The Order of Saint George is today the highest purely military decoration of the Russian Federation. Established 26 November 1769 as the highest military decoration of the Russian Empire by Empress Catherine the Great. After the 1917 Russian Revolution it was awarded by the White movement anti-communist forces under Alexander Kolchak until their collapse in 1921; the order was revived in the Russian Federation on 8 August 2000 by Decree №1463 of the President of Russia. The current award criteria were amended on 7 September 2010 by Presidential Decree 1099; the current Order of Saint George is awarded to highest and senior military officers for the conduct of military operations to protect the Fatherland from attack by an external enemy which resulted in the complete defeat of the enemy, for the execution of combat and other operations in other states aimed at restoring international peace and security, or for being a model of military science with feats that exemplify military prowess. The Order of Saint George is divided from the First Class to the Fourth class.
The four classes are awarded sequentially from the fourth to the first. These four classes are individually identified by the size and manner of wearing the two principal insignia of the Order, the cross and the star. Cross: A white enamelled cross pattée with a central medallion bearing the image of Saint George on horseback slaying the dragon; the cross measures 60mm across in the case of the Order first class and is worn on a sash in the colours of Saint George. The same 60mm cross is worn around the neck on a 45mm wide ribbon in the colours of Saint George for the Order second class; the cross is 50mm across for the Order third class and is worn around the neck but from a 24mm wide ribbon in the same colours. The Order fourth class is a 40mm cross worn on the left breast hanging from a pentagonal mount covered with a 24mm wide ribbon of Saint George. Star: A four-pointed silver gilt star with a gold central medallion bearing the cipher of Saint George "SG" topped by a crown and surrounded by a black enamelled band bearing the motto of the order "For Service and Bravery".
The star is worn on second classes. Ribbon: The ribbon of the Order of Saint George is orange with three black stripes called "George's Ribbon", it symbolises fire and gunpowder: the Russian "colors of military glory", is thought to be derived from the colours of the original Russian imperial coat of arms. It was subsequently associated to the colors of the Russian Guard units. Unlike the other classes, the Order of Saint George fourth class can be awarded to junior officers while the rest is for senior and flag officers; the ribbon bar for the Order first class is adorned with a miniature golden star. The ribbon bar for the Order second class is adorned with a miniature silver star; the ribbon bar for the Order third class is adorned with a miniature white cross. The ribbon bar for the Order fourth class has no device. Field Marshal of the Russian Empire Mikhail Kutuzov Field Marshal of the Russian Empire Barclay de Tolly General of the Army Nikolay Yegorovich Makarov Colonel General Alexander Zelin General of the Army Vladimir Boldyrev Marshal of France Ferdinand Foch Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia Field Marshal of the Russian Empire Mikhail Kutuzov Field Marshal of the Russian Empire Barclay de Tolly King Leopold I of Belgium.
Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia Field Marshal of the Russian Empire Mikhail Kutuzov Field Marshal of the Russian Empire Barclay de Tolly Nicholas II of Russia Colonel Lambros Katsonis, Greek 18th century revolutionary Colonel General Sergei Makarov Lieutenant General Vladimir Shamanov Lieutenant Colonel Anatoly Lebed British Captain Albert Ball, World War I fighter pilot Dutch War Correspondent Louis Grondijs, World War I, White Army, Russian Civil War Major General Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, Imperial Russia, WWI General Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel, Imperial Russia, World War I, White Army, Russian Civil War Brigadier John Alexander Sinton, Indian Army, WWI Field Marshal Franz Joseph, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary Major General Hermann Christoph Gamper, Imperial Russian cavalry commander during the Patriotic War of 1812 African Spir Baron Roman Von Ungern-Sternberg Field Marshal of the Russian Empire Mikhail Kutuzov Field Marshal of the Russian Empire Barclay de Tolly Ilija Plamenac, Montenegrin vojvoda and military commander Bogdan Zimonjić, Orthodox priest, Montenegrin vojvoda and military commander Robert Quigg, Northern Irish soldier Anatoly Pepelyayev, White Russian general Cross of Saint George Gold Sword for Bravery Ribbon of Saint George Awards and decorations of the Russian Federation Voennyĭ orden sviatogo velikomuchenika i pobedonostsa Georgiia: imennye spiski 1769 - 1920.
Moskva 2004, ISBN 5-89577-059-2 The Commission on State Awards to the President of the Russian Federation Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Orders of St. George". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company
Thomas Foley, 2nd Baron Foley, was a British peer and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1767 to 1777 when he was raised to the peerage. Foley was the eldest son of Thomas Foley, 1st Baron Foley, was born on 24 June 1742, he was educated at Westminster School from 1753 and matriculated at Magdelen College, Oxford, in 1759. Foley was returned unopposed as Member of Parliament for Herefordshire at a by-election on 18 May 1767 and retained his seat at the 1768 general election. At the 1774 general election he was returned as MP for the family borough of Droitwich until he succeeded to his father's peerage in 1777. Foley was a close friend of Charles James Fox, was a gambler. Mrs Delany a society gossip, wrote in 1773 "Mr. T. Foley has lost at Newmarket etc. fifty thousand pounds. He has now entered into an agreement with his father, that if he will pay his debts he will leave off gambling." In November 1775 George Selwyn wrote "Old Foley pays another £70,000 of debt, settles, I hear today, £4,000 in present upon his son, £6,000 a year more at his death."
Foley married Lady Harriet Stanhope, daughter of William Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Harrington, on 20 March 1776. He was appointed joint Postmaster-General in 1783 for nine months; the family estate at Stoke Edith had been entailed to Foley under his parents' marriage settlement, but both he and his next brother, were profligate spenders. When his father paid Foley's debts in 1773, this Thomas conveyed his interest in the Stoke Edith estate to his father; the father had inherited, in 1766, the Great Witley estate from his cousin, the 2nd Lord Foley of the first creation. This enabled the father to divide his estates between his three sons. Thomas' share was the extensive Great Witley estate, but excluding the manor of Malvern and estates that his cousin had bought from Lord Montfort. However, this Thomas did not become entitled to the estates, but only to an annuity; the balance of the income was applied to paying his debts. After his death in 1793, there were still unpaid debts, which the creditors exchanged for annuities terminating in 1808.
By that time, his own son named Thomas, had come of age. In the meantime it had been necessary to obtain two private Acts of Parliament to enable the trustees to make sales of parts of the estates, grant leases, otherwise deal with the settled estate. Thomas Foley was known to his contemporaries as "Lord Balloon", because of his girth, he was a friend of architect John Nash. He died on 2 July 1793. After Foley's death, his son Thomas commissioned Nash to add porticoes to the north and south sides of Witley Court
A mobile museum is a museum educational outreach program that bring the museum to the people rather than vice versa. They can be in Recreational Vehicles or trucks/trailers that drive to schools and rural events, their business model is to use grant or donor support, as they goal is to make the museum exhibit accessible to underserved populations. Below are some examples of mobile museums; the Texas Alliance for Minorities in Engineering is a nonprofit founded in 1976 that maintains two traveling STEM-museums-on-wheels that visit thousands of students a year across Texas. Established in 1980 as the Expo-Tex traveling engineering exhibit, the Trailblazer program expanded in 2013 to a fleet of two upgraded 40-ft trailers. Both Trailblazer I and Trailblazer II contain five interactive STEM exhibit areas: Aerodynamics, Energy and Weather. Exhibits include Robotic Surgery, Van de Graaff Generators, Virtual Reality Spacewalk, Green Screen Technology, Thermal Imaging, Wind Tunnels, more. "The Trailblazers invite everyone to get excited about the world around us, from outer space to inside the human body.
Based out of Austin, the Trailblazer program reaches potential where it lives, bringing interactive exhibits to communities all across the state of Texas. Students visiting the Trailblazer are stepping into a network, designed to support them as they advance—from after-school TAME Clubs to STEM Competitions, on to college scholarships and mentoring." The Moveable Museum is produced and managed by the American Museum of Natural History in New York City under the auspices of the Gottesman Center for Science Teaching and Learning. The program is available free of charge to all schools in the five boroughs of New York City and consists of one themed vehicle outfitted with hands-on, interactive exhibits covering paleontology; the Moveable Museum also included vehicles about anthropology and astronomy. The Moveable Museum program has been in operation since 1993, in which time it has visited over 700 schools in NYC and many libraries; the Paleontology of Dinosaurs has been active since 1998, is focused on teaching children how paleontologists use fossils to study dinosaurs and other ancient life.
The Structures & Culture lets students study actual pieces of material culture, become anthropologists and investigate how culture allows people to use various environmental resources to meet basic human needs. The Dinosaurs: Ancient Fossils, New Discoveries and Structures & Culture was donated to the Institute for the Study of Mongolian Dinosaurs in 2013 The Paleontology of Dinosaurs is the oldest vehicle in operation; the Structures & Culture allows students to enter the homes of three modern nomadic cultures, the Gabra of Kenya, the Mongols of Mongolia and the Blackfeet of Montana. Discovering the Universe resides at the Suffolk County Vanderbilt Planetarium. Shark in a busAn ex MTT Perth 1957 vintage Leyland Worldmaster Bus featuring a 5m long Great White Shark and hundreds of marine objects collected around Australia in the 1960s and 70s; this private collection tours Australia and contains the shark purported to have inspired the artist Damien Hurst. Shark in a Bus is self funded. Van of EnchantmentA pair of RV museum vans with themes related to cultural history that operate in New Mexico and is ran by the New Mexico Department of Cultural Affairs, with primary funding from the Department of Transportation.
The grant-supported program focuses on children in elementary schools those in remote and rural communities. Strange Old ThingsBased in Wiltshire, UK, it aims to tell the story of Britain through interaction with items from various periods, it focuses on donations of items as operates out of a period military tent. Go van Gogh School outreach program targeting children in school grades 1–6, operating in North Texas, USA. VanGo! Brings art works to schools, community festivals, retirement communities, businesses. Runs during the school year. Started in 1992. Media related to Mobile museums at Wikimedia Commons Virtual museums — museum exhibits that are online Strange Old Things Go van Gogh After School Program TAME Shark in a Bus Van Go