J. J. Pickle

James Jarrell "Jake" Pickle was a United States Representative from the 10th congressional district of Texas from 1963 to 1995. Pickle was born in Roscoe and brought up in Big Spring, he acquired his nickname Jake from a mischievous character he portrayed in a family play when he was four years old. Pickle was an Eagle Scout and recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award from the Boy Scouts of America. Pickle attended the public schools in Big Spring and received his Bachelor of Arts from the University of Texas at Austin where he was a member of the 1934 Southwest Conference championship swimming team and the student body president as a senior in 1937, he was a member of the Friar Society. Pickle was introduced by future governor John Connally to Representative Lyndon Johnson, who served as his political mentor, he assisted the latter in his 1940 election campaign and assisted Lady Bird Johnson in running the Congressional office. When the United States entered World War II, Pickle joined the Navy as a gunnery officer and was stationed on the cruisers USS St. Louis and USS Miami, surviving three torpedo attacks.

When the war ended, he, Connally helped found a radio station in Austin, Texas. After 10 years in the advertising business, he joined the Democratic Election Executive Committee of Texas in 1957. Pickle was elected as a Democrat to the 88th Congress, by special election, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of U. S. Representative Homer Thornberry, who became a U. S. District judge. Pickle was reelected 15 times before retiring at the conclusion of his 1993-94 term, his campaign trademark was a "squeaky pickle" rubber toy he handed out to those he met in area parades. While in the House, Pickle rose through the ranks to become the third ranking Democrat on the House Ways and Means Committee. Pickle voted in favor of the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1968, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, he was one of only eight Southern Representatives to vote for the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Pickle went on to play a key role in passing major Social Security reform legislation in 1983 to save the system from insolvency.

The reforms increased the payroll tax rate increased the full benefit retirement age to 67 and taxed some of the benefits. He considered this legislation his greatest accomplishment. Pickle was able to steer research money to the University of Texas, today the University's J. J. Pickle Research Campus is named in his honor, he was influential in the city of Austin, Texas, as well, most notably for relocating Austin's main airport from Robert Mueller Municipal Airport to Austin-Bergstrom International Airport. He was instrumental in bringing the SEMATECH and MCC consortiums to Austin. Before Pickle left for World War II in 1942, he married Ella Nora "Sugar" Critz, they had one daughter together. Critz died in 1952 and Pickle married Beryl Bolton McCarroll in 1960. Pickle was diagnosed with prostate cancer in 1991 and lymphoma in 2001, he died at his home in Austin on June 18, 2005 of complications from his cancer and is interred at the Texas State Cemetery there. Peggy Pickle was Jake Pickle's only daughter.

She still makes contributions to the University of Texas at Austin on her father's behalf. In 1997, Jake and Peggy Pickle wrote a book together called Jake with a foreword by former Texas governor Ann Richards. Lindell, Chuck, "The People's Politician", Austin American-Statesman, pp. A1, A9A-A9B, archived from the original on June 21, 2005 United States Congress. "J. J. Pickle". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Appearances on C-SPAN

Proceedings of the IEEE

The Proceedings of the IEEE is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. The journal focuses on electrical computer science. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2017 impact factor of 9.107, ranking it sixth in the category "Engineering, Electrical & Electronic." In 2018, it became fifth with an enhanced impact factor of 10.694. The journal was established in 1909, known as the Proceedings of the Wireless Institute. Six issues were published under this banner by Alfred Goldsmith. In 1911, a merger between the Wireless Institute and the Society of Wireless Telegraph Engineers resulted in a society named the Institute of Radio Engineers. In January 1913 newly formed IRE published the first issue of the Proceedings of the IRE. A 1000-page special issue commemorated the IRE's fiftieth anniversary in May 1962. One of the founding editors, Alfred Norton Goldsmith, tallied 42 years as the first editor-in-chief.

When the IEEE was formed in 1963 as a merger of IRE and the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, the journal obtained its current name. Proceedings of the IEEE provides in-depth review and tutorial coverage of the technical developments in electronics and computer engineering, computer science. Reviews critically examine a technology, tracing its progress from its inception to the present—and into the future. Surveys comprehensively view a technology—its applications, issues and potential. Tutorials may give practical information for implementing it; the journal offers applications-oriented coverage that goes beyond the traditional boundaries found in other journals. The journal publishes ten Special Issues and two regular paper issues per year. Special Issues are led by distinguished Guest Editor teams and contain articles from leading experts in the technology area being covered, they serve as a guide to the state-of-the-art and are valued by the core research community as well as specialists in other areas.

Regular Paper Issues consist of three to four papers on more focused topics, giving readers background and insight into emerging areas. This journal is indexed by the following services: Science Citation Index Science Citation Index Expanded Current Contents / Engineering, Computing & Technology Chemical Abstracts Service - CASSI Brittain, James E.. "The evolution of electrical and electronics engineering and the Proceedings of the IRE: 1913–1937". Proceedings of the IEEE. 84: 1747–1772. Doi:10.1109/5.546400. Brittain, James E.. "The Evolution of Electrical and Electronics Engineering and the Proceedings of the IRE: 1938–1962". Proceedings of the IEEE. 85: 762–797. Doi:10.1109/5.588975. Kline, R.. "An Overview of Twenty-Five Years of Electrical and Electronics Engineering in the Proceedings of the IEEE, 1963-87". Proceedings of the IEEE. 78: 469–485. Doi:10.1109/5.52226. IEEE History Center Staff. "Proceedings of the IEEE Through 100 Years". Proceedings of the IEEE. 100: 300–303. Doi:10.1109/JPROC.2011.2169511.

Geselowitz, M.. "The Proceedings of the IEEE: Into the Next Century". Proceedings of the IEEE. 101: 3220–3222. Doi:10.1109/JPROC.2012.2219192. Official website