Oradea is the capital city of Bihor County and Crișana region and one of the most important economic and cultural centers in the western part of Romania. The city is located in the north-west of the country, nestled between hills on the Crișana plain, on the banks of the Crișul Repede River, that divides the city into equal halves. Located about 10 km from Borș, one of the most important crossing points on Romania's border with Hungary, Oradea ranks tenth in size among Romanian cities, it covers an area of 11,556 hectares, in an area of contact between the extensions of the Apuseni Mountains and the Crișana-Banat extended plain. Oradea enjoys a high standard of living relative to other Romanian cities and ranks among the most livable cities in the country; the city is a strong industrial center in the region, hosting some of Romania's largest companies. Besides its status as an economic hub, Oradea boasts a rich Art Nouveau architectural heritage and is a member of the Réseau Art Nouveau Network.
The city lies at the Crișul Repede's basin. It is situated 126 meters above sea level, surrounded on the north-eastern part by the hills of Oradea, part of the Șes hills; the main part of the settlement is situated on the floodplain and on the terraces situated down the river Crișul Repede. Oradea is famous for its thermal springs; the river Crişul Repede crosses the city right through the center, providing it with a picturesque beauty. Its flow depends on the season. Oradea has a warm-summer humid continental climate with oceanic influences; the city's topoclimatic action is determined by the prevailing Western winds. Annual average temperature is 10.4 °C. In July the average is about 21 °C, while in January the average is −1.4 °C. Rainfall is enough to support the woods and vegetation of the zone, registering an annual average of about 585.4 mm. Rainfall is variably distributed throughout the year, with a maximum in June and a minimum in the late Autumn and Winter months of the year. While modern Oradea is first mentioned in 1113, under the Latin name "Varadinum" in a diploma belonging to Benedictine Zobor Abbey – Bishop Sixtus Varadiensis and Saul de Bychar are mentioned in the document – recent archaeological findings, in and around the city, provide evidence of a more or less continuous habitation since the Neolithic.
The Dacians and Celts inhabited the region. After the conquest of Dacia the Romans established a presence in the area, most notably in the Salca district of the city and modern day Băile Felix; the feudal state was a principality ruled by Prince Menumorut at the end of the 9th and beginning of the 10th centuries, until the Hungarian land-taking. Its citadel was centred at Biharea. In the 11th century when St. King Ladislaus I of Hungary founded a bishopric settlement near the city of Oradea, the present Roman Catholic Diocese of Oradea; the city flourished both economically and culturally during the 13th century as part of the Kingdom of Hungary. It was at this time that the Citadel of Oradea, first mentioned in 1241 during the Mongol invasion, was first built, it would be rebuilt several times over the course of following centuries. The 14th and 15th centuries would prove to be of the most prosperous periods in the city's history up to that point. Many works of art would be added to the city, including: statues of St. Stephen and Ladislaus and the equestrian sculpture of St. King Ladislaus I were erected in Oradea.
St. Ladislaus' fabled statue was the first proto-renaissance public square equestrian in Europe. Bishop Andreas Báthori rebuilt the Cathedral in Gothic style. From that epoch dates the Hermes, now preserved at Győr, which contains the skull of St. Ladislaus, and, a masterpiece of the Hungarian goldsmith's art, it was at this time that astronomer Georg von Peuerbach wrote his Tabula Varadiensis, published posthumously in 1464, at the Observatory of Varadinum, establishing the city's observatory as the Earth's point of reference and prime meridian. In 1474, the city was captured by the Turks after a protracted siege, their tolerant policies towards others peoples ensured that the city would become an ethnic mosaic of Romanians, Austrians, Slovaks and Turks, causing Oradea to grow as an urban area starting with the 16th century. After the Ottoman invasion of Hungary, in the 16th century, the city became a constant point of contention between the Principality of Transylvania, the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg Monarchy.
The Peace of Várad was concluded between Emperor Ferdinand I and John Zápolya here on 4 February 1538, in which they mutually recognized each other as legitimate monarchs. Following Michael the Brave's conquest of the Principality of Transylvania, the Ottomans sent a punitive expedition that laid siege to the city in 1598, however the siege failed. After Michael's assassination in 1601 and the Peace of Vienna of 1603, the city was permanently incorporated in the Principality of Transylvania by imperial decree; as a result of Gyorgy Rakoczi II's, at the time Prince of Transylvania failed attempt to gain the throne of Poland the Ottomans sent yet another punitive expedition against him and his Wallachian and Moldavian allies. The expedition failed, but it gave the Romanian chronicler Miron Costin the occasion to write the first full chronicle about the city, Oradiia. In 1660 the Ottomans, with a fo
Tune in Tokyo is an Australia dance duo formed in 2010 by Australian Idol winner Natalie Gauci and producer Paul Brandoli. They are signed to Onelove Records, a dance sub-label of Sony BMG, their debut single "Dreamer" did not appear on the ARIA Top 100, but reached #3 on the ARIA Club Charts. In 2010 Gauci formed Tune in Tokyo, an electro-pop and dance music band, with producer Paul Brandoli; as the group's lead singer, Gauci's look and sound had changed. She told the Daily Telegraph that she developed her new look and sound after hanging out in Melbourne's gay dance clubs with musician, her then-husband, Hamish Cowan. Gauci explained, "That's. I didn't have anyone telling me. Tune in Tokyo is just one part of. We got a lot of feedback straight away, great because it gave me confidence about the project", they released their debut single "Dreamer" in November 2010, followed by "Ray of Love" in April 2012
Balasaheb Bhausaheb Thorat, is an Indian National Congress legislator. He is well known in the cooperative movement, as the founder of the Milk Cooperative, former president of the Sangamner District and State Cooperative Bank, he is recognized for his constructive work in Akole taluka. He has founded cooperative educational institutions in Sangamner, he served as Minister of Agriculture and as Minister of Revenue, Khar Lands in the Government of Maharashtra. Balasaheb was born on 7 February 1953 to Late Bhausaheb Thorat, he was named as Vijay. Vijay is popularly known as Balasaheb and is a popular leader of farmer's like his father Bhausaheb Thorat, his father Bhausaheb Thorat was a farmer’s leader in Maharashtra and a one-time legislator from Sangamner constituency. His father Bhausaheb Thorat defeated the political heavy-weight of Maharashtra B. J. Khatal-Patil, a minister in the Maharashtra's government for sixteen-years in the 1978 Assembly elections as a candidate of INC. Thorat obtained his LLB degree from ILSLC, Pune in 1977 and BA from Ferguson college, Pune University in 1975.
He began his political career as an Independent and fought the Sangamner Vidhan Sabha seat and won with a margin over 10,000 votes on INC candidate. From he never looked back and won 8 assembly elections never getting defeated in any elections as a candidate of INC, he was the Minister of State for agriculture in the first Vilasrao Deshmukh's government. In 2004 he was elevated to the rank of cabinet minister alongwith Anil Deshmukh of NCP, he was one of those few leaders in Maharashtra who served as ministers in the 15-year Congress-NCP alliance. He served as the minister of Agriculture, Water Conservation, Employment Guarantee Scheme and Additional charge of School Education in Prithviraj Chavan's cabinet, he is a leading face in the cooperative movement of Maharashtra. His nephew Satyajeet Tambe Patil is a politician in Ahmadnagar district and a two-time member of Ahmadnagar Municipality. 1985–present - Member of Legislative Assembly, Maharashtra. 1999-2004 - Minister of State for Agriculture, Govt of Maharashtra 2004-2014 - Cabinet Minister, Govt of Maharashtra 14 July 2019 – present - PCC Chief, Maharashtra 26 November 2019 - Incumbent - Congress Legislative Party leader, Maharashtra Legislative Assembly 28 November 2019 – Present - Cabinet Minister for Revenue, Govt of Maharashtra 8 January 2020 - Guardian minister Kolhapur Permanent invitee - Congress Working Committee Ref - http://www.indialeader.com/ViewLeader/30216/Balasaheb-Bhausaheb-Thorat