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Opeth is a Swedish progressive metal band from Stockholm, formed in 1989. The group has been through several personnel changes, including the replacement of every single original member. Lead vocalist and songwriter Mikael Åkerfeldt has remained Opeth's primary driving force since the departure of original vocalist David Isberg in 1992. Opeth has incorporated progressive, blues and jazz influences into its lengthy compositions, as well as strong influences from death metal in their early works. Many songs include acoustic guitar passages and strong dynamic shifts, as well as demonic vocal characterization. Opeth is well known for their incorporation of Mellotrons in their work. Opeth made live appearances supporting their first four albums, but since conducting their first world tour after the 2001 release of Blackwater Park, they have led several major world tours. Opeth has released 13 studio albums, four live DVDs, four live albums, two boxsets; the band released its debut album Orchid in 1995.

Although their eighth studio album, Ghost Reveries, was quite popular in the United States, Opeth did not experience major American commercial success until the 2008 release of their ninth studio album, which peaked at No. 23 on the Billboard 200, topped the Finnish albums chart in its first week of release. As of November 2009, Opeth has sold over 1.5 million copies of their albums and DVDs worldwide, including 300,000 collective SoundScans of their albums Blackwater Park and Deliverance in the United States. Opeth was formed as a death metal band in 1989 in Sweden, by lead vocalist David Isberg. Isberg asked former Eruption band member Mikael Åkerfeldt, just 16 years old at the time, to join Opeth as a bassist; when Åkerfeldt showed up to practice on the day after Isberg invited him, it became clear that Isberg had not told the band members, including the band's current bassist, that Åkerfeldt would be joining the band. An ensuing argument led to all members but Åkerfeldt leaving to form a new project.

The band name was taken from the Wilbur Smith novel The Sunbird. In this novel, Opet is the name of a fictional Phoenician city in South Africa translated as "City of the Moon". Isberg and Åkerfeldt recruited drummer Anders Nordin, bassist Nick Döring, guitarist Andreas Dimeo. Unsatisfied with Opeth's slow progress, Döring and Dimeo left the band after their first performance, were replaced by guitarist Kim Pettersson and bassist Johan De Farfalla. After the next show, De Farfalla left Opeth to spend time with his girlfriend in Germany, was replaced by Mattias Ander, before Åkerfeldt's friend Peter Lindgren took on the role of bassist. Rhythm guitarist Kim Pettersson left following the band's next performance, Lindgren switched to guitar, with the role of bassist falling to Stefan Guteklint; the following year, David Isberg left the band citing "creative differences". Following Isberg's departure, Åkerfeldt took over vocal duties and he, Nordin spent the next year writing and rehearsing new material.

The group began to rely less on the blast beats and aggression typical of death metal, incorporated acoustic guitars and guitar harmonies into their music. Bassist Guteklint was dismissed by the band after they signed their first record deal with Candlelight Records in 1994. Opeth employed former member De Farfalla as a session bassist for their demo recordings, he went on to join on a full-time basis following the release of Opeth's debut album, "Orchid", in 1995. Opeth recorded its debut album, with producer Dan Swanö in April 1994; because of distribution problems with the newly formed Candlelight Records, the album was not released until May 15, 1995, only in Europe. Orchid tested the boundaries of traditional death metal, featuring acoustic guitars and clean vocals. After a few live shows in the United Kingdom, Opeth returned to the studio in March 1996 to begin work on a second album, again produced by Dan Swanö; the album was named Morningrise, was released in Europe on June 24, 1996. With only five songs, but lasting 66 minutes, it features Opeth's longest song, the 20-minute "Black Rose Immortal".

Opeth toured the UK in support of Morningrise, followed by a 26-date Scandinavian tour with Cradle of Filth. While on tour, Opeth attracted the attention of Century Media Records, who signed the band and released the first two albums in the United States in 1997. In 1997, after the tour, Åkerfeldt and Lindgren dismissed De Farfalla for personal reasons, without the consent of Nordin; when Åkerfeldt informed Nordin, on a vacation in Brazil, Nordin left the band and remained in Brazil for personal reasons. Former Eternal members, drummer Martín López and bassist Martín Méndez, responded to an ad at a music shop placed by Åkerfeldt. López and Méndez were fans of the band and took the ads down themselves so no other musicians could apply for the job. Åkerfeldt and Lindgren did not want the Martíns to join at first, due to them knowing each other. López made his debut with Opeth playing on a cover version of Iron Maiden's "Remember Tomorrow", included on the album A Call to Irons: A Tribute to Iron Maiden.

With a larger recording budget from Century Media, Opeth began work on its third album, with noted Swedish producer Fredrik Nordström, at Studio Fredman in August 1997. Although Opeth had Méndez, due to time constraints Åkerfeldt played bass on the album. My Arms, Your Hearse was released to critical acclaim on August is a web-portal dedicated to music in Belarus, as well as the associated music awards of the same name of Belarusian music critics. Moreover, the portal acts as a coorganizer of the Rock Profi awards; the site was opened on June 13, 2008. The founders were Belarusian music journalist Źmicier Biezkaravajny, who became the project director, Źmicier Padbiarezski, Oleg “О’К” Klimov, Siarhei Budkin, they got together for the systematic reporting and assessment of CDs of Belarusian artists to promote Belarusian music. The basis of the project is the reviews of four regular contributors. Authors write reviews, set ratings, while their average becomes a final score assessed by the mass media. On the basis of these points, full charts are presented at the end of each-half year. Since 2009, the editorial staff of the project was diversified with the addition of the panel of 8 freelance experts, authoritative representatives of the Belarusian media community. Since 2010 all reviewed albums can be listened to on the website as well.

In May of the same year the portal conducted its festival. For ten years, critics have evaluated more than 500 modern albums of Belarusian artists: 59 in 2008, 60 in 2009, 44 in 2010, 63 in 2011, 67 in 2012, 47 in 2013, 38 in 2014, 45 in 2015, 29 in 2016, 33 in 2017. In 2018 the site was frozen on “indefinite leave,” per its project manager Źmicier Biezkaravajny. At the same time, the portal selected its top-10 albums for 2008–2017 being active, Port Mone’s «Thou» topped the ultimate chart. Staffers Timeline’s annual awards call the best Belarusian album of each year in several versions. “Album of the Year” by expert staffers. “Grand Jury’s Prize” by the “Grand Jury,” consisting of representatives of the Belarusian mass media. “Expert Staffers’ Prize” on the basis of the ratings of 4 expert staffers. “Foreign Expert Prize” based on tops 10 of music experts from countries border Belarus. “People Experts’ Prize” based on the scores from the users of the site, which were rated at least 15% of the albums of the calendar year.

“Best Debut Album,” “Best Album in the Belarusian language”, stylistic categories are awarded on the basis of points given by expert staffers. Siarhei Budkin. Źmicier Padbiarezski. Vitali Drozdov – Belarusian and Ukrainian FM-specialist, CEO of the radio station Hit FM. Maxim Zhbankov — culturologist, contributor to BelGazeta, Belorusskaya Delovaya Gazeta, the magazine «Belarusian: Мастацтва.» Tat’yana Zamirovskaya — columnist over at BelGazeta, the magazine «Russian: Большой.» Nadzieja Kudrejka — journalist of First Channel, Radio 1. Viktar Siamaška – author and presenter of the radio programs «Belarusian: Новая зямля» over at Unistar Radio, «Belarusian: Кракатук» over at Radio Racyja. Siarhiej Pukst – musician, music critic of Sovetskaya Belorussiya – Belarus' Segodnya. Siarhiej Malinoŭski – journalist of Komsomolskaya Pravda v Belorusi, editor of Antenna. Anatoĺ Viečar – author of music programs on TV, music video director. Jaŭhien Doŭhich – former editor of the magazine «Russian: Джаз-квадрат», anchor of music programs over at Tut.

By. Maryja Kalieśnikava – journalist of the European Radio for Belarus. Viačaslaŭ Radyjonaŭ – founder and chief editor of the portal Alexandr Korneychuk – chief editor of 34mag, DJ. Anna Markevych – anchor of Belsat Music Live, former journalist of the European Radio for Belarus. Maryna Savickaja – anchor of music programs over at Radio "Stolitsa". Sergey Filimonov – author and anchor of the music program «Belarusian: Відзьмо-невідзьмо», broadcast on Belarus-1 Capital TV, now is broadcast on Belsat TV, former journalist of Vecherniy Minsk. Larysa Charuk – admin of the VK public «Belarusian: Беларуская музыка.» Alexandr Chernuho – editor of, former editor of and journalist of Narodnaya Gazeta. Iĺlia Malinoŭski – music editor over at the European Radio for Belarus, former radio host. Conrad Erofeev – music critic over at Nikolai Yankoit – music critic over at, former editor of Yegor Kvartal’ny – author and anchor of music programs over at Radio "Stolitsa".

Yevgeniy Karpov – editor over at Tut. By, former editor of, contributor to New Eastern Europe, The Guardian. 2017 – Ian Blaschak, Emilija Visotskaitė, Alexey Gorbash, Maxim Serdyuk, Ilmars Šlapins. 2016 — Andrey Bukharin, Michał Vechorek, Henriks Eliass Zēgners, Mila Kravchuk, Valdas Lapeta. 2015 — Lavrys Anstravts, Liudas Zakarevičus, Dmitry Kurkin, Jacek Skolimowski, Sergey Kane. 2014 — Uldis Rudaks, Andrzej Bong, Boris Barabanov, Dominika Węcław

Ryƫsuke Mita

Ryūsuke Mita is a Japanese manga artist. He is best known as the creator of Dragon Half, adapted into an OVA series animated by Production I. G by the same name, he illustrates Futabasha game books under the pen name Futeki Banzai. Mita's father is Munesuke Mita, a well-known Japanese sociologist, his grandfather was Sekisuke Mita, a Marxist economist, he is married to manga creator Chiaki Ogishima, who drew the manga adaptation of Heat Guy J. Mita attended Tokyo Metropolitan Hachiōji High School, where during his senior year he spent a lot of time getting into fights. After graduating from high school, he attended Tokyo Animator Academy. After working as an inker and painter on Laputa: Castle in the Sky for Studio Ghibli, he decided to leave school in the middle of the term and began working at Studio Hard, he began doing illustration work for game magazines under his Futeki Banzai pen name, in 1988, Mita made his debut in Gekkan Dragon Magazine. From 2003, Mita began suffering from cataracts.

In 2005, Mita's official website stopped being updated, with the following message appearing on the main page: We think we want to make a fresh start as manga artists. The message has since been changed to indicate that Mita and his wife would be opening separate official sites, he published. In 2007 he published. Aiten Ryōō Monogatari Dragon Half Kaizō Shōjo Yuzu Kurokami Captured Rose Rosse Senkōka Rubikura Shugen Byakuryū Rubikura Shugen Musume Tenguri Quiz Avenue Shenan DragonRyuusuke Mita is the designer for the Monster Collection trading card game for Group SNE. Official site Official site Ryusuke Mita's Magic Ryuusuke Mita at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Ryusuke Mita's twitter

Where's My Water?

Where's My Water? is a puzzle video game developed by American studio Creature Feep and published by Disney Mobile, a subsidiary of Disney Interactive Studios. Released for desktop web browsers and devices using iOS, Windows Phone and BlackBerry 10 operating systems, the game requires players to route a supply of water to an alligator. Where's My Water? has been praised for its gameplay and its graphical style, with special recognition of its lead character, the first original Disney character for a mobile game, voiced by actor, Justin T. Bowler; the game has inspired multiple spin-offs including: Where's My Perry?, Where's My Mickey?, Where's My Water? Featuring XYY and Where's My Valentine?. In September 2013, a sequel titled Where's My Water? 2 was released. Swampy, an alligator living in a city sewer system, hates being dirty, but whenever he tries to take a bath, another alligator living in the sewers, disrupts the water flow to Swampy's home. Located somewhere on the level is a supply of water, either a finite amount pooled at various locations or an infinite amount flowing from a pipe.

Players use the touch screen on their device to dig through the dirt and redirect the water towards an inlet leading to Swampy's bathtub. The water must be routed through other pipes or must interact with machines in order to open up a route to the inlet; when the required amount of water reaches the bathtub, the level is completed and the next level is unlocked. If all of the water flows away the player loses the level. Scattered around the level are three rubber ducks that can be collected when they absorb an amount of water. Select levels include items hidden in the dirt that will unlock bonus levels when three-item collections are completed. Certain levels are populated by hazards that must be avoided or removed. For example, some levels contain algae that will grow. Other types of fluids will sometimes appear, such as purple poison, reddish mud, green ooze. A single drop of poison will contaminate pure water, turning it into poison as well, while the ooze will erode through the dirt, pop balloons, react with water, destroying both fluids.

Mud hardens into dirt, unless water reaches it, in which case the water turns to mud instantly. If either poison, ooze or mud reaches the inlet, the level will be lost and will automatically restart; the poison, mud and bombs will kill all the rubber ducks on contact. However and ooze will destroy the invasive algae on contact; the poison will eliminate it, while the ooze will cause it to solidify, creating a new barrier—and they will react explosively if they touch each other opening up parts of the level to the benefit or detriment of the player. Points are awarded for the amount of time taken to complete the level, for collecting rubber ducks, for delivering more than the minimum amount of water to Swampy's tub. Collecting a certain number of rubber ducks will unlock new groups of levels. Where's My Water? was developed by Creature Feep, a team of designers within the Disney Mobile division of Disney Interactive Studios. Creature Feep is headed up by game design director Tim FitzRandolph, whose earlier works included the popular game JellyCar that Disney would acquire and distribute.

In an October 2011 interview, FitzRandolph explained that the goal for the development of Where's My Water? was "to contribute a new character to the company, while making a fun game in the process". The earliest phase of development centered around the concept of the game, players using their fingers to guide water to a goal. According to FitzRandolph, "We had a whole bunch of ideas, at some point along the line, it kept coming back that water, water was fresh and people hadn't done a lot of physics around water." Designers invested time in making sure the water flowed and as a player might expect it would in real life, thus making the gameplay easier to learn for newcomers. In actuality, the water is rendered as lots of individual "drops"; the place players were routing water towards became a bathtub, at which point the designers had to devise a reason for having a bathtub underground. That reason came from the urban legend of alligators living in city sewers, so the game's lead character became a "hygiene-conscious alligator".

Unlike many mobile games released by Disney, where characters from the company's films are used, Where's My Water? Represents the first time that Disney has produced an original character for a mobile game. In designing that character, Disney Mobile wanted one "that felt like it belonged when lined up with other Disney characters". Where's My Water? was launched with four chapters - "Meet Swampy", "Troubled Waters", "Under Pressure" and "Sink or Swim" — each containing 20 levels. New chapters are rolled out with updates, each featuring new gameplay mechanics. An October 2011 update added "Change is Good", a 20-level expansion that added the ability to change fluid types from one to another in order to complete levels. "Boiling Point", the game's sixth 20-level chapter, was released in a November 2011 update and included levels where players must convert steam into liquid water. A version for devices equipped with the Android operating system was released on the Android Market in North America on November 23, 2011 and included all six chapters available up to that point.

In December 2011, "Stretched Thin" was released to both platforms, adding 20 new levels, a Christmas overlay for the title screen and new water balloon obstacles. A free, ad-supported version of Where's My Water? was released to both iOS and Android in December 2011. The free version includes 25 uniqu


Webinos is a computing platform for the development of software components that are independent of the utilized computer hardware or operating system. At the same time, webinos is the name of the EU-funded project aiming to deliver this platform; the webinos platform is based on open-source software. Its objective is to enable web applications and services to be used and shared and securely over a broad spectrum of converged and connected devices, including mobile, PC, home media and in-car units. More than 5,400 developers have downloaded the webinos operating system; the webinos technology has been built on widget and device API standards. Thus common web browsers such as Mozilla Firefox or Google Chrome can run webinos-enabled apps. To handle the cross device challenges, three central concepts have been followed: First, a method of binding devices to individuals, for the individuals to declare their identities is the concept of “Personal Zones”, it is built up from internet agents and device agents that communicate and identify each other and ensure that transmitted data is safeguarded.

Furthermore, the “Remoting and Discovery” approach enables devices to broadcast their services as well as applications to discover these services and a protocol for invoking these services. A virtualized network overlays the physical networks, allowing devices to communicate optimally; this "Overlay network" runs over local Bluetooth. The core webinos architecture is based on widget and web runtimes, which consist of rendering components and permission frameworks, packaging components and extended APIs. To realize the cross device communication, webinos has split the packaging, policy and API extensions from the renderer. By loosely coupling these hitherto monolithic components, it is far easier to expose the application centric components to other devices; the addressed challenges comprise: how to provision and adapt security across a range of devices, networks as well as how individuals can gain control over the privacy aspects of their web presence regardless of the service, being used. The project receives 10 million Euros co-funding, under the EU FP7 ICT Programme, No 257103,and has a total budget of 14 million Euros.

Webinos has been initiated by a research consortium with the Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems, Fraunhofer FOKUS, at the helm and will run for three years starting in September 2010. More than 30 partners are represented within the consortium: Agora Media, AmbieSense Ltd, Antenna Software, BMW Forschung und Technik GmbH, Cloud Friends, Data Driven Standardization Consulting, Deutsche Telekom, DOCOMO Communications Laboratories Europe, Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e. V. futuretext, IBBT, Impleo, KT, Istituto Superiore Mario Boella, National Technical University of Athens, Nederlandse Organisatie voor toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek, Politecnico di Torino, Present Technologies, Samsung Electronics Ltd, Silver Probe Consluting Ltd, Sony Mobile Communications AB, Technische Universität München, Telecom Italia S.p. A. Telecom Paristech, Telefónica, Università degli Studi di Catania, University of Oxford, VisionMobile Ltd. W3C. Webinos Fraunhofer FOKUS


The mountaingems are the Lampornis genus of hummingbirds which inhabit mountainous regions from the southwestern United States to the Isthmus of Panama. These are medium-sized to large hummingbirds with shortish curved black bills; the males have green upperparts and a brightly coloured throat, a dull colour in the female. The females of some species may differ from the males in other plumage features; the female mountaingem is responsible for nest building and incubation. She lays two white eggs in a deep plant-fibre cup nest. Incubation takes 15–19 days, fledging another 20–26; the food of this genus is nectar, taken from a variety of small flowers. Like other hummingbirds, mountaingems takes small insects as an essential source of protein. 6-8 species have been traditionally recognized, the main point of dispute being whether the southern forms which have fulvous-breasted females, found from Nicaragua to Panama, are one, two, or three species. Analysis of biogeography and mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences by García-Moreno et al. have confirmed the arrangement and the suspected evolutionary relationships, but a few surprising results have emerged: First, the white-throated mountaingem and the gray-tailed mountaingem are conspecific, but the purple-throated mountaingem seems to be a distinct species.

However, the southern group has evolved in a short time and their conspicuous differences in appearance are not yet reflected in molecular divergence. However, the speciation process is ongoing. Second, the exact relationship between the suspected sister taxa L. clemenciae and L. amethystinus, the northernmost species, is not as straightforward as assumed. In addition, L. amethystinus may constitute two species, but not the violet-throated subspecies margaritae but the southernmost, red-throated forms are the most distinct ones. Most puzzling, however, is the fact that the white-bellied mountaingem failed to form a monophyletic group with the other taxa; these results suggest that it is better placed in the monotypic genus Oreopyra, the relationships of which need more study. It might be related to the fiery-throated hummingbird, but these two species are different at least morphologically; the garnet-throated hummingbird, sometimes considered to be the closest relative of the mountaingems, is indeed not distantly related to the group, but closer to the magnificent hummingbird.

It is intermediate in appearance between that species. García-Moreno's team refrains to date the emergence of the genus because of the absence of fossils or other robust evidence, it can be assumed though that Lampornis was present at the closing of the Isthmus of Panama, about 3.8 MYA, that by that time, the northernmost lineage had diverged. These results are interesting, because they agree with a general trend for southern Mexican taxa (including to colonize the Isthmus and there form distinct species; the Isthmus group of Lampornis provides a glimpse at an intermediate stage in evolution, with one form having evolved into a distinct species, while its white-throated relatives are in the process of splitting into two species but have not yet done so. MtDNA suggests that the purple-throated mountaingem still can form fertile hybrids with the white-throated forms and indeed not infrequently does so. According to the updated taxonomy, the species are: Blue-throated mountaingem, Lampornis clemenciae Amethyst-throated mountaingem, Lampornis amethystinus Red-throated mountangem, Lampornis salvini Green-throated mountaingem, Lampornis viridipallens Green-breasted mountaingem, Lampornis sybillae Purple-throated mountaingem, Lampornis calolaemus White-throated mountaingem, Lampornis castaneoventris Gray-tailed mountaingem, Lampornis cinereicauda White-bellied mountaingem, Lampornis hemileucus García-Moreno, Jaime.

Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38: 488–498. Doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.08.015 Stiles, F. Gary & Skutch, Alexander F.: A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-9600-4