The Order of Canada is a Canadian national order and the second highest honour for merit in the system of orders and medals of Canada, after the Order of Merit. To coincide with the centennial of Canadian Confederation, the three-tiered order was established in 1967 as a fellowship that recognizes the outstanding merit or distinguished service of Canadians who make a major difference to Canada through lifelong contributions in every field of endeavour, as well as the efforts by non-Canadians who have made the world better by their actions. Membership is accorded to those who exemplify the order's Latin motto, desiderantes meliorem patriam, meaning "they desire a better country", a phrase taken from Hebrews 11:16; the three tiers of the order are Companion and Member. The Canadian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, is Sovereign of the order and the serving governor general Julie Payette, is its Chancellor and Principal Companion and administers the order on behalf of the Sovereign. Appointees to the order are recommended by an advisory board and formally inducted by the governor general or the sovereign.
As of January 2020, 7,212 people have been appointed to the Order of Canada, including scientists, politicians, athletes, business people, film stars and others. Some have resigned or have been removed from the order, while other appointments have been controversial. Appointees receive the right to armorial bearings; the process of founding the Order of Canada began in early 1966 and came to a conclusion on 17 April 1967, when the organization was instituted by Queen Elizabeth II, on the advice of the Canadian prime minister, Lester B. Pearson, assisted with the establishment of the order by John Matheson; the association was launched on 1 July 1967, the 100th anniversary of Canadian Confederation, with Governor General Roland Michener being the first inductee to the order, to the level of Companion, on 7 July of the same year, 90 more people were appointed, including former Governor General Vincent Massey, former Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent, novelist Hugh MacLennan, religious leader David Bauer, novelist Gabrielle Roy, historian Donald Creighton, feminist politician and future senator Thérèse Casgrain, pioneering neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield, painter Arthur Lismer, public health leader Brock Chisholm, former political leader M. J. Coldwell, disability advocate Edwin Baker, painter Alex Colville, ice hockey superstar Maurice Richard.
During a visit to London, United Kingdom in 1970, Michener presented the Queen with her Sovereign's badge for the Order of Canada, which she first wore during a banquet in Yellowknife in July 1970. From the Order of Canada grew a Canadian honours system, thereby reducing the use of British honours. Among the civilian awards of the Canadian honours system, the Order of Canada comes third, after the Cross of Valour and membership in the Order of Merit, within the personal gift of Canada's monarch. By the 1980s, Canada's provinces decorations; the Canadian monarch, seen as the fount of honour, is at the apex of the Order of Canada as its Sovereign, followed by the governor general, who serves as the fellowship's Chancellor. Thereafter follow three grades, which are, in order of precedence: Companion and Member, each having accordant post-nominal letters that members are entitled to use; each incumbent governor general is installed as the Principal Companion for the duration of his or her time in the viceregal post and continues as an extraordinary Companion thereafter.
Additionally, any governor general, viceregal consort, former governor general, former viceregal consort, or member of the Canadian Royal Family may be appointed as an extraordinary Companion, Officer, or Member. Promotions in grade are possible, though this is ordinarily not done within five years of the initial appointment, a maximum of five honorary appointments into any of the three grades may be made by the governor general each year; as of January 2020, there have been 25 honorary appointments. There were in effect, only two ranks to the Order of Canada: Companion and the Medal of Service. There was, however a third award, the Medal of Courage, meant to recognize acts of gallantry; this latter decoration fell in rank between the other two levels, but was anomalous within the Order of Canada, being a separate award of a different nature rather than a middle grade of the order. Without having been awarded, the Medal of Courage was on 1 July 1972 replaced by the autonomous Cross of Valour and, at the same time, the levels of Officer and Member were introduced, with all existing holders of the Medal of Service created as Officers.
Lester Pearson's vision of a three-tiered structure to the order was thus fulfilled. Companions of the Order of Canada have demonstrated the highest degree of merit to Canada and humanity, on either the national or international scene. Up to 15 Companions are appointed annually, with an imposed limit of 165 living Companions at any given time, not including those appointed as extraordinary Companions or in an honorary capacity; as of August 2017, there are 146 living Companions. Since 1994, substantive members are the only regular citizens who are empowered to administer the Canadian Oath of Citizenship. Officers of the Order of Canada hav
Inakita Station is a railway station on the Iida Line in the city of Ina, Nagano Prefecture, operated by Central Japan Railway Company. Inakita Station is served by the Iida Line and is 178.9 kilometers from the starting point of the line at Toyohashi Station. The station consists of one ground-level side platform and one island platform connected by a level crossing; the station is unattended. Inakita Station opened on 4 January 1912. With the privatization of Japanese National Railways on 1 April 1987, the station came under the control of JR Central; the current station building was completed in 1991. In fiscal 2015, the station was used by an average of 1012 passengers daily. Ina Kita High School Ina Chuo Hospital List of railway stations in Japan Inakita Station information
Tom Holliday is an American college baseball coach, is the Manager of the Chatham Anglers in the Cape Cod Baseball League. Holliday was named the Anglers manager on August 10, 2017, following 40 consecutive years as either a Head Coach or Assistant Coach in Division One college baseball from 1976–2015, during which his teams made 17 College World Series appearances and won two NCAA National Championships. Holliday spent 26 of his 40 years as an NCAA baseball coach at Oklahoma State University, where he was the head coach from 1997 to 2003; those seven seasons represent Holliday's only collegiate head coaching experience, highlighted by a College World Series appearance in 1999. Before that, he was Oklahoma State's pitching coach and recruiting coordinator for 19 years, from 1978 to 1996. Holliday was the pitching coach at the University of Texas from 2004 to 2006, was part of the Longhorns' 2005 National Championship team, he became the pitching coach and associate head coach at North Carolina State University from 2007–2014.
Holliday's final season coaching an NCAA baseball program was in 2015, when he spent one year as the pitching coach at Auburn University. The Chatham Anglers of the Cape Cod Baseball League named Holliday their manager on August 10, 2017. Holliday succeeds John Schiffner, the winningest manager in league history, who retired after 25 years as Chatham's manager following the 2017 season to become an Assistant Coach at the University of Maine. Both of Holliday's sons are prominent baseball figures, his younger son, Matt Holliday, is a veteran Major League outfielder and a 2011 World Series Champion with the St. Louis Cardinals. Tom's older son, Josh Holliday, has been the head baseball coach at Oklahoma State University since 2013. Tom Holliday Biography at Oklahoma State Cowboy Baseball official website