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Ergenekon

Ergenekon or Ergeneqon is a founding myth of Turkic and Mongolic peoples. In the Turkic mythology, the myth aims to explain the foundation of the Turkic Khaganate; the Ergenekon legend tells about a great crisis of the ancient Turks. Following a military defeat, the Turks took refuge in the legendary Ergenekon valley where they were trapped for four centuries, they were released when a blacksmith created a passage by melting the mountain, allowing the gray wolf Asena to lead them out. The people led out of the valley found the Turkic Khaganate, in which the valley functions as its capital. A New Year's ceremony commemorates the legendary ancestral escape from Ergenekon. In the Mongolian version, Ergenekon was the refuge of the progenitors of the Mongols and Qiyan, as told in the 14th-century literary history Jāmiʿ al-tawārīkh, written by Rashid-al-Din Hamadani, it is a common epic in Mongol mythologies. Abulghazi Bahadur, khan of the Khanate of Khiva, told of the Ergenekon Mongolian creation myth in his work, 17th-century "Shajara-i Turk".

In the late Ottoman era, the Ergenekon epic enjoyed use in Turkish literature, describing a mythical Turkic place of origin located in the inaccessible valleys of the Altay Mountains. In 1864 Ahmed Vefik Pasha translated Shajara-i Turk into the Ottoman language under the title Şecere-i Evşâl-i Türkiyye, published in Tasvir-i Efkâr newspaper. Ziya Gökalp's poem put the Ergenekon epic in the context of Turkic history, published as "Türk An'anesi: Ergenekon" in Türk Duygusu magazine from May 8 to June 5, 1913, Altın Armağan in September 1913, under the title of "Ergenekon" in Kızılelma, 1914. Ömer Seyfettin's poem on the topic was published in Halka Doğru magazine, April 9, 1914. Rıza Nur translated Shajara-i turk into modern Turkish in 1925, mentioned Ergenekon in Oğuznâme, published in Alexandria, 1928; the first author to connect the mythology of Ergenekon to the founding of the Turkish Republic in 1923 was Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoğlu. Karaosmanoğlu was the author of several essays about the Turkish War of Independence.

His interpretation of the myth bolstered its place in the founding mythology of the modern Turkish nation-state. The myth itself was a story about the survival of the Turkic people who, faced with extinction, were able to escape with the help of their totem god, a Gray Wolf; the Gray Wolf remains a potent symbol of Turkish nationalism into the present day. The renowned Turkish dissident poet Nazim Hikmet lauds Mustafa Kemal Atatürk as a "blonde wolf" in the poem titled Kuva-yi Milliye. While the original Ergenekon myth was about the survival of the ancient Turkic people, in its Republican form it carried the symbolism of Turkey's national self-determination. During the early republican era of Turkey, the tale of the Bozkurt and Ergenekon were promoted along with Turkish ethnocentrism, included in history textbooks as the Göktürk creation myth. In 1933, Şevket Süreyya Aydemir, a Turkish intellectual and a founder and key theorist of the Kadro movement, consubstantiated the Ergenekon epic with the Turkish revolution.

In the new Turkish version of the Egenekon Legend, the motif of the gray wolf was added. According to Ergun Candan, there are some similarities between the mythologies of other cultures in their symbolism; the she-wolf Asena showed the Turks the way through the labyrinth of valleys and mountain passes. According to Ergun Candan, the she-wolf may be seen as a symbol of the "dog star" Sirius. Scharlipp, Wolfgang E.. "Ergenekon". In Fleet, Kate. Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Brill Online. ISSN 1873-9830. Ergenekon at WikiSource

Oregon Route 380

Oregon Route 380 is an Oregon state highway running from Prineville to Paulina. OR 380 is known as the Paulina Highway No. 380. It is 55.49 miles long and runs east–west within Crook County. OR 380 was assigned to the Paulina Highway in 2002. OR 380 begins at an intersection with U. S. Route 26 at Prineville and heads east through Post to Paulina, where it ends at the Beaver Creek Bridge. OR 380 was established in 2002 as part of Oregon's project to assign route numbers to highways that were not assigned; the entire route is in Crook County. Oregon portal U. S. Roads portal Oregon Department of Transportation, Descriptions of US and Oregon Routes, https://web.archive.org/web/20051102084300/http://www.oregon.gov/ODOT/HWY/TRAFFIC/TEOS_Publications/PDF/Descriptions_of_US_and_Oregon_Routes.pdf, page 30