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Order of Australia

The Order of Australia is an order of chivalry established on 14 February 1975 by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, to recognise Australian citizens and other persons for achievement or meritorious service. Before the establishment of the order, Australian citizens received British honours; the Queen of Australia is sovereign head of the order, while the Governor-General of Australia is the principal companion/dame/knight and chancellor of the order. The governor-general's official secretary Paul Singer, is secretary of the order; the order is divided into a military division. The five levels of appointment to the order in descending order of seniority have been: Knight and Dame of the Order of Australia. Honorary awards at all levels may be made to deserving non-citizens – these awards are made additional to the quotas; the badge of the Order of Australia is a convex disc representing the Golden Wattle flower. At the centre is a ring, representing the sea, with the word'Australia' below two branches of golden wattle.

The whole disc is topped by the Crown of St Edward. The AC badge is decorated with citrines, blue enamelled ring, enamelled crown; the AO badge is similar, without the citrines. For the AM badge, only the crown is enamelled, the OAM badge is plain; the AK/AD badge is similar to that of the AC badge, but with the difference that it contains at the centre an enamelled disc bearing an image of the coat of arms of Australia. The star for knights and dames is a convex golden disc decorated with citrines, with a blue royally crowned inner disc bearing an image of the coat of arms of Australia; the ribbon of the order is blue with a central stripe of golden wattle flower designs. AKs, male ACs and AOs wear their badges on a necklet. Women wear their badges on a bow on the left shoulder, although they may wear the same insignia as males if so desired. A gold lapel pin for daily wear is issued with each badge of the order at the time of investiture; the order's insignia was designed by Stuart Devlin. The order consists of four levels and the medal, in both general and military divisions.

Since 2015, the knight/dame level has been discontinued on the advice of prime minister Malcolm Turnbull. Awards of knight and dame of the order have been made in the general division only. While state governors can present the officer and member level and the Medal of the Order of Australia to their respective state's residents, only the Queen of Australia or the governor-general can present the companion level; the different levels of the order are awarded according to the recipients' levels of achievement: General Division: "Extraordinary and pre-eminent achievement and merit of the highest degree in service to Australia or to humanity at large". Military Division: Not awarded in the military division. There was a quota of four excluding honorary appointments; the Knight- and Damehoods were conferred from 1976 to 1983, from 2014 to 2015, thus are not awarded. General Division –'Eminent achievement and merit of the highest degree in service to Australia or to humanity at large'. Military Division –'Eminent service in duties of great responsibility'.

Excluding honorary appointments, until 2003, no more than 25 Companions were appointed in any calendar year. In 2003 this was increased to 30; this was increased in 2016 to 35. General Division –'Distinguished service of a high degree to Australia or to humanity at large'. Military Division –'Distinguished service in responsible positions'. Prior to 2003, the quota was 100 Officers appointed in any calendar year. In 2003 this was increased to 125; this was increased in 2016 to 140. General Division –'Service in a particular locality or field of activity or to a particular group'. Military Division –'Exceptional service or performance of duty'. Prior to 2003, the quota was 225 Members appointed in any calendar year; this was increased to 300 in 2003, to 340 in 2016, to 365 in 2018. General Division –'Service worthy of particular recognition' Military Division –'Meritorious service or performance of duty'. There are no quota limits on awards of the Medal of the Order. Since 1976 any person may nominate any Australian citizen for an award.

The nominations are reviewed by the Council for the Order of Australia, approved by the governor-general. The order is awarded on Australia Day and on the Queen's Birthday public holiday in June, when public announcements are made about new awards, on the occasion of a special announcement by the governor-general, on the appointment of a new Governor-General. People who are not Australian citizens may be awarded honorary membership of the order at all levels. Appointments to the order are not made posthumously. Awardees may subsequently resign from the order, may have their award cancelled by the governor-general. A nomination for an Order of Australia award starts with an Australian citizen filling in a confide

List of earthquakes in 2003

This is a list of earthquakes in 2003. Only earthquakes of magnitude 6 or above are included, unless they result in damage and/or casualties, or are notable for some other reason. All dates are listed according to UTC time. Note that an increase in detected earthquake numbers does not represent an increase in earthquakes per se. Population increase, habitation spread, advances in earthquake detection technology all contribute to higher earthquake numbers being recorded over time. USGS's Earthquake Myths has more information. For exact dates and live earthquakes please visit USGS's Global Earthquake Search Page and Real-time Earthquake Map or EMSC's Real-time Seismicity. Note: At least 10 dead Note: At least 7.0 magnitude Fiji was struck by a magnitude 6.5 quake that occurred on January 4 at a depth of 378.0 km. Luzon was struck by a magnitude 6.0 quake that occurred on January 6 at a depth of 10.0 km. Fiji was struck by a magnitude 6.0 quake. New Ireland was struck by a magnitude 6.7 quake. The coast of Oregon was struck by a magnitude 6.3 quake that occurred on January 16 at a depth of 10.0 km. Solomon Islands was struck by a magnitude 7.3 quake that occurred on January 20 at a depth of 33.0 km.

The coast of Guatemala was struck by a magnitude 6.5 quake that occurred on January 21 at a depth of 24.0 km. One person was killed; the coast of Colima was struck by a magnitude 7.6 quake that occurred on January 22 at a depth of 24.0 km. At least 29 people were killed, 300 were injured and 10,000 were made homeless. 2,005 houses were destroyed and 6,615 were damaged. Eastern Turkey was struck by a magnitude 6.1 quake that occurred on January 27 at a depth of 10.0 km. One person was killed; the Prince Edward Islands region was struck by a magnitude 6.4 quake that occurred on January 27 at a depth of 10.0 km. New Britain was struck by a magnitude 6.3 quake. The coast of New Guinea was struck by a magnitude 6.2 quake that occurred on February 12 at a depth of 10.0 km. Samar was struck by a magnitude 6.3 quake. The Unimak Island region was struck by a magnitude 6.6 quake that occurred on February 19 at a depth of 19.0 km. The Vosges department was struck by a magnitude 5,4 quake that occurred on February 22 at Saint-Dié-des-Vosges.

Southern Xinjiang was struck by a magnitude 6.3 quake that occurred on February 24 at a depth of 11.0 km. 261 people were killed, more than 2,000 people were injured and more than 8,800 families were made homeless. Tremors were felt in Kashgar. Southern Xinjiang was struck by a magnitude 5.4 quake that occurred on February 25 at a depth of 10.0 km. Five people were killed; the coast of Papua was struck by a magnitude 6.0 quake that occurred on March 1 at a depth of 28.1 km. The southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge was struck by a magnitude 6.2 quake that occurred on March 2 at a depth of 10.0 km. Banda Sea was struck by a magnitude 6.0 quake. Halmahera was struck by a magnitude 6.0 quake. New Ireland was struck by a magnitude 6.8 quake. The Gulf of California was struck by a magnitude 6.4 quake that occurred on March 12 at a depth of 10.0 km. The coast of Papua was struck by a magnitude 6.3 quake that occurred on March 14 at a depth of 33.0 km. Tonga was struck by a magnitude 6.4 quake that occurred on March 14 at a depth of 274.9 km.

The coast of Kamchatka Peninsula was struck by a magnitude 6.1 quake that occurred on March 15 at a depth of 30.2 km. The Rat Islands were struck by a magnitude 7.1 quake that occurred on March 17 at a depth of 33.0 km. The Rat Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.2 quake that occurred on March 17 at a depth of 33.0 km. Solomon Islands was struck by a magnitude 6.2 quake that occurred on March 19 at a depth of 33.5 km. The Flores region was struck by a magnitude 6.5 quake that occurred on March 25 at a depth of 33.0 km. Four people were killed. Tonga was struck by a magnitude 6.2 quake. The Hindu Kush region was struck by a magnitude 5.9 quake the occurred on March 29 at a depth of 114.1 km. One person was killed. Seram was struck by a magnitude 6.2 quake. New Britain was struck by a magnitude 6.2 quake. The northern Mid-Atlantic Ridge was struck by a magnitude 6.3 quake that occurred on April 2 at a depth of 10.0 km. The coast of Panama was struck by a magnitude 6.2 quake that occurred on April 11 at a depth of 10.0 km.

Northern Qinghai was struck by a magnitude 6.4 quake that occurred on April 17 at a depth of 14.0 km. The Bouvet Island region was struck by a magnitude 6.5 quake that occurred on April 17 at a depth of 10.0 km. The Kuril Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.1 quake that occurred on April 24 at a depth of 43.8 km. Vanuatu was struck by a magnitude 6.3 quake. Acre was struck by a magnitude 6.0 quake. The Kuril Islands were struck by a magnitude 6.0 quake that occurred on April 29 at a depth of 62.5 km. Eastern Turkey was struck by a magnitude 6.4 quake that occurred on May 1 at a dept

The Jon Spencer Blues Explosion (album)

The Jon Spencer Blues Explosion is the debut album by the New York City-based eponymous band. Few copies of the album were produced. Additionally, some songs are featured on the album A Reverse Willie Horton, released one year earlier, considered either a bootleg or the group's true first album, as it contains all studio tracks. All three albums are culled from separate 1991 recording sessions with Steve Albini. "Write a Song" - 1:53 "I. E. V." - 1:45 "Exploder" - 2:00 "Rachel" - 2:25 "Chicken Walk" - 2:53 "White Tail" - 2:31 "'78 Style" - 1:26 "Changed" - 1:05 "What To Do" - 2:11 "Eye To Eye" - 1:43 "Eliza Jane" - 2:02 "History Of Sex" - 1:46 "Comeback" - 3:12 "Support-A-Man" - 2:00 "Maynard Ave." - 1:57 "Feeling Of Love" - 1:47 "Vacuum Of Loneliness" - 3:02 "Intro A" - 0:52 "Biological" - 2:10 "Water Main" - 1:51 The Jon Spencer Blues ExplosionJon Spencer - lead vocals, theremin Judah Bauer - guitar, backing vocals Russel Simins - drumsAdditional PersonnelKurt Hoffmann - tenor saxophone Frank London - trumpet John Linnell - baritone saxophone