arena and stadium's frame, some so large they had to be brought to the site by barge, up the Ottawa River and down the Rideau Canal. According to Dominion Bridge "the most striking feature of the unique design concept is a giant overhanging roof reaching out 170 degrees from atop eight massive steel A-frames."The new Civic Centre opened on December 29, 1967, although seating was not complete, for an exhibition game between the Ottawa 67's, boosted by five players from the Montreal Junior Canadiens, the NHL Montreal Canadiens. Seats were taken temporarily from the Coliseum building nearby.
President Howard Darwin said about 500 fans had to be turned away at the door. Of the 9,000 who attended the opening game, only six ticket-holders received refunds; the football stadium and arena complex was Ottawa's official "Centennial Project." Federal government grant money depended on the facility opening in 1967, construction was rushed to meet the deadline. It was renovated and seating increased in 1992 in order to temporarily accommodate the Ottawa Senators of the NHL. Luxury boxes were hung from the ceiling over ¾ of the bowl and all seats except for the club seats were narrowed in order to increase capacity to over 10,000; the seats were replaced in 2005 and wider seats were installed, thus reducing capacity to under 10,000 again. As part of the Lansdowne Park redevelopment, the arena underwent renovations, which included new seats digital signage, ceiling tiles to cover the steel support beams, in which the fire retardant was removed; the scoreboard over the ice was removed, a new scoreboard was installed on the north wall.
The renovation sealed up constant leaks, a problem for the Civic Centre for years. During the 2011–12 season, a 67's game had to be rescheduled because of the leaking roof. Midway through the renovation process at the end of 2013, steel corrosion was discovered by workers and cost an extra $17 million to repair. While the arena was renovated, the 67's used the Canadian Tire Centre for the 2012–13 and 2013-14 seasons; the primary tenant since the building's opening has been the Ottawa 67's junior men's team. The arena's seating capacity is large by junior standards; the team played before large crowds in the 1960s and 1970s but attendance started to drop in the late 80s and bottomed out after the arrival of the Ottawa Senators in the early 1990s. In 1998 the team was bought by local businessman Jeff Hunt and he improved attendance to take advantage of the arena's large capacity. Since the 67's have been one of the top-10 junior teams in Canada in terms of attendance finishing #1 on the list; the club has been successful on the ice, winning the OHL Championship in 1977, 1984, 2001 and the Memorial Cup championship in 1984 and 1999.
The 1972 and 1999 Memorial Cup tournaments were played at the arena, the 1999 tournament was won by the host 67's. In the 1970s, the arena was home to two WHA professional teams, the Ottawa Nationals and Ottawa Civics. Neither survived in Ottawa for more than one season; the Nationals played for one regular season, but moved their playoff games to Toronto, subsequently moved there permanently to become the Toronto Toros. The Civics were the hastily transplanted Denver Spurs franchise that played only two home games in Ottawa before disbanding; the arena hosted the first-ever Canada Cup hockey game on September 2, 1976, when Canada crushed Finland 11-2. They hosted games in the 1981 Canada Cup; the arena was the site of the first IIHF Women's World Ice Hockey Championships in 1990. Canada defeated the United States 5 -- 2 on March 1990 to win the gold medal. Starting in 1992, the new National Hockey League Ottawa Senators called the arena home for three and a half seasons. In preparation for the NHL, it was refurbished for the Senators, adding additional seating and 32 private boxes.
From 1995 to 1997, Roller Hockey International's Ottawa Loggers brought inline hockey to the arena, though the inline version of the sport proved to be both unprofitable and unpopular in Ottawa. In 2008 and 2009, it was used for games of the 2009 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships; the arena's unique arrangement of having most of the seats on
Sportsnet is a Canadian English-language sports specialty service. It was established in 1998 as CTV Sportsnet, a joint venture between CTV, Liberty Media, Rogers Media. CTV parent Bell Globemedia was required to divest its stake in the network following its 2001 acquisition of competing network TSN. Rogers became the sole owner of Sportsnet in 2004 after it bought the remaining minority stake, held by Fox; the Sportsnet license comprises four 24-hour programming services. Since 2011, the service has operated under deregulated category C licensing, which allows Sportsnet to operate multiple feeds with no restrictions on alternate programming. In each region, only the local Sportsnet channel is available on analogue cable, but all four channels are available nationally via digital cable; the four Sportsnet feeds air some common programming and simulcast major, national events, but are capable of airing programming autonomously—most prominently regional programming. Sportsnet is the national cable rightsholder of the National Hockey League, holds regional rights to five of the league's Canadian franchises.
It is the national rightsholder of Major League Baseball in Canada, the exclusive broadcaster of the co-owned Toronto Blue Jays. It splits regional coverage of the Toronto Maple Leafs and Toronto Raptors with TSN; the Sportsnet brand has since been extended beyond the original regional channels, now encompassing the national channels Sportsnet 360, Sportsnet One, Sportsnet World. With these brand extensions, Rogers now uses "Sportsnet" to denote its sports media properties as a whole, on-air promotions for programs being carried nationally by these four regional feeds list all four channels separately, or refer to the Sportsnet "regional" channels, to avoid any ambiguity. However, standalone mentions of "Sportsnet" in reference to a specific channel can still be assumed to be referring to the four regional channels. According to Rogers, Sportsnet is available in 8.2 million Canadian homes. Sportsnet was approved by the CRTC in September 1996 under the tentative name S3, with Baton Broadcasting Inc. holding a 40% controlling interest in the network, 20% minority stakes held by Rogers Media and Liberty Media.
The network proposed a structure with an emphasis on regional programming, operating four feeds to serve different areas of the country. The network launched on October 9, 1998 as CTV Sportsnet, under the ownership of CTV, Liberty; the new network gained credibility before it went on the air, having acquired national cable rights to the National Hockey League from long-time holder TSN. From 1998–99 until 2001–02, Sportsnet aired NHL games to a national audience throughout the regular season, covered first-round playoff series not involving Canadian teams, its first live sports event was an NHL opening night telecast between the Philadelphia Flyers and New York Rangers. The national cable rights to the NHL returned to TSN in 2002, though Sportsnet retained regional broadcast rights for most Canadian NHL teams; when CTV purchased NetStar, the former parent company of TSN, in 2000, the CRTC ordered CTV to sell either TSN or its stake in Sportsnet. CTV chose to retain TSN, sell its stake in Sportsnet.
The other shareholders had first right of refusal. During part of the transition period, during which time the channel was known as "Sportsnet", CTV was allowed to control programming on both networks, some cross-affiliation and programs that were going to be tape-delayed on TSN, most notably figure skating, were given to Sportsnet. In 2004, Rogers bought the remaining 20 percent stake from Fox. While Sportsnet had been based there from the beginning, TSN's operations would move to CTV's suburban Toronto complex, 9 Channel Nine Court, following the acquisition; this led to some peculiarities related to the fact that the two rival sports channels were only separated by a "parking lot", leading to jokes and references from both networks. On April 30, 2008, Rogers Sportsnet moved its broadcast operations from 9 Channel Nine Court to the Rogers Building, a cluster of buildings in the Mount Pleasant-Jarvis Street area of Downtown Toronto. In 2010, Rogers began to extend the Sportsnet brand beyond the original regional networks with the August 14 launch of Rogers Sportsnet One – a national companion channel promising 800 hours of live events per year.
The channel was accompanied by additional part-time feeds to serve as overflow channels for its regional NHL coverage. In January 2011, Rogers' sports radio stations, CJCL Toronto and CFAC Calgary, were rebranded as "Sportsnet Radio Fan 590" and "Sportsnet Radio Fan 960" respecti
Peterborough Memorial Centre
The Peterborough Memorial Centre is a 4,329-seat multi-purpose arena in Peterborough, Canada. Built in 1956, it is now home to the Peterborough Petes of the Ontario Hockey League and the Peterborough Lakers of the Major Series Lacrosse league; the Peterborough Memorial Centre is a single-pad arena. It is most noted for having a large stage to the south end of the arena and a large portrait of the Queen painted by notable local artist David Bierk hanging above the ice, it is named in honour of the many war veterans. Along with hockey, the arena has hosted many events from trade shows, summer fairs, to lacrosse games and corporate Christmas celebrations for large industries such as Canadian General Electric. In 2003, the Memorial Centre was renovated adding 24 luxury box suites, improved concessions, a licensed restaurant, new seats, boards and the addition of air conditioning. In late 2005 the building added; when the Memorial Centre was renovated, the stage was replaced with a restaurant. Official Website
Rogers TV is a group of English-language community channels owned by Rogers Communications. Many of these channels share common programs. Rogers TV broadcasts in the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Labrador and Ontario. Rogers TV is available only in communities served by Rogers' cable and telecom division, is not carried by other television services providers, its French counterpart is TV Rogers. Rogers TV serves over 2.3 million cable subscribers. Programming on the channels is produced with the assistance of volunteers and community partners and associations, who assist, with the production and content of these programs. Rogers TV channels have been run as local public-access television channels. In April 2008, the company re-branded itself from Rogers Television to the simpler Rogers TV; as with most re-branding initiatives, it included a new logo, a revamped website, on-air graphics elements and new paint schemes for the network's large fleet of production vehicles. Some media critics speculated that the name change was done to bring the cable channels into line with the rest of Rogers Communications' media properties, notably Omni Television and the City network.
In 2017 Rogers TV stations in the Greater Toronto Area closed as part of budget reallocations. This programming was created in response to older Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission regulations which required that cable companies produce content reflecting the local community. Rogers TV annually receives applications from the community for new shows, are reviewed by individual station managers and producers to access which programs can be produced with given production capabilities, likelihood of sponsorship, willingness of community involvement, uniqueness of programming as major considerations, and because of CRTC requirements, the majority of the programs are produced in the local region of the station, while others are produced in neighbouring studios. Some programs feature local journalists from print and TV media; the programs are derivative of mainstream commercial fare with emphasis on the communities the stations are in. In New Brunswick, Rogers TV operates nine distinct community channels.
Rogers offers French-language community channels in Edmundston, the Acadian Peninsula and Moncton, as well as English-language community channels in Fredericton, Saint John, Moncton and Bathurst. The programming shown on Rogers TV channels is a mix of access programming produced by the general public, licensee programming originating from Rogers staff. Topics include political programming, sports coverage, live bingo shows, entertainment series, election coverage, municipal council coverage and specials. Notable examples of past successes include Acadieman – the world’s first animated Acadian superhero. Cable companies have been offering community channels in New Brunswick for 40 years. Fundy Cable started setting up community channels in Saint Edmundston in the early 1970s. Shaw Cable acquired the New Brunswick cable licenses from Fundy Cable in 1998. Rogers TV in New Brunswick was known as TVNB, a group of local community programming stations that became in 1998 the first provincial programming network in Canada not owned by a provincial government.
Rogers and Shaw exchanged assets in the year 2000, the stations were re-branded to Rogers Television shortly thereafter. Cable systems in St. John's, Grand Falls-Windsor & Corner Brook became part of the new Cable Atlantic cable system in 1990, sold to Rogers Cable in 2000. Local talk shows focused on community events air in St. John's, Gander and Grand Falls-Windsor and Corner Brook. Jason Peircey, Mellissa Royal and Don-E-Coady host the show in St. John's. Kathryn Musseau hosts the show in Grand Falls-Windsor. Wendy Woodland is the host of in Corner Brook. Gina Brown is the host for Gander's local program. Programming in Channel-Port aux Basques is limited to Community Billboard. There is some programming seen on all Newfoundland systems, such as One Chef One Critic, hosted by Central Dairies chef Steve Watson and The Telegram food critic Karl Wells. Featured is the puppet hosted talk show hosted by Gary Wheeseltin with all the puppetry being done by Jake Thompson. All stations air local municipal politics coverage in their respective areas.
Rogers TV in Gander, Grand Falls-Windsor and Corner Brook support local charities by holding bi-annual telethons to assist in raising funds. Some of the charities include Children's Wish Foundation, SPCA, Kiwanis Club, as well as the Lion's Club. Gander, Grand Falls-Windsor, Corn
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. The state's name, originates from the Ojibwe word mishigamaa, meaning "large water" or "large lake". With a population of about 10 million, Michigan is the tenth most populous of the 50 United States, with the 11th most extensive total area, is the largest state by total area east of the Mississippi River, its capital is Lansing, its largest city is Detroit. Metro Detroit is among the nation's largest metropolitan economies. Michigan is the only state to consist of two peninsulas; the Lower Peninsula is noted as shaped like a mitten. The Upper Peninsula is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac, a five-mile channel that joins Lake Huron to Lake Michigan; the Mackinac Bridge connects the peninsulas. The state has the longest freshwater coastline of any political subdivision in the world, being bounded by four of the five Great Lakes, plus Lake Saint Clair; as a result, it is one of the leading U.
S. states for recreational boating. Michigan has 64,980 inland lakes and ponds. A person in the state is never more than six miles from a natural water source or more than 85 miles from a Great Lakes shoreline; the area was first occupied by a succession of Native American tribes over thousands of years. Inhabited by Natives, Métis, French explorers in the 17th century, it was claimed as part of New France colony. After France's defeat in the French and Indian War in 1762, the region came under British rule. Britain ceded this territory to the newly independent United States after Britain's defeat in the American Revolutionary War; the area was part of the larger Northwest Territory until 1800, when western Michigan became part of the Indiana Territory. Michigan Territory was formed in 1805, but some of the northern border with Canada was not agreed upon until after the War of 1812. Michigan was admitted into the Union in 1837 as a free one, it soon became an important center of industry and trade in the Great Lakes region and a popular immigrant destination in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Although Michigan developed a diverse economy, it is known as the center of the U. S. automotive industry, which developed as a major economic force in the early 20th century. It is home to the country's three major automobile companies. While sparsely populated, the Upper Peninsula is important for tourism thanks to its abundance of natural resources, while the Lower Peninsula is a center of manufacturing, agriculture and high-tech industry; when the first European explorers arrived, the most populous tribes were Algonquian peoples, which include the Anishinaabe groups of Ojibwe, Odaawaa/Odawa, the Boodewaadamii/Bodéwadmi. The three nations co-existed peacefully as part of a loose confederation called the Council of Three Fires; the Ojibwe, whose numbers are estimated to have been between 25,000 and 35,000, were the largest. The Ojibwe were established in Michigan's Upper Peninsula and northern and central Michigan, inhabited Ontario and southern Manitoba, Canada; the Ottawa lived south of the Straits of Mackinac in northern and southern Michigan, but in southern Ontario, northern Ohio and eastern Wisconsin.
The Potawatomi were in southern and western Michigan, in addition to northern and central Indiana, northern Illinois, southern Wisconsin, southern Ontario. Other Algonquian tribes in Michigan, in the south and east, were the Mascouten, the Menominee, the Miami, the Sac, the Fox; the Wyandot were an Iroquoian-speaking people in this area. French voyageurs and coureurs des bois settled in Michigan in the 17th century; the first Europeans to reach what became Michigan were those of Étienne Brûlé's expedition in 1622. The first permanent European settlement was founded in 1668 on the site where Père Jacques Marquette established Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan as a base for Catholic missions. Missionaries in 1671–75 founded outlying stations at Saint Ignace and Marquette. Jesuit missionaries were well received by the area's Indian populations, with few difficulties or hostilities. In 1679, Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle built Fort Miami at present-day St. Joseph. In 1691, the French established a trading post and Fort St. Joseph along the St. Joseph River at the present-day city of Niles.
In 1701, French explorer and army officer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit or "Fort Pontchartrain on-the-Strait" on the strait, known as the Detroit River, between lakes Saint Clair and Erie. Cadillac had convinced King Louis XIV's chief minister, Louis Phélypeaux, Comte de Pontchartrain, that a permanent community there would strengthen French control over the upper Great Lakes and discourage British aspirations; the hundred soldiers and workers who accompanied Cadillac built a fort enclosing one arpent and named it Fort Pontchartrain. Cadillac's wife, Marie Thérèse Guyon, soon moved to Detroit, becoming one of the first European women to settle in what was considered the wilderness of Michigan; the town became a major fur-trading and shipping post. The Église de Saint-Anne was founded the same year. While the original building does not survive, the congregation remains active. Cadillac departed to serve as the French governor of Louisiana from 1710 to 1716.
French attempts to consol
Pennsylvania the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle; the Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, New Jersey to the east. Pennsylvania is the 33rd-largest state by area, the 6th-most populous state according to the most recent official U. S. Census count in 2010, it is the 9th-most densely populated of the 50 states. Pennsylvania's two most populous cities are Philadelphia, Pittsburgh; the state capital and its 10th largest city is Harrisburg. Pennsylvania has 140 miles of waterfront along the Delaware Estuary; the state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States. Part of Pennsylvania, together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden.
It was the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, on December 12, 1787. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in the state's largest city of Philadelphia. During the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg was fought in the south central region of the state. Valley Forge near Philadelphia was General Washington's headquarters during the bitter winter of 1777–78. Pennsylvania is 170 miles north to south and 283 miles east to west. Of a total 46,055 square miles, 44,817 square miles are land, 490 square miles are inland waters, 749 square miles are waters in Lake Erie, it is the 33rd-largest state in the United States. Pennsylvania has 51 miles of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 miles of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. Of the original Thirteen Colonies, Pennsylvania is the only state that does not border the Atlantic Ocean; the boundaries of the state are the Mason–Dixon line to the south, the Twelve-Mile Circle on the Pennsylvania-Delaware border, the Delaware River to the east, 80° 31' W to the west and the 42° N to the north, with the exception of a short segment on the western end, where a triangle extends north to Lake Erie.
Cities include Philadelphia, Reading and Lancaster in the southeast, Pittsburgh in the southwest, the tri-cities of Allentown and Easton in the central east. The northeast includes the former anthracite coal mining cities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and Hazleton. Erie is located in the northwest. State College serves the central region while Williamsport serves the commonwealth's north-central region as does Chambersburg the south-central region, with York and the state capital Harrisburg on the Susquehanna River in the east-central region of the Commonwealth and Altoona and Johnstown in the west-central region; the state has five geographical regions, namely the Allegheny Plateau and Valley, Atlantic Coastal Plain and the Erie Plain. New York Ontario Maryland Delaware West Virginia New Jersey Ohio Pennsylvania's diverse topography produces a variety of climates, though the entire state experiences cold winters and humid summers. Straddling two major zones, the majority of the state, with the exception of the southeastern corner, has a humid continental climate.
The southern portion of the state has a humid subtropical climate. The largest city, has some characteristics of the humid subtropical climate that covers much of Delaware and Maryland to the south. Summers are hot and humid. Moving toward the mountainous interior of the state, the winter climate becomes colder, the number of cloudy days increases, snowfall amounts are greater. Western areas of the state locations near Lake Erie, can receive over 100 inches of snowfall annually, the entire state receives plentiful precipitation throughout the year; the state may be subject to severe weather from spring through summer into fall. Tornadoes occur annually in the state, sometimes in large numbers, such as 30 recorded tornadoes in 2011; as of 1600, the tribes living in Pennsylvania were the Algonquian Lenape, the Iroquoian Susquehannock & Petun and the Siouan Monongahela Culture, who may have been the same as a little known tribe called the Calicua, or Cali. Other tribes who entered the region during the colonial era were the Trockwae, Saponi, Nanticoke, Conoy Piscataway, Iroquois Confederacy—possibly among others.
Other tribes, like the Erie, may have once held some land in Pennsylvania, but no longer did so by the year 1600. Both the Dutch and the English claimed both sides of the Delaware River as part of their colonial lands in America; the Dutch were the first to take possession. By June 3, 1631, the Dutch had begun settling the Delmarva Peninsula by establishing the Zwaanendael Colony on the site of present-day Lewes, Delaware. In 1638, Sweden established the New Sweden Colony, in the region of Fort Christina, on the site of present-day Wilmington, Delaware. New Sweden claimed and, for the most part, controlled the lower Delaware River region (parts of present-day Delaware, New Jersey, Pe