Johannes Gessner was a Swiss mathematician, botanist and physician. He is seen as the founder of the "Naturforschende Gesellschaft in Zürich". Gessner was died in Zürich, where he trained under the physician Johannes von Muralt, he moved to Basel to study medicine, continuing his studies in 1726 and 1727 at the University of Leiden. There he became friendly with Albrecht von Haller, with whom he made a grand tour to Paris to finish their medical studies. There he wrote his diary published as Pariser Tagebuch; the two friends in 1728 studied mathematics under Johann Bernoulli and travelled through Switzerland. Gessner soon changed to a scientific career. In 1733 he in 1738 began to teach physics in Zürich. Gessner influenced many Swiss students, such as Johann Georg Sulzer. Gessner produced publications on Swiss flora, and, as a follower of Carl Linnaeus, conceived the idea of creating illustrations which portrayed the Linnaean plant families. With the help of the painter and engraver Christian Gottlieb Geissler, he produced the 24-part Tabulae Phytographicae, which first appeared in 1795.
Scientific: Phytographia sacra, 1759–69 Tabulae phytographicae, 1795–1804Literary: Pariser Tagebuch, 1727. Georg von Wyß, "Geßner, Johannes", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, 9, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 103–106
Essie Pinola Parrish, was a Kashaya Pomo spiritual leader and exponent of native traditions. She was a notable basket weaver. Parrish was born Essie Pinola in 1902 at the Stewarts Point Rancheria in California. At the age of 6, she was recognized as a shaman by the Kashaya and became the spiritual leader of the Kashaya community, she was considered a skilled interpreter of dreams. Parrish was a healer and a teacher. Parrish educated Kashaya children in the Kashaya Pomo language, she collaborated with Robert Oswalt, a linguist at University of California, Berkeley, to write a dictionary of Kashaya Pomo. Her work on Kashaya Pomo is in the California Language Archive, she helped create over 20 anthropological films documenting Pomo culture. She lectured at the New School in New York City in 1972. Parrish was well known for her expertise in basket weaving. Robert Kennedy was among her collectors. List of Native American artists Visual arts by indigenous peoples of the Americas Redwood bark dolls made by Essie Pinola Parrish Pomo Dreamers and Doctors, includes photos of Essie Parrish "Essie Parrish – California Language Archive".
Retrieved 2013-04-08. "Sucking doctor". Retrieved 2013-04-08
The 1908 Republican National Convention was held in Chicago Coliseum, Illinois on June 16 to June 19, 1908. It convened to nominate successors to President Theodore Roosevelt and Vice President Charles W. Fairbanks. U. S. Secretary of War William H. Taft of Ohio won Roosevelt's endorsement and received the presidential nomination; the convention nominated New York Representative James S. Sherman to be his vice presidential running mate; the Republican platform celebrated the Roosevelt administration's economic policies such as the keeping of the protective tariff, establishment of a permanent currency system, additional government supervision and control over trusts. It championed enforcement of railroad rate laws, giving the Interstate Commerce Commission authority to investigate interstate railroads, reduction of work hours for railroad workers, as well as general reduction in the work week. In foreign policy, it supported a buildup of the armed forces, protection of American citizens abroad, extension of foreign commerce, vigorous arbitration and the Hague treaties, a revival of the U.
S. Merchant Marine, support of war veterans, self-government for Cuba and the Philippines with citizenship for residents of Puerto Rico. In other areas, it advocated court reform, creation of a federal Bureau of Mines and Mining, extension of rural mail delivery, environmental conservation, upholding of the rights of African-Americans and the civil service, greater efficiency in national public health agencies; the platform lastly expressed pride in U. S. involvement in the building of the Panama Canal, the admission of the New Mexico and Arizona Territories. The platform explained the differences between democracy and republicanism in which the Republicans made clear that democracy was leaning towards socialism and republicanism towards individualism, consistent with modern party critiques; the following individuals spoke at the 1908 Republican National Convention. Many spoke with the goal of nominating a specific nominee as this was before the age of the primary and the nominees were all decided at the convention.
Prayer by Rt. Rev. P. J. Muldoon V. G. Julius C. Burrows, Michigan Senator Prayer by Rev. William Otis Waters Henry Cabot Lodge, Massachusetts Senator Prayer by Rev. Dr. John Wesley Hill George Henry Williams, Former Attorney General Henry Sherman Boutell of Illinois and diplomat Joseph W. Fordney, Congressman of Michigan Frank Hanly, Governor of Indiana Charles A. Bookwalter, Mayor of Indianapolis Stewart L. Woodford, Former Congressman and Judge of New York Theodore E. Burton, Congressman of Ohio George A. Knight and Businessman C. B. M'Coy, Ohio Factory Owner W. O. Emory, Young Black Delegate from Macon, Georgia Robert S. Murphy, Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania James Scarlet, Prominent Attorney from Danville, Pennsylvania Henry F. Cochems, Wisconsin Football Star Charles A. A. McGee, Author of "The Truth About Money" from Wisconsin Prayer by Rabbi Tobias Schanfarber Timothy L. Woodruff and Former Politician Joseph Gurney Cannon, Speaker of the House Augustus E. Willson, Governor of Kentucky Henry Cabot Lodge Chase Osborn of Michigan James Brownlow Yellowley, Mississippi State Legislator Thomas N. McCarter, Former Attorney General of New Jersey and public servant William Warner, Senator from Missouri Julius C.
Burrows of Michigan Prior to the convention, Vice President Charles Fairbanks and New York Governor Charles Evans Hughes both seemed like plausible nominees, but Roosevelt was determined to pick his own successor. Though Roosevelt preferred Secretary of State Elihu Root, Root's age and background in corporate law made him an unpalatable nominee, so Roosevelt instead supported Secretary of War William Howard Taft. Entering the convention, buoyed by the support of the popular Roosevelt, was assured of the nomination. Taft won the presidential nomination on the first ballot, overcoming Fairbanks and the other candidates. Taft preferred a progressive running mate such as Indiana Senator Albert Beveridge or Iowa Senator Jonathan Dolliver, but Representative James S. Sherman of New York had the support of Speaker Joseph Gurney Cannon and the New York delegation. Sherman was a conservative Republican, nonetheless acceptable to the more progressive wing of the party. Sherman won the vice presidential nomination on the first ballot.
Former New Jersey Governor Franklin Murphy received 77 votes while Massachusetts Governor Curtis Guild, Jr. received 75 votes, with the remaining votes going to Governor George L. Sheldon of Nebraska and Vice President Charles Fairbanks. History of the United States Republican Party List of Republican National Conventions U. S. presidential nomination convention 1908 United States presidential election 1908 Democratic National Convention Republican Party platform of 1908 at The American Presidency Project Taft acceptance speech at The American Presidency Project
Hervé Biausser is the director of two French engineering schools, École Centrale Paris and Supélec, positions he has held since 2003 and 2013, respectively. Since the fusion of these two schools into CentraleSupélec on 1 January 2015, he is now the director of the recently-created organisation. Biausser studied engineering at École Centrale Paris, he began his PhD studies at École Centrale Paris and, before defending, joined IRSID, the research institute of the French steel industry group Usinor in 1977. There, he researched steel processing and steel products, held several managerial positions, was responsible for the Mechanical Metallurgy Department, he became a professor at his alma mater. He was promoted to the head of the Materials Development laboratory, a position he held from 1998 to 2001. In July 2001, he became Director of the Research Centre of the institution, head of the Graduate School, director of the sister company Centrale Recherche SA. In 2003, he became the director of École Centrale Paris, replacing Daniel Gourisse, director for twenty years.
During his tenure as director, École Centrale Paris organized a renovation of the Centralien curriculum. Biausser has been a strong advocate for the partnership with another engineering school, Supélec, for the move from the Châtenay-Malabry campus to the Paris-Saclay one, underway. At the same time, the Centrale Graduate School expanded by opening a new school in Beijing, École Centrale de Pékin. Another École Centrale is expected to open soon in Casablanca, it was announced that another school should open in India in the near future. In 2013, Biausser was selected as the new General Director of Supélec, he continues as director of École Centrale Paris. Biausser is a member of the board of the Conference des Grandes Écoles, after being secretary, he became vice-president in June 2009, he was president of CESAER, a European association of engineering schools, in 2009 and 2010. He has been president of the TIME network, which promotes the exchange of engineering students. Engineering degree at the École Centrale Paris, 1973 Bachelor of Economics, 1975 Jean Rist Award from the "Société Française de Métallurgie et des Matériaux", 1985 Grande Médaille from the Société Française de Métallurgie et des Matériaux, 2005 Knight of the Légion d'Honneur, 2006 Officer of the Ordre National du Mérite Doctor Honoris Causa, University of Mons, Belgium, 2012 His father was Breton and his mother from Réunion.
Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre is a building in Chippenham, England, which serves as a focal point for heritage services relating to Wiltshire and Swindon. It is funded by Swindon Borough Council, it has purpose-built archive storage and research facilities and incorporates the local studies library, museums service, archaeology service, Wiltshire buildings record and the conservation service. These services were housed in separate locations in Trowbridge and Salisbury and are now together under one roof; the centre opened to the public on 31 October 2007 and is being marketed as a "passport to the past" for those interested in Wiltshire and Swindon history. Existing accommodation for the Wiltshire and Swindon Record Office, in a former mattress factory in Trowbridge, had been declared sub-standard by the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts in 1998. Wiltshire County Council and Swindon Borough Council took the opportunity not only to build a new record repository which would meet the British Standard for Archive Repositories, but to create a centre for Wiltshire and Swindon history.
The centre preserves the collections of the Wiltshire and Swindon Archives Service, County Local Studies Library, Wiltshire Archaeological Service, Wiltshire Conservation and Museum Services and the Wiltshire Buildings Record. These services were at Trowbridge and Salisbury; the previous poor accommodation for the services had disadvantaged users and restricted use of services. The new facility was designed to improve access, both for visitors to the centre and those using services at a distance. An education room has been included for use by schools and colleges and for training as well as a workshop to produce displays. After two unsuccessful bids to the Heritage Lottery Fund, Wiltshire County Council and Swindon Borough Council decided in spring 2004 to bear the whole cost themselves. In March 2005, Cowlins of Bristol were selected as the Build contractors; this was announced at the WCC Cabinet on 18 March. Cowlins started work on 28 June and the roof was topped out on 6 December 2005; the building is a glass construction, covering 4,000 square metres on two floors.
It conforms to BS 5454 and has been praised as a "state of the art" building by Nicholas Kingsley, Head of the National Advisory Service, The National Archives. The building was completed in October 2006 and handed over to both Councils on 29 January 2007. After eighteen months of planning, each service moved from their existing location to the new centre in Chippenham between February and October 2007. In the case of the archive service, this involved moving over 30,000 boxes of archival material; the Wiltshire Archaeological Service was established in 1975 with the appointment of a County Archaeologist. It was based in Trowbridge; the role of the Service was to carry out excavations on development sites in Wiltshire. In the late 1970s it became apparent that there was demand for information on archaeology in the form of enquiries from planners, highways engineers and developers and a decision was made to establish the Sites and Monuments Record. Complete coverage of the County was achieved in 1981.
The recording and giving of advice is the primary role of the Service and excavations are now principally carried out by other agencies. As discoveries occur the record has grown at about 5% per annum. Advice has been supplied to County and District Planning Officers since 1980, in 1984 links were formed with the Ministry of Defence as a result of its substantial holdings in Wiltshire; the service has benefited from English Heritage grant aid in developing databases for the Avebury and Stonehenge World Heritage Sites. The Wiltshire and Swindon Archives Service cares for and gives access to the archival heritage of the County and Borough, it was established in 1947 and now holds over seven miles of archives, representing over 3,000 organisations and millions of individuals and their history, stretching back to Norman times. Based in County Hall it transferred to Chapman’s Building, Bythesea Road, Trowbridge, in the 1970s; that building was confirmed sub-standard by the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts in 1998.
The service was called the Wiltshire Record Office until 1997 and thereafter the Wiltshire and Swindon Record Office, but in 2006 the broader title of Wiltshire and Swindon Archives was adopted. The aim of the Archives Service is to collect and give access to the historic archives of the County and Borough; the archives of the Wiltshire and Swindon Archives Service fall into three categories: official and private. Over 3,000 organisations are represented in the archive. For an area that until comparatively had a small and agricultural population, the quantity of surviving records is impressive. There are five groups of archives in the Wiltshire and Swindon Archives Service that are of pre-eminent, regional or national importance: the political papers of Walter Long MP, 1854–1924; the Wiltshire Buildings Record was set up in 1979 to fill a perceived gap, not provided for by any other Wiltshire organisations, in recording threatened buildings within the county. The Wiltshire Buildings Record has