Orange is a commune in the Vaucluse Department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France, about 21 km north of Avignon. It has a agricultural economy. Roman Orange was founded in 35 BC by veterans of the second legion as Arausio, or Colonia Julia Firma Secundanorum Arausio in full, "the Julian colony of Arausio established by the soldiers of the second legion." The name was unrelated to that of the orange fruit, but was conflated with it. A previous Celtic settlement with that name existed in the same place, a major battle, known as the Battle of Arausio, had been fought in 105 BC between two Roman armies and the Cimbri and Teutones tribes. Arausio was well-endowed with civic monuments, it was the capital of a wide area of northern Provence, parcelled up into lots for the Roman colonists. "Orange of two thousand years ago was a miniature Rome, complete with many of the public buildings that would have been familiar to a citizen of the Roman Empire, except that the scale of the buildings had been reduced – a smaller theater to accommodate a smaller population, for example."
It is found in both the Tabula Le cadastre d'Orange maps. The town prospered, but was sacked by the Visigoths in 412, it had, by become Christianized, from the end of the third century constituted the Ancient Diocese of Orange. No longer a residential bishopric, Arausio, as it is called in Latin, is today listed by the Roman Catholic Church as a titular see, it hosted two important synods, in 441 and 529. The Second Council of Orange was of importance in condemning what came to be called Semipelagianism; the sovereign Carolingian counts of Orange had their origin in the eighth century, passed into the family of the lords of Baux. From the 12th century, Orange was raised to a minor principality, the Principality of Orange, as a fief of the Holy Roman Empire. During this period, the town and the principality of Orange belonged to the administration and province of Dauphiné; when William the Silent, count of Nassau, with estates in the Netherlands, inherited the title Prince of Orange in 1544, the principality was incorporated into the holdings of what became the House of Orange-Nassau.
This pitched it into the Protestant side in the Wars of Religion, during which the town was badly damaged. In 1568, the Eighty Years' War began with William as stadtholder leading the bid for independence from Spain. William the Silent was assassinated in Delft in 1584, his son, Maurice of Nassau, with the help of Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, solidified the independence of the Dutch republic. The United Provinces survived to become the Netherlands, still ruled by the House of Orange-Nassau. William, Prince of Orange, ruled England as William III of England. Orange gave its name to other Dutch-influenced parts of the world, such as the Oranges in New Jersey and the Orange Free State in South Africa; the city remained part of scattered Nassau holdings until it was captured by the forces of Louis XIV during his wars of the late 17th century. The city was occupied by France in 1673, 1679, 1690, 1697 and 1702-1713 before it was ceded to France in 1713 under the Treaty of Utrecht. Following the French Revolution of 1789, Orange was absorbed into the French département of Drôme Bouches-du-Rhône finally Vaucluse.
However, the title remained with the Dutch princes of Orange. Orange attracted international attention in 1995, when it elected a member of Front National, Jacques Bompard, as its mayor. Bompard left the FN in 2005 and became a member of the conservative Movement for France until 2010. Orange was home to the French Foreign Legion's armored First Foreign Cavalry Regiment; the regiment moved to Carpiagne on July 10, 2014. The city of Orange is the 3rd largest town of Vaucluse by population after Carpentras. In 2013, the municipality had 29,193 residents; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known throughout the population censuses carried out in the town since 1793. From the twenty-first century, censuses of municipalities with more than 10 000 inhabitants are held annually as a result of a sample survey, unlike other cities that have a real census every five years The town is renowned for its Roman architecture, its Roman theatre, the Théâtre antique d'Orange, is described as the most impressive still existing in Europe.
There is some debate about when the arch was built, but current research that accepts the inscription as evidence favours a date during the reign of emperor Augustus. The arch contains an inscription dedicated to emperor Tiberius in AD 27, when it was reconstructed by emperor Tiberius to celebrate the victories of Germanicus over the German tribes in Rhineland; the arch and surroundings were listed in 1981 by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The Musée displays the biggest cadastral Roman maps recovered, etched on marble, they cover the area between Orange, Nîmes, Montélimar. In 1869, the Roman theatre has been the site of a music festival; the festival, given the name Chorégies d'Orange in 1902, has been held annually since, is now famous as an international opera festival. In 1971, the "New Chorégies" became an overnight, international success. Many top international opera singers have performed
Copper Sunrise is a children's novel by Canadian author Bryan Buchan. It was first published in 1972. Copper Sunrise is a historical fiction that explores issues that surrounded interactions between Europeans and Native North Americans; this issue is presented to the reader through Jamie, a young boy from Scotland, during the early days of colonization in Canada, encounters the last of the Beothuk native people, despite his father's warnings, befriends a native boy named Tethani. However, the settlers call them savages, they say that the natives are cannibals that eat each other and have permanently red skin but Jamie learns better. The arrival of George Wilfred Craven changes everything, he drives more hate into the settlers and convinces them to take part in the mass murder of the natives. Jamie and Tethani work hard to trip as many traps as they can to help protect the natives but Tethani and his family are shot by... At the end of the story, Jamie sees a copper sunrise and recognises this as a symbol that Tethani and his family have made it to the spirit world, hence the name Copper Sunrise
Ulu Tiram is a suburb in Johor Bahru District, Malaysia. The town lies along trunk road number three, named Tebrau Highway, at the junction which leads to Ulu Tiram; the trunk road leads on to Mersing in northeast Kuantan in Pahang. Ulu Tiram is accessible through the Tebrau Highway, Jalan Kota Tinggi trunk road, the Senai–Desaru Expressway. Ulu Tiram is located 18 km from Johor Bahru to the south and 20 km from Kota Tinggi to the north. Since the 1990s, the urban expansion of Johor Bahru has ended Ulu Tiram's relative isolation and it is now one of the fastest growing suburbs of the city as part of the Tebrau growth corridor; the town hosts a taxi depot. The taxi depot hosts a small shopping complex; the town is of little interest. The town hosts a small housing and industrial estate. Bandar Tiram Taman Tiram Baru Felda Ulu Tebrau Taman Bukit Tiram Taman Intan Taman Sri Tiram Taman Ros Taman Mutiara Taman Nora Taman Maluri Taman Gunung Emas Taman Zamrud Taman Dato' Cheelam Taman Puteri Wangsa Taman Desa Cemerlang Taman Ehsan Jaya Taman Desa Jaya Taman Bestari Indah Taman Pelangi Indah Taman Bukit Jaya Taman Bestari Indah Taman Putri Park Taman Gaya Taman Berliann Sungai Tiram Crescendo International College Today's Mall Ulu Tiram is a 3-storey air-con contemporary shopping center, covering 10 acres land.
Its gross built up area is 800,000 square feet. It’s worth mentioning that this premise provides more than 1,000 free parking spaces, with 24 hours security, made up of 250 shop lots, areas designated for exhibition, kiosks, etc. Today's Mall houses the first 3D cinema in Johor Bahru. Tiram Indoor Water Park covers about 26,000 square feet and is proudly the first water theme park in a shopping complex in Johor, it can entertain up to 1000 people at one time. The Indoor water theme park which took 6 month to construct cost about RM4 million and is positioned in the ground floor of Today’s Mall, Ulu Tiram and started its operation last August. Tiram Mart is a single level hypermarket located in the Town Centre of Ulu Tiram and is attached with the newly completed McDonald's 24-hour Drive-Thru Restaurant; the total built up area of Tiram Mart is 110,000 sq ft. with a combination of a wet and dry market consisting of around 150 retail shops and kiosks under one roof. A total of 1,000 free car parks are available in the Tiram Mart compound.
Sanctuary Memorial Park, an upcoming owned memorial park is located just besides the Ulu Tiram town centre. With a journey taking only 25 minutes from Johor Bahru, it is the nearest own memorial park from Johor Bahru. Situated on top of a hill, set in a tranquil environment, Sanctuary Memorial Park provides a serene final resting place for one's departed loved ones. Sanctuary Memorial Park caters to the diverse needs of a large section of the population. There are burial plots and urn compartments for Buddhist, Catholics and free-thinkers. It's the only private memorial park operator in Johor that provides a dedicated burial area for Catholics and Christians to house their departed loved ones; the suburb houses Taxi Terminal. It is accessible by Causeway Link route 6B from Johor Bahru Sentral railway station. Trail of blood leads from remote school Catholic Traveller- Ulu Tiram Ulu Tiram: A cameo of life in Malaya at the time of'The Emergency'